Publications by authors named "Hongchang Luo"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Bilateral breast myxedema caused by Graves' disease and responsive to multipoint subcutaneous injection of long-acting glucocorticoid: Case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(25):e26469

Department of Endocrinology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China, Branch of National Clinical Research Center for Metabolic Disease, Hubei.

Rationale: With the absence of ophthalmopathy, thyroid dermopathy especially lesions at atypical locations is a very rare presentation. We herein report an original case of bilateral breast myxedema caused by Grave's disease.

Patient Concerns: A 21-year-old unmarried woman presented with a 4-month history of Grave's disease and a 1-month history of progressive bilateral breast enlargement. She had symmetrical bilateral breast enlargement with redness and nonpitting thickening of the skin, diffusely enlarged thyroid glands, and no exophthalmos.

Diagnosis: Ultrasonography, magnetic resonance imaging scan, and skin biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of bilateral breast myxedema.

Interventions: The patient was treated with multipoint subcutaneous injections of triamcinolone acetonide in each breast every month.

Outcomes: The bilateral breast returned approximately to its normal size after therapy for 6 months.

Conclusions: Our case illustrates that multipoint subcutaneous injection of glucocorticoids is beneficial for bilateral breast myxedema.
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June 2021

Ultrasound diagnosis of an inflammatory granuloma secondary to a fishbone in the gallbladder.

Quant Imaging Med Surg 2020 May;10(5):1138-1140

Department of Ultrasound Imaging, Tongji Hospital affiliated to Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, China.

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May 2020

Role of Global Longitudinal Strain in Predicting Outcomes in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy.

Am J Cardiol 2017 Aug 30;120(4):670-675. Epub 2017 May 30.

Johns Hopkins Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Center of Excellence, Baltimore, Maryland. Electronic address:

Global longitudinal strain (GLS) is a sensitive indicator of global left ventricular function particularly in those with normal ejection fraction. We examined the potential value of GLS in predicting outcomes in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC). Conventional and strain echocardiography was performed in 400 patients with HC followed for a median 3.1 years (interquartile range 1.2 to 5.6). Peak systolic strain from 3 apical views was averaged to calculate GLS. Patients were divided based on a previously published cutoff value of -16%. Additionally, we identified 4 HC subgroups based on GLS: GLS ≤ -20%, -20% < GLS ≤ -16%, -16% < GLS ≤ -10%, and GLS > -10%. The primary end point was a composite of new-onset sustained ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation, heart failure, cardiac transplantation, and all-cause death. Patients with GLS > -16% had significantly more events (17% vs 7%, p = 0.002). In the 4-group analysis, event rates increased with worsening GLS (5%, 7%, 14%, and 33%, respectively, p = 0.001). Event-free survival was significantly superior in those with GLS ≤ -16% versus GLS > -16% (p = 0.004); similarly, GLS > -10% portended a significantly worse event-free survival compared with each of the other 3 groups (p <0.01 for all pairwise comparisons). By univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis, GLS remained significantly associated with the composite end point. GLS > -10% had 4 times the risk of events compared with GLS ≤ -16% (p = 0.006). In conclusion, echo-based GLS is independently associated with outcomes in HC. Patients with GLS > -10% have significantly higher event rates.
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August 2017

Comparison of Outcomes in Patients With Nonobstructive, Labile-Obstructive, and Chronically Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy.

Am J Cardiol 2015 Sep 26;116(6):938-44. Epub 2015 Jun 26.

Johns Hopkins HCM Center of Excellence, Baltimore, Maryland. Electronic address:

Patients with nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC) are considered low risk, generally not requiring aggressive intervention. However, nonobstructive and labile-obstructive HC have been traditionally classified together, and it is unknown if these 2 subgroups have distinct risk profiles. We compared cardiovascular outcomes in 293 patients HC (96 nonobstructive, 114 labile-obstructive, and 83 obstructive) referred for exercise echocardiography and magnetic resonance imaging and followed for 3.3 ± 3.6 years. A subgroup (34 nonobstructive, 28 labile-obstructive, 21 obstructive) underwent positron emission tomography. The mean number of sudden cardiac death risk factors was similar among groups (nonobstructive: 1.4 vs labile-obstructive: 1.2 vs obstructive: 1.4 risk factors, p = 0.2). Prevalence of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) was similar across groups but more non-obstructive patients had late gadolinium enhancement ≥20% of myocardial mass (23 [30%] vs 19 [18%] labile-obstructive and 8 [11%] obstructive, p = 0.01]. Fewer labile-obstructive patients had regional positron emission tomography perfusion abnormalities (12 [46%] vs nonobstructive 30 [81%] and obstructive 17 [85%], p = 0.003]. During follow-up, 60 events were recorded (36 ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation, including 30 defibrillator discharges, 12 heart failure worsening, and 2 deaths). Nonobstructive patients were at greater risk of VT/VF at follow-up, compared to labile obstructive (hazed ratio 0.18, 95% confidence interval 0.04 to 0.84, p = 0.03) and the risk persisted after adjusting for age, gender, syncope, family history of sudden cardiac death, abnormal blood pressure response, and septum ≥3 cm (p = 0.04). Appropriate defibrillator discharges were more frequent in nonobstructive (8 [18%]) compared to labile-obstructive (0 [0%], p = 0.02) patients. In conclusion, nonobstructive hemodynamics is associated with more pronounced fibrosis and ischemia than labile-obstructive and is an independent predictor of VT/VF in HC.
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September 2015

[Long-term outcomes of percutaneous microwave ablation versus repeat hepatectomy for treatment of late recurrent small hepatocellular carcinoma: a retrospective study].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2014 Sep;94(33):2570-2

Department of Medical Ultrasound, Tongji Hospital of Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, China.

Objective: To compare the effectiveness of percutaneous microwave ablation with those of repeat hepatectomy in the treatment of late recurrent small hepatocellular carcinoma measuring ≤ 5 cm (interval of recurrence from initial hepatectomy was > 12 months).

Methods: 66 patients who underwent initial hepatectomy for primary liver cancer in April 1998 to December 2010, and subsequent initial recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma treated with percutaneous microwave ablation or repeat hepatectomy, were enrolled in the study. Among these patients 39 were treated with percutaneous microwave ablation and 27 were treated with repeat hepatectomy. Technique effectiveness was evaluated by means of contrast enhanced techniques one month after ablation. The overall survival and disease-free survival were evaluated by using the Kaplan-Meier method.

Results: The technique effectiveness rate determined one month after ablation was 94.9%. The 1, 3, and 5 year overall survival rates were 86.2%, 73.3%, and 62.2%, respectively, for the microwave ablation group and 96.2%, 76.9%, and 61.2%, respectively, for the repeat hepatectomy group (P = 0.471). The corresponding recurrence-free survival rates were 65.8%, 28.0%, and 14.0%, respectively, for the microwave ablation group and 66.7%, 50.7%, and 43.4%, respectively, for the repeat hepatectomy group (P = 0.323).

Conclusions: In patients with late recurrent small hepatocellular carcinoma, Percutaneous microwave ablation was efficient, and showed similar long-term survival and recurrence-free survival compared with repeat hepatectomy.
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September 2014