Publications by authors named "Hisham Jogol"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Adrenal Gland Trauma: An Observational Descriptive Analysis from a Level 1-Trauma Center.

J Emerg Trauma Shock 2021 Apr-Jun;14(2):92-97. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Surgery, Trauma Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar.

Introduction: We aimed to describe the presentation, classification, and outcome of traumatic adrenal injury in a single Level-1 trauma center.

Methods: A retrospective study was conducted to include all patients identified to have adrenal trauma from 2011 to 2014. Data were retrieved from charts and electronic medical records for all patients with adrenal trauma with a 3-year follow-up for mortality.

Results: A total of 116 patients who were admitted with adrenal injury (12.9% of abdominal trauma and 20% of total solid organ injury admissions) were included in the study, 104 were males and 12 were females. In our population, 86% of adrenal injuries involved the right adrenal gland, 14% in the left, and 12% had bilateral injuries. The majority of associated injuries were rib fractures accounting for 42%, while 37% had associated lung injuries, and 35% had head injuries. As per the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma classification, 46% of adrenal traumas were grade one. Of all adrenal trauma, 25 patients were operated (21%), whereas the majority were admitted to the intensive care unit or surgical ward. Surgical interventions were indicated for associated injury to the bowel, spleen, diaphragm, mesentery, kidneys, or inferior vena cava. One patient underwent angioembolization of the adrenal vessels due to contrast leak. The mortality rate was 14.6%, and no further mortality was reported during a 3-year follow-up. On multivariable analysis, admission systolic blood pressure, Glasgow Coma Scale, and injury severity score were predictors of hospital mortality.

Conclusions: Adrenal injury is not rare and often unilateral with right-sided predominance. Associated injuries influence the clinical findings, management, and outcome. Surgical interventions are rarely required except for few cases of active bleeding. Long-term outcome postadrenal injury is still not well studied.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JETS.JETS_63_20DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8312916PMC
April 2021

Patterns and Effects of Admission Hyperglycemia and Inflammatory Response in Trauma Patients: A Prospective Clinical Study.

World J Surg 2021 09 11;45(9):2670-2681. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Surgery, Trauma Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar.

Background: The constellation of the initial hyperglycemia, proinflammatory cytokines and severity of injury among trauma patients is understudied. We aimed to evaluate the patterns and effects of on-admission hyperglycemia and inflammatory response in a level 1 trauma center. We hypothesized that higher initial readings of blood glucose and cytokines are associated with severe injuries and worse in-hospital outcomes in trauma patients.

Methods: A prospective, observational study was conducted for adult trauma patients who were admitted and tested for on-admission blood glucose, hemoglobin A1c, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-18 and hs-CRP. Patients were categorized into four groups [non-diabetic normoglycemic, diabetic normoglycemic, diabetic hyperglycemic (DH) and stress-induced hyperglycemic (SIH)]. The inflammatory markers were measured on three time points (admission, 24 h and 48 h). Generalized estimating equations (GEE) were used to account for the correlation for the inflammatory markers. Pearson's correlation test and logistic regression analysis were also performed.

Results: During the study period, 250 adult trauma patients were enrolled. Almost 13% of patients presented with hyperglycemia (50% had SIH and 50% had DH). Patients with SIH were younger, had significantly higher Injury Severity Score (ISS), higher IL-6 readings, prolonged hospital length of stay and higher mortality. The SIH group had lower Revised Trauma Score (p = 0.005), lower Trauma Injury Severity Score (p = 0.01) and lower GCS (p = 0.001). Patients with hyperglycemia had higher in-hospital mortality than the normoglycemia group (12.5% vs 3.7%; p = 0.02). A significant correlation was identified between the initial blood glucose level and serum lactate, IL-6, ISS and hospital length of stay. Overall rate of change in slope 88.54 (95% CI:-143.39-33.68) points was found more in hyperglycemia than normoglycemia group (p = 0.002) for IL-6 values, whereas there was no statistical significant change in slopes of age, gender and their interaction. The initial IL-6 levels correlated with ISS (r = 0.40, p = 0.001). On-admission hyperglycemia had an adjusted odds ratio 2.42 (95% CI: 1.076-5.447, p = 0.03) for severe injury (ISS > 12) after adjusting for age, shock index and blood transfusion.

Conclusions: In trauma patients, on-admission hyperglycemia correlates well with the initial serum IL-6 level and is associated with more severe injuries. Therefore, it could be a simple marker of injury severity and useful tool for patient triage and risk assessment.

Trial Registration: This study was registered at the ClinicalTrials.gov (Identifier: NCT02999386), retrospectively Registered on December 21, 2016. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02999386 .
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00268-021-06190-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8321976PMC
September 2021

Patterns, Management, and Outcome of Traumatic Femur Fracture: Exploring the Experience of the Only Level 1 Trauma Center in Qatar.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 05 31;18(11). Epub 2021 May 31.

Clinical Research, Trauma and Vascular Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar.

Background: Femur is the most fractured long bone in the body that often necessitates surgical fixation; however, data on the impact of the mechanism of injury (MOI), age, and timing of intervention are lacking in our region of the Arab Middle East. We aimed to describe the patterns, management, and outcome of traumatic femoral shaft fractures.

Methods: A retrospective descriptive observational study was conducted for all trauma patients admitted with femoral shaft fractures between January 2012 and December 2015 at the only level 1 trauma center and tertiary hospital in the country. Data were analyzed and compared according to the time to intervention (intramedullary nailing; IMN), MOI, and age groups. Main outcomes included in-hospital complications and mortality.

Results: A total of 605 hospitalized cases with femur fractures were reviewed. The mean age was 30.7 ± 16.2 years. The majority of fractures were unilateral (96.7%) and 91% were closed fractures. Three-fourths of fractures were treated by reamed intramedullary nailing (rIMN), antegrade in 80%. The pyriform fossa nails were used in 71.6% while trochanteric entry nails were used in 28.4%. Forty-five (8.9%) fractures were treated with an external fixator, 37 (6.1%) had conservative management. Traffic-related injuries occurred more in patients aged 14-30 years, whereas fall-related injuries were significantly higher in patients aged 31-59. Thirty-one patients (7.8%) had rIMN in less than 6 h post-injury, 106 (25.5%) had rIMN after 6-12 h and 267 (66.8%) had rIMN after more than 12 h. The implant type, duration of surgery, DVT prophylaxis, in-hospital complications, and mortality were comparable among the three treatment groups.

Conclusions: In our center, the frequency of femoral fracture was 11%, and it mainly affected severely injured young males due to traffic-related collisions or falls. Further multicenter studies are needed to set a consensus for an appropriate management of femur fracture based on the MOI, location, and timing of injury.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18115916DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8198965PMC
May 2021

Patterns, Management, and Outcome of Traumatic Femur Fracture: Exploring the Experience of the Only Level 1 Trauma Center in Qatar.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 05 31;18(11). Epub 2021 May 31.

Clinical Research, Trauma and Vascular Surgery, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar.

Background: Femur is the most fractured long bone in the body that often necessitates surgical fixation; however, data on the impact of the mechanism of injury (MOI), age, and timing of intervention are lacking in our region of the Arab Middle East. We aimed to describe the patterns, management, and outcome of traumatic femoral shaft fractures.

Methods: A retrospective descriptive observational study was conducted for all trauma patients admitted with femoral shaft fractures between January 2012 and December 2015 at the only level 1 trauma center and tertiary hospital in the country. Data were analyzed and compared according to the time to intervention (intramedullary nailing; IMN), MOI, and age groups. Main outcomes included in-hospital complications and mortality.

Results: A total of 605 hospitalized cases with femur fractures were reviewed. The mean age was 30.7 ± 16.2 years. The majority of fractures were unilateral (96.7%) and 91% were closed fractures. Three-fourths of fractures were treated by reamed intramedullary nailing (rIMN), antegrade in 80%. The pyriform fossa nails were used in 71.6% while trochanteric entry nails were used in 28.4%. Forty-five (8.9%) fractures were treated with an external fixator, 37 (6.1%) had conservative management. Traffic-related injuries occurred more in patients aged 14-30 years, whereas fall-related injuries were significantly higher in patients aged 31-59. Thirty-one patients (7.8%) had rIMN in less than 6 h post-injury, 106 (25.5%) had rIMN after 6-12 h and 267 (66.8%) had rIMN after more than 12 h. The implant type, duration of surgery, DVT prophylaxis, in-hospital complications, and mortality were comparable among the three treatment groups.

Conclusions: In our center, the frequency of femoral fracture was 11%, and it mainly affected severely injured young males due to traffic-related collisions or falls. Further multicenter studies are needed to set a consensus for an appropriate management of femur fracture based on the MOI, location, and timing of injury.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18115916DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8198965PMC
May 2021
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