Publications by authors named "Hiroko Tomotaki"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Effect of electrical activity of the diaphragm waveform patterns on SpO for extremely preterm infants ventilated with neurally adjusted ventilatory assist.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2021 Jul 6;56(7):2094-2101. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Pediatrics, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the association between electrical activity of the diaphragm (Edi) waveform patterns and peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO ) in extremely preterm infants who are ventilated with neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA).

Study Design: We conducted a retrospective cohort study at a level III neonatal intensive care unit. Extremely preterm infants born at our hospital between November 2019 and November 2020 and ventilated with NAVA were included. We collected Edi waveform data and classified them into four Edi waveform patterns, including the phasic pattern, central apnea pattern, irregular low-voltage pattern, and tonic burst pattern. We analyzed the Edi waveform pattern for the first 15 h of collectable data in each patient. To investigate the association between Edi waveform patterns and SpO , we analyzed the dataset every 5 min as one data unit. We compared the proportion of each waveform pattern between the desaturation (Desat [+]) and non-desaturation (Desat [-]) groups.

Results: We analyzed collected data for 105 h (1260 data units). The proportion of the phasic pattern in the Desat (+) group was significantly lower than that in the Desat (-) group (p < .001). However, the proportions of the central apnea, irregular low-voltage, and tonic burst patterns in the Desat (+) group were significantly higher than those in the Desat (-) group (all p < .05).

Conclusion: Our results indicate that proportions of Edi waveform patterns have an effect on desaturation of SpO in extremely preterm infants who are ventilated with NAVA.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ppul.25396DOI Listing
July 2021

Clinical features of very-low-birthweight infants with congenital heart disease.

Pediatr Int 2021 Jul 18;63(7):806-812. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Department of Neonatology, Kanagawa Children's Medical Center, Kanagawa, Japan.

Background: Few studies have investigated the developmental prognosis of very-low-birthweight (VLBW) infants with congenital heart diseases (CHDs). This study aimed to determine the mortality and morbidity, including the developmental prognosis, of VLBW infants with CHD.

Methods: This single-center, retrospective cohort study included VLBW infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit from January 2006 to December 2011. Perinatal records were reviewed for CHD diagnosis, treatment details, comorbidities, mortality, and long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes. The characteristics and neurological developmental quotients at around the age of 3 years were compared among the following three groups of VLBW infants with CHDs: biventricular circulation without intervention (without surgery), biventricular circulation with intervention (catheter intervention or one-stage surgery), and single-ventricular circulation (Fontan-type multiple-stage surgery).

Results: Among a total of 449 VLBW infants admitted during this period, 45 (10.0%) infants had CHDs, including 25 infants with congenital abnormalities (chromosomal abnormalities and/or multiple anomalies). All 13 infants who died before discharge had congenital abnormalities. The incidence rates of comorbidities were not higher in VLBW infants with CHDs than in those without CHDs. The developmental quotients of the no-surgery, catheter intervention or one-stage surgery, and Fontan-type multiple-stage surgery groups were 87.2 ± 10.9, 91.3 ± 4.7, and 63.7 ± 8.6, respectively.

Conclusions: The neurological development at around the age of 3 years in VLBW infants with biventricular circulation was in the borderline-to-normal range; however, that in infants with single-ventricular circulation was poor. Further studies are needed to comprehend the neurological development of VLBW infants with CHDs better.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ped.14562DOI Listing
July 2021

Effects of passage through the digestive tract on incretin secretion: Before and after birth.

J Diabetes Investig 2021 Jun 28;12(6):970-977. Epub 2020 Nov 28.

Department of Pediatrics, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Aims/introduction: It was reported that fetuses secrete endogenous incretin; however, the stimulants of fetal incretin secretion are not fully understood. To investigate the association between the passage of amniotic fluid through the intestinal tract and fetal secretion of incretin, we analyzed umbilical cord incretin levels of infants with duodenum atresia.

Materials And Methods: Infants born from July 2017 to July 2019 (infants with duodenum atresia and normal term or preterm infants) were enrolled. We measured and compared the concentrations of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and gastric inhibitory peptide/glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) in the umbilical vein and preprandial blood samples after birth.

Results: A total of 98 infants (47 term, 46 preterm and 5 with duodenum atresia) were included. In patients with duodenum atresia, umbilical vein GLP-1 and GIP levels were the same as those in normal infants. In postnatal samples, there were positive correlations between the amount of enteral feeding and preprandial serum concentrations of GLP-1 (r = 0.47) or GIP (r = 0.49).

Conclusions: Our results show that enteral feeding is important for secretion of GLP-1 and GIP in postnatal infants, whereas the passage of amniotic fluid is not important for fetal secretion of GLP-1 and GIP. The effect of ingested material passing through the digestive tract on incretin secretion might change before and after birth. Other factors might stimulate secretion of GLP-1 and GIP during the fetal period.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jdi.13447DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8169361PMC
June 2021

Appropriate Phosphorus Intake by Parenteral Nutrition Prevents Metabolic Bone Disease of Prematurity in Extremely Low-Birth-Weight Infants.

JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2020 Aug 12. Epub 2020 Aug 12.

Department of Pediatrics, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Background: Metabolic bone disease (MBD) is a common disorder in extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW) infants. However, no studies have investigated whether high-dose calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) supplementation by parenteral nutrition (PN) prevents MBD in ELBW infants. This study aimed to identify the effect of PN on MBD in ELBW infants.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed ELBW infants who were admitted between April 2011 and March 2017. ELBW infants were divided into the low-P group (n = 22) and the high-P group (n = 26) according to the dose of parenteral P supply. Biochemical and radiological markers of MBD and treatments were analyzed.

Results: Mean daily parenteral intake of Ca and P in the first week was significantly higher in the high-P group than in the low-P group (both P ≤ .001). Serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels were significantly higher in the low-P group than in the high-P group in the first month. ELBW infants in the low-P group received alfacalcidol much more frequently than those in the high-P group. There was a trend of a higher rate of x-ray changes in the low-P group than in the high-P group. No infants developed bone fractures.

Conclusion: Appropriate P intake by PN is required to ensure high Ca intake, reduce ALP levels in the first month, and prevent MBD from hyperparathyroidism and does not worsen x-ray findings in ELBW infants.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jpen.1993DOI Listing
August 2020

Antenatal Glucocorticoids Reduce the Incidence of Refractory Hypotension in Low Birthweight Infants during the Early Neonatal Period, but Do Not Affect It beyond This Time.

Am J Perinatol 2020 Feb 18. Epub 2020 Feb 18.

Department of Pediatrics, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Objective:  This study aimed to clarify the effect of antenatal glucocorticoids (AGs) on the incidence of refractory hypotension (RH) in very low birthweight (VLBW) infants after the first week of life.

Study Design:  We included VLBW infants born at a gestational age of <30 weeks and divided them into three groups: the complete group (born within 7 days of completing a single course [two doses] of AGs), the incomplete group (born without complete course), and the late delivery group (born at ≥8 days after a single course). We compared the incidence and period of onset of RH among the three groups.

Results:  A total of 115 infants were enrolled. The incidence of RH in the first week of life was significantly lower in the complete group than in the other groups. However, there was no significant difference in the incidence of RH after the first week of life among the groups.

Conclusion:  AGs contribute to circulatory stabilization during the first week of life, but this effect does not last after 1 or 2 weeks of administration. In infants who receive AGs, physicians should consider that the risk of RH after the first week of life is not low.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0040-1701608DOI Listing
February 2020