Publications by authors named "Hirohisa Miyashita"

8 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Discovery of a novel series of GPR119 agonists: Design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of N-(Piperidin-4-yl)-N-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-4-amine derivatives.

Bioorg Med Chem 2021 Jul 9;41:116208. Epub 2021 May 9.

Cardiovascular & Metabolic Drug Discovery Unit, Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Ltd, 26-1, Muraokahigashi 2-chome, Fujisawa, Kanagawa 251-8555, Japan.

We undertook an optimization effort involving propan-2-yl 4-({6-[5-(methanesulfonyl)-2,3-dihydro-1H-indol-1-yl]pyrimidin-4-yl}oxy)piperidine-1-carboxylate 1, which we had previously discovered as a novel G protein-coupled receptor 119 (GPR119) agonist. To occupy a presumed hydrophobic space between the pyrimidine and piperidine rings in interaction with GPR119, we replaced the linker oxygen with nitrogen. Subsequently, the introduction of a substituent at the bridging nitrogen atom was explored. We found that the installation of N-trifluoromethyl group 10 not only enhanced GPR119 agonist activity but also considerably improved the human ether-à-go-go-related gene (hERG) inhibition profile. These improvements were not observed for non-fluorinated substituents, such as ethyl analog 8b. The next optimization effort focused on the exploration of a new surrogate structure for the indoline ring and the isosteric replacements of the piperidine N-Boc group to improve solubility, metabolic stability, and oral bioavailability. As a result, N-{1-[3-(2-fluoropropan-2-yl)-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl]piperidin-4-yl}-6-{[1-(methanesulfonyl)piperidin-4-yl]oxy}-N-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-4-amine (27) was identified as a potent and orally bioavailable GPR119 agonist. This compound augmented insulin secretion and effectively lowered plasma glucose excursion in a diabetic animal model after oral administration. In this study, we discuss the designs, syntheses, and biological activities of a novel series of N-(piperidin-4-yl)-N-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-4-amine derivatives as GPR119 agonists, and to determine the distinctive effect of the N-trifluoromethyl group on hERG inhibition, we also discuss the conformational preference of representative compounds.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmc.2021.116208DOI Listing
July 2021

Crosstalk Between NDP52 and LUBAC in Innate Immune Responses, Cell Death, and Xenophagy.

Front Immunol 2021 19;12:635475. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Pathobiochemistry, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka City University, Osaka, Japan.

Nuclear dot protein 52 kDa (NDP52, also known as CALCOCO2) functions as a selective autophagy receptor. The linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex (LUBAC) specifically generates the N-terminal Met1-linked linear ubiquitin chain, and regulates innate immune responses, such as nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), interferon (IFN) antiviral, and apoptotic pathways. Although NDP52 and LUBAC cooperatively regulate bacterial invasion-induced xenophagy, their functional crosstalk remains enigmatic. Here we show that NDP52 suppresses canonical NF-κB signaling through the broad specificity of ubiquitin-binding at the C-terminal UBZ domain. Upon TNF-α-stimulation, NDP52 associates with LUBAC through the HOIP subunit, but does not disturb its ubiquitin ligase activity, and has a modest suppressive effect on NF-κB activation by functioning as a component of TNF-α receptor signaling complex I. NDP52 also regulates the TNF-α-induced apoptotic pathway, but not doxorubicin-induced intrinsic apoptosis. A chemical inhibitor of LUBAC (HOIPIN-8) cancelled the increased activation of the NF-κB and IFN antiviral pathways, and enhanced apoptosis in -knockout and -knockdown HeLa cells. Upon -infection, colocalization of , LC3, and linear ubiquitin was detected in parental HeLa cells to induce xenophagy. Treatment with HOIPIN-8 disturbed the colocalization and facilitated expansion. In contrast, HOIPIN-8 showed little effect on the colocalization of LC3 and in -knockout cells, suggesting that NDP52 is a weak regulator in LUBAC-mediated xenophagy. These results indicate that the crosstalk between NDP52 and LUBAC regulates innate immune responses, apoptosis, and xenophagy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2021.635475DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8017197PMC
March 2021

Discovery of a novel series of indolinylpyrimidine-based GPR119 agonists: Elimination of ether-a-go-go-related gene liability using a hydrogen bond acceptor-focused approach.

Bioorg Med Chem 2021 Mar 23;34:116034. Epub 2021 Jan 23.

Cardiovascular & Metabolic Drug Discovery Unit, Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Ltd, 26-1, Muraokahigashi 2-chome, Fujisawa, Kanagawa 251-8555, Japan.

We previously identified a novel series of indolinylpyrimidine derivatives exemplified by 2 in Figure 1, which is an indoline based derivative, as potent GPR119 agonists. Despite the attractive potency of 2, this compound inhibited the human ether-a-go-go-related gene (hERG) K channel. We elucidated crucial roles of the methylsulfonyl group of 2 in its interaction with the hERG channel and the GPR119 receptor, presumably as a hydrogen bond acceptor (HBA). To remove the undesirable hERG inhibitory activity, a strategy was implemented to arrange an HBA on a less conformationally flexible framework at the indoline 5-position instead of the methylsulfonyl group. This successfully led to the discovery of a piperidinone ring as a desirable motif at the indoline 5-position, which could minimize hERG liability as shown by 24b. Further optimization focused on the reduction of lipophilicity in terms of more favorable drug-like properties. Consequently, the introduction of a hydroxy group at the 3-position of the piperidinone ring effectively reduced lipophilicity without compromising GPR119 potency, resulting in the identification of (3S)-3-hydroxy-1-{1-[6-({1-[3-(propan-2-yl)-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl]piperidin-4-yl}oxy)pyrimidin-4-yl]- 2,3-dihydro-1H-indol-5-yl}piperidin-2-one ((S)-29) as a novel, potent, and orally bioavailable GPR119 agonist with a well-balanced profile. The pharmacological effects of this compound were also confirmed after single and chronic oral administration in diabetic animal models.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmc.2021.116034DOI Listing
March 2021

GPR40 full agonism exerts feeding suppression and weight loss through afferent vagal nerve.

PLoS One 2019 16;14(9):e0222653. Epub 2019 Sep 16.

Cardiovascular Metabolic Drug Discovery Unit, Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, Kanagawa, Japan.

GPR40/FFAR1 is a Gq protein-coupled receptor expressed in pancreatic β cells and enteroendocrine cells, and mediates insulin and incretin secretion to regulate feeding behavior. Several GPR40 full agonists have been reported to reduce food intake in rodents by regulating gut hormone secretion in addition to their potent glucose-lowering effects; however, detailed mechanisms of feeding suppression are still unknown. In the present study, we characterized T-3601386, a novel compound with potent full agonistic activity for GPR40, by using in vitro Ca2+ mobilization assay in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells expressing FFAR1 and in vivo hormone secretion assay. We also evaluated feeding suppression and weight loss after the administration of T-3601386 and investigated the involvement of the vagal nerve in these effects. T-3601386, but not a partial agonist fasiglifam, increased intracellular Ca2+ levels in CHO cells with low FFAR1 expression, and single dosing of T-3601386 in diet-induced obese (DIO) rats elevated plasma incretin levels, suggesting full agonistic properties of T-3601386 against GPR40. Multiple doses of T-3601386, but not fasiglifam, in DIO rats showed dose-dependent weight loss accompanied by feeding suppression and durable glucagon-like peptide-1 elevation, all of which were completely abolished in Ffar1-/- mice. Immunohistochemical analysis in the nuclei of the solitary tract demonstrated that T-3601386 increased the number of c-Fos positive cells, which also disappeared in Ffar1-/- mice. Surgical vagotomy and drug-induced deafferentation counteracted the feeding suppression and weight loss induced by the administration of T-3601386. These results suggest that T-3601386 exerts incretin release and weight loss in a GPR40-dependent manner, and that afferent vagal nerves are important for the feeding suppression induced by GPR40 full agonism. Our novel findings raise the possibility that GPR40 full agonist can induce periphery-derived weight reduction, which may provide benefits such as less adverse effects in central nervous system compared to centrally-acting anti-obesity drugs.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0222653PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6746387PMC
March 2020

SCO-267, a GPR40 Full Agonist, Improves Glycemic and Body Weight Control in Rat Models of Diabetes and Obesity.

J Pharmacol Exp Ther 2019 08 10;370(2):172-181. Epub 2019 Jun 10.

Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, Kanagawa, Japan (H.U., R.I., H.M., H.O., Y.Mi., T.Y., Y.T., K.T., N.N.); and SCOHIA PHARMA, Inc., Kanagawa, Japan (S.A., M.O., A.K., M.W., Y.Y., T.M., Y.Mo.)

The GPR40/FFA1 receptor is a G-protein-coupled receptor expressed in the pancreatic islets and enteroendocrine cells. Here, we report the pharmacological profiles of (3)-3-cyclopropyl-3-{2-[(1-{2-[(2,2-dimethylpropyl)(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)carbamoyl]-5-methoxyphenyl}piperidin-4-yl)methoxy]pyridin-4-yl}propanoic acid (SCO-267), a novel full agonist of GPR40. Ca signaling and insulin and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) secretion were evaluated in GPR40-expressing CHO, MIN6, and GLUTag cells. Hormone secretions and effects on fasting glucose were tested in rats. Single or repeated dosing effects were evaluated in neonatally streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats (N-STZ-1.5 rats), diet-induced obese (DIO) rats, and GPR40-knockout ( ) mice. Treatment with SCO-267 activated Gq signaling in both high- and low--expressing CHO cells, stimulated insulin secretion in MIN6 cells, and induced GLP-1 release in GLUTag cells. When administered to normal rats, SCO-267 increased insulin, glucagon, GLP-1, glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide, and peptide YY (PYY) secretions under nonfasting conditions. These results show the full agonistic property of SCO-267 against GPR40. Hypoglycemia was not induced in SCO-267-treated rats during the fasting condition. In diabetic N-STZ-1.5 rats, SCO-267 was highly effective in improving glucose tolerance in single and 2-week dosing studies. DIO rats treated with SCO-267 for 2 weeks showed elevated plasma GLP-1 and PYY levels, reduced food intake, and decreased body weight. In wild-type mice, SCO-267 induced GLP-1 secretion, food intake inhibition, and body weight reduction; however, these effects were abolished in mice, indicating a GPR40-dependent mechanism. In conclusion, SCO-267 stimulated islet and gut hormone secretion, improved glycemic control in diabetic rats, and decreased body weight in obese rats. These data suggest the therapeutic potential of SCO-267 for the treatment of diabetes and obesity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1124/jpet.118.255885DOI Listing
August 2019

Discovery of a novel series of indoline carbamate and indolinylpyrimidine derivatives as potent GPR119 agonists.

Bioorg Med Chem 2014 Mar 28;22(5):1649-66. Epub 2014 Jan 28.

Pharmaceutical Research Division, Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Ltd, 26-1, Muraokahigashi 2-chome, Fujisawa, Kanagawa 251-8555, Japan.

GPR119 has emerged as an attractive target for anti-diabetic agents. We identified a structurally novel GPR119 agonist 22c that carries a 5-(methylsulfonyl)indoline motif as an early lead compound. To generate more potent compounds of this series, structural modifications were performed mainly to the central alkylene spacer. Installation of a carbonyl group and a methyl group on this spacer significantly enhanced agonistic activity, resulting in the identification of 2-[1-(5-ethylpyrimidin-2-yl)piperidin-4-yl]propyl 7-fluoro-5-(methylsulfonyl)-2,3-dihydro-1H-indole-1-carboxylate (20). To further expand the chemical series of indoline-based GPR119 agonists, several heterocyclic core systems were introduced as surrogates of the carbamate spacer that mimic the presumed active conformation. This approach successfully produced an indolinylpyrimidine derivative 37, 5-(methylsulfonyl)-1-[6-({1-[3-(propan-2-yl)-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl]piperidin-4-yl}oxy)pyrimidin-4-yl]-2,3-dihydro-1H-indole, which has potent GPR119 agonist activity. In rat oral glucose tolerance tests, these two indoline-based compounds effectively lowered plasma glucose excursion and glucose-dependent insulin secretion after oral administration.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmc.2014.01.028DOI Listing
March 2014

Loss of system x(c)- does not induce oxidative stress but decreases extracellular glutamate in hippocampus and influences spatial working memory and limbic seizure susceptibility.

J Neurosci 2011 Apr;31(15):5792-803

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Drug Analysis, Center for Neuroscience, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, 1090 Brussels, Belgium.

System x(c)- exchanges intracellular glutamate for extracellular cystine, giving it a potential role in intracellular glutathione synthesis and nonvesicular glutamate release. We report that mice lacking the specific xCT subunit of system x(c)- (xCT(-/-)) do not have a lower hippocampal glutathione content, increased oxidative stress or brain atrophy, nor exacerbated spatial reference memory deficits with aging. Together these results indicate that loss of system x(c)- does not induce oxidative stress in vivo. Young xCT(-/-) mice did however display a spatial working memory deficit. Interestingly, we observed significantly lower extracellular hippocampal glutamate concentrations in xCT(-/-) mice compared to wild-type littermates. Moreover, intrahippocampal perfusion with system x(c)- inhibitors lowered extracellular glutamate, whereas the system x(c)- activator N-acetylcysteine elevated extracellular glutamate in the rat hippocampus. This indicates that system x(c)- may be an interesting target for pathologies associated with excessive extracellular glutamate release in the hippocampus. Correspondingly, xCT deletion in mice elevated the threshold for limbic seizures and abolished the proconvulsive effects of N-acetylcysteine. These novel findings sustain that system x(c)-) is an important source of extracellular glutamate in the hippocampus. System x(c)(-) is required for optimal spatial working memory, but its inactivation is clearly beneficial to decrease susceptibility for limbic epileptic seizures.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.5465-10.2011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6622811PMC
April 2011

Fasting differentially modulates the immunological system: its mechanism and sex difference.

J Clin Biochem Nutr 2008 Sep;43(2):75-81

Department of Basic Research, Kitasato Institute, Tokyo 108-8642, Japan.

The immunological properties and hormonal metabolism in rodents are affected by physical and psychological stress more strongly in males than in females. To elucidate the mechanism and physiological significance of the sex difference in the susceptibility of animal to stresses, changes in the immunological system in plasma and intestine and hormonal status in plasma were compared among 8-week-old male and female ICR mice before and after fasting. During the fasting of animals, the expression of immunoglobulin A in intestinal mucosa, and cortisol, interleukin-10 and interferon-gamma in plasma increased. These changes occurred more apparently in males than in females. Under identical conditions, the plasma levels of testosterone decreased markedly with concomitant occurrence of apoptosis in the testis, while the plasma levels of estradiol decreased calmly, and no appreciable apoptosis occurred in the ovary. These results indicate that testosterone enhances the stress-induced modulation of the immune system by some mechanism that was antagonized by estradiol.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3164/jcbn.2008049DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2533722PMC
September 2008
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