Publications by authors named "Hind Albalawi"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The electrochemical, dielectric, and ferroelectric properties of Gd and Fe doped LaNiO with an efficient solar-light driven catalytic activity to oxidize malachite green dye.

J Colloid Interface Sci 2021 Sep 2;607(Pt 1):568-583. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Department of Physics, College of Sciences, Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University (PNU), Riyadh 11671, Saudi Arabia.

This work investigates the effects of double ion substitution on the ferroelectric, electrochemical, dielectric and photocatalytic properties of Gd and Fe doped LaGdNiFeO nanoparticles (NPs). LaGdNiFeO was fabricated by facile micro-emulsion path and its properties were studied by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Raman scattering, Fourier Transform of Infrared (FTIR), energy dispersive x-rays (EDX) techniques. It has a distorted rhombohedral shape with crystallite size within the range of 17-23 nm. The doped material has a spherical heterogeneous morphology, and its surface area increased with increased doping. The electrochemical (CV, EIS, and I-V), conductivity and dielectric (dielectric constant and low dielectric & tangent loss) properties of LaGdNiFeO were dependent on the contents of the dopants (Gd and Fe). The doped material had improved specific capacitance compared to the undoped LaNiO due to the synergistic effect of Gd and Fe on the doped materials. The conductivity of Gd and Fe doped LaNiO 5.16 × 10 Sm was enhanced compared to the undoped LaNiO 3.52 × 10 Sm. Furthermore, hysteresis loop was used to investigate the coercivity (Hc), saturation magnetization (Ms) and remanence (Mr) of the material. The Ms and Mr values were enhanced with the content of the dopants. The photocatalytic activity (PCA) of the material in degrading malachite green (MG) dye was studied. LaGdNiFeO NPs was able to degrade up to 96.4% of the dye under visible light irradiation in 50 min. LaGdNiFeO has remarkable dielectric, electrochemical, ferroelectric and photo-catalytic properties and have potential applications in microwave, electrical, electronic, energy storage devices. It is also an active photo-catalyst material for the removal/oxidation of toxic pollutants from the environment.
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September 2021

Nationwide Seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 in Saudi Arabia.

J Infect Public Health 2021 Jul 24;14(7):832-838. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Estimated seroprevalence of Coronavirus Infectious Disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a critical evidence for a better evaluation of the virus spread and monitoring the progress of COVID-19 pandemic in a population. In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence has been reported in specific regions, but an extensive nationwide study has not been reported. Here, we report a nationwide study to determine the prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 in the population of KSA during the pandemic, using serum samples from healthy blood donors, non-COVID patients and healthcare workers (HCWs) in six different regions of the kingdom, with addition samples from COVID-19 patients.

Methods: A total of 11,703 serum samples were collected from different regions of the KSA including; 5395 samples from residual healthy blood donors (D); 5877 samples from non-COVID patients collected through residual sera at clinical biochemistry labs from non-COVID patients (P); and 400 samples from consented HCWs. To determine the seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2, all serum samples, in addition to positive control sera from RT-PCR confirmed COVID-19 patients, were subjected to in-house ELISA with a sample pooling strategy, which was further validated by testing individual samples that make up some of the pools, with a statistical estimation method to report seroprevalence estimates.

Results: Overall (combining D and P groups) seroprevalence estimate was around 11% in Saudi Arabia; and was 5.1% (Riyadh), 1.5% (Jazan), 18.4% (Qassim), 20.8% (Hail), 14.7% (ER; Alahsa), and 18.8% in Makkah. Makkah samples were only D group and had a rate of 24.4% and 12.8% in the cities of Makkah and Jeddah, respectively. The seroprevalence in Saudi Arabia across the sampled areas would be 12 times the reported COVID-19 infection rate. Among HCWs, 7.5% (4.95-10.16 CI 95%) had reactive antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 without reporting any previously confirmed infection. This was higher in HCWs with hypertension. The study also presents the demographics and prevalence of co-morbidities in HCWs and subset of non-COVID-19 population.

Interpretation: Our study estimates the overall national serological prevalence of COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia to be 11%, with an apparent disparity between regions. This indicates the prevalence of asymptomatic or mild unreported COVID-19 cases.
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July 2021