Publications by authors named "Hillary Chipongo"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Modified gastrostomy feeding tubes in patients with oesophageal cancer: our experience from Northern Tanzania.

J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 27;2021(5):rjab221. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of General Surgery, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, Moshi, Tanzania.

Surgeons in resource-limited settings have adapted to overcome the challenges of the limitations of resources using different available methods and inventions from the local environment. We report four cases of oesophageal cancer palliatively treated with improvised gastrostomy feeding tubes by using 24Fr urinary catheters, to optimize their nutritional status to withstand chemotherapy/radiotherapy. Two patients managed to begin chemo and radiotherapy, but only one out of the four survived. The aim of this report is to appraise the methods used by surgeons to overcome the challenges they face in clinical practice.
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May 2021

Ectopia cordis: A case report of pre-surgical care in resource-limited setting.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Jun 12;83:105965. Epub 2021 May 12.

Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, Faculty of Medicine, P O Box 2240, Moshi, Tanzania; Department of Pediatrics, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Center, P O Box 3010, Moshi, Tanzania.

Introduction And Importance: Ectopia cordis is a rare congenital malformation of thoracic midline fusion that presents as location of the heart outside the open chest cavity. This presents as a surgical emergency and demands early and specialized intervention. Particularly in resource-limited settings, where prenatal ultrasonography screening is not done, these children are often born in facilities without the capability of managing such conditions definitively, necessitating them to be referred to a specialized centre. At lower health facilities, the challenge is in ensuring that the child is kept stable and protected from infection until they can reach a centre with the facilities required for care. This report describes the management give to such a child until they were successfully handed over to a cardiac institute.

Case Presentation: We present a newborn male baby delivered at term to a mother from a low socio-economic background with his heart and abdominal viscera outside the thoracic and abdominal cavity. Despite presenting at a centre without cardiac surgery facilities or cardiologists, they were sustained until referral.

Clinical Discussion: Ectopia cordis is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by defect in the fusion of the anterior chest wall resulting in the abnormal extra-thoracic location of the heart. Five types exist; cervical type with worst prognosis, attempts can be made to re-locate the heart and close the thoracic defect surgically.

Conclusion: Even with limited resources, it is possible to provide the basic care necessary to sustain a child with this complex anomaly until definitive management can be provided.
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June 2021