Publications by authors named "Hideki Orikasa"

24 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Coronary Artery Fistula Aneurysm: Pathological Analysis After Surgery.

Cureus 2021 May 8;13(5):e14903. Epub 2021 May 8.

Cardiology, Kawasaki Municipal Ida Hospital, Kawasaki, JPN.

An asymptomatic 75-year-old woman was identified with a 40-mm-sized, round-shaped lesion beside the pulmonary artery on computed tomography (CT). Coronary angiography showed a coronary artery fistula (CAF) with an aneurysm branching from the left anterior descending artery toward the pulmonary artery. The CAF aneurysm (CAFA) was resected and coronary artery bypass graft surgery using the left internal thoracic artery was performed successfully. Pathological analysis revealed that medial depletion similar to segmental arterial mediolysis (SAM) may contribute to aneurysm formation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.14903DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8183465PMC
May 2021

Pure laparoscopic total ureterectomy for urothelial carcinoma that occurred in the ureteral stump after nephrectomy: A case report.

Urol Case Rep 2021 Jul 26;37:101618. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Department of Urology, Kawasaki Municipal Hospital, 12-1 Shinkawadori, Kawasaki-ku, Kawasaki-city, Kanagawa, Japan.

Primary carcinoma of the ureteral stump following a radical nephrectomy is rare, and it is even rarer that the cause of the nephrectomy is renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Treatment by complete ureterectomy with a bladder cuff is considered as the standard treatment. We report a case of a 70-year-old female with urothelial carcinoma with glandular differentiation that occurred in the ureteral stump after nephrectomy for left RCC. We performed a novel technique of pure laparoscopic resection of the ureteral stump with a bladder cuff.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eucr.2021.101618DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7932898PMC
July 2021

HEG1, BAP1, and MTAP are useful in cytologic diagnosis of malignant mesothelioma with effusion.

Diagn Cytopathol 2021 May 22;49(5):622-632. Epub 2020 May 22.

Research Platform Office, The Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: The specificity and sensitivity of HEG1 for malignant mesothelioma (MM) is high. The use of BAP1/MTAP immunohistochemistry (IHC) is recommended to separate benign and malignant mesothelial proliferations. We determined how ancillary techniques can be used for the cytological diagnosis of MM with effusion.

Methods: Cell blocks from effusions from cases with MM, reactive mesothelial cells (RMCs), and carcinomas were analyzed by IHC with HEG1, BAP1, and MTAP and with homozygous deletion (HD) of CDKN2A by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Staining scores were calculated for IHC by adding the number of categories for the staining intensity and the staining extension.

Results: HEG1 was positive in all (41/41) MMs, but negative in carcinomas, except for ovarian carcinomas. Overall 76.9% (20/26) of RMCs and 28.6% (6/21) of ovarian carcinomas expressed HEG1. BAP1 loss was found in 71.1% of MMs, but none was found in RMCs. MTAP loss was found in 76.2% of MMs, but none was found in RMCs. 73.9% of MMs harbored HD of CDKN2A. There was concordance between loss of MTAP and HD of CDKN2A in 95% of MMs.

Conclusion: HEG1 is a good marker for mesothelial differentiation in effusion cytology. HD of CDKN2A is frequently observed in cell blocks from effusions of MMs, and MTAP IHC may act as a surrogate for HD of CDKN2A. Cell block analysis is recommended for effusions of unknown origins with the following methods: IHC with HEG1 and claudin 4 to validate the mesothelial origin, followed by BAP1 and MTAP IHC to confirm malignancy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/dc.24475DOI Listing
May 2021

Retroperitoneoscopic partial adrenalectomy for metachronous renal cell carcinoma metastasis to solitary adrenal gland.

Int Cancer Conf J 2020 Jan 23;9(1):1-4. Epub 2019 Jul 23.

1Department of Urology, Kawasaki Municipal Hospital, 12-1 Shinkawadori, Kawasaki-ku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 210-0013 Japan.

Metastasectomy is a widely accepted treatment for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) metastasis, and is regarded as the most effective strategy for increasing the rate of cancer-specific survival. However, since bilateral synchronous or metachronous adrenal metastasis of RCC is extremely rare, a standard approach has yet to be established. Partial adrenalectomy may avoid lifelong hormonal supplementation and reduce the risk of Addisonian crisis. A 71-year-old man had a previous history of left nephrectomy and ipsilateral adrenalectomy for metachronous adrenal metastasis. Metachronous contralateral adrenal metastasis was detected 2 years after ipsilateral adrenalectomy, and he underwent retroperitoneoscopic partial adrenalectomy using a vessel sealing device. Although corticosteroid replacement therapy was not prophylactically performed, the patient did not exhibit any symptoms of hypocorticism. Nine months after the surgery, the patient remains well without steroid supplementation, and neither local recurrence nor metastasis has been detected. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of laparoscopic partial adrenalectomy for RCC metastasis. The vessel sealing device was highly effective and suitable for laparoscopic partial adrenalectomy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13691-019-00383-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6942610PMC
January 2020

Septic Meningitis and Liver Abscess due to Hypermucoviscous Klebsiella pneumoniae Complicated with Chronic Strongyloidiasis in a Human T-lymphotropic Virus 1 Carrier.

Intern Med 2020 Jan 21;59(1):129-133. Epub 2019 Aug 21.

Kawasaki City Institute for Public Health, Japan.

Recently, severe cases of infection due to hypermucoviscous Klebsiella pneumonia (hmKP) have been reported in Japan. The Amami Islands in Japan are also endemic regions for Strongyloides stercoralis. Disseminated strongyloidiasis strain often causes severe enterobacteria infection; however, whether or not chronic strongyloidiasis induces it remains unclear. We herein report a 71-year-old man who developed meningitis and liver abscess due to hmKP complicated with chronic strongyloidiasis. He died on the seventh hospital day. Strongyloides stercoralis were only found around the polyp in the cecum. Chronic strongyloidiasis can also induce severe infection due to enterobacteria, especially hypervirulent pathogens like hmKP, through the induction of mucosal rupture.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.3403-19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6995716PMC
January 2020

Is a pediatrician performed gray scale ultrasonography with power Doppler study safe and effective for triaging acute non-perforated appendicitis for conservative management?

J Pediatr Surg 2016 Dec 15;51(12):1952-1956. Epub 2016 Sep 15.

Department of Pediatric General & Urogenital Surgery, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Pediatric Surgery, Tobu Chiiki Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine whether acute non-perforated appendicitis (ANPA) can be safely triaged by a pediatrician for conservative management (CM) using gray-scale ultrasonography with power Doppler (GSPD).

Method: Seventy five cases of ANPA assessed by a pediatrician with GSPD (2013-2015) were reviewed. GSPD grading for ANPA was: I: slightly irregular wall/normal blood flow; II: irregular wall/increased blood flow; III: irregular wall/decreased blood flow; and IV: absence of wall/blood flow. Grades I/II were managed conservatively with intravenous antibiotics then encouraged to book for interval appendectomy (IA). Grades III/IV were reviewed for emergency appendectomy (EA) by a pediatric surgeon.

Results: GSPD grading was I (n=26), II (n=36), III (n=9), and IV (n=4). EA was required for 5 cases, one grade III, and four grade IV cases. One grade IV case was treated conservatively after surgical review but EA was unavoidable. Of the remaining 70 cases discharged well after a mean of 5.7days hospitalization, 25/70 had IA with chronic inflammation on histology, 6/70 had recurrence of ANPA treated successfully by EA, and 39/70 remain asymptomatic at least 10months after declining IA. Overall, GSPD triaging with CM was cheaper than surgery.

Conclusions: GSPD performed by pediatricians appears to be safe/effective for triaging ANPA.

Level Of Evidence: Level III.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2016.09.018DOI Listing
December 2016

Effects of long-term androgen replacement therapy on the physical and mental statuses of aging males with late-onset hypogonadism: a multicenter randomized controlled trial in Japan (EARTH Study).

Asian J Androl 2016 Jan-Feb;18(1):25-34

Department of Integrative Cancer Therapy and Urology, Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan.

Androgen replacement therapy (ART) efficacy on late-onset hypogonadism (LOH) has been widely investigated in Western countries; however, it remains controversial whether ART can improve health and prolong active lifestyles. We prospectively assessed long-term ART effects on the physical and mental statuses of aging men with LOH in Japan. The primary endpoint was health-related quality of life assessed by questionnaires. Secondary endpoints included glycemic control, lipid parameters, blood pressure, waist circumference, body composition, muscular strength, International Prostate Symptom Scores (IPSS), International Index of Erectile Function-5 (IIEF-5) scores, and serum prostate-specific antigen levels. Of the 1637 eligible volunteers, 334 patients > 40 years with LOH were randomly assigned to either the ART (n = 169) or control groups (n = 165). Fifty-two weeks after the initial treatment, ART significantly affected the role physical subdomain of the short form-36 health survey (SF-36) scale (P = 0.0318). ART was also associated with significant decreases in waist circumstance (P = 0.002) and serum triglyceride (TG) (P = 0.013) and with significant increases in whole-body and leg muscle mass volumes (P = 0.071 and 0.0108, respectively), serum hemoglobin (P < 0.001), IPSS voiding subscore (P = 0.0418), and the second question on IIEF-5 (P = 0.0049). There was no significant difference between the groups in terms of severe adverse events. In conclusion, in patients with LOH, long-term ART exerted beneficial effects on Role Physical subdomain of the SF-36 scale, serum TG, waist circumstance, muscle mass volume, voiding subscore of IPSS, and the second question of IIEF-5. We hope our study will contribute to the future development of this area.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1008-682X.148720DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4736352PMC
September 2016

Good response to leucovorin and fluorouracil plus oxaliplatin and cetuximab therapy in a patient with metastatic ascending colon cancer harboring a KRAS p.G13D mutation.

Oncol Lett 2012 Feb 30;3(2):269-272. Epub 2011 Nov 30.

Department of Surgery, Tobu Chiiki Hospital, Metropolitan Health and Medical Treatment Corporation, Tokyo 125-8512.

The effectiveness of cetuximab (Cmab) against KRAS p.G13D mutant-type tumors has been reported. In this study, we report a case of metastatic ascending colon cancer harboring a KRAS p.G13D mutation in a 65-year-old female. Considering the absence of symptoms and the post-operative risk of respiratory system complications due to multiple lung metastases, particularly at the entrance to the left main bronchus, anticancer drug therapy was selected as first-line therapy. With informed consent, FOLFOX4 [folinic acid (FOL), fluorouracil (F) plus oxaliplatin (OX)] + Cmab therapy was administered as preoperative chemotherapy. A good preoperative response was obtained to the chemotherapy, with a metastatic lesion disappearing from the entrance to the left main bronchus. Subsequent resection was performed successfully with no post-operative complications. Although a histopathological examination of the resected tissue specimen revealed residual cancer cells, it also showed the marked efficacy of the chemotherapy regimen used. In this study, we describe a case of metastatic ascending colon cancer harboring a KRAS p.G13D mutation in which the patient responded well to first-line therapy with FOLFOX4 + Cmab.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/ol.2011.503DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3362562PMC
February 2012

Somatic mutations in PIK3CA and activation of AKT in intraductal tubulopapillary neoplasms of the pancreas.

Am J Surg Pathol 2011 Dec;35(12):1812-7

Institute for Integrated Medical Sciences, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo, Japan.

Intraductal tubulopapillary neoplasm (ITPN) is a recently recognized rare variant of intraductal neoplasms of the pancreas. Molecular aberrations underlying the neoplasm remain unknown. We investigated somatic mutations in PIK3CA, PTEN, AKT1, KRAS, and BRAF. We also investigated aberrant expressions of phosphorylated AKT, phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN), tumor protein 53 (TP53), SMAD4, and CTNNB1 in 11 cases of ITPNs and compared these data with those of 50 cases of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN), another distinct variant of pancreatic intraductal neoplasms. Mutations in PIK3CA were found in 3 of 11 ITPNs but not in IPMNs (P = 0.005; Fisher exact test). In contrast, mutations in KRAS were found in none of the ITPNs but were found in 26 of the 50 IPMNs (P = 0.001; Fisher exact test). PIK3CA mutations were associated with strong expression of phosphorylated AKT (P < 0.001; the Mann-Whitney U test). Moreover, the expression of phosphorylated AKT was apparent in most ITPNs but only in a few IPMNs (P < 0.001; the Mann-Whitney U test). Aberrant expressions of TP53, SMAD4, and CTNNB1 were not statistically different between these neoplasms. Mutations in PIK3CA and the expression of phosphorylated AKT were not associated with age, sex, tissue invasion, and patients' prognosis in ITPNs. These results indicate that activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase pathway may play a crucial role in ITPNs but not in IPMNs. In contrast, the mutation in KRAS seems to play a major role in IPMNs but not in ITPNs. The activated phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase pathway may be a potential target for molecular diagnosis and therapy of ITPNs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PAS.0b013e31822769a0DOI Listing
December 2011

Intraductal tubulopapillary neoplasms of the pancreas distinct from pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia and intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms.

Am J Surg Pathol 2009 Aug;33(8):1164-72

Department of Pathology, Saitama International Medical Center, Saitama Medical University, Hidaka, Japan.

We have encountered cases of unusual intraductal pancreatic neoplasms with predominant tubulopapillary growth. We collected data on 10 similar cases of "intraductal tubulopapillary neoplasms (ITPNs)" and analyzed their clinicopathologic and molecular features. Tumor specimens were obtained from 5 men and 5 women with a mean age of 58 years. ITPNs were solid and nodular tumors obstructing dilated pancreatic ducts and did not contain any visible mucin. The tumor cells formed tubulopapillae and contained little cytoplasmic mucin. The tumors exhibited uniform high-grade atypia. Necrotic foci were frequently observed, and invasion was observed in some cases. The ITPNs were immunohistochemically positive for cytokeratin 7 and/or cytokeratin 19 and negative for trypsin, MUC2, MUC5AC, and fascin. Molecular studies revealed abnormal expressions of TP53 and SMAD4 in 1 case, but aberrant expression of beta-catenin was not observed. No mutations in KRAS and BRAF were observed in the 8 cases that were examined. Eight patients are alive without recurrence, 1 patient died of liver metastases, and 1 patient is alive but had a recurrence and underwent additional pancreatectomy. The mitotic count and Ki-67 labeling index were significantly associated with invasion. All the features of ITPN were distinct from those of other known intraductal pancreatic neoplasms, including pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia, intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm, and the intraductal variant of acinar cell carcinoma. Intraductal tubular carcinomas showed several features that were similar to those of ITPN, except for the tubulopapillary growth pattern. In conclusion, ITPNs can be considered to represent a new disease entity encompassing intraductal tubular carcinoma as a morphologic variant.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PAS.0b013e3181a162e5DOI Listing
August 2009

Postmortem diagnosis of Fabry disease with acromegaly and a unique vasculopathy.

Virchows Arch 2007 Sep 12;451(3):721-7. Epub 2007 Jul 12.

Department of Pathology, Saiseikai Central Hospital, l-4-17 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 108-0073, Japan.

A 44-year-old Japanese man with elevated growth hormone levels and gradual deterioration of mental and renal function was admitted to the hospital. With his deteriorated general condition and renal failure, the patient developed pulmonary thromboembolism and died of respiratory failure. Autopsy examination was conducted, which revealed abnormal accumulation or intracytoplasmic storage of lipid-rich material in the small blood vessels, kidney, heart, and nervous system. After postmortem pathologic studies, including light-microscopic histochemistry, electron microscopy, and biochemical analysis of the stored lipid contents, a final diagnosis of Fabry disease was made. Histopathologic examination revealed a unique vasculopathy characterized by the presence of abnormal intracytoplasmic lipid inclusions and vascular remodeling. With regard to the clinical presentation of acromegaly, hyperplasia but not adenomatous transformation of the acidophils of the anterior pituitary gland with immunohistochemical detection of growth hormone within the cells was noted. In this case, the complication of acromegaly with hyperplasia of the acidophilic cells of the anterior pituitary gland and the unique vasculopathy causing significant organ failure, mainly of the kidney, heart, and central nervous systems, possibly as a result of microcirculatory failure, are considered to be not incidental findings but to be intimately involved in the pathogenesis of Farby disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00428-007-0456-xDOI Listing
September 2007

[F-18]Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography can predict pathological tumor stage and proliferative activity determined by Ki-67 in clinical stage IA lung adenocarcinomas.

Jpn J Clin Oncol 2006 Jul 16;36(7):403-9. Epub 2006 Jun 16.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Saiseikai Central Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Objective: To predict a malignant grade of lung cancer by fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) scanning, we investigated the correlation between FDG uptake and pathological tumor stage, proliferative activities determined by Ki-67 and cyclin D1, and an alteration of p53, in clinical stage (c-stage) IA lung adenocarcinomas.

Methods: FDG-PET was performed for 71 patients with c-stage IA lung adenocarcinomas. FDG uptake was measured by a contrast ratio (CR) between the tumor and contralateral lung. Ki-67, cyclin D1 and p53 staining scores were examined by immunohistochemistry.

Results: The lesions with ground-glass opacity were found in 26 patients, and solid lesions in 45 by computed tomography. The pathological tumor stages (p-stage) were stage IA in 59 and more advanced stages in 12. The latter had significantly higher CR value than the former (P < 0.001). Patients with CR > or = 0.55 could be predicted to be at advanced tumor stages, with a sensitivity of 0.83 and a specificity of 0.82. The CR and staining scores of Ki-67 were significantly correlated with each other (P < 0.0001), and both the values were significantly higher in advanced tumor stages than in p-stage IA, and were also significantly higher in tumors with intratumoral lymphatic, vascular and pleural involvements than in those without such features (P < 0.05-0.0001).

Conclusions: In c-stage IA lung adenocarcinomas, the FDG uptake can predict p-stage and tumor proliferative activity determined by Ki-67. For c-stage IA lung adenocarcinomas showing CR > or = 0.55, mediastinoscopy or neoadjuvant chemotherapy is indicated.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jjco/hyl043DOI Listing
July 2006

Atypical thymoma (WHO B3) with neuroendocrine differentiation: report of a case.

Virchows Arch 2006 Aug 4;449(2):234-7. Epub 2006 May 4.

Department of Pathology, Japanese Red Cross Medical Center, 4-1-22 Hiroo, Tokyo 150-8935, Japan.

We report a case of type-B3 thymoma manifesting neuroendocrine differentiation. The patient was a 42-year-old woman who complained of shoulder pain but had no symptoms of myasthenia gravis or anemia. The tumor was located in the anterior mediastinum and had directly invaded the pericardium and left lung. Histological examination revealed that the tumor was lobulated by bands of fibrous tissue, perivascular spaces were scattered throughout the tumor, and there were a few intraepithelial lymphocytes. The vast majority of lymphocytes in the perivascular spaces and in the lobulated tumor were immunohistochemically positive for TdT, MIC2, and CD1a. The majority of tumor cells were polygonal and medium or large in size. The tumor cells were weakly positive for synaptophysin, chromogranin A, CD56, and NSE. Small nests of small, relatively uniform polygonal cells were observed facing the fibrous bands. These cells resembled the cells of carcinoid tumors and were strongly positive for NSE, synaptophysin, chromogranin A, and CD56. Ultrastructurally, sparse dense-core granules were observed in the cytoplasm of a few tumor cells. This is a unique case of thymoma with neuroendocrine differentiation, and to the best of our knowledge this is the first such case ever reported.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00428-006-0218-1DOI Listing
August 2006

False-positive findings on [18F]FDG-PET caused by non-neoplastic cellular elements after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer.

Jpn J Clin Oncol 2005 May 9;35(5):271-3. Epub 2005 May 9.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Saiseikai Central Hospital, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-0073, Japan.

We report two patients with non-small cell lung cancer who had a pathologically complete response after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy, although they had positive [(18)F]fluoro-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography ([(18)F]FDG-PET) scans. They underwent concurrent chemoradiotherapy, which resulted in a partial response determined by computed tomography (CT). While [(18)F]FDG-PET after chemoradiotherapy was positive, pathological examination showed that the tumors were fibrotic lesions with infiltration of lymphocytes and macrophages, with the appearance of metaplastic epithelial cells. The reasons for the false-positive results on [(18)F]FDG-PET were considered to be the high uptake of FDG in non-neoplastic inflammatory cellular elements, i.e. macrophages, lymphocytes and metaplastic epithelial cells, and squamous metaplasia induced by chemoradiotherapy. Although several studies demonstrated that [(18)F]FDG-PET could predict the response of neoadjuvant treatment of non-small cell lung cancer, one should bear in mind that false-positive results could be observed in pathological complete response of non-small cell lung cancer after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jjco/hyi072DOI Listing
May 2005

Intrapulmonary schwannoma.

Jpn J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2005 Mar;53(3):154-6

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Saiseikai Central Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

A 58-year-old woman was admitted due to an abnormal shadow on chest X-ray, without any symptoms. Chest computed tomography showed a round mass in the anterior segment of the right upper lobe. Segmentectomy was performed and histopathological examination revealed a primary neurogenic tumor of Schwann cell origin. Immunohistochemical staining demonstrated the presence of S-100 protein in the tumor cells. We present a case of intrapulmonary schwannoma and review 62 cases of primary schwannoma of the lung.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11748-005-0023-9DOI Listing
March 2005

Pulmonary metastasis 12 years after resection of thymoma with microscopic capsule invasion.

Jpn J Clin Oncol 2004 Oct;34(10):630-3

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Saiseikai Central Hospital, 1-4-17 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-0073, Japan.

We report on a 50-year-old female who developed pulmonary metastasis 12 years following the resection of a thymoma with microscopic capsular invasion. The patient was found to have a mediastinal mass at the age of 18 years; however, she refused to undergo surgery. At the age of 38 years, the patient underwent surgery for resection of the tumor; it was diagnosed as a macroscopically encapsulated thymoma with microscopic capsular invasion. Multiple pulmonary metastases occurred 12 years following the resection of the tumor; all the metastatic masses were resected. Although the patient suffered from myasthenia gravis 4 months following the resection of pulmonary metastases, she remains free of myasthenia gravis with no recurrence of tumor at 2 years post-surgery. Long-term follow-up is essential for the detection of recurrence after resection of a thymoma with microscopic capsular invasion, and surgery could be the best treatment for distant metastasis in case of resectable lesions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jjco/hyh105DOI Listing
October 2004

[Spinal cord infarction due to cholesterol emboli complicating intra-aortic balloon pumping (case report and review of the literature)].

Rinsho Shinkeigaku 2004 Sep;44(9):604-8

Department of Neurology, Tokyo Saiseikai Central Hospital.

A 62-year-old man with diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia was admitted to our hospital because of sudden onset of left chest pain. He was diagnosed with unstable angina with left heart failure and underwent intra-aortic balloon pumping (IABP) immediately. On the 3rd day after removal of the IABP (7th hospital day), he developed sudden paraplegia with pain. Spinal MRI on the 12th hospital day revealed a spinal swelling (Th11-L2). He was died of cardiac shock on the 19th hospital day. Autopsy examination of the spinal cord revealed a large infarct from the lower thoracic segment to the sacral segment. Microscopic examination of these areas disclosed occlusive emboli most frequently of the anterior spinal arteries including posterior spinal arteries. These emboli were found in two different forms, one consisting of new cholesterol emboli and the other of old atheromatous emboli. On autopsy, the aorta exhibited severe atherosclerosis with multiple ulcerative plaques, and there was infarction of the spleen. In our case, spinal cord infarction was caused by a massive amount of cholesterol crystals from the aorta related to IABP.
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September 2004

Treatment of endometrial hyperplasia with a danazol-releasing intrauterine device: a prospective study.

Gynecol Obstet Invest 2004 14;58(1):42-8. Epub 2004 Apr 14.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Saiseikai Central Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

The purpose of the present study was to assess the effect of a danazol-releasing intrauterine device (D-IUD) in the treatment of endometrial hyperplasia. Twenty patients with endometrial hyperplasia including 14 with simple endometrial hyperplasia and 2 with complex endometrial hyperplasia (group A), and 4 with atypical endometrial hyperplasia (group B) were enrolled in the prospective study between August 1999 and December 2003. During and just after the treatment, improvement was seen in all patients. Simple or complex endometrial hyperplasia (group A) demonstrated regression to a normal secretory endometrium (38% of group A), pseudodecidual stromal change (31%) and glandular atrophy (25%), and miscellaneous change (inflammation, necrosis, etc.) (38%). Atypical hyperplasia (group B) demonstrated regression to a normal secretory endometrium (25% of group B), pseudodecidual stromal change (75%), glandular atrophy (50%) and miscellaneous change (granulation) (25%). In group A, 2 women conceived after completion of the treatment. The recurrence rate in patients with endometrial hyperplasia (groups A and B) in the follow- up was 20% and acceptable as compared with other studies. The pretreatment menstrual interval patterns of the patients were maintained peri- and post-treatment. These data indicate that D-IUD therapy might be a novel and effective method for the treatment of endometrial hyperplasia.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000077882DOI Listing
October 2004

Trichilemmal cyst in the pulp of the index finger: a case report.

Hand Surg 2003 Dec;8(2):253-5

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Saiseikai Central Hospital, 1-4-17 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-0073, Japan.

We reported a case of trichilemmal cyst in the pulp of the index finger. Histopathological features and unusual MR images are discussed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/s0218810403001765DOI Listing
December 2003

Immunohistochemical detection of human small lymphatic vessels under normal and pathological conditions using the LYVE-1 antibody.

Virchows Arch 2004 Feb 14;444(2):153-7. Epub 2004 Jan 14.

Department of Pathology, Toho University, School of Medicine, 5-21-16 Omori-Nishi, Otaku, Tokyo, Japan.

The spread of tumor cells via lymphatic vessels to the lymph nodes is an important indicator of malignancy. However, previous markers used to identify lymphatic endothelium gave ambiguous results in immunohistochemical analyses with paraffin-embedded tissues. In this study, we attempted to prepare a polyclonal antibody against human lymphatic vessel endothelial hyaluronan receptor-1 (LYVE-1) for detecting lymphatic vessels using immunohistochemistry. The antibody was raised against a region near the transmembrane anchor of LYVE-1 in New Zealand white rabbits. Immunostainings with anti-LYVE-1 and von Willebrand factor antibodies were performed in various normal and pathological tissues. LYVE-1 expression was confined to the endothelial surface of lymphatic vessels but was not found in the endothelium of blood vessels, which were positive for von Willebrand factor. Our LYVE-1 polyclonal antibody was useful for the identification of small lymphatic vessels in normal human tissues. In addition, the immunostaining enabled us to distinguish lymphatic invasion by malignant tumor cells from blood vessel invasion using paraffin-embedded sections. In conclusion, our polyclonal antibody against the transmembrane anchor of the peptide can be used to detect human lymphatic vessels under various conditions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00428-003-0950-8DOI Listing
February 2004

Use of technetium-99m tin colloid for sentinel lymph node identification in non-small cell lung cancer.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2002 Sep;124(3):486-92

Departments of Thoracic Surgery and Pathology, Saiseikai Central Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: To test the reliability of sentinel lymph node identification in non-small cell lung cancer, sentinel nodes were localized with a radioactive colloid in patients undergoing surgery.

Methods: Forty-six patients with non-small cell lung cancer undergoing curative resection with mediastinal lymph node dissection were examined. The day before surgery, technetium-99m ((99m)Tc) tin colloid was injected into the peritumoral region. At operation, the radioactivity of the lymph nodes was counted with a handheld gamma counter before (in vivo) and after (ex vivo) dissection. Lymph nodes with an ex vivo radioactive count more than 10 times the background value were identified as sentinel nodes. The correlation between the in vivo and ex vivo results was examined.

Results: Lymphoscintigraphy revealed that it took longer than 6 hours for sufficient (99m)Tc tin colloid to reach the sentinel nodes. Sentinel nodes could be identified in 40 patients (87%). Patients whose sentinel nodes could not be identified had a significantly lower ratio of forced expiratory volume in 1 second to forced vital capacity than did those with identifiable sentinel nodes (P =.03). No false-negative sentinel nodes were detected in 14 patients with N1 or N2 disease (0%). In the hilar lymph node stations, the lobar lymph nodes were most frequently identified as sentinel nodes (as often as 85% of the time). Fourteen patients (35%) had sentinel nodes in the mediastinum, the distribution of which depended on the lobe. In vivo and ex vivo counting showed 88% concurrence for the identification of sentinel nodes in mediastinal lymph node stations.

Conclusion: The identification of sentinel nodes with (99m)Tc tin colloid is a reliable method of establishing the first site of nodal metastasis in non- small cell lung cancer. Sentinel nodes could be hardly identified in patients with a low ratio of forced expiratory volume in 1 second to forced vital capacity because of such conditions as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In vivo identification of sentinel nodes in the mediastinum could be useful approach to guide mediastinal lymph node sampling or dissection.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1067/mtc.2002.124496DOI Listing
September 2002

Anaplastic plasmacytoma with malignant pleural effusion lacking evidence of monoclonal gammopathy.

Virchows Arch 2002 Aug 12;441(2):154-8. Epub 2002 Jan 12.

Department of Internal Medicine, Saiseikai Central Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

A case of plasmacytoma of the pleural cavity is reported with massive malignant pleural effusion, which, most unusually, lacked monoclonal gammopathy, thereby making it difficult to distinguish from lymphoma. The pleural tumor and pleural effusion contained large mononuclear lymphoma-like cells with distinct nucleoli. Immunohistochemistry revealed neither lymphoma markers nor clonal cytoplasmic nor cell surface immunoglobulins. Tumor cells were stained with vimentin and the plasma cell markers, VS38c, CD138 (syndecan-1), and MUM1 antibodies. Bone marrow contained small amounts of tumor consisting of similar cells. Electron microscopy showed well developed rough endoplasmic reticulum and peripherally positioned nuclei with euchromatin. Flow cytometry of bone marrow revealed a minimal involvement of CD38-positive cells. Chromosomal analysis of marrow cells revealed a complex abnormal karyotype. A polymerase chain reaction demonstrated clonal re-arrangement of the immunoglobulin heavy-chain gene. The overall results indicate a clonal expansion of tumor cells with primitive plasma cell differentiation with the highly unusual feature of absent monotypic immunoglobulin. The study illustrates the need for a comprehensive array of techniques to distinguish such rare non-synthesizing and non-secretory plasmacytomas from lymphoma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00428-001-0579-4DOI Listing
August 2002

Postmortem diagnosis of "occult" Klinefelter syndrome in a patient with chronic renal disease and liver cirrhosis.

Arch Pathol Lab Med 2002 Mar;126(3):359-61

Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Keio University, and Saiseikai Central Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

This report describes a patient not suspected of having Klinefelter syndrome during life but diagnosed with it following postmortem examination using fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) for sex chromosomes and hormone serum analysis. A 49-year-old Japanese man had a history of nephrosis, heavy alcohol consumption, diabetes mellitus, and liver cirrhosis and had been undergoing dialysis for 10 years. He died of ruptured esophageal varices. Autopsy revealed hypogonadism, suggesting Klinefelter syndrome. This was confirmed by FISH, which showed a mosaic 46XY, 47XXY karyotype, and by serum analysis, which revealed high luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone and low testosterone levels. Autopsy also revealed a nodular, bilateral, testicular Leydig cell hyperplasia. This report illustrates the value of postmortem laboratory investigations, particularly FISH for sex chromosomes and serum hormone analysis, for the demonstration of clinically uncertain or "occult" Klinefelter syndrome.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5858/2002-126-0359-PDOOKSDOI Listing
March 2002
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