Publications by authors named "Hicham El Bouhaddoutti"

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Microsatellite Instability Analysis in Gastric Carcinomas of Moroccan Patients.

Genet Test Mol Biomarkers 2021 Feb;25(2):116-123

Life and Health Sciences Research Institute (ICVS), School of Medicine, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal.

To investigate correlations between microsatellite instability (MSI) and the phenotype, clinicopathological features, and overall survival (OS) in Moroccan gastric cancer (GC) patients. We evaluated the mutation frequency of 22 MSI-target genes in MSI-positive tumors. MSI evaluation were performed for 97 gastric tumors by multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using a panel of five quasimonomorphic mononucleotide repeat markers (NR27, NR21, NR24, BAT25, and BAT26). The mutation profiles of 22 MSI-target genes were assessed by multiplex PCR and genotyping. Kaplan-Meier curves, the log-rank test, and the Cox proportional hazard regression model were used to conduct survival analyses. Microsatellite stable (MSS) status was observed in 77/97 (79.4%) gastric cancer samples, MSI-Low in 7 (7.2%) samples, and MSI-High (MSI-H) in 13 (13.4%) cases. The MSI-H phenotype was significantly associated with older age ( = 0.004), tumor location ( < 0.001), and intestinal-type of Lauren classification ( < 0.001). Among the 22 MSI target genes analyzed, the most frequently altered genes were (84.6%), (30.8%), (23.1%), (23.1%), and (23.1%). Multivariate analysis revealed the MSS phenotype (Hazard ratio, 0.23; 95% confidence interval, 0.7-7.4;  = 0.014) as an independent indicator of poor prognosis in our population. This study is the first analysis of MSI in Moroccan GC patients. MSI-H GCs have distinct clinicopathological features and an improved OS. We have identified candidate target genes altered in MSI-positive tumors with potential clinical implications. These findings can guide immunotherapy designed for Moroccan GC patients.
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February 2021