Publications by authors named "Hiba Abujaradeh"

9 Publications

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Trait Mindfulness and Mindfulness Practices in Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes: Descriptive and Comparative Study.

J Pediatr Health Care 2021 Sep 4. Epub 2021 Sep 4.

Introduction: Study describes mindfulness (trait and practices) and compares levels of trait mindfulness (low/high) and practices (yes/no) on demographic, clinical characteristics, and diabetes-related outcomes among adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D).

Methods: Adolescents completed a survey on demographics, clinical data, trait mindfulness/practices, diabetes-specific stress, and diabetes self-management (DSM). Glycemic control (A1c) obtained from medical records. T and χ tests were applied for comparative analyses.

Results: 129 adolescents (12-18 years) reported moderately high levels of mindfulness (31 ± 8; range, 10-40). One-third (30%) reported having experience with mindfulness practices (formal, informal, and religious). Adolescents who reported higher levels of trait mindfulness had higher insulin pump usage (p =.005), less diabetes-specific stress (p <.001), greater DSM (p =.006), and less A1c (p =.013). Adolescents who reported more types of mindfulness practices had greater DSM scores.

Discussion: Adolescents with higher levels of trait mindfulness and with more types of mindfulness practices had better diabetes-related outcomes. Introducing mindfulness training tailored to adolescents with T1D should be examined.
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September 2021

Reducing risk for gestational diabetes among American Indian and Alaska Native teenagers: Tribal leaders' recommendations.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2021 Jul 31. Epub 2021 Jul 31.

Department of Health Promotion and Development, University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.

Objective: To elicit feedback from tribal leaders and American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) health system administrators as a national stakeholder perspective to inform the development of a gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) risk reduction and preconception counseling intervention for AI/AN teenagers at high risk for GDM.

Methods: A semi-structured focus group interview guide was developed by both principal investigators and qualitative methods experts. Using open-ended questions about the Reproductive-health Education and Awareness of Diabetes in Youth for Girls (READY-Girls) booklet and video clips, AI/AN health care system administrators and elected tribal leaders attending the 2015 National Indian Health Board Conference in Washington, DC, made recommendations on adaptation for an AI/AN audience. The focus group was recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed by two researchers using an inductive coding technique with constant comparison method as supported by the grounded theory approach.

Results: Recommendations from the 12 participants included: (1) the best ways to communicate with AI/AN teenagers, (2) the importance of parental, family, and community education and engagement to support AI/AN teenagers in GDM risk reduction, and (3) building on traditional AI/AN cultural values and practices, while accommodating differences between tribes and regions.

Conclusion: Findings from this focus group were used to inform the iterative development of a GDM risk reduction and preconception counseling intervention for AI/AN teenagers.
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July 2021

Adolescent Latinas' with Diabetes and Their Mothers' Understanding of Diabetes and Reproductive Health: Converging Themes to Inform a Culturally Sensitive Preconception Counseling Program.

J Pediatr Health Care 2021 Mar-Apr;35(2):205-215. Epub 2020 Dec 25.

Introduction: Latinas are at an increased risk for diabetes and reproductive health (RH) complications with sexuality and pregnancy. This study explored the understanding of diabetes related to RH, pregnancy, unplanned pregnancies, preconceptioncounseling, tight-control, and family planning among Latina adolescents with diabetes and their mothers and explored converging themes.

Method: The qualitative descriptive study used written open-ended questions (English or Spanish) with Latina mothers (n = 13) and daughters (n = 21). Responses were transcribed. Content analysis was used by four researchers who coded and discussed themes and reached consensus. Converging themes were confirmed using Atlas.ti software.

Results: Seven themes emerged from the mother-daughter dyad: communication (awkwardness, ambivalence, styles); control (being controlled vs. controlling); consequences (fertility, complications); planning (pregnancy, being healthy, life plan, RH); support; danger, risk, and safety; and stigma.

Discussion: Many mother-daughter dyads were not ready to discuss RH among themselves. Cultural and familial perspectives should be considered when providing care and preconception counseling to this population.
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December 2020

Pregnancy and Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) in North American Indian Adolescents and Young Adults (AYA): Implications for Girls and Stopping GDM.

Curr Diab Rep 2019 11 4;19(11):113. Epub 2019 Nov 4.

University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing, 440 Victoria Building, 3500 Victoria Street, Pittsburgh, PA, 15261, USA.

Purpose Of Review: To provide an updated synopsis of the research and clinical practice findings on pregnancy and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) adolescents and to describe the newly developed "Stopping GDM," an early intervention, culturally tailored risk reduction program for AIAN girls and their mothers.

Recent Findings: Five research articles met our inclusion criteria. Three retrospective quantitative studies published in the past 10 years corroborated a 1.5 to 2 times higher prevalence for GDM for all age groups in the AIAN population as compared to other ethnic groups, and that the percentage of GDM cases attributable to overweight and obesity was highest for AIs (52.8%). Moreover, First Nations women across all age groups had more adverse pregnancy risk factors than non-First Nations women. Out of the five selected articles, two were qualitative research articles: one examined AIAN women's experiences of having GDM or type 2 diabetes (T2D) during pregnancy and the other appraised the understanding of GDM and reproductive health of at-risk AIAN girls. There is a paucity of research published on this topic. AIAN females are at high risk for developing GDM. Early, culturally responsive interventions and cohort follow-up studies are needed among adolescents and young adults, using technology that appeals to this age group.
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November 2019

Depression in context: Important considerations for youth with type 1 vs type 2 diabetes.

Pediatr Diabetes 2020 02 6;21(1):135-142. Epub 2019 Nov 6.

Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California.

Background: Youth with diabetes are at increased risk for depression. However, severity and correlates of depressive symptoms may differ by diabetes type.

Objective: Associations of depressive symptoms with global health, diabetes duration, and gender were compared between youth with type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

Methods: A sample of 149 youth ages 12 to 21 diagnosed with either type 1 (n = 122) or type 2 (n = 27) diabetes were screened during routine clinic appointments. Regression models were constructed to examine differences by diabetes type.

Results: Adolescents with type 2 diabetes had significantly higher depressive symptom scores (4.89 vs 2.99, P = .025) than those with type 1 diabetes. A significant interaction between global health and diabetes type on depressive symptoms revealed inverse associations between global health and depressive symptoms that was stronger among youth with type 2 diabetes (β = -.98, P < .001) than type 1 (β = -.48, P < .001). Further probing revealed that among youth with better global health, adolescents with type 1 had more depressive symptoms than those with type 2 diabetes (β = .33, P = .035). Diabetes duration and depressive symptoms were positively associated among individuals with type 2 (β = .86, P = .043), but not type 1 diabetes. No gender differences were detected.

Conclusion: These findings suggest that correlates of depressive symptoms in youth with diabetes differ by diabetes type. Global health appears to be an important correlate among youth with both types, whereas diabetes duration was only a significant factor among those with type 2 diabetes. The current findings can inform future psychosocial intervention efforts within both these populations.
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February 2020

Mindfulness-Based Interventions Among Adolescents With Chronic Diseases in Clinical Settings: A Systematic Review.

J Pediatr Health Care 2018 Sep - Oct;32(5):455-472. Epub 2018 Jun 22.

Introduction: We aimed to determine the benefits/efficacy of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) implemented among adolescents with chronic diseases in clinical settings.

Methods: An electronic search of PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO databases was conducted in November 2017 to identify studies in which mindfulness was the primary intervention delivered for adolescents with chronic diseases to improve psychological and physical health.

Results: Nineteen eligible studies were included in this review. Fifteen studies included adolescents with psychiatric or pain disorders, and four included adolescents with a chronic physical disorders. Psychological outcomes and pain were examined in most studies with effect sizes for MBIs ranging from small to large.

Discussion: MBI studies conducted in clinical settings mainly engaged adolescents with psychiatric or pain disorders. The effectiveness of MBIs on improving psychological outcomes were inconsistent. Large randomized trials are needed to examine the effectiveness of MBIs and should expand to include adolescents with chronic physical diseases.
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October 2019

Preconception Counseling for Adolescents and Young Adults with Diabetes: a Literature Review of the Past 10 Years.

Curr Diab Rep 2018 02 15;18(3):11. Epub 2018 Feb 15.

University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing, 440 Victoria Building, Pittsburgh, PA, 15261, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Women with diabetes who have unplanned pregnancies and uncontrolled blood sugars are at a higher risk for maternal and fetal morbidities and mortalities. Preconception counseling (PC) has been shown to decrease the risks and improve health outcomes. From 2009 to 2017, the American Diabetes Association has recommended that preconception counseling be given at each clinic visit for all women with diabetes of childbearing age starting at puberty (prior to sexual debut).

Recent Findings: This article reports both national and international progress in PC efforts for adolescents and young adults (12-34 years) with diabetes over the past decade. Twenty-eight publications were identified and included in this article (11 were research, 12 clinical guidelines, and 5 reviews). Despite recommendations to start PC at puberty, only four studies had interventions that targeted the adolescent and young adult age group. Three of them were associated with the same PC awareness program. Positive outcomes were reported in all of these studies. Greater family vigilance was observed in a long-term follow-up of a cohort of women who received PC as teens. Adolescents should receive awareness PC. More early PC interventions and cohort follow-up studies are needed among adolescents and young adults, using technology that appeals to this age group. Programs should be expanded to include other populations like males with diabetes and females from other cultures and religions that would require program modification.
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February 2018

Cultural understanding, experiences, barriers, and facilitators of healthcare providers when providing preconception counseling to adolescent Latinas with diabetes.

Res J Womens Health 2018 ;5

University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing, 440 Victoria Building, 3500 Victoria Street Pittsburgh, USA.

Background: Latinas are at a higher risk than Caucasians for both type 1 and type 2 diabetes (DM), as well as DM-associated reproductive health (RH) complications. Healthcare providers (HCPs) should deliver culturally-sensitive care to enhance the care relationship between Latinos and HCPs and to improve patient outcomes. This study explored an expert panel's cultural understanding, experiences, barriers, and facilitators regarding RH and preconception counseling (PC) for adolescent Latinas with DM and their families.

Methods: This study used open-ended questions with a focus group of 8 HCPs from the mid-Atlantic, Southwest, and Northwest regions of the United States in a teleconference format. Two researchers transcribed and reviewed the transcript for accuracy. Using content analysis, four members of the team identified themes. All researchers discussed themes and a 100% consensus was reached. For confirmation, a coding protocol was created based on the emerging themes.

Results: Five themes related to cultural understanding and experiences were identified: 1) issues of identity; 2) acculturation; 3) stigma; 4) ambivalence toward birth control, RH education, and PC; and 5) cultural sensitivity vs. best practice. Four barriers were identified: 1) language; 2) religion; 3) access to healthcare, and 4) discomfort with discussion. Ten facilitators were identified: 1) the importance of support and support networks; 2) promoting trust among HCPs, daughters, and families; 3) assessing emotional development; 4) empowerment; 5) emphasizing safety; 6) communicating in patients' preferred language; 7) discussing RH-related topics and PC using cultural sensitivity; 8) importance of being ready/temporality/planning for the future; 9) the importance of family-centered care; and 10) variation in educational tailoring and dissemination/ care delivery.

Conclusions: Findings support the need for culturally sensitive and developmentally appropriate PC programs to empower adolescent Latinas with DM.
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January 2018


Infant Ment Health J 2016 07 22;37(4):411-23. Epub 2016 Jun 22.

University of Jordan.

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between maternal grieving for perinatal loss (PL) and the perception of and attachment to children born subsequent to a recent PL among mothers in Jordan. A cross-sectional, descriptive correlational design was used. A convenience sample of 190 mothers of full-term, healthy newborns born subsequent to a recent PL was recruited from seven Maternal and Child Health Care Centers in Jordan. These mothers were assessed using the Perinatal Grief Scale (L.J. Toedter, J.N. Lasker, & J.M. Alhadeff), 1988, the Maternal Postnatal Attachment Scale (J.T. Condon & C.J. Corkindale, 1998), and the Neonatal Perception Inventory II (E. Broussard, 1979). Results showed a significant negative relationship between grief intensity and the attachment level, r = -.37, p = .000, and a significant positive relationship between the attachment level and neonatal perception, r = .28, p = .000. Mothers' grief intensity was significantly affected by their demographic characteristics; however, there was no significant relationship between grief intensity and neonatal perception, r = .23, p = .23. Perinatal grief was negatively related to maternal attachment to the subsequent child. Nurses should address bereaved mothers and their children who might be at risk for developing attachment disturbances to facilitate positive adaptation to the subsequent pregnancy and parenthood.
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July 2016