Publications by authors named "Hervé Vanden Eede"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Life threatening abscess in the visceral space with penicillin and metronidazole resistant Prevotella Denticola following use of a laryngeal mask airway: case report.

BMC Anesthesiol 2021 Apr 5;21(1):102. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Head of the department Nose Throat Ear surgery, University hospital Antwerp, Drie Eikenstraat 655, 2650, Edegem, Belgium.

Background: Laryngeal mask airways (LMA) are commonly used for airway management. Complications with this device are rare. However, when they do occur, there is a high risk for respiratory problems, necessitating early diagnosis and treatment. We present the first case of a life-threatening abscess spreading in the visceral space caused by a penicillin and metronidazole resistant Prevotella Denticola after the use of an LMA.

Case Presentation: A female patient was admitted to our day care centre for bunion surgery. A single use LMA size 3 (Solus®, intersurgical, Wokingham, Berkshire, United Kingdom) was successfully inserted. After surgery, the patient complained of a sore throat and amoxicillin was prescribed by the general practitioner. Three days after surgery the patient was admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) for obstructive breathing, due to an abscess in the visceral space. Retropharyngeal and certainly parapharyngeal abscesses in adults are already rare. This case however, is unique because it is the first case of abscess spreading into the visceral space after the use of an LMA. Amoxicillin/clavulanate and vancomycin were started. The abscess was incised 5 days later and microbiology showed 3 positive cultures of the anaerobe Prevotella denticola, resistant for penicillin and metronidazole, but sensitive for amoxicillin/clavulanate. The patient fully recovered.

Conclusion: LMA's are easy to use and are established, safe tools to support ventilation of the airway. In this case, the authors hypothesise a small wound in the lateral pharyngeal wall probably created an opening into the visceral space causing infection with Prevotella denticola, supporting the idea that the pharyngeal mucosal space must be part of the visceral space. Additionally, early recognition and treatment of an LMA induced abscess is necessary to prevent evolution of complications leading to airway obstruction.
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April 2021

Percutaneous closure of patent foramen ovale for the secondary prevention of decompression illness in sports divers: mind the gap.

Undersea Hyperb Med 2019 Sep - Dec - Fourth Quarter;46(5):625-632

Centre for Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy, Military Hospital, Brussels, Belgium.

Objective: To evaluate the efficiency of percutaneous patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure on the recurrence of decompression illness (DCI).

Design: Retrospective, observational study with interview and questionnaire.

Setting: Tertiary referral center.

Population: 59 scuba divers with a history of DCI who received a percutaneous PFO closure.

Main Outcome Measurements: Questionnaire about health status, dive habits and recurrence of DCI after PFO closure.

Results: A total of 59 divers with DCI were included. The most common manifestations of DCI were cutaneous or vestibular DCI. Procedural complications occurred in four patients but none with long-term consequences. Four patients had recurrence of DCI after closure during a 10-year follow-up. In three of these cases there was residual shunting, all of which were initially considered closed. The fourth patient had aggravating factors for his recurrent DCI. A quarter of the patients stated to have changed their diving habits. Four patients quit diving.

Conclusion: Percutaneous PFO closure for secondary prevention of DCI is associated with few, but not negligible, complications. As a large portion of our cohort changed their diving habit after closure it is difficult to ascertain the efficiency of PFO closure for secondary prevention of DCI. However, the study shows that PFO closure does not fully protect against DCI, emphasizing that the relationship between PFO and DCI is but an association. As such it is imperative that divers be counseled to ensure they understand the risks as well as the benefits of percutaneous PFO closure in their specific case.
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November 2019

Rhabdomyolysis in MDMA intoxication: a rapid and underestimated killer. "Clean" Ecstasy, a safe party drug?

J Emerg Med 2012 Jun 4;42(6):655-8. Epub 2009 Jun 4.

Department of Intensive Care, Haga Hospital, The Hague, The Netherlands.

Background: Ecstasy is a popular drug among young adults. It is often thought to be safe. The dose of methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) in a tablet of Ecstasy varies greatly, and there is also a difference in individual response to a dose of MDMA.

Objectives: To increase the awareness of potential mortality in MDMA use.

Case Report: We report the case of a patient with a lethal intoxication after pure MDMA intoxication. The serum toxicology screening showed an elevated level of MDMA (1.5 mg/L) but no other amphetamines or other drugs.

Conclusions: The cause of death was a rapidly evolving hyperkalemia due to rhabdomyolysis. There is still a need to educate the public about the dangers of this so-called "safe" party drug.
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June 2012

A randomized trial evaluating different modalities of levosimendan administration in cardiac surgery patients with myocardial dysfunction.

J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2008 Oct 14;22(5):699-705. Epub 2008 May 14.

Department of Anesthesiology, University of Amsterdam, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Objective: To evaluate the effects of 2 different administration modalities of levosimendan (start before cardiopulmonary bypass [CPB] and at the end of CPB) compared with a standard treatment with milrinone started at the end of CPB in cardiac surgery patients with a preoperative ejection fraction <30%.

Design: A prospective study.

Setting: A university hospital.

Participants: Sixty patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery with CPB.

Interventions: Patients were randomly assigned to 3 different treatment options for weaning from CPB after cardiac surgery. Group A received milrinone, 0.5 microg/kg/min, after the release of the aortic cross-clamp; group B received levosimendan, 0.1 microg/kg/min, after the induction of anesthesia; and in group C, levosimendan, 0.1 microg/kg/min, was started immediately after the release of the aortic cross-clamp. In all patients, additional dobutamine, 5 microg/kg/min, was initiated after the release of the aortic cross-clamp. Norepinephrine maintained mean arterial pressure constant.

Measurements And Main Results: Stroke volume after surgery was initially higher than at baseline in all groups and highest in group B. Stroke volume declined 12 hours after surgery in group A but not in groups B and C (p < 0.05 between groups), despite similar filling pressures. Four patients in group A, none in group B, and 1 in group C died within 30 days of surgery. Postoperative atrial fibrillation was observed in 10 patients in group A, 7 patients in group C, and only 1 in group B (p < 0.01). No differences were observed in postoperative troponin I release among groups.

Conclusion: In the conditions of the present study, starting the levosimendan treatment before CPB was associated with a higher initial postoperative stroke volume and a lower incidence of postoperative atrial fibrillation, but had no effect on the extent of postoperative troponin I release.
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October 2008