Publications by authors named "Henrik K Mathiesen"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The effectiveness of natalizumab vs fingolimod-A comparison of international registry studies.

Mult Scler Relat Disord 2021 May 8;53:103012. Epub 2021 May 8.

KTU Medical Faculty Farabi Hospital, Trabzon, Turkey.

Background: Natalizumab and fingolimod were the first preparations recommended for disease breakthrough in priorly treated relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. Of three published head-to-head studies two showed that natalizumab is the more effective to prevent relapses and EDSS worsening.

Methods: By re-analyzing original published results from MSBase, France, and Denmark using uniform methodologies, we aimed at identifying the effects of differences in methodology, in the MS-populations, and at re-evaluating the differences in effectiveness between the two drugs. We gained access to copies of the individual amended databases and pooled all data. We used uniform inclusion/exclusion criteria and statistical methods with Inverse Probability Treatment Weighting.

Results: The pooled analyses comprised 968 natalizumab- and 1479 fingolimod treated patients. The on-treatment natalizumab/fingolimod relapse rate ratio was 0.77 (p=0.004). The hazard ratio (HR) for a first relapse was 0.82 (p=0.030), and the HR for sustained EDSS improvement was 1.4 (p=0.009). There were modest differences between each of the original published studies and the replication study, but the conclusions of the three original studies remained unchanged: in two of them natalizumab was more effective, but in the third there was no difference between natalizumab and fingolimod.

Conclusion: The results were largely invariant to the epidemiological and statistical methods but differed between the MS populations. Generally, the advantage of natalizumab was confirmed.
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May 2021

Prolonged-release fampridine improves walking in a proportion of patients with multiple sclerosis.

Expert Rev Neurother 2013 Dec;13(12):1309-17

Danish Multiple Sclerosis Center - Neurological Department, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Blegdamsvej 9 Copenhagen 2100, Denmark.

Fampridine is indicated to improve walking in adult multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. Indications vary between countries and the prescribing neurologist should be aware of the labeling and indication in his own country. The prolonged-release formulation of 4-aminopyridine has reduced the risk of seizure to a level near the intrinsic MS risk, and the risk can be further minimized if it emphasized that patients should not exceed the recommended dose of 10 mg twice a day, should not catch up on missed doses and should not divide, crush or chew tablets. It is imperative to check the renal function before and during treatment and make sure the patient does not get concomitant medications affecting the renal elimination. The use of fampridine is considered safe, and the side effects are often mild and acceptable. Approximately one-third of MS patients treated with fampridine will experience an improvement of their walking speed above 20% on the timed 25-foot walk test (T25FW), which is considered to be clinically relevant.
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December 2013

Cerebral metabolism, magnetic resonance spectroscopy and cognitive dysfunction in early multiple sclerosis: an exploratory study.

Neurol Res 2012 Jan;34(1):52-8

Department of Neurology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Objectives: Positron emission tomography (PET) studies have shown that cortical cerebral metabolic rate of glucose (CMRglc) is reduced in multiple sclerosis (MS). Quantitative magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) measures of N-acetyl-aspartate (NAA) normalized to creatine (NAA/Cr) assess neuronal deterioration, and several studies have shown reductions in MS. Furthermore, both PET and MRS reductions correlate with cognitive dysfunction in MS. Our aim was to determine if changes in cortical CMRglc in early MS correlate with NAA/Cr measurements of neuronal deterioration, as well as cognitive dysfunction and neurological disability.

Methods: We studied 20 recently diagnosed, clinically definite, relapsing-remitting MS patients. Global and cortical CMRglc was estimated using PET with 18-F-deoxyglucose and NAA/Cr ratio was measured using multislice echo-planar spectroscopic imaging. All subjects were neuro-psychologically tested and a cognitive dysfunction factor (CDF) was calculated.

Results: Cortical CMRglc correlated with cortical NAA/Cr (r = 0.45; P < 0.05), but there were no correlation between CMRglc and other NAA/Cr measurements, conventional magnetic resonance imaging measurements, or CDF. Stepwise regression analysis showed association between cortical NAA/Cr and CMRglc of the left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex (P < 0.001), left putamen (P = 0.010), and left hippocampus (P = 0.011). Furthermore, CDF was related to CMRglc in the left cerebellum (P = 0.001) and the left caudate nucleus (P = 0.013). The results of the statistical analysis should be regarded as exploratory, since we did not correct for multiple comparisons.

Conclusion: Our findings suggest that reductions in cortical CMRglc are associated with reductions in cortical NAA/Cr in early MS. These changes affect cortical and subcortical neural circuits of importance to cognitive function.
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January 2012

Magnetic resonance imaging at 3.0 tesla detects more lesions in acute optic neuritis than at 1.5 tesla.

Invest Radiol 2006 Feb;41(2):76-82

Danish Research Centre for Magnetic Resonance, Copenhagen University Hospital, Hvidovre, Denmark.

Objective: We sought to assess whether magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 3.0 T detects more brain lesions in acute optic neuritis (ON) than MRI at 1.5 T.

Materials And Methods: Twenty-eight patients with acute ON were scanned at both field-strengths using fast-fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR), proton density and T2-weighted turbo spin echo, and T1-weighted spin echo after contrast. In addition, magnetization-prepared rapid acquisition gradient echo (MPRAGE) was obtained after contrast at 3.0 T. Lesion number and volumes were assessed by an observer blind to patient identity and field strength.

Results: Scans at 3.0 T showed a significantly increase in number of lesions detected on FLAIR images (P = 0.002) relative to scanning at 1.5 T. MPRAGE proved to be suitable for detecting enhancing lesions in ON.

Conclusion: The MRI protocol at 3.0 T was more sensitive to hyperintense brain lesions in ON than the standard MRI protocol at 1.5 T.
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February 2006