Publications by authors named "Hendrik Wulfmeier"

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Linking the Electrical Conductivity and Non-Stoichiometry of Thin Film CeZrO by a Resonant Nanobalance Approach.

Materials (Basel) 2021 Feb 5;14(4). Epub 2021 Feb 5.

Institute of Energy Research and Physical Technologies, Clausthal University of Technology, 38640 Goslar, Germany.

Bulk ceria-zirconia solid solutions (CeZrO, CZO) are highly suited for application as oxygen storage materials in automotive three-way catalytic converters (TWC) due to the high levels of achievable oxygen non-stoichiometry δ. In thin film CZO, the oxygen storage properties are expected to be further enhanced. The present study addresses this aspect. CZO thin films with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1 were investigated. A unique nano-thermogravimetric method for thin films that is based on the resonant nanobalance approach for high-temperature characterization of oxygen non-stoichiometry in CZO was implemented. The high-temperature electrical conductivity and the non-stoichiometry δ of CZO were measured under oxygen partial pressures O in the range of 10-0.2 bar. Markedly enhanced reducibility and electronic conductivity of CeO-ZrO as compared to CeO and ZrO were observed. A comparison of temperature- and O-dependences of the non-stoichiometry of thin films with literature data for bulk CeZrO shows enhanced reducibility in the former. The maximum conductivity was found for CeZrO, whereas CeZrO showed the highest non-stoichiometry, yielding δ = 0.16 at 900 °C and O of 10 bar. The defect interactions in CeZrO are analyzed in the framework of defect models for ceria and zirconia.
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February 2021