Publications by authors named "Hemanth S Ghalige"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Oncologic Concerns in An Exstrophied Urinary Bladder - An Indian Scenario.

J Clin Diagn Res 2015 Sep 1;9(9):XD04-XD05. Epub 2015 Sep 1.

Professor and HOD, Department of Radiotherapy, MGMMC , Indore, India .

Exstrophy of the urinary bladder is a rare congenital anomaly which if untreated causes bladder carcinoma and intestinal tumours noted if urinary diversion is performed. It is seen that 50% of all persons afflicted with exstrophy are dead by their tenth year and 66-67% are dead by their twentieth year. It is thus a great rarity to see a case of ectopia vesicae in adulthood. Still more uncommon is to see a case of exstrophy complicated by carcinoma. Here, we report a case of papillary adenocarcinoma of ectopic urinary bladder in a 42-year-old male patient. In view of locally advanced disease, patient was given neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The case is being reported on account of its rarity to sensitise clinicians about rising incidence of carcinoma if mismanaged due to lack of protocol in oncological screening.
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September 2015

Testicular Torsion in Cerebral Palsy - Resident's Grey Area.

J Clin Diagn Res 2014 Oct 20;8(10):ND07-9. Epub 2014 Oct 20.

Professor, Department of Surgery, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences , Imphal, Manipur, India .

The association of testicular torsion and cerebral palsy is a well-known fact. But the infrequent presentation to emergency room makes the clinician sceptical. Such a presentation often puzzles the residents regarding the diagnosis and the treatment. Here we present a case of an adolescent boy aged with cerebral palsy 13 years with incessant crying and not feeding well for last 3days. Right inguinal region showed a tender globular swelling with absence of testis in scrotum along with signs of septicaemia. The inguinal exploration was performed under general anaesthesia which revealed gangrenous right testis. Right orchidectomy and left orchidopexy was performed and the patient recovered well. This case is reported for its complexity due to lack of reliable history, delayed presentation and associated comorbidities posing challenges to the treating surgeons.
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October 2014

Primary Supratentorial Haemorrhage - Surgery or no Surgery in an Indian Setup.

J Clin Diagn Res 2014 Sep 20;8(9):NC01-3. Epub 2014 Sep 20.

Post Graduate Trainee, Department of Medicine, Regional Institute of Medical Sciences , Imphal, Manipur, India .

Introduction: Rise of hypertension among younger age group has increased the prevalence of intracranial haemorrhage. Conflicting reviews regarding the mode of treatment has been a concern to the treating physicians especially in a developing country like India. This study was undertaken to underline the importance of management and propose a local protocol for primary supra-tentorial haemorrhage.

Materials And Methods: Patients presenting with primary supratentorial (ST) haemorrhage fulfilling inclusion criteria are included in the study. Decompression craniotomy done in all the patients and the patient particulars noted. The primary outcome of death is correlated with various particulars and statistical analysis done with SPSS version 16.

Results: Mean age of presentation was 54.2 years, ranging from 38-71years. Male comprised 82.1% (23 patients). Seven out of eight patients with Glasgow coma scale (GCS) ≤7 (87.5%) expired whereas only 3 out of 20 (15%) patients with GCS >7 expired. 50% of the patients with intracranial haemorrhage (ICH) in temporo-pari et al., (2/4) or in basal ganglia with cortical extension (5/10) expired whereas the mortality in cases of ICH in parietal lobe and frontal lobes were 25% (1/4) and 20% (2/10) respectively. Clot volume ≤100ml had a mortality of 19% (4/21) whereas the mortality was as high as 85.7% (6/7) with clot volume >100ml.

Conclusion: Emergency Craniotomy and Evacuation of the Hematoma could be a feasible option in between 40 ml to 100ml of Primary ST ICH without intra-ventricular extension. In cases of intra-ventricular extension of haematoma surgery is less helpful. Midline shift of 5 mm or more might be a poor prognostic factor.
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September 2014