Publications by authors named "Helena Posteri"

9 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Discovery of Stereospecific PARP-1 Inhibitor Isoindolinone NMS-P515.

ACS Med Chem Lett 2019 Apr 13;10(4):534-538. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Oncology, Nerviano Medical Sciences S.r.l., Viale Pasteur 10, 20014 Nerviano, Milan, Italy.

Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) is an enzyme involved in signaling and repair of DNA single strand breaks. PARP-1 employs NAD to modify substrate proteins via the attachment of poly(ADP-ribose) chains. PARP-1 is a well established target in oncology, as testified by the number of marketed drugs (e.g., Lynparza, Rubraca, Zejula, and Talzenna) used for the treatment of ovarian, breast, and prostate tumors. Efforts in investigating an uncharted region of the previously identified isoindolinone carboxamide series delivered ()- (NMS-P515), a potent inhibitor of PARP-1 both in biochemical (: 0.016 μM) and cellular (IC: 0.027 μM) assays. Cocrystal structure allowed explaining NMS-P515 stereospecific inhibition of the target. After having ruled out potential loss of enantiopurity in vitro and in vivo, NMS-P515 was synthesized in an asymmetric fashion. NMS-P515 ADME profile and its antitumor activity in a mouse xenograft cancer model render the compound eligible for further optimization.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsmedchemlett.8b00569DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6466814PMC
April 2019

Discovery of 2-[1-(4,4-Difluorocyclohexyl)piperidin-4-yl]-6-fluoro-3-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-isoindole-4-carboxamide (NMS-P118): A Potent, Orally Available, and Highly Selective PARP-1 Inhibitor for Cancer Therapy.

J Med Chem 2015 Sep 26;58(17):6875-98. Epub 2015 Aug 26.

Oncology, Nerviano Medical Sciences Srl , Viale Pasteur 10, 20014 Nerviano, Milan, Italy.

The nuclear protein poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) has a well-established role in the signaling and repair of DNA and is a prominent target in oncology, as testified by the number of candidates in clinical testing that unselectively target both PARP-1 and its closest isoform PARP-2. The goal of our program was to find a PARP-1 selective inhibitor that would potentially mitigate toxicities arising from cross-inhibition of PARP-2. Thus, an HTS campaign on the proprietary Nerviano Medical Sciences (NMS) chemical collection, followed by SAR optimization, allowed us to discover 2-[1-(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)piperidin-4-yl]-6-fluoro-3-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-isoindole-4-carboxamide (NMS-P118, 20by). NMS-P118 proved to be a potent, orally available, and highly selective PARP-1 inhibitor endowed with excellent ADME and pharmacokinetic profiles and high efficacy in vivo both as a single agent and in combination with Temozolomide in MDA-MB-436 and Capan-1 xenograft models, respectively. Cocrystal structures of 20by with both PARP-1 and PARP-2 catalytic domain proteins allowed rationalization of the observed selectivity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jmedchem.5b00680DOI Listing
September 2015

Synthesis and SAR of new pyrazolo[4,3-h]quinazoline-3-carboxamide derivatives as potent and selective MPS1 kinase inhibitors.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2011 Aug 14;21(15):4507-11. Epub 2011 Jun 14.

Nerviano Medical Sciences srl, Business Unit Oncology, Nerviano, MI, Italy.

The synthesis and SAR of a series of novel pyrazolo-quinazolines as potent and selective MPS1 inhibitors are reported. We describe the optimization of the initial hit, identified by screening the internal library collection, into an orally available, potent and selective MPS1 inhibitor.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2011.05.122DOI Listing
August 2011

NMS-P937, a 4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[4,3-h]quinazoline derivative as potent and selective Polo-like kinase 1 inhibitor.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2011 May 21;21(10):2969-74. Epub 2011 Mar 21.

Nerviano Medical Sciences srl, Business Unit Oncology, Viale Pasteur 10, 20014 Nerviano, MI, Italy.

As part of our drug discovery effort, we identified and developed 4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[4,3-h]quinazoline derivatives as PLK1 inhibitors. We now report the optimization of this class that led to the identification of NMS-P937, a potent, selective and orally available PLK1 inhibitor. Also, in order to understand the source of PLK1 selectivity, we determined the crystal structure of PLK1 with NMS-P937. The compound was active in vivo in HCT116 xenograft model after oral administration and is presently in Phase I clinical trials evaluation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2011.03.054DOI Listing
May 2011

4,5-Dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[4,3-h]quinazolines as potent and selective Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) inhibitors.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2010 Nov 17;20(22):6489-94. Epub 2010 Sep 17.

Nerviano Medical Sciences srl, Business Unit Oncology, Viale Pasteur 10, 20014 Nerviano, Milan, Italy.

A series of 4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[4,3-h]quinazoline derivatives was optimized as Polo-like kinase 1 inhibitors. Extensive SAR afforded a highly potent and selective PLK1 compound. The compound showed good antiproliferative activity when tested in a panel of tumor cell lines with PLK1 related mechanism of action and with good in vivo antitumor efficacy in two xenograft models after i.v. administration.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2010.09.060DOI Listing
November 2010

Identification of 4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[4,3-h]quinazoline derivatives as a new class of orally and selective Polo-like kinase 1 inhibitors.

J Med Chem 2010 May;53(9):3532-51

Nerviano Medical Sciences Srl, Oncology, Viale Pasteur 10, 20014 Nerviano, (Mi), Italy.

Polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) is a fundamental regulator of mitotic progression whose overexpression is often associated with oncogenesis and therefore is recognized as an attractive therapeutic target in the treatment of proliferative diseases. Here we discuss the structure-activity relationship of the 4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[4,3-h]quinazoline class of compounds that emerged from a high throughput screening (HTS) campaign as potent inhibitors of Plk1 kinase. Furthermore, we describe the discovery of 49, 8-{[2-methoxy-5-(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)phenyl]amino}-1-methyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[4,3-h]quinazoline-3-carboxamide, as a highly potent and specific ATP mimetic inhibitor of Plk1 (IC(50) = 0.007 microM) as well as its crystal structure in complex with the methylated Plk1(36-345) construct. Compound 49 was active in cell proliferation against different tumor cell lines with IC(50) values in the submicromolar range and active in vivo in the HCT116 xenograft model where it showed 82% tumor growth inhibition after repeated oral administration.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jm901713nDOI Listing
May 2010

Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibition in cancer therapy: are we close to maturity?

Expert Opin Ther Pat 2009 Oct;19(10):1377-400

Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Nerviano Medical Sciences, Viale Pasteur 10, Nerviano (MI), Italy.

Background: During the last few years an increasing number of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors have been appearing in the context of cancer therapy. This is mainly due to a better knowledge of the best-characterized member of the PARP family of enzymes, PARP-1, further reinforced by the recognition of the clinical benefits arising from its inhibition.

Objective/method: The aim of this review is to give the reader an update on PARP inhibition in cancer therapy, by covering both the scientific (SciFinder) search) and the patent literature (Chemical Abstract/Derwent search) published recently (2005-2008).

Conclusions: More patient-compliant orally available PARP-1 inhibitor clinical candidates, along with their possible use as single agents in specific, molecularly defined cancer indications, increase the expectations for this therapeutic approach. The growing understanding of the biological role of other PARPs, such as Tankyrase 1, may be of interest as new potential targets. Besides the classical NAD-mimicking pharmacophore, additional compounds, which either do not resemble nicotinamide or exploit different binding sites, are emerging.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1517/13543770903215883DOI Listing
October 2009

A new glycociamidine ring precursor: syntheses of (Z)-hymenialdisine, (Z)-2-debromohymenialdisine, and (+/-)-endo-2-debromohymenialdisine.

Org Lett 2005 Dec;7(25):5641-4

Department of Chemistry, BU-Oncology, Nerviano Medical Sciences, Viale Pasteur 10, 20014 Nerviano (MI), Italy.

[chemical reaction: see text]. The synthesis of the C11H5 marine sponge alkaloids, (Z)-hymenialdisine and (Z)-2-debromohymenialdisine, is described. A key step was the condensation between aldisine or its monobromo derivative and a new, efficient imidazolinone-based glycociamidine precursor. In the first case, the main product turned out to be the unprecedented (+/-)-endo-2-debromohymenialdisine.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ol052266mDOI Listing
December 2005

Mimics of ganglioside GM1 as cholera toxin ligands: replacement of the GalNAc residue.

Org Biomol Chem 2003 Mar;1(5):785-92

Universita' di Milano, Dipartimento di Chimica Organica e Industriale, Centro di Eccellenza CISI, via Venezian 21, 20133 Milano, Italy.

Two new cholera toxin (CT) ligands (4 and 5) are described. The new ligands were designed starting from the known GM1 mimics 2 and 3 by replacement of their GalNAc residue with the C4 isomer GlcNAc. As predicted by molecular modelling, the conformational properties of the equivalent pairs 2-4 and 3-5 are very similar and their affinity for CT is of the same order of magnitude. NMR experiments have also proved that 5 occupies the GM1-binding site of the toxin and have revealed its bound conformation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/b210503aDOI Listing
March 2003