Publications by authors named "Helena Liljedahl"

2 Publications

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Pan-cancer application of a lung-adenocarcinoma-derived gene-expression-based prognostic predictor.

Brief Bioinform 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Lund University, Sweden.

Gene-expression profiling can be used to classify human tumors into molecular subtypes or risk groups, representing potential future clinical tools for treatment prediction and prognostication. However, it is less well-known how prognostic gene signatures derived in one malignancy perform in a pan-cancer context. In this study, a gene-rule-based single sample predictor (SSP) called classifier for lung adenocarcinoma molecular subtypes (CLAMS) associated with proliferation was tested in almost 15 000 samples from 32 cancer types to classify samples into better or worse prognosis. Of the 14 malignancies that presented both CLAMS classes in sufficient numbers, survival outcomes were significantly different for breast, brain, kidney and liver cancer. Patients with samples classified as better prognosis by CLAMS were generally of lower tumor grade and disease stage, and had improved prognosis according to other type-specific classifications (e.g. PAM50 for breast cancer). In all, 99.1% of non-lung cancer cases classified as better outcome by CLAMS were comprised within the range of proliferation scores of lung adenocarcinoma cases with a predicted better prognosis by CLAMS. This finding demonstrates the potential of tuning SSPs to identify specific levels of for instance tumor proliferation or other transcriptional programs through predictor training. Together, pan-cancer studies such as this may take us one step closer to understanding how gene-expression-based SSPs act, which gene-expression programs might be important in different malignancies, and how to derive tools useful for prognostication that are efficient across organs.
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May 2021

A gene expression-based single sample predictor of lung adenocarcinoma molecular subtype and prognosis.

Int J Cancer 2021 01 12;148(1):238-251. Epub 2020 Aug 12.

Division of Oncology and Pathology, Department of Clinical Sciences Lund, Lund University, Medicon Village, Lund, Sweden.

Disease recurrence in surgically treated lung adenocarcinoma (AC) remains high. New approaches for risk stratification beyond tumor stage are needed. Gene expression-based AC subtypes such as the Cancer Genome Atlas Network (TCGA) terminal-respiratory unit (TRU), proximal-inflammatory (PI) and proximal-proliferative (PP) subtypes have been associated with prognosis, but show methodological limitations for robust clinical use. We aimed to derive a platform independent single sample predictor (SSP) for molecular subtype assignment and risk stratification that could function in a clinical setting. Two-class (TRU/nonTRU=SSP2) and three-class (TRU/PP/PI=SSP3) SSPs using the AIMS algorithm were trained in 1655 ACs (n = 9659 genes) from public repositories vs TCGA centroid subtypes. Validation and survival analysis were performed in 977 patients using overall survival (OS) and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) as endpoints. In the validation cohort, SSP2 and SSP3 showed accuracies of 0.85 and 0.81, respectively. SSPs captured relevant biology previously associated with the TCGA subtypes and were associated with prognosis. In survival analysis, OS and DMFS for cases discordantly classified between TCGA and SSP2 favored the SSP2 classification. In resected Stage I patients, SSP2 identified TRU-cases with better OS (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.30; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.18-0.49) and DMFS (TRU HR = 0.52; 95% CI = 0.33-0.83) independent of age, Stage IA/IB and gender. SSP2 was transformed into a NanoString nCounter assay and tested in 44 Stage I patients using RNA from formalin-fixed tissue, providing prognostic stratification (relapse-free interval, HR = 3.2; 95% CI = 1.2-8.8). In conclusion, gene expression-based SSPs can provide molecular subtype and independent prognostic information in early-stage lung ACs. SSPs may overcome critical limitations in the applicability of gene signatures in lung cancer.
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January 2021