Publications by authors named "Heiko Meents"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Impact of coexpression and coamplification of sICAM and antiapoptosis determinants bcl-2/bcl-x(L) on productivity, cell survival, and mitochondria number in CHO-DG44 grown in suspension and serum-free media.

Biotechnol Bioeng 2002 Dec;80(6):706-16

Institute of Biotechnology, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH Zurich, CH-8093 Zurich, Switzerland.

We have engineered dihydrofolate reductase-negative (dhfr-/-) Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) DG44 cells adapted for growth in serum-free suspension cultures for simultaneous expression of the common cold therapeutic, the soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM), and the antiapoptosis determinants bcl-2 or bcl-x(L). Detailed analyses of titer and antiapoptosis characteristics of these production cell lines included an independent (sICAM; bcl-2/bcl-x(L)) as well as a cocistronic (sICAM-(bcl-2/bcl-x(L))) expression set-up in which translation-initiation of the survival cistron is driven by an internal ribosome entry site (IRES) of the encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV). In transient transfections or stable mixed populations and in comparison to isogenic sICAM-only control vectors, both bcl-x(L)-encoding configurations achieved higher sICAM yields while bcl-2 over-expression resulted in decreased product levels. Overall, the death-protective impact of bcl-2 and bcl-x(L) in engineered CHO-DG44 was not significant under typical batch-mode operation, an observation that was confirmed by clonal analysis. bcl-2 and bcl-x(L) displayed their antiapoptosis potential only following dhfr-based amplification in sICAM-producing CHO-DG44 cell lines. In all cases, bcl-x(L) outperformed bcl-2 in its cell death-protective capacity. Amplification-dependent high-level expression of mitochondria-localized bcl-2 family members required for successful antiapoptosis engineering may be essential to compensate for increased mitochondria numbers found to be associated with production cell lines grown in serum-free medium.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bit.10449DOI Listing
December 2002

p27Kip1-mediated controlled proliferation technology increases constitutive sICAM production in CHO-DUKX adapted for growth in suspension and serum-free media.

Biotechnol Bioeng 2002 Sep;79(6):619-27

Institute of Biotechnology, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH Zurich, CH-8093 Zurich.

We have engineered dihydrofolate reductase-deficient (dhfr(-)) Chinese hamster ovary (CHO)-DUKX B11 cells adapted for growth in serum-free suspension cultures for unlinked muristerone-inducible expression of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27Kip1 and constitutive expression of the soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM), a potent common cold therapeutic. Conditional overexpression of p27Kip1 resulted in a sustained G1-specific growth arrest of transgenic CHO-DUKX associated with up to fivefold-increased specific sICAM productivity. Herein we exemplify the implementation of controlled proliferation technology in a major biopharmaceutical production cell line that is compatible with key requirements for large-scale production procedures, including constitutive transgene expression and anchorage-independent growth in serum-free media.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bit.10322DOI Listing
September 2002