Publications by authors named "Heean Shin"

3 Publications

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Ultrasonic blood flowmeter with a novel Xero algorithm for a mechanical circulatory support system.

Ultrasonics 2021 Aug 2;115:106457. Epub 2021 May 2.

Department of Information and Communication Engineering, Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science & Technology, Daegu, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Mechanical circulatory support systems (MCSSs) are crucial devices for transplants in patients with heart failure. The blood flowing through the MCSS can be recirculated or even stagnated in the event of critical blood flow issues. To avoid emergencies due to abnormal changes in the flow, continuous changes of the flowrate should be measured with high accuracy and robustness. For better flowrate measurements, a more advanced ultrasonic blood flowmeter (UFM), which is a noninvasive measurement tool, is needed. In this paper, we propose a novel UFM sensor module using a novel algorithm (Xero) that can exploit the advantages of both conventional cross-correlation (Xcorr) and zero-crossing (Zero) algorithms, using only the zero-crossing-based algorithm. To ensure the capability of our own developed and optimized ultrasonic sensor module for MCSSs, the accuracy, robustness, and continuous monitoring performance of the proposed algorithm were compared to those of conventional algorithms after application to the developed sensor module. The results show that Xero is superior to other algorithms for flowrate measurements under different environments and offers an error rate of at least 0.92%, higher robustness for changing fluid temperatures than conventional algorithms, and sensitive responses to sudden changes in flowrates. Thus, the proposed UFM system with Xero has a great potential for flowrate measurements in MCSSs.
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August 2021

Suture tie-down forces and cyclic contractile forces after an undersized tricuspid annuloplasty using a 3-dimensional rigid ring in an ovine model.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2021 Mar 31. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Objectives: This study was conducted to measure suture tie-down forces and evaluate cyclic contractile forces (CCFs) in beating hearts after undersized 3-dimensional (3D) rigid-ring tricuspid valve annuloplasty (TAP).

Methods: Eight force transducers were attached to the 3D rigid TAP ring. Segments 1 to 8 were attached from the mid-septal to anterior-septal commissural area in a counterclockwise order. Two-sizes-down ring TAPs were performed in 6 sheep. Tie-down forces and CCF were recorded and analysed at the 8 annular segments and at 3 levels of peak right ventricular pressure (RVP: 30, 50 and 70 mmHg).

Results: The overall average tie-down forces and CCF were 4.34 ± 2.26 newtons (N) and 0.23 ± 0.09 N, respectively. The CCF at an RVP of 30 mmHg were higher at 3 commissural areas (segments 3, 5 and 8) than at the other segments. The increases in the CCF following changes in the RVP were statistically significant only at the 3 commissural areas (P = 0.012). However, mean CCFs remained low at all annular positions (ranges of average CCF = 0.06-0.46 N).

Conclusions: The risk of suture dehiscence after down-sized 3D rigid-ring TAP might be minimal because the absolute forces remained low in all annular positions even in the condition of high RVP. However, careful suturing in the septal annular area and commissures is necessary to prevent an annular tear during a down-sized 3D rigid-ring TAP.
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March 2021

Point-of-care testing of plasma free hemoglobin and hematocrit for mechanical circulatory support.

Sci Rep 2021 Feb 15;11(1):3788. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, College of Medicine and Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering, Medical Research Center, Seoul National University, Seoul, 03080, Republic of Korea.

Hematological analysis is essential for patients who are supported by a mechanical circulatory support (MCS). The laboratory methods used to analyze blood components are conventional and accurate, but they require a mandatory turn-around-time for laboratory results, and because of toxic substances, can also be hazardous to analysis workers. Here, a simple and rapid point-of-care device is developed for the measurement of plasma free hemoglobin (PFHb) and hematocrit (Hct), based on colorimetry. The device consists of camera module, minimized centrifuge system, and the custom software that includes the motor control algorithm for the centrifuge system, and the image processing algorithm for measuring the color components of blood from the images. We show that our device measured PFHb with a detection limit of 0.75 mg/dL in the range of (0-100) mg/dL, and Hct with a detection limit of 2.14% in the range of (20-50)%. Our device had a high correlation with the measurement method generally used in clinical laboratories (PFHb R = 0.999, Hct R = 0.739), and the quantitative analysis resulted in precision of 1.44 mg/dL for PFHb value of 14.5 mg/dL, 1.36 mg/dL for PFHb value of 53 mg/dL, and 1.24% for Hct 30%. Also, the device can be measured without any pre-processing when compared to the clinical laboratory method, so results can be obtained within 5 min (about an 1 h for the clinical laboratory method). Therefore, we conclude that the device can be used for point-of-care measurement of PFHb and Hct for MCS.
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February 2021