Heather Zar

Heather Zar

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Heather Zar

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HIV-associated cognitive disorders in perinatally infected children and adolescents: a novel composite cognitive domains score.

AIDS Care 2018 Jan - Dec;30(sup1):8-16. Epub 2018 Apr 22.

e ACSENT Laboratory, Department of Psychology , University of Cape Town (UCT) , Cape Town , South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2018.1466982DOI Listing
September 2019

Chest ultrasound compared to chest X-ray for pediatric pulmonary tuberculosis.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2019 Sep 1. Epub 2019 Sep 1.

Department of Pediatrics and Child Health and MRC Unit on Child and Adolescent Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ppul.24500DOI Listing
September 2019

Neurodevelopment of HIV-exposed uninfected children in South Africa: outcomes from an observational birth cohort study.

Lancet Child Adolesc Health 2019 Sep 9. Epub 2019 Sep 9.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2352-4642(19)30250-0DOI Listing
September 2019

Childhood asthma in low and middle-income countries: Where are we now?

Paediatr Respir Rev 2019 Aug 11;31:52-57. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Dept Pediatrics & Child Health, Red Cross Children's Hospital and SA-MRC Unit on Child and Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, South Africa. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prrv.2018.10.002DOI Listing
August 2019

Pharmacokinetics of adjusted-dose 8-hourly lopinavir/ritonavir in HIV-infected children co-treated with rifampicin.

J Antimicrob Chemother 2019 Aug;74(8):2347-2351

Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jac/dkz171DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6640304PMC
August 2019

Mental Health and Functional Competence in the Cape Town Adolescent Antiretroviral Cohort.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2019 Aug;81(4):e109-e116

Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/QAI.0000000000002068DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6597184PMC
August 2019

Tuberculosis Diagnosis in Children Using Xpert Ultra on Different Respiratory Specimens.

Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2019 Aug 5. Epub 2019 Aug 5.

University of Capetown, Pediatrics & Child Health, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1164/rccm.201904-0772OCDOI Listing
August 2019

Perinatal depression among mothers in a South African birth cohort study: Trajectories from pregnancy to 18 months postpartum.

J Affect Disord 2019 Aug 19;259:279-287. Epub 2019 Aug 19.

Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health and South African Medical Research Council (SAMRC) Unit on Risk & Resilience in Mental Disorders, Neuroscience Institute, University of Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.08.052DOI Listing
August 2019

ARIA pharmacy 2018 "Allergic rhinitis care pathways for community pharmacy": AIRWAYS ICPs initiative (European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing, DG CONNECT and DG Santé) POLLAR (Impact of Air POLLution on Asthma and Rhinitis) GARD Demonstration project.

Authors:
Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich Elisio Costa Enrica Menditto Olga Lourenço Ettore Novellino Slawomir Bialek Vitalis Briedis Roland Buonaiuto Henry Chrystyn Biljana Cvetkovski Stefania Di Capua Vicky Kritikos Alpana Mair Valentina Orlando Ema Paulino Johanna Salimäki Rojin Söderlund Rachel Tan Dennis M Williams Piotr Wroczynski Ioana Agache Ignacio J Ansotegui Josep M Anto Anna Bedbrook Claus Bachert Mike Bewick Carsten Bindslev-Jensen Jan L Brozek Giorgio Walter Canonica Victoria Cardona Warner Carr Thomas B Casale Niels H Chavannes Jaime Correia de Sousa Alvaro A Cruz Wienczyslawa Czarlewski Giuseppe De Carlo Pascal Demoly Philippe Devillier Mark S Dykewicz Mina Gaga Yehia El-Gamal João Fonseca Wytske J Fokkens Maria Antonieta Guzmán Tari Haahtela Peter W Hellings Maddalena Illario Juan Carlos Ivancevich Jocelyne Just Igor Kaidashev Musa Khaitov Nikolai Khaltaev Thomas Keil Ludger Klimek Marek L Kowalski Piotr Kuna Violeta Kvedariene Désirée E Larenas-Linnemann Daniel Laune Lan T T Le Karin C Lodrup Carlsen Bassam Mahboub Dieter Maier Joao Malva Patrick J Manning Mário Morais-Almeida Ralph Mösges Joaquim Mullol Lars Münter Ruth Murray Robert Naclerio Leyla Namazova-Baranova Kristof Nekam Tshipukane Dieudonné Nyembue Kimi Okubo Robyn E O'Hehir Ken Ohta Yoshitaka Okamoto Gabrielle L Onorato Susanna Palkonen Petr Panzner Nikolaos G Papadopoulos Hae-Sim Park Ruby Pawankar Oliver Pfaar Jim Phillips Davor Plavec Todor A Popov Paul C Potter Emmanuel P Prokopakis Regina E Roller-Wirnsberger Menachem Rottem Dermot Ryan Bolesław Samolinski Mario Sanchez-Borges Holger J Schunemann Aziz Sheikh Juan Carlos Sisul David Somekh Cristiana Stellato Teresa To Ana Maria Todo-Bom Peter Valentin Tomazic Sanna Toppila-Salmi Antonio Valero Arunas Valiulis Errka Valovirta Maria Teresa Ventura Martin Wagenmann Dana Wallace Susan Waserman Magnus Wickman Panayiotis K Yiallouros Arzu Yorgancioglu Osman M Yusuf Heather J Zar Mario E Zernotti Luo Zhang Mihaela Zidarn Torsten Zuberbier Jean Bousquet

Allergy 2019 Jul 30;74(7):1219-1236. Epub 2019 Apr 30.

MACVIA-France, Fondation Partenariale FMC VIA-LR, Montpellier, France.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/all.13701DOI Listing
July 2019

Cardiopulmonary dysfunction in perinatally HIV-infected South African adolescents on antiretroviral therapy: baseline findings from the Cape Town Adolescent Antiretroviral Cohort.

J Int AIDS Soc 2019 Jul;22(7):e25340

South Africa MRC unit on Child and Adolescent Health, Department of Paediatrics and Child Health Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jia2.25340DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6619484PMC
July 2019

High-resolution computed tomography features of lung disease in perinatally HIV-infected adolescents on combined antiretroviral therapy.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2019 Jul 24. Epub 2019 Jul 24.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross Children's Hospital and SA-Medical Research Council Unit on Child & Adolescent Health, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ppul.24450DOI Listing
July 2019

Microbiological diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in children by oral swab polymerase chain reaction.

Sci Rep 2019 Jul 25;9(1):10789. Epub 2019 Jul 25.

Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-47302-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6658562PMC
July 2019

Paediatric tuberculosis transmission outside the household: challenging historical paradigms to inform future public health strategies.

Lancet Respir Med 2019 Jun 8;7(6):544-552. Epub 2019 May 8.

Division of Infectious Diseases and Geographic Medicine, School of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2213-2600(19)30137-7DOI Listing
June 2019

Efavirenz is associated with altered fronto-striatal function in HIV+ adolescents.

J Neurovirol 2019 Jun 4. Epub 2019 Jun 4.

Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13365-019-00764-9DOI Listing
June 2019

Influence of Socio-Economic and Psychosocial Profiles on the Human Breast Milk Bacteriome of South African Women.

Nutrients 2019 Jun 20;11(6). Epub 2019 Jun 20.

Division of Medical Microbiology, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Observatory 7925, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11061390DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6627120PMC
June 2019

Childhood pneumonia in low-and-middle-income countries: An update.

Paediatr Respir Rev 2019 Jun 26. Epub 2019 Jun 26.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health and SA Medical Research Council Unit on Child and Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prrv.2019.06.001DOI Listing
June 2019

Point-of-care Ultrasound for Pulmonary and Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis in Children.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2019 May;38(5):e110

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, and MRC Unit on Child & Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa, Centre of Tropical Medicine and Travel Medicine, Amsterdam Academic Medical Centers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Department of Pediatric Pneumology and Immunology, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Berlin Institute of Health (BIH), Berlin, Germany Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, and MRC Unit on Child & Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa, Centre of Tropical Medicine and Travel Medicine, Amsterdam Academic Medical Centers, location AMC, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Lighthouse Clinic, Lilongwe, Malawi Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, and MRC Unit on Child & Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa, Department of Radiology, Children's hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Centre of Tropical Medicine and Travel Medicine Amsterdam Academic Medical Centers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, and MRC Unit on Child & Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/INF.0000000000002243DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6467491PMC
May 2019

Chest ultrasound findings in children with suspected pulmonary tuberculosis.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2019 Apr 11;54(4):463-470. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health and SA-MRC Unit on Child and Adolescent Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, University of Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ppul.24230DOI Listing
April 2019

Longitudinal changes in Spirometry in perinatally HIV-infected South African adolescents on antiretroviral therapy.

Clin Infect Dis 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciz255DOI Listing
April 2019

Chest ultrasound for the diagnosis of paediatric pulmonary diseases: a systematic review and meta-analysis of diagnostic test accuracy.

Br Med Bull 2019 03;129(1):35-51

Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, MRC Unit on Child & Adolescent Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, University of Cape Town, Klipfontein Road, Rondebosch, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bmb/ldy041DOI Listing
March 2019

Lower Respiratory Tract Infections in Children in a Well-vaccinated South African Birth Cohort: Spectrum of Disease and Risk Factors.

Clin Infect Dis 2019 Mar 29. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital and Medical Research Council Unit on Child and Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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https://academic.oup.com/cid/advance-article/doi/10.1093/cid
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciz017DOI Listing
March 2019

Longitudinal Population Dynamics of in the Nasopharynx During the First Year of Life.

Front Genet 2019 15;10:198. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Division of Medical Microbiology, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fgene.2019.00198DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6428701PMC
March 2019

Nasopharyngeal Carriage of Antimicrobial-Resistant Pneumococci in an Intensively Sampled South African Birth Cohort.

Front Microbiol 2019 27;10:610. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Division of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Health Science, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2019.00610DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6446970PMC
March 2019

Clinical Features and Outcome of Children with Severe Lower Respiratory Tract Infection Admitted to a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit in South Africa.

J Trop Pediatr 2019 Feb;65(1):46-54

Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/fmy010DOI Listing
February 2019

Prevalence of risk factors for chronic kidney disease in South African youth with perinatally acquired HIV.

Pediatr Nephrol 2019 Feb 15;34(2):313-318. Epub 2018 Sep 15.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00467-018-4080-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6529608PMC
February 2019

Indoor air pollution and tobacco smoke exposure: impact on nasopharyngeal bacterial carriage in mothers and infants in an African birth cohort study.

ERJ Open Res 2019 Feb 4;5(1). Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Dept of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, and SAMRC Unit on Child and Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://openres.ersjournals.com/lookup/doi/10.1183/23120541.0
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/23120541.00052-2018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360211PMC
February 2019

Insulin Resistance in South African Youth Living with Perinatally Acquired HIV Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy.

AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 2019 Jan 25;35(1):56-62. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

1 Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Research Centre for Adolescent and Child Health University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/aid.2018.0092
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/AID.2018.0092DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343194PMC
January 2019

Maltreatment in childhood and intimate partner violence: A latent class growth analysis in a South African pregnancy cohort.

Child Abuse Negl 2018 12 18;86:336-348. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, South Africa; South African Medical Research Council Unit on Risk and Resilience in Mental Disorders, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2018.08.020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6297167PMC
December 2018

Environmental risk factors for asthma in 13-14 year old African children.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2018 11 20;53(11):1475-1484. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ppul.24162DOI Listing
November 2018

Accuracy of Xpert Mtb/Rif Ultra for the Diagnosis of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Children.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2018 10;37(10):e261-e263

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, MRC Unit on Child and Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town and Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/INF.0000000000001960DOI Listing
October 2018

Gene expression in cord blood links genetic risk for neurodevelopmental disorders with maternal psychological distress and adverse childhood outcomes.

Brain Behav Immun 2018 10 20;73:320-330. Epub 2018 May 20.

Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, South Africa; South African Medical Research Council (SAMRC) Unit on Risk & Resilience in Mental Disorders, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbi.2018.05.016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191930PMC
October 2018

Treatment of bronchiectasis exacerbations in children: which antibiotic?

Lancet 2018 10 18;392(10154):1169-1170. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Division of Medical Microbiology, Department of Pathology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa; National Health Laboratory Service of South Africa, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(18)32004-XDOI Listing
October 2018

Age-related waning of immune responses to BCG in healthy children supports the need for a booster dose of BCG in TB endemic countries.

Sci Rep 2018 Oct 17;8(1):15309. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Academic Department of Paediatrics, St Marys Campus, Imperial College London, 2nd Floor Wright-Fleming Building, Norfolk Place, London, W2 1PG, UK.

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-33499-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-33499-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6193026PMC
October 2018

Utility of Point-of-care Ultrasound in Children With Pulmonary Tuberculosis.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2018 07;37(7):637-642

From the Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, and MRC Unit on Child & Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00006454-900000000-9680
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/INF.0000000000001872DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5995614PMC
July 2018

Perinatally acquired HIV infection accelerates epigenetic aging in South African adolescents.

AIDS 2018 07;32(11):1465-1474

MRC Unit on Risk & Resilience in Mental Disorders, Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, J-Block, Groote Schuur Hospital, Observatory, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/QAD.0000000000001854DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6026068PMC
July 2018

Associations between maternal mental health and early child wheezing in a South African birth cohort.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2018 06 10;53(6):741-754. Epub 2018 Apr 10.

Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital and Medical Research Council Unit on Child and Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ppul.24008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6001799PMC
June 2018

Thyroid Function in Pregnant Women With Moderate to Severe Alcohol Consumption Is Related to Infant Developmental Outcomes.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2018 5;9:294. Epub 2018 Jun 5.

Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2018.00294DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6008549PMC
June 2018

Lung function in HIV-infected children and adolescents.

Pneumonia (Nathan) 2018 25;10. Epub 2018 Jun 25.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital and MRC Research Unit on Child and Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, Klipfontein Road 7700, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s41479-018-0050-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6016126PMC
June 2018

Maternal blood contamination of collected cord blood can be identified using DNA methylation at three CpGs.

Clin Epigenetics 2017 25;9:75. Epub 2017 Jul 25.

Centre for Molecular Medicine and Therapeutics, BC Children's Hospital, Department of Medical Genetics, University of British Columbia, 950 W 28th Ave, Vancouver, BC V5Z 4H4 Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13148-017-0370-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5526324PMC
April 2018

Hypoxia and signs of increased work of breathing are most strongly associated with radiographic pneumonia in children.

Authors:
Heather J Zar

BMJ Evid Based Med 2018 Apr 19;23(2):77-78. Epub 2018 Feb 19.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjebm-2017-110874DOI Listing
April 2018

Health Consequences of Environmental Exposures: Changing Global Patterns of Exposure and Disease.

Ann Glob Health 2016 Jan-Feb;82(1):10-9

Children's Health and Environment Program, Queensland Children's Medical Research Institute, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aogh.2016.01.005DOI Listing
January 2018

Determining the outcomes of interventions to prevent respiratory syncytial virus disease in children: what to measure?

Lancet Respir Med 2018 01 30;6(1):65-74. Epub 2017 Aug 30.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Heath, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa; Medical Research Council Unit on Child and Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2213-2600(17)30303-XDOI Listing
January 2018

After asthma: redefining airways diseases.

Lancet 2018 01 11;391(10118):350-400. Epub 2017 Sep 11.

Department of Paediatrics, Imperial College, London, UK; Department of Paediatric Respiratory Medicine, Imperial College, London, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(17)30879-6DOI Listing
January 2018

Tuberculin skin test conversion and primary progressive tuberculosis disease in the first 5 years of life: a birth cohort study from Cape Town, South Africa.

Lancet Child Adolesc Health 2018 01;2(1):46-55

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital and Medical Research Council Unit on Child and Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S23524642173014
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2352-4642(17)30149-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5810304PMC
January 2018

Sonographic Findings of Abdominal Tuberculosis in Children With Pulmonary Tuberculosis.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2017 Dec;36(12):1224-1226

From the *Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital and MRC Unit on Child and Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa; †Center of Tropical Medicine and Travel Medicine, Department of Infectious Diseases, Division of Internal Medicine, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands; ‡Department of Pediatric Pneumology and Immunology, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, and §Berlin Institute of Health, Berlin, Germany; and ¶Lighthouse Clinic, Kamuzu Central Hospital, Lilongwe, Malawi.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/INF.0000000000001590DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5610051PMC
December 2017

Technical aspects of mediastinal ultrasound for pediatric pulmonary tuberculosis.

Pediatr Radiol 2017 Dec 29;47(13):1839-1848. Epub 2017 Aug 29.

Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital and MRC Unit on Child & Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-017-3954-2DOI Listing
December 2017

Modeling conditional dependence among multiple diagnostic tests.

Stat Med 2017 Dec 5;36(30):4843-4859. Epub 2017 Sep 5.

Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, H3A 1A2, Canada.

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/sim.7449
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/sim.7449DOI Listing
December 2017

Correction to: community-acquired pneumonia in children - a changing spectrum of disease.

Pediatr Radiol 2017 12;47(13):1855

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital and MRC Unit on Child and Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, 5th Floor ICH Building Klipfontein Road, Cape Town, 7700, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-017-4010-yDOI Listing
December 2017

Early-life exposure to indoor air pollution or tobacco smoke and lower respiratory tract illness and wheezing in African infants: a longitudinal birth cohort study.

Lancet Planet Health 2017 Nov;1(8):e328-e336

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2542-5196(17)30134-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5681433PMC
November 2017

Community-acquired pneumonia in children - a changing spectrum of disease.

Pediatr Radiol 2017 Oct 21;47(11):1392-1398. Epub 2017 Sep 21.

5th Floor ICH Building Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, Klipfontein Road Cape Town, 7700, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-017-3827-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5608782PMC
October 2017

Lung ultrasound for the diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia in children.

Pediatr Radiol 2017 Oct 21;47(11):1412-1419. Epub 2017 Sep 21.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-017-3910-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5608773PMC
October 2017

Assessment of airway compression on chest radiographs in children with pulmonary tuberculosis.

Pediatr Radiol 2017 Sep 29;47(10):1283-1291. Epub 2017 May 29.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health and MRC Unit on Child and Adolescent Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-017-3887-9DOI Listing
September 2017

Bacterial and viral pneumonia: New insights from the Drakenstein Child Health Study.

Authors:
Heather J Zar

Paediatr Respir Rev 2017 Sep 11;24:8-10. Epub 2017 Jun 11.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, and MRC Unit on Child & Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town 7700, South Africa. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prrv.2017.06.009DOI Listing
September 2017

Global, regional, and national disease burden estimates of acute lower respiratory infections due to respiratory syncytial virus in young children in 2015: a systematic review and modelling study.

Authors:
Ting Shi David A McAllister Katherine L O'Brien Eric A F Simoes Shabir A Madhi Bradford D Gessner Fernando P Polack Evelyn Balsells Sozinho Acacio Claudia Aguayo Issifou Alassani Asad Ali Martin Antonio Shally Awasthi Juliet O Awori Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner Henry C Baggett Vicky L Baillie Angel Balmaseda Alfredo Barahona Sudha Basnet Quique Bassat Wilma Basualdo Godfrey Bigogo Louis Bont Robert F Breiman W Abdullah Brooks Shobha Broor Nigel Bruce Dana Bruden Philippe Buchy Stuart Campbell Phyllis Carosone-Link Mandeep Chadha James Chipeta Monidarin Chou Wilfrido Clara Cheryl Cohen Elizabeth de Cuellar Duc-Anh Dang Budragchaagiin Dash-Yandag Maria Deloria-Knoll Mukesh Dherani Tekchheng Eap Bernard E Ebruke Marcela Echavarria Carla Cecília de Freitas Lázaro Emediato Rodrigo A Fasce Daniel R Feikin Luzhao Feng Angela Gentile Aubree Gordon Doli Goswami Sophie Goyet Michelle Groome Natasha Halasa Siddhivinayak Hirve Nusrat Homaira Stephen R C Howie Jorge Jara Imane Jroundi Cissy B Kartasasmita Najwa Khuri-Bulos Karen L Kotloff Anand Krishnan Romina Libster Olga Lopez Marilla G Lucero Florencia Lucion Socorro P Lupisan Debora N Marcone John P McCracken Mario Mejia Jennifer C Moisi Joel M Montgomery David P Moore Cinta Moraleda Jocelyn Moyes Patrick Munywoki Kuswandewi Mutyara Mark P Nicol D James Nokes Pagbajabyn Nymadawa Maria Tereza da Costa Oliveira Histoshi Oshitani Nitin Pandey Gláucia Paranhos-Baccalà Lia N Phillips Valentina Sanchez Picot Mustafizur Rahman Mala Rakoto-Andrianarivelo Zeba A Rasmussen Barbara A Rath Annick Robinson Candice Romero Graciela Russomando Vahid Salimi Pongpun Sawatwong Nienke Scheltema Brunhilde Schweiger J Anthony G Scott Phil Seidenberg Kunling Shen Rosalyn Singleton Viviana Sotomayor Tor A Strand Agustinus Sutanto Mariam Sylla Milagritos D Tapia Somsak Thamthitiwat Elizabeth D Thomas Rafal Tokarz Claudia Turner Marietjie Venter Sunthareeya Waicharoen Jianwei Wang Wanitda Watthanaworawit Lay-Myint Yoshida Hongjie Yu Heather J Zar Harry Campbell Harish Nair

Lancet 2017 Sep 7;390(10098):946-958. Epub 2017 Jul 7.

Centre for Global Health Research, Usher Institute of Population Health Sciences and Informatics, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK; Public Health Foundation of India, New Delhi, India. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(17)30938-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5592248PMC
September 2017

Mental health predictors of breastfeeding initiation and continuation among HIV infected and uninfected women in a South African birth cohort study.

Prev Med 2017 Sep 8;102:100-111. Epub 2017 Jul 8.

Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, J-Block, Groote Schuur Hospital, Observatory, Cape Town 7925, South Africa; Medical Research Council Unit on Anxiety and Stress Disorders, South Africa.

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00917435173024
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2017.07.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5802398PMC
September 2017

Intrathoracic tuberculous lymphadenopathy in children: a guide to chest radiography.

Pediatr Radiol 2017 Sep 29;47(10):1277-1282. Epub 2017 Aug 29.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, University of Cape Town and Medical Research Council Unit on Child and Adolescent Health, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-017-3890-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5574962PMC
September 2017

Investigating tangible and mental resources as predictors of perceived household food insecurity during pregnancy among women in a South African birth cohort study.

Soc Sci Med 2017 08 20;187:76-84. Epub 2017 Jun 20.

Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, South Africa; South African Medical Research Council (SAMRC) Unit on Risk & Resilience in Mental Disorders, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.06.022DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5580987PMC
August 2017

Isoniazid for preventing tuberculosis in HIV-infected children.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2017 08 29;8:CD006418. Epub 2017 Aug 29.

Centre for Evidence-based Health Care, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD006418.pub3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5618450PMC
August 2017

Infant feeding practices in a South African birth cohort-A longitudinal study.

Matern Child Nutr 2017 07 2;13(3). Epub 2016 Oct 2.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital and MRC Unit on Child and Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/mcn.12371DOI Listing
July 2017

Advances in the diagnosis of pneumonia in children.

BMJ 2017 Jul 26;358:j2739. Epub 2017 Jul 26.

Division of Medical Microbiology, Department of Pathology, University of Cape Town.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.j2739DOI Listing
July 2017

Epidemiology of Musculoskeletal Tuberculosis in an Area with High Disease Prevalence.

Asian Spine J 2017 Jun 15;11(3):405-411. Epub 2017 Jun 15.

Orthopaedic Research Unit, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Groote Schuur Hospital, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4184/asj.2017.11.3.405DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5481595PMC
June 2017

Determinants of early-life lung function in African infants.

Thorax 2017 May 17;72(5):445-450. Epub 2016 Nov 17.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital and MRC Unit on Child and Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/thoraxjnl-2015-207401DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5520243PMC
May 2017

Lung Function in South African Adolescents Infected Perinatally with HIV and Treated Long-Term with Antiretroviral Therapy.

Ann Am Thorac Soc 2017 May;14(5):722-729

1 Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross Children's Hospital and Medical Research Council Unit, Child and Adolescent Health, and.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1513/AnnalsATS.201612-1018OCDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5427744PMC
May 2017

The African Pediatric Fellowship Training Program in Pediatric Pulmonology: A Model for Growing African Capacity in Child Lung Health.

Ann Am Thorac Soc 2017 Apr;14(4):500-504

1 Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, and University of Cape Town, and.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1513/AnnalsATS.201612-953PSDOI Listing
April 2017

Regulatory T Cells and Pro-inflammatory Responses Predominate in Children with Tuberculosis.

Front Immunol 2017 25;8:448. Epub 2017 Apr 25.

Academic Department of Paediatrics, Imperial College London, London, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2017.00448DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5403917PMC
April 2017

Lung Function in African Infants in the Drakenstein Child Health Study. Impact of Lower Respiratory Tract Illness.

Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2017 01;195(2):212-220

1 Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital and MRC Unit on Child and Adolescent Health, and.

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http://www.atsjournals.org/doi/10.1164/rccm.201601-0188OC
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1164/rccm.201601-0188OCDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5394784PMC
January 2017

The Spectrum of Lower Respiratory Tract Illness in Children after Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccination.

Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2017 01;195(1):13-15

2 Medical Research Council Unit on Child & Adolescent Health University of Cape Town Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1164/rccm.201607-1461EDDOI Listing
January 2017

Lung Function in Children from Sub-Saharan Africa and the Global Lung Initiative 2012 Reference Equations.

Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2017 01;195(2):157-158

1 Department of Paediatrics and Child Health Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital Cape Town, South Africa and.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1164/rccm.201609-1800EDDOI Listing
January 2017

Risk Factors for Presumed Bacterial Pneumonia Among HIV-uninfected Children Hospitalized in Soweto, South Africa.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2016 Nov;35(11):1169-1174

From the *Respiratory Diseases Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; †Medical Research Council: Respiratory and Meningeal Pathogens Research Unit, Faculty Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa; ‡Department of Science and Technology/National Research Foundation: Vaccine Preventable Diseases, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa; §Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, University of Cape Town, South Africa; ¶MRC Unit on Child & Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, South Africa; ‖Department of Pediatrics, Ngwelezane Hospital, Empangeni, South Africa; and **National Institute for Communicable Diseases: Division of National Health Laboratory Services, Johannesburg, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/INF.0000000000001264DOI Listing
November 2016

Diagnostic Accuracy of the Xpert MTB/RIF Assay for Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis in Children With Musculoskeletal Infections.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2016 11;35(11):1165-1168

From the *Orthopedic Research Unit, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa; †Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa and MRC Unit on Child and Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://content.wkhealth.com/linkback/openurl?sid=WKPTLP:land
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5071124PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/INF.0000000000001271DOI Listing
November 2016

Respiratory microbes present in the nasopharynx of children hospitalised with suspected pulmonary tuberculosis in Cape Town, South Africa.

BMC Infect Dis 2016 10 24;16(1):597. Epub 2016 Oct 24.

Division of Medical Microbiology, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-016-1934-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5075757PMC
October 2016

Maternal participant experience in a South African birth cohort study enrolling healthy pregnant women and their infants.

Philos Ethics Humanit Med 2016 07 19;11(1). Epub 2016 Jul 19.

Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13010-016-0036-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4952056PMC
July 2016

Current Knowledge and Future Research Directions on Fecal Bacterial Patterns and Their Association with Asthma.

Front Microbiol 2016 29;7:838. Epub 2016 Jun 29.

Division of Medical Microbiology, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape TownCape Town, South Africa; Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, University of Cape TownCape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2016.00838DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4925717PMC
July 2016

Incidence and Diagnosis of Pertussis in South African Children Hospitalized With Lower Respiratory Tract Infection.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2016 06;35(6):611-6

From the *Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa; †MRC Unit on Child and Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa; and ‡Division of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa; §National Health Laboratory Service, Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa; ¶Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine and ||Vaccines for Africa Initiative, Division of Medical Microbiology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/INF.0000000000001132DOI Listing
June 2016

Aetiology of childhood pneumonia in a well vaccinated South African birth cohort: a nested case-control study of the Drakenstein Child Health Study.

Lancet Respir Med 2016 06 21;4(6):463-72. Epub 2016 Apr 21.

Division of Medical Microbiology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa; National Health Laboratory Services, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2213-2600(16)00096-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4989125PMC
June 2016

Childhood pneumonia - the Drakenstein Child Health Study.

S Afr Med J 2016 Jun 15;106(7):642-3. Epub 2016 Jun 15.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital and Medical Research Council Unit on Child and Adolescent Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7196/SAMJ.2016.v106i7.11108DOI Listing
June 2016

Environmental Pollution: An Under-recognized Threat to Children's Health, Especially in Low- and Middle-Income Countries.

Environ Health Perspect 2016 Mar;124(3):A41-5

Hazardous Substances Research Branch, Superfund Research Program, National Institute for Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Research Triangle Park, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1510517DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4786991PMC
March 2016