Publications by authors named "Heather J Zar"

99Publications

Respiratory Complications in Children and Adolescents with Human Immunodeficiency Virus.

Pediatr Clin North Am 2021 Feb;68(1):131-145

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, South Africa MRC Unit on Child & Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, ICH Building, Klipfontein Road, Rondebosch 7700, South Africa. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcl.2020.09.016DOI Listing
February 2021

Chest imaging in paediatric pulmonary TB.

Paediatr Respir Rev 2020 Nov 13;36:65-72. Epub 2020 Oct 13.

Department of Paediatrics & Child Health, and SA-MRC unit on Child and Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, South Africa. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prrv.2020.10.002DOI Listing
November 2020

What Does Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Mean for Global Pneumonia Prevention, Diagnosis, and Treatment?

Chest 2020 Nov 1. Epub 2020 Nov 1.

SA-MRC Unit On Child and Adolescent Lung Health and the Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chest.2020.10.066DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7604065PMC
November 2020

Chest imaging findings of chronic respiratory disease in HIV-infected adolescents on combined anti retro viral therapy.

Paediatr Respir Rev 2020 Sep 26. Epub 2020 Sep 26.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross Children's Hospital and SA-Medical Research Council Unit on Child & Adolescent Health, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prrv.2020.06.022DOI Listing
September 2020

Risk factors for Bordetella pertussis disease in hospitalized children.

PLoS One 2020 15;15(10):e0240717. Epub 2020 Oct 15.

SA-MRC Unit on Child & Adolescent Lung Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0240717PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7561157PMC
October 2020

Co-detection of Bordetella pertussis and other respiratory organisms in children hospitalised with lower respiratory tract infection.

Sci Rep 2020 10 2;10(1):16412. Epub 2020 Oct 2.

SA-MRC Unit On Child and Adolescent Lung Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-73462-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7532201PMC
October 2020

Hospitalization in South African Adolescents With Perinatally Acquired HIV on Antiretroviral Therapy.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2020 Nov;39(11):1035-1039

From the Department of Paediatrics & Child Health, SA-MRC Unit on Child Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/INF.0000000000002826DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7577961PMC
November 2020

Early-life respiratory syncytial virus lower respiratory tract infection in a South African birth cohort: epidemiology and effect on lung health.

Lancet Glob Health 2020 10;8(10):e1316-e1325

Division of Medical Microbiology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa; Division of Infection and Immunity, Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30251-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7511798PMC
October 2020

Complicated pneumonia in children.

Lancet 2020 09;396(10253):786-798

Department of Paediatric Respiratory Medicine, Royal Brompton Hospital, London, UK; National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial School of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, UK. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31550-6DOI Listing
September 2020

Association of maternal and infant inflammation with neurodevelopment in HIV-exposed uninfected children in a South African birth cohort.

Brain Behav Immun 2020 Aug 26. Epub 2020 Aug 26.

Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, South Africa; Neuroscience Institute, University of Cape Town, South Africa. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbi.2020.08.021DOI Listing
August 2020

Key advances and remaining challenges in childhood and adolescent tuberculosis.

Paediatr Respir Rev 2020 Nov 1;36:25-26. Epub 2020 Aug 1.

Department of Paediatrics & Child Health and SA-MRC Unit on Child & Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prrv.2020.07.008DOI Listing
November 2020

Respiratory Syncytial Virus Vaccination during Pregnancy and Effects in Infants.

N Engl J Med 2020 07;383(5):426-439

From the Medical Research Council, Respiratory and Meningeal Pathogens Research Unit, and the Department of Science and Technology-National Research Foundation, Vaccine Preventable Diseases, University of the Witwatersrand (S.A.M., C.L.C.), and Shandukani Research Centre, Wits Reproductive Health and HIV Institute (M.S.M.), Johannesburg, Setshaba Research Centre, Soshanguve (K.A., A.O.), and the Family Centre for Research with Ubuntu, Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Stellenbosch University, Tygerberg Hospital (M.F.C.), and the Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, South African Medical Research Council Unit on Child and Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town (H.J.Z.), Cape Town - all in South Africa; Fundación INFANT (F.P.P., R.L.), Hospital Militar Central Dr. Cosme Argerich (G.P.M.), and the National Scientific and Technical Research Council (R.L.), Buenos Aires, and the Department of Pediatric Pulmonology, Hospital del Niño Jesús, Tucumán (C.J.L.) - both in Argentina; the Departments of Pediatrics and Molecular Virology and Microbiology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston (P.A.P., F.M.M.); the University of Auckland, Middlemore Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand (A.A.T.); the Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, and the Children's Hospital Colorado, Center for Global Health, Colorado School of Public Health, Aurora (E.A.F.S.); the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Duke University, Durham, NC (G.K.S.); Novavax (S.A., A.A., J.C., I.C., A.F., J.S.P., V.S., D.N.T., J.W., G.M.G., L.F.F.), Gaithersburg, and the Department of International Health, International Center for Maternal and Newborn Health (A.H.B.), and the Center for American Indian Health, Department of International Health (L.H.), Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore - all in Maryland; the Vaccine Institute (A.C., P.T.H.) and the Vascular Biology Research Centre, Molecular and Clinical Sciences Research Institute (A.K.), St. George's, University of London, London, Paediatric Infectious Diseases, Clinical and Experimental Sciences, University of Southampton and University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Southampton (C.E.J.), and the Oxford Vaccine Group, Department of Paediatrics, University of Oxford and National Institute for Health Research Oxford Biomedical Research Centre (M.D.S.), and the Nuffield Department of Women's and Reproductive Health, University of Oxford (M.V.), Oxford - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Pediatrics, Seattle Children's Hospital, University of Washington, Seattle (J.A.E.);the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wayne State University, Detroit (B.G.); the Research Institute for Tropical Medicine, Muntinlupa, Philippines (J.N.J., M.L.); the Department of Pediatrics (D.W.K.) and the Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Center for Women's Reproductive Health (A.T.T.), University of Alabama, Birmingham; the Women's and Children's Hospital and Robinson Research Institute, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA (H.S.M.), the Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, and Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Parkville, VIC (T.M.N., K.P.P.), and Wesfarmers Center of Vaccines and Infectious Diseases, Telethon Kids Institute, Division of Paediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Western Australia, Perth Children's Hospital, Perth (P.C.R., T.S.) - all in Australia; Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield, WI (J.K.M.); Pediatría Clínica, Infectología y Traslacional Hospital Clínico Universitario de Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain (F.M.-T.); the Division of General Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine (J.H.S.), and the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (M.W.V.), University of Utah Health Sciences Center, Salt Lake City; Meridian Clinical Research, Norfolk, NE (K.V.); and the International Center for Diarrhoeal Disease Research Bangladesh, Dhaka (K.Z.).

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1908380DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7299433PMC
July 2020

Challenges of COVID-19 in children in low- and middle-income countries.

Paediatr Respir Rev 2020 Sep 25;35:70-74. Epub 2020 Jun 25.

Department of Pediatric Pulmonology, Division of Pediatrics, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prrv.2020.06.016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7316049PMC
September 2020

Addressing the "What do we have to lose? Just give the drug" rationale: making the case for clinical trials and against off-label use in COVID-19.

J Thorac Dis 2020 Jun;12(6):3031-3034

Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, UC San Diego Health, La Jolla, CA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jtd-20-2011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7330778PMC
June 2020

Advances in the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in children.

Paediatr Respir Rev 2020 Nov 25;36:52-56. Epub 2020 May 25.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, and SA-MRC Unit on Child & Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town and Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prrv.2020.05.003DOI Listing
November 2020

ARIA digital anamorphosis: Digital transformation of health and care in airway diseases from research to practice.

Authors:
Jean Bousquet Josep M Anto Claus Bachert Tari Haahtela Torsten Zuberbier Wienczyslawa Czarlewski Anna Bedbrook Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich G Walter Canonica Victoria Cardona Elisio Costa Alvaro A Cruz Marina Erhola Wytske J Fokkens Joao A Fonseca Maddalena Illario Juan-Carlos Ivancevich Marek Jutel Ludger Klimek Piotr Kuna Violeta Kvedariene Ltt Le Désirée E Larenas-Linnemann Daniel Laune Olga M Lourenço Erik Melén Joaquim Mullol Marek Niedoszytko Mikaëla Odemyr Yoshitaka Okamoto Nikos G Papadopoulos Vincenzo Patella Oliver Pfaar Nhân Pham-Thi Christine Rolland Boleslaw Samolinski Aziz Sheikh Mikhail Sofiev Charlotte Suppli Ulrik Ana Todo-Bom Peter-Valentin Tomazic Sanna Toppila-Salmi Ioanna Tsiligianni Arunas Valiulis Erkka Valovirta Maria-Teresa Ventura Samantha Walker Sian Williams Arzu Yorgancioglu Ioana Agache Cezmi A Akdis Rute Almeida Ignacio J Ansotegui Isabella Annesi-Maesano Sylvie Arnavielhe Xavier Basagaña Eric D Bateman Annabelle Bédard Martin Bedolla-Barajas Sven Becker Kazi S Bennoor Samuel Benveniste Karl C Bergmann Michael Bewick Slawomir Bialek Nils E Billo Carsten Bindslev-Jensen Leif Bjermer Hubert Blain Matteo Bonini Philippe Bonniaud Isabelle Bosse Jacques Bouchard Louis-Philippe Boulet Rodolphe Bourret Koen Boussery Fluvio Braido Vitalis Briedis Andrew Briggs Christopher E Brightling Jan Brozek Guy Brusselle Luisa Brussino Roland Buhl Roland Buonaiuto Moises A Calderon Paulo Camargos Thierry Camuzat Luis Caraballo Ana-Maria Carriazo Warner Carr Christine Cartier Thomas Casale Lorenzo Cecchi Alfonso M Cepeda Sarabia Niels H Chavannes Ekaterine Chkhartishvili Derek K Chu Cemal Cingi Jaime Correia de Sousa David J Costa Anne-Lise Courbis Adnan Custovic Biljana Cvetkosvki Gennaro D'Amato Jane da Silva Carina Dantas Dejan Dokic Yves Dauvilliers Giulia De Feo Govert De Vries Philippe Devillier Stefania Di Capua Gerard Dray Ruta Dubakiene Stephen R Durham Marc Dykewicz Motohiro Ebisawa Mina Gaga Yehia El-Gamal Enrico Heffler Regina Emuzyte John Farrell Jean-Luc Fauquert Alessandro Fiocchi Antje Fink-Wagner Jean-François Fontaine José M Fuentes Perez Bilun Gemicioğlu Amiran Gamkrelidze Judith Garcia-Aymerich Philippe Gevaert René Maximiliano Gomez Sandra González Diaz Maia Gotua Nick A Guldemond Maria-Antonieta Guzmán Jawad Hajjam Yunuen R Huerta Villalobos Marc Humbert Guido Iaccarino Despo Ierodiakonou Tomohisa Iinuma Ewa Jassem Guy Joos Ki-Suck Jung Igor Kaidashev Omer Kalayci Przemyslaw Kardas Thomas Keil Musa Khaitov Nikolai Khaltaev Jorg Kleine-Tebbe Rostislav Kouznetsov Marek L Kowalski Vicky Kritikos Inger Kull Stefania La Grutta Lisa Leonardini Henrik Ljungberg Philip Lieberman Brian Lipworth Karin C Lodrup Carlsen Catarina Lopes-Pereira Claudia C Loureiro Renaud Louis Alpana Mair Bassam Mahboub Michaël Makris Joao Malva Patrick Manning Gailen D Marshall Mohamed R Masjedi Jorge F Maspero Pedro Carreiro-Martins Mika Makela Eve Mathieu-Dupas Marcus Maurer Esteban De Manuel Keenoy Elisabete Melo-Gomes Eli O Meltzer Enrica Menditto Jacques Mercier Yann Micheli Neven Miculinic Florin Mihaltan Branislava Milenkovic Dimitirios I Mitsias Giuliana Moda Maria-Dolores Mogica-Martinez Yousser Mohammad Steve Montefort Ricardo Monti Mario Morais-Almeida Ralph Mösges Lars Münter Antonella Muraro Ruth Murray Robert Naclerio Luigi Napoli Leyla Namazova-Baranova Hugo Neffen Kristoff Nekam Angelo Neou Björn Nordlund Ettore Novellino Dieudonné Nyembue Robyn O'Hehir Ken Ohta Kimi Okubo Gabrielle L Onorato Valentina Orlando Solange Ouedraogo Julia Palamarchuk Isabella Pali-Schöll Peter Panzner Hae-Sim Park Gianni Passalacqua Jean-Louis Pépin Ema Paulino Ruby Pawankar Jim Phillips Robert Picard Hilary Pinnock Davor Plavec Todor A Popov Fabienne Portejoie David Price Emmanuel P Prokopakis Fotis Psarros Benoit Pugin Francesca Puggioni Pablo Quinones-Delgado Filip Raciborski Rojin Rajabian-Söderlund Frederico S Regateiro Sietze Reitsma Daniela Rivero-Yeverino Graham Roberts Nicolas Roche Erendira Rodriguez-Zagal Christine Rolland Regina E Roller-Wirnsberger Nelson Rosario Antonino Romano Menachem Rottem Dermot Ryan Johanna Salimäki Mario M Sanchez-Borges Joaquin Sastre Glenis K Scadding Sophie Scheire Peter Schmid-Grendelmeier Holger J Schünemann Faradiba Sarquis Serpa Mohamed Shamji Juan-Carlos Sisul Mikhail Sofiev Dirceu Solé David Somekh Talant Sooronbaev Milan Sova François Spertini Otto Spranger Cristiana Stellato Rafael Stelmach Michel Thibaudon Teresa To Mondher Toumi Omar Usmani Antonio A Valero Rudolph Valenta Marylin Valentin-Rostan Marilyn Urrutia Pereira Rianne van der Kleij Michiel Van Eerd Olivier Vandenplas Tuula Vasankari Antonio Vaz Carneiro Giorgio Vezzani Frédéric Viart Giovanni Viegi Dana Wallace Martin Wagenmann De Yun Wang Susan Waserman Magnus Wickman Dennis M Williams Gary Wong Piotr Wroczynski Panayiotis K Yiallouros Osman M Yusuf Heather J Zar Stéphane Zeng Mario E Zernotti Luo Zhang Nan Shan Zhong Mihaela Zidarn

Allergy 2020 Jun 8. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

University Clinic of Respiratory and Allergic Diseases, Golnik, Slovenia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/all.14422DOI Listing
June 2020

The Influence of DNA Extraction and Lipid Removal on Human Milk Bacterial Profiles.

Methods Protoc 2020 May 15;3(2). Epub 2020 May 15.

Division of Medical Microbiology, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Observatory 7925, University of Cape Town, Cape Town 7700, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/mps3020039DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7359716PMC
May 2020

Optimizing 16S rRNA gene profile analysis from low biomass nasopharyngeal and induced sputum specimens.

BMC Microbiol 2020 05 12;20(1):113. Epub 2020 May 12.

Division of Medical Microbiology, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12866-020-01795-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7218582PMC
May 2020

Chronic comorbidities in children and adolescents with perinatally acquired HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa in the era of antiretroviral therapy.

Lancet Child Adolesc Health 2020 09 30;4(9):688-698. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Biomedical Research and Training Institute, Harare, Zimbabwe; Clinical Research Department, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2352-4642(20)30037-7DOI Listing
September 2020

Brief report: International perspectives on the pediatric COVID-19 experience.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2020 07 1;55(7):1598-1600. Epub 2020 May 1.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, SA MRC Unit on Child and Adolescent Health, Red Cross Children's Hospital, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ppul.24800DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7267574PMC
July 2020

Structural and functional brain network alterations in prenatal alcohol exposed neonates.

Brain Imaging Behav 2020 Apr 18. Epub 2020 Apr 18.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11682-020-00277-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7572489PMC
April 2020

Neuroimaging young children and associations with neurocognitive development in a South African birth cohort study.

Neuroimage 2020 10 15;219:116846. Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, University of Cape Town, South Africa; Neuroscience Institute, University of Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.116846DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7443699PMC
October 2020

Endothelial dysfunction in South African youth living with perinatally acquired HIV on antiretroviral therapy.

Clin Infect Dis 2020 Apr 13. Epub 2020 Apr 13.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious diseases, Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciaa396DOI Listing
April 2020

Reply to Jain : Utility of Xpert Ultra on Different Respiratory Specimens in Children.

Authors:
Heather J Zar

Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2020 06;201(11):1452-1453

University of Cape TownCape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1164/rccm.202003-0506LEDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7258642PMC
June 2020

Quantitative CT analysis for bronchiolitis obliterans in perinatally HIV-infected adolescents-comparison with controls and lung function data.

Eur Radiol 2020 Aug 14;30(8):4358-4368. Epub 2020 Mar 14.

Department of Radiology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 3401 Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-020-06789-7DOI Listing
August 2020

Echocardiographic Findings in a Cohort of Perinatally HIV-Infected Adolescents Compared with Uninfected Peers from the Cape Town Adolescent Antiretroviral Cohort.

J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2020 May 5;33(5):604-611. Epub 2020 Mar 5.

Department of Pediatrics & Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, and SA MRC Unit on Child & Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa; Division of Cardiology, Groote Schuur Hospital and Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.echo.2019.12.010DOI Listing
May 2020

Cognition, Structural Brain Changes, and Systemic Inflammation in Adolescents Living With HIV on Antiretroviral Therapy.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2020 05;84(1):114-121

Department of Psychiatry and Neuroscience Institute, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/QAI.0000000000002314DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7141763PMC
May 2020

Genetic susceptibility to asthma increases the vulnerability to indoor air pollution.

Eur Respir J 2020 03 26;55(3). Epub 2020 Mar 26.

Dept of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital and South African Medical Research Council Unit on Child and Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/13993003.01831-2019DOI Listing
March 2020

Prenatal alcohol exposure is associated with early motor, but not language development in a South African cohort.

Acta Neuropsychiatr 2020 Jan 6:1-8. Epub 2020 Jan 6.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/neu.2019.51DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7282868PMC
January 2020

Maternal psychosocial risk factors and lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) during infancy in a South African birth cohort.

PLoS One 2019 30;14(12):e0226144. Epub 2019 Dec 30.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital and South African Medical Research Council Unit on Child and Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0226144PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6936815PMC
March 2020

Population Pharmacokinetics and Dosing of Ethionamide in Children with Tuberculosis.

Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2020 02 21;64(3). Epub 2020 Feb 21.

Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AAC.01984-19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7038277PMC
February 2020

Association of maternal prenatal psychological stressors and distress with maternal and early infant faecal bacterial profile.

Acta Neuropsychiatr 2020 Feb 20;32(1):32-42. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health and Neuroscience Institute, Brain Behaviour Unit, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/neu.2019.43DOI Listing
February 2020

Maternal health and birth outcomes in a South African birth cohort study.

PLoS One 2019 21;14(11):e0222399. Epub 2019 Nov 21.

Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health and SA-MRC Unit on Risk and Resilience in Mental Disorders, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0222399PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6874071PMC
March 2020

Impact of HIV and antiretroviral drug exposure on lung growth and function over 2 years in an African Birth Cohort.

AIDS 2020 03;34(4):549-558

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital and SA-MRC Unit on Child and Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/QAD.0000000000002444DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7050792PMC
March 2020

Strengthening Diagnosis of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Children: The Role of Xpert MTB/RIF Ultra.

Pediatrics 2019 11;144(5)

Division of Infection and Immunity, School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2019-2944DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6855810PMC
November 2019

Challenges in the diagnosis of paediatric pneumonia in intervention field trials: recommendations from a pneumonia field trial working group.

Lancet Respir Med 2019 12 4;7(12):1068-1083. Epub 2019 Oct 4.

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA; Center for Global Non-Communicable Disease Research and Training, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA; School of Medicine, and Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2213-2600(19)30249-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7164819PMC
December 2019

Association between maternal psychological adversity and lung function in South African infants: A birth cohort study.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2020 01 30;55(1):236-244. Epub 2019 Sep 30.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ppul.24532DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7154702PMC
January 2020

Neurodevelopment of HIV-exposed uninfected children in South Africa: outcomes from an observational birth cohort study.

Lancet Child Adolesc Health 2019 11 9;3(11):803-813. Epub 2019 Sep 9.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2352-4642(19)30250-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6876655PMC
November 2019

Chest ultrasound compared to chest X-ray for pediatric pulmonary tuberculosis.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2019 12 1;54(12):1914-1920. Epub 2019 Sep 1.

Department of Pediatrics and Child Health and MRC Unit on Child and Adolescent Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/ppul.24500
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ppul.24500DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6899616PMC
December 2019

Perinatal depression among mothers in a South African birth cohort study: Trajectories from pregnancy to 18 months postpartum.

J Affect Disord 2019 12 19;259:279-287. Epub 2019 Aug 19.

Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health and South African Medical Research Council (SAMRC) Unit on Risk & Resilience in Mental Disorders, Neuroscience Institute, University of Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2019.08.052DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6851529PMC
December 2019

Childhood pneumonia in low-and-middle-income countries: An update.

Paediatr Respir Rev 2019 Nov 26;32:3-9. Epub 2019 Jun 26.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health and SA Medical Research Council Unit on Child and Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prrv.2019.06.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6990397PMC
November 2019

Microbiological diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in children by oral swab polymerase chain reaction.

Sci Rep 2019 07 25;9(1):10789. Epub 2019 Jul 25.

Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-47302-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6658562PMC
July 2019

High-resolution computed tomography features of lung disease in perinatally HIV-infected adolescents on combined antiretroviral therapy.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2019 11 24;54(11):1765-1773. Epub 2019 Jul 24.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross Children's Hospital and SA-Medical Research Council Unit on Child & Adolescent Health, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ppul.24450DOI Listing
November 2019

Mental Health and Functional Competence in the Cape Town Adolescent Antiretroviral Cohort.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2019 08;81(4):e109-e116

Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/QAI.0000000000002068DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6597184PMC
August 2019

Influence of Socio-Economic and Psychosocial Profiles on the Human Breast Milk Bacteriome of South African Women.

Nutrients 2019 Jun 20;11(6). Epub 2019 Jun 20.

Division of Medical Microbiology, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Observatory 7925, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11061390DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6627120PMC
June 2019

Efavirenz is associated with altered fronto-striatal function in HIV+ adolescents.

J Neurovirol 2019 12 4;25(6):783-791. Epub 2019 Jun 4.

Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13365-019-00764-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6891144PMC
December 2019

Childhood asthma in low and middle-income countries: Where are we now?

Paediatr Respir Rev 2019 Aug 11;31:52-57. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Dept Pediatrics & Child Health, Red Cross Children's Hospital and SA-MRC Unit on Child and Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, South Africa. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prrv.2018.10.002DOI Listing
August 2019

Point-of-care Ultrasound for Pulmonary and Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis in Children.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2019 05;38(5):e110

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, and MRC Unit on Child & Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa, Centre of Tropical Medicine and Travel Medicine, Amsterdam Academic Medical Centers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Department of Pediatric Pneumology and Immunology, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Berlin Institute of Health (BIH), Berlin, Germany Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, and MRC Unit on Child & Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa, Centre of Tropical Medicine and Travel Medicine, Amsterdam Academic Medical Centers, location AMC, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Lighthouse Clinic, Lilongwe, Malawi Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, and MRC Unit on Child & Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa, Department of Radiology, Children's hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Centre of Tropical Medicine and Travel Medicine Amsterdam Academic Medical Centers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, and MRC Unit on Child & Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/INF.0000000000002243DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6467491PMC
May 2019

Nasopharyngeal Carriage of Antimicrobial-Resistant Pneumococci in an Intensively Sampled South African Birth Cohort.

Front Microbiol 2019 27;10:610. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Division of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Health Science, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2019.00610DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6446970PMC
March 2019

Longitudinal Population Dynamics of in the Nasopharynx During the First Year of Life.

Front Genet 2019 15;10:198. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Division of Medical Microbiology, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fgene.2019.00198DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6428701PMC
March 2019

Lower Respiratory Tract Infections in Children in a Well-vaccinated South African Birth Cohort: Spectrum of Disease and Risk Factors.

Clin Infect Dis 2019 10;69(9):1588-1596

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital and Medical Research Council Unit on Child and Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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https://academic.oup.com/cid/advance-article/doi/10.1093/cid
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciz017DOI Listing
October 2019

Indoor air pollution and tobacco smoke exposure: impact on nasopharyngeal bacterial carriage in mothers and infants in an African birth cohort study.

ERJ Open Res 2019 Feb 4;5(1). Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Dept of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, and SAMRC Unit on Child and Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://openres.ersjournals.com/lookup/doi/10.1183/23120541.0
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1183/23120541.00052-2018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6360211PMC
February 2019

Chest ultrasound findings in children with suspected pulmonary tuberculosis.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2019 04 11;54(4):463-470. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health and SA-MRC Unit on Child and Adolescent Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, University of Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ppul.24230DOI Listing
April 2019

ARIA pharmacy 2018 "Allergic rhinitis care pathways for community pharmacy": AIRWAYS ICPs initiative (European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing, DG CONNECT and DG Santé) POLLAR (Impact of Air POLLution on Asthma and Rhinitis) GARD Demonstration project.

Authors:
Sinthia Bosnic-Anticevich Elisio Costa Enrica Menditto Olga Lourenço Ettore Novellino Slawomir Bialek Vitalis Briedis Roland Buonaiuto Henry Chrystyn Biljana Cvetkovski Stefania Di Capua Vicky Kritikos Alpana Mair Valentina Orlando Ema Paulino Johanna Salimäki Rojin Söderlund Rachel Tan Dennis M Williams Piotr Wroczynski Ioana Agache Ignacio J Ansotegui Josep M Anto Anna Bedbrook Claus Bachert Mike Bewick Carsten Bindslev-Jensen Jan L Brozek Giorgio Walter Canonica Victoria Cardona Warner Carr Thomas B Casale Niels H Chavannes Jaime Correia de Sousa Alvaro A Cruz Wienczyslawa Czarlewski Giuseppe De Carlo Pascal Demoly Philippe Devillier Mark S Dykewicz Mina Gaga Yehia El-Gamal João Fonseca Wytske J Fokkens Maria Antonieta Guzmán Tari Haahtela Peter W Hellings Maddalena Illario Juan Carlos Ivancevich Jocelyne Just Igor Kaidashev Musa Khaitov Nikolai Khaltaev Thomas Keil Ludger Klimek Marek L Kowalski Piotr Kuna Violeta Kvedariene Désirée E Larenas-Linnemann Daniel Laune Lan T T Le Karin C Lodrup Carlsen Bassam Mahboub Dieter Maier Joao Malva Patrick J Manning Mário Morais-Almeida Ralph Mösges Joaquim Mullol Lars Münter Ruth Murray Robert Naclerio Leyla Namazova-Baranova Kristof Nekam Tshipukane Dieudonné Nyembue Kimi Okubo Robyn E O'Hehir Ken Ohta Yoshitaka Okamoto Gabrielle L Onorato Susanna Palkonen Petr Panzner Nikolaos G Papadopoulos Hae-Sim Park Ruby Pawankar Oliver Pfaar Jim Phillips Davor Plavec Todor A Popov Paul C Potter Emmanuel P Prokopakis Regina E Roller-Wirnsberger Menachem Rottem Dermot Ryan Bolesław Samolinski Mario Sanchez-Borges Holger J Schunemann Aziz Sheikh Juan Carlos Sisul David Somekh Cristiana Stellato Teresa To Ana Maria Todo-Bom Peter Valentin Tomazic Sanna Toppila-Salmi Antonio Valero Arunas Valiulis Errka Valovirta Maria Teresa Ventura Martin Wagenmann Dana Wallace Susan Waserman Magnus Wickman Panayiotis K Yiallouros Arzu Yorgancioglu Osman M Yusuf Heather J Zar Mario E Zernotti Luo Zhang Mihaela Zidarn Torsten Zuberbier Jean Bousquet

Allergy 2019 07 30;74(7):1219-1236. Epub 2019 Apr 30.

MACVIA-France, Fondation Partenariale FMC VIA-LR, Montpellier, France.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/all.13701DOI Listing
July 2019

Chest ultrasound for the diagnosis of paediatric pulmonary diseases: a systematic review and meta-analysis of diagnostic test accuracy.

Br Med Bull 2019 03;129(1):35-51

Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, MRC Unit on Child & Adolescent Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, University of Cape Town, Klipfontein Road, Rondebosch, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bmb/ldy041DOI Listing
March 2019

Age-related waning of immune responses to BCG in healthy children supports the need for a booster dose of BCG in TB endemic countries.

Sci Rep 2018 10 17;8(1):15309. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Academic Department of Paediatrics, St Marys Campus, Imperial College London, 2nd Floor Wright-Fleming Building, Norfolk Place, London, W2 1PG, UK.

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http://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-33499-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-33499-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6193026PMC
October 2018

Treatment of bronchiectasis exacerbations in children: which antibiotic?

Lancet 2018 10 18;392(10154):1169-1170. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Division of Medical Microbiology, Department of Pathology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa; National Health Laboratory Service of South Africa, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(18)32004-XDOI Listing
October 2018

Maltreatment in childhood and intimate partner violence: A latent class growth analysis in a South African pregnancy cohort.

Child Abuse Negl 2018 12 18;86:336-348. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, South Africa; South African Medical Research Council Unit on Risk and Resilience in Mental Disorders, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2018.08.020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6297167PMC
December 2018

Environmental risk factors for asthma in 13-14 year old African children.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2018 11 20;53(11):1475-1484. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ppul.24162DOI Listing
November 2018

Insulin Resistance in South African Youth Living with Perinatally Acquired HIV Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy.

AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 2019 01 25;35(1):56-62. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

1 Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Research Centre for Adolescent and Child Health University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/aid.2018.0092
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/AID.2018.0092DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343194PMC
January 2019

Lung function in HIV-infected children and adolescents.

Pneumonia (Nathan) 2018 25;10. Epub 2018 Jun 25.

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital and MRC Research Unit on Child and Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, Klipfontein Road 7700, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s41479-018-0050-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6016126PMC
June 2018

Thyroid Function in Pregnant Women With Moderate to Severe Alcohol Consumption Is Related to Infant Developmental Outcomes.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2018 5;9:294. Epub 2018 Jun 5.

Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2018.00294DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6008549PMC
June 2018

Gene expression in cord blood links genetic risk for neurodevelopmental disorders with maternal psychological distress and adverse childhood outcomes.

Brain Behav Immun 2018 10 20;73:320-330. Epub 2018 May 20.

Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, South Africa; South African Medical Research Council (SAMRC) Unit on Risk & Resilience in Mental Disorders, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbi.2018.05.016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191930PMC
October 2018

Perinatally acquired HIV infection accelerates epigenetic aging in South African adolescents.

AIDS 2018 07;32(11):1465-1474

MRC Unit on Risk & Resilience in Mental Disorders, Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, J-Block, Groote Schuur Hospital, Observatory, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/QAD.0000000000001854DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6026068PMC
July 2018

HIV-associated cognitive disorders in perinatally infected children and adolescents: a novel composite cognitive domains score.

AIDS Care 2018 Jan - Dec;30(sup1):8-16. Epub 2018 Apr 22.

e ACSENT Laboratory, Department of Psychology , University of Cape Town (UCT) , Cape Town , South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2018.1466982DOI Listing
September 2019

Associations between maternal mental health and early child wheezing in a South African birth cohort.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2018 06 10;53(6):741-754. Epub 2018 Apr 10.

Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital and Medical Research Council Unit on Child and Adolescent Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ppul.24008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6001799PMC
June 2018

Hypoxia and signs of increased work of breathing are most strongly associated with radiographic pneumonia in children.

Authors:
Heather J Zar

BMJ Evid Based Med 2018 Apr 19;23(2):77-78. Epub 2018 Feb 19.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjebm-2017-110874DOI Listing
April 2018