Publications by authors named "Heather H Waters"

9 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Short-term donor site morbidity: A comparison of the anterolateral thigh and radial forearm fasciocutaneous free flaps.

Head Neck 2016 04 18;38 Suppl 1:E945-8. Epub 2015 Jul 18.

Cleveland Clinic Head and Neck Institute, Cleveland, Ohio.

Background: Donor site morbidity is an important consideration in the overall decision-making algorithm for fasciocutaneous free flap reconstruction of the head and neck.

Methods: A retrospective case series was conducted of donor site complications occurring within 30 days of surgery among 226 consecutive anterolateral thigh (ALT) or radial forearm free flap (RFFF) microvascular free tissue transfers performed by multiple reconstructive surgeons between 2005 and 2010.

Results: A greater number of donor site complications occurred among patients undergoing RFFF versus ALT free flaps (40; 35.4%; vs 14; 12.4%; p < .001). Wound dehiscence occurred significantly more frequently among patients undergoing RFFF versus ALT free flap reconstruction (34; 30%; vs 6; 5%; p < .001). Tendon exposure occurred in 16 of the 113 RFFFs (14.1%). Seromas occurred more commonly in the ALT group (6; 5%; vs 2; 1.7%; p = .280).

Conclusion: Although short-term donor site morbidity was low in both groups, the ALT was associated with a significantly lower incidence of wound dehiscence with or without tendon exposure. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck 38: E945-E948, 2016.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hed.24131DOI Listing
April 2016

Endoscopic forehead approach for minimally invasive benign tumor excisions.

JAMA Facial Plast Surg 2014 Sep-Oct;16(5):352-8

Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University Hospital of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.

Importance: Direct transcutaneous resection has been a widely accepted standard for the removal of benign forehead lesions. In recent years, the endoscopic approach has become more prevalent because of its noninvasiveness. To date, only a few studies with limited case numbers have reported on this technique. We report our findings from one of the largest cohorts of patients undergoing tumor resection of the forehead via the endoscopic approach.

Objectives: To evaluate results of the endoscopic forehead approach for benign tumor excisions, to give a more nuanced insight into this procedure, and to discuss technical pearls and potential pitfalls from our experience.

Design, Setting, And Participants: Multicenter, retrospective case study at 2 university centers and 1 private practice among 36 patients aged 18 to 72 years (mean age, 44 years) who underwent the endoscopic forehead approach for benign tumor resections.

Main Outcomes And Measures: Symptoms at presentation, surgical procedure and duration, type of lesions, intraoperative and postoperative complications, recurrences, and patient satisfaction.

Results: In total, 34 patients had an asymptomatic forehead mass, while 2 patients reported discomfort and headache. Among all patients, complete tumor excision was achieved endoscopically. The mean operative time was 36 minutes. Histopathological examination revealed 18 lipomas, 13 osteomas, 2 dermoid cysts, and 1 bone fragment after previous rhinoplasty. In 2 patients, no specimen was submitted. No hematomas, infections, scalp numbness, contour irregularities, temporal branch paralysis, or tumor recurrences occurred. One patient had a prolonged area of alopecia, which resolved on its own. All patients attested to a high satisfaction rate.

Conclusions And Relevance: The endoscopic approach offers excellent aesthetic results and allows for safe tumor removal. It has proven to be an effective and minimally invasive alternative to the conventional open approach.

Level Of Evidence: 4.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamafacial.2014.269DOI Listing
June 2015

The extended SMAS approach to neck rejuvenation.

Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am 2014 May;22(2):253-68

Meridian Plastic Surgery Center, 170 West 106th Street, Indianapolis, IN 46290-0970, USA.

Jowling, submental lipoptosis, and platysmal banding can affect self-image and reduce quality of life, leading one to seek facial and neck rejuvenation. With realistic expectations, a facelift can provide the desired improvement in appearance and sense of well-being. Before any intervention, a detailed history, focused examination, communication of expected outcomes with the assistance of preoperative digital imaging, and discussion of perioperative instructions are of utmost importance. Although many techniques exist, the modified deep plane extended superficial muscular aponeurotic system rhytidectomy with submentoplasty reliably delivers a significant improvement with lasting results.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fsc.2014.01.010DOI Listing
May 2014

Suprastomal cutaneous monitoring paddle for free flap reconstruction of laryngopharyngectomy defects.

JAMA Facial Plast Surg 2013 Jul-Aug;15(4):287-91

Head and Neck Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

Importance: Method of direct clinical monitoring of tissue perfusion in free tissue reconstruction of pharyngeal defects.

Objective: To describe a novel and effective method of incorporating a cutaneous skin paddle into laryngopharyngectomy reconstruction for direct clinical monitoring of anterolateral thigh free flaps.

Design: Retrospective review of pharyngoesophageal reconstruction for laryngopharyngectomy defects performed between August 1, 2008, and March 1, 2011, using the anterolateral thigh flap.

Setting: Tertiary care academic medical center.

Participants: Consecutive patients undergoing laryngopharyngectomy where free tissue transfer is indicated.

Interventions: Anterolateral thigh free flap reconstruction with suprastomal cutaneous monitoring paddle.

Main Outcome Measures: Postoperative complications, including flap failure, fistula, and stricture. Postoperative functional outcomes of swallowing and vocal capability were also measured.

Results: Twenty-one patients (mean age, 62.2 years; range, 39-81 years) underwent total laryngectomy with near-total or total pharyngectomy and immediate reconstruction with an anterolateral thigh free flap. The reconstructions included a cutaneous monitor paddle distal to the pharyngoesophageal anastomosis. Twenty patients were treated for squamous cell carcinoma and received either adjuvant or neoadjuvant radiation therapy. There were no partial or total flap losses. A late pharyngocutaneous fistula occurred at 6 weeks in 1 patient (5%), requiring exploration, and anastomotic stricture occurred in 4 patients (19%). All patients except 1 were able to swallow solid foods at a mean follow-up of 11.1 months. Nineteen patients (90%) underwent tracheoesophageal puncture and attained an intelligible voice. One patient (5%) had stomal stenosis requiring surgical management.

Conclusions And Relevance: The suprastomal cutaneous monitoring paddle enables direct monitoring of an otherwise buried reconstructive flap. This method allows direct clinical observation for microvascular compromise without a need for further procedures and without any increase in morbidity or compromise of speech and swallow functions.

Level Of Evidence: 4.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamafacial.2013.845DOI Listing
March 2014

Orbitomaxillary reconstruction using the layered fibula osteocutaneous flap.

Arch Facial Plast Surg 2012 Mar-Apr;14(2):110-5

Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Head and Neck Institute, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA.

Objective: To describe a surgical technique for total palatomaxillary and orbital reconstruction using a fibula osteocutaneous free flap in a layered fashion.

Methods: Case series from a tertiary care facial plastic and reconstructive surgical practice including patients with postextirpative Brown 3a and 3b orbitopalatomaxillary defects undergoing immediate microvascular reconstruction. Application of the layered fibula free flap to composite maxillary defects permits single-stage, optimal reconstruction of contiguous orbitomaxillary defects, reconstitution of midface 3-dimensional contour, and restoration of the anterior alveolar arch with robust bone, thereby providing for potential sequential dental rehabilitation with osseointegrated implants.

Results: This technique demonstrates excellent long-term symmetry, support, function, and aesthetic contour. Although patients may need minor, adjunctive procedures, this technique is flexible in design and offers reliable outcomes with a minimum of morbidity.

Conclusion: The fibula osteocutaneous free flap, because of its design flexibility and ability to provide structural support, is an excellent reconstructive option for total maxillary defects, including those that involve the orbit.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archfacial.2011.1329DOI Listing
July 2012

Botulinum toxin treatment of adductor spasmodic dysphonia: longitudinal functional outcomes.

Laryngoscope 2011 Mar 4;121(3):606-12. Epub 2011 Feb 4.

New York Center for Voice and Swallowing Disorders, New York, New York, USA.

Objectives: Laryngeal botulinum toxin (BoNT) injection is a well-established symptomatic treatment for adductor spasmodic dysphonia (AdSD). Injections may be followed by a period of muscle weakness characterized by breathiness, voice weakness, and dysphagia for liquids. A recent study described some detriment and limited functional improvement with "good voice" for only one-third of the period between successive injections. Our objective was to examine the longitudinal effect of BoNT treatment for AdSD upon functional outcomes and quality of life when using a patient-specific dosing regimen.

Study Design: Prospective cohort study.

Methods: Patients presenting for BoNT treatment of AdSD were asked to complete evaluation of voice function after each injection using the percentage of normal function (PNF) scale (daily for two weeks, then weekly). Other parameters measured included voice handicap index (VHI), duration of effect, and complications.

Results: A total of 133 patients treated continuously between January 2006 and January 2009 with an individuated regime (dose, pattern, and schedule) were included. Of 1,457 treatments, 50.9% experienced some breathiness. Mean VHI improvement was 9.6%. Mean PNF improvement was 30.3%. There was correlation between the two scales. Dysphagia to liquids was reported after 14.2% of treatments. We describe two distinct types of functional outcome curve. A total of 28.5% of treatments were followed by initial functional decline. Mean time below baseline function was 5.7%. Mean proportion of time in plateau phase was 42.5%.

Conclusions: It is important to consider longitudinal functional outcomes in BoNT treatment of AdSD. An individuated dosing regimen helps minimize side effects and maximize functional and quality-of-life outcomes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.21395DOI Listing
March 2011

Vascularized bone graft reconstruction of the temporomandibular joint using the tunneled, anchored suture technique.

Laryngoscope 2010 ;120 Suppl 4:S236

Head and Neck Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Objective: To describe a novel technique that provides a simple, flexible and safe method to approximate and secure the neo-condyle into the glenoid fossa in reconstruction of hemi-mandibulectomy defects.

Study Design: Retrospective chart review of a case series was performed.

Methods: Three patients underwent composite resection of the hemi-mandible with condylectomy. A minimally invasive tunneled suture, anchored with a miniplate to the zygomatic root, was used to approximate the neo-condyle into the glenoid fossa. Postoperative outcomes were assessed with clinical and radiographic measures.

Results: The median patient age was 64 years. Median follow-up was 19 months. All patients reported improved facial symmetry, jaw opening and acceptable dental occlusion. Post-operative CT imaging revealed sustained approximation within the TMJ without evidence of jaw drift.

Conclusion: The described approach introduces a simple, safe, flexible and effective technique for neo-condylar suspension and appropriate realignment during mandibular reconstruction.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.21703DOI Listing
February 2011

Does HPV have a presence in diffuse high grade pre-malignant lesions of the larynx?

Laryngoscope 2010 ;120 Suppl 4:S201

Head and Neck Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Objective: To describe the incidence of HPV in diffuse high grade pre-cancerous lesions of the larynx.

Methods: Patient charts were searched for those who presented between October 2008 and June 2009 with diffuse vocal fold leukoplakia. Biopsy proven laryngeal lesions with high grade dysplasia or carcinoma-in-situ (CIS) were examined for patient characteristics and presence of high-risk type HPV detected by in situ hybridization technique.

Results: Fifteen patients with precancerous lesions were identified. Average age was 63 years and 13 were male. One lesion was identified as positive for high-risk HPV, all other lesions were negative. At current follow up, no patient has demonstrated progression to invasive carcinoma.

Conclusion: HPV may not play a role in non-progressing diffuse high-grade lesions of the larynx.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.21668DOI Listing
February 2011

Mean arterial pressures during the first 24 hours of life in < or = 600-gram birth weight infants.

J Perinatol 2002 Jul-Aug;22(5):348-53

Pediatrics Department, The Ohio State University Medical Center, Columbus, OH 43210-1228, USA.

Objective: To determine mean arterial pressure values during the first 24 hours for "stable" and "unstable" extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants and to ascertain its association with perinatal factors.

Background: In ELBW infants, hypotension is diagnosed by nonspecific clinical signs together with reference arterial pressure values extrapolated from regression models or from scarce actual observations.

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Methods: 101 ELBW (< or = 600 g) infants born in our medical center (1989-2000). Considered stable were 36 infants with umbilical cord hemoglobin > or = 14 g/dl who, although mechanically ventilated, had normal acid-base balance, no patent ductus arteriosus, had not received indomethacin, steroids, muscle relaxants, narcotics, were never treated for hypotension and survived at least 7 days. The remaining 65 infants constituted the unstable group. Arterial pressures were determined by oscillometry (OBP) and direct transducer readings through an umbilical line (MAP). All admission and 10% of the readings were by OBP; the remaining 1877 measurements were by MAP.

Results: Stable and unstable infants were similar in birth weight, demographics, history of chorioamnionitis, antepartum steroids, low Apgar scores, administration of epinephrine during resuscitation, and sepsis. Stable infants were different from unstable in gestational age (27+/-2 vs 25+/-2 weeks' gestational age [w GA]), history of preterm labor, preeclampsia, and neonatal mortality (22 vs 68%). Admission OBP (30+/-7 vs 29+/-10 Torr) were similar and 1-hour MAP were different (30+/-6 vs 27+/-7 Torr) between both groups. MAP for stable infants was higher throughout the 24 hours. Greater differences were noted between 3 and 6 hours when 34 of 65 unstable infants were treated for hypotension. Mean MAP and 10 percentile values for stable infants at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 hours were 30 (22), 31 (24), 32 (25), 34 (24), and 35 (28) Torr, respectively. MAPs did not correlate with birth weight, but they were lower among 19 stable infants < or = 26 w GA than among 17 stable infants > or = 27 w GA. History of preeclampsia, antenatal steroids, intratracheal epinephrine and cord hemoglobin did not influence MAP. Low 1-minute Apgar score and intracranial hemorrhage were associated with low MAP during the first day.

Conclusion: There is a wide variation of GA among ELBW infants. MAPs increase with GA and with postnatal age. Shortly after birth, arterial pressures are similar for stable and unstable infants. Failure to increase MAP between 3 and 6 hours of life should create concern. MAP < or = 28 Torr at 3 hours of life is a reasonable, but not absolute, predictor of the need for hypotension treatment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.jp.7210736DOI Listing
August 2002
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