Publications by authors named "Hazel Watters"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Changes in Characteristics and Outcomes of Patients Undergoing Surgery for Hip Fractures Following the Initiation of Orthogeriatric Service: Temporal Trend Analysis.

Calcif Tissue Int 2021 Aug 27. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

Institute of Cardiovascular Research, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, TW20 0EX, Surrey, UK.

The Blue Book published by the British Orthopaedic Association and British Geriatrics Society, together with the introduction of National Hip Fracture Database Audit and Best Practice Tariff, have been influential in improving hip fracture care. We examined ten-year (2009-2019) changes in hip fracture outcomes after establishing an orthogeriatric service based on these initiatives, in 1081 men and 2891 women (mean age = 83.5 ± 9.1 years). Temporal trends in the annual percentage change (APC) of outcomes were identified using the Joinpoint Regression Program v4.7.0.0. The proportions of patients operated beyond 36 h of admission fell sharply during the first two years: APC =  - 53.7% (95% CI - 68.3, - 5.2, P = 0.003), followed by a small rise thereafter: APC = 5.8% (95% CI 0.5, 11.3, P = 0.036). Hip surgery increased progressively in patients > 90 years old: APC = 3.3 (95% CI 1.0, 5.8, P = 0.011) and those with American Society of Anaesthesiologists grade ≥ 3: APC = 12.4 (95% CI 8.8, 16.1, P < 0.001). There was a significant decline in pressure ulcers amongst patients < 90 years old: APC =  - 17.9 (95% CI - 32.7, 0.0, P = 0.050) and also a significant decline in mortality amongst those > 90 years old: APC =  - 7.1 (95% CI - 12.6, - 1.3, P = 0.024). Prolonged length of stay (> 23 days) declined from 2013: APC =  - 24.6% (95% CI - 31.2, - 17.4, P < 0.001). New discharge to nursing care declined moderately over 2009-2016 (APC =  - 10.6, 95% CI - 17.2, - 2.7, P = 0.017) and sharply thereafter (APC =  - 47.5%, 95%CI - 71.7, - 2.7, P = 0.043). The rate of patients returning home was decreasing (APC =  - 2.9, 95% CI - 5.1, - 0.7, P = 0.016), whilst new discharge to rehabilitation was increasing (APC = 8.4, 95% CI 4.0, 13.0; P = 0.002). In conclusion, the establishment of an orthogeriatric service was associated with a reduction of elapsed time to hip surgery, a progressive increase in surgery carried out on high-risk adults and a decline in adverse outcomes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00223-021-00906-4DOI Listing
August 2021

Hospital stay and blood transfusion in elderly patients with hip fractures.

J Perioper Pract 2017 Dec;27(12):288-291

The Rowley Bristow Unit, Ashford and St Peter's Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Chertsey, United Kingdom.

Neck of femur (NOF) fractures in elderly patients are the most frequent condition which an orthopaedic surgeon confronts nowadays. The incidence of these fractures is increasing as the population continues to age. These patients absorb the majority of the resources in the hospitals, as their healthcare demands are increased. This study included all patients who were admitted to our hospital between January and October 2015 following a neck of femur fracture. A total of 336 patients were included (72.3% female). We gathered demographic and hospitalisation data from patients' files. Haemoglobin (Hb) levels at admission and transfusion data were also collected. Male patients appeared to have a relatively higher risk of mortality than females (p=0.01). Patients with high ASA grade (IV) had a higher mortality rate (p=0.01). Age, delay of surgery, type of surgery, AMTS and Hb at admission and type of fracture on the other hand did not have a significant impact on mortality (p>0.05). Patients who needed transfusion during their hospitalisation had significantly lower Hb at admission (p=0.044). More specifically, patients who had Hb<110 at admission were more likely to need transfusion (p<0.001). Hospitalisation of patients who needed transfusion was significantly prolonged. In our effort to deliver the best services to our patients, this study considers transfusing the elderly patients with low Hb at admission (Hb<110) pre-operatively, with a view to increasing their reserves for the operation and potentially speeding up the rehabilitation process and decreasing their hospitalisation time.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/175045891702701203DOI Listing
December 2017

Home is where our journey begins - getting more patients home after a hip fracture with an orthopaedic supportive discharge team.

Future Healthc J 2017 Jun;4(2):131-133

Ashford and St Peter's NHS Foundation Trust, Chertsey, UK.

Hip fracture (neck of femur fracture (NOF)) patients spend a significant amount of time in hospitals, recuperating after the acute event and undergoing rehabilitation. This model of care increases the risk of institutionalisation and may lead to hospital-related harm. An orthopaedic supportive discharge team was set up using a £90,000 grant from the Ashford and St Peter's NHS Foundation Trust's Innovation Fund and care was improved using plan-do-study-act cycles. The team was operational from the 1 March 2014 with the capacity to support eight patients. Engagement meetings were held with patients, GPs and community partners. To reduce risk of readmission, patients were given fast track access to fracture and geriatric clinics. The team's capacity increased to 12 patients through efficiency and introduction of cross-specialty working. The addition of a nurse and therapy assistant - coupled with further improvement in processes - increased capacity still further to 20 patients. In 2 years, 459 patients (211 NOFs) were referred to orthopaedic supportive discharge. Home-to-home discharges improved from 53.9% to 66.3% and length of stay reduced from 21.5 to 14.03 days, enabling a rehabilitation ward to be closed with significant cost savings for NOF patients. 99.6% of patients using orthopaedic supportive discharge provided positive feedback. Orthopaedic supportive discharge should be part of NOF services as it is cost effective, increases home-to-home discharges and reduces length of stay.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7861/futurehosp.4-2-131DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6502623PMC
June 2017

Hip fracture outcomes in patients with Parkinson's disease.

Clin Med (Lond) 2017 Jun;17(Suppl 3):s20

Orthogeriatrics Department, Ashford and St Peter's NHS Trust, Chertsey, Surrey, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7861/clinmedicine.17-3-s20DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6334136PMC
June 2017
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