Publications by authors named "Hayden Saunders"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The Borealin dimerization domain interacts with Sgo1 to drive Aurora B-mediated spindle assembly.

Mol Biol Cell 2020 09 22;31(20):2207-2218. Epub 2020 Jul 22.

Laboratory of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892.

The chromosomal passenger complex (CPC), which includes the kinase Aurora B, is a master regulator of meiotic and mitotic processes that ensure the equal segregation of chromosomes. Sgo1 is thought to play a major role in the recruitment of the CPC to chromosomes, but the molecular mechanism and contribution of Sgo1-dependent CPC recruitment is currently unclear. Using egg extracts and biochemical reconstitution, we found that Sgo1 interacts directly with the dimerization domain of the CPC subunit Borealin. Borealin and the PP2A phosphatase complex can bind simultaneously to the coiled-coil domain of Sgo1, suggesting that Sgo1 can integrate Aurora B and PP2A activities to modulate Aurora B substrate phosphorylation. A Borealin mutant that specifically disrupts the Sgo1-Borealin interaction results in defects in CPC chromosomal recruitment and Aurora B-dependent spindle assembly, but not in spindle assembly checkpoint signaling at unattached kinetochores. These findings establish a direct molecular connection between Sgo1 and the CPC and have major implications for the different functions of Aurora B, which promote the proper interaction between spindle microtubules and chromosomes.
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September 2020

Structural mechanisms of centromeric nucleosome recognition by the kinetochore protein CENP-N.

Science 2018 01 21;359(6373):339-343. Epub 2017 Dec 21.

Laboratory of Cell Biology, Center for Cancer Research (CCR), National Cancer Institute (NCI), National Institutes of Health (NIH), Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.

Accurate chromosome segregation requires the proper assembly of kinetochore proteins. A key step in this process is the recognition of the histone H3 variant CENP-A in the centromeric nucleosome by the kinetochore protein CENP-N. We report cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM), biophysical, biochemical, and cell biological studies of the interaction between the CENP-A nucleosome and CENP-N. We show that human CENP-N confers binding specificity through interactions with the L1 loop of CENP-A, stabilized by electrostatic interactions with the nucleosomal DNA. Mutational analyses demonstrate analogous interactions in , which are further supported by residue-swapping experiments involving the L1 loop of CENP-A. Our results are consistent with the coevolution of CENP-N and CENP-A and establish the structural basis for recognition of the CENP-A nucleosome to enable kinetochore assembly and centromeric chromatin organization.
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January 2018