Publications by authors named "Hassan Bin Attique"

11 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Impact of prefilter dilution on IgG removal in membrane-based therapeutic plasma exchange.

Ther Apher Dial 2021 Nov 14. Epub 2021 Nov 14.

Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, Connecticut, USA.

Introduction: Previous studies have demonstrated that a "one plasma volume exchange" would result in an estimated 63% decline in pretreatment IgG levels. We evaluated the use of prefilter dilution with normal saline as a method to prevent filter failure without decreasing the efficiency of IgG removal.

Methods: Twenty-one treatment sessions were analyzed and all received prefilter dilution with normal saline. Primary outcome was to determine whether prefilter dilution resulted in decreased treatment efficiency in removing the targeted IgG. Secondary outcome was filter failure in conjunction with the combined use of prefilter heparin and saline infusions.

Results: All 21 treatments (100%) received prefilter dilution with saline solution and 19/21 (90.47%) also received prefilter heparin (bolus and/or hourly infusion). We demonstrated a 60%-70% decline in pretreatment IgG levels.

Conclusion: Prefilter dilution during membrane-based therapeutic plasma exchange based treatment did not result in a demonstrable decrease in efficiency of IgG removal while maintaining filter patency.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1744-9987.13757DOI Listing
November 2021

Diabetic nephropathy in pregnancy: Report of two cases progressing to end-stage renal disease within one year postpartum.

Case Rep Womens Health 2021 Jul 14;31:e00326. Epub 2021 May 14.

UConn Health Division of Nephrology, 263 Farmington Ave, Farmington, CT 06030, USA.

Background: Diabetes mellitus is a leading cause of nephropathy and end-stage renal disease. However, diabetic nephropathy during pregnancy in patients with normal glomerular filtration rate and subsequent progression to end-stage renal disease has not been well studied.

Cases: This report presents two patients with poorly controlled type 1 diabetes mellitus who had diabetic nephropathy with preserved estimated glomerular filtration rate (Case 1: 117 mL/min/1.73m; Case 2: 79 mL/min/1.73m) and shared a similar clinical course, with glomerular filtration rates decreasing by approximately one-half during pregnancy and progression to end-stage renal disease within the first year postpartum. Both women had a long history of type 1 diabetes: 18 years and 24 years for case 1 and case 2 respectively. The first patient's course of pregnancy was complicated by difficult-to-control blood glucose and hypertension with subsequent preeclampsia. The second patient's course of pregnancy was complicated by difficult-to-control blood sugars and preterm labor resulting in classical cesarean delivery at 24 weeks. Both patients had renal biopsies shortly after delivery as their renal function continued to worsen postpartum. Both kidney biopsies demonstrated advanced diabetic nephropathy changes and ultimately required chronic renal replacement therapy within 7-9 months postpartum.

Conclusion: Comprehensive family planning discussions with women who have diabetic nephropathy should include the risks of renal disease progression, even in those patients with preserved renal function at the time of conception.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.crwh.2021.e00326DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8226387PMC
July 2021

Bioresorbable polymer and durable polymer metallic stents in coronary artery disease: a meta-analysis.

Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther 2021 May 22;19(5):445-456. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Cardiovascular Medicine, Detroit Medical Center, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA.

Background: Literature on bioresorbable-polymer-stents (BPS) and second-generation durable-polymer-stents (DPS) in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for all comer CAD is conflicting.

Methods: Randomized controlled studies comparing PCI among BPS and second-generation DPS were identified up until May-2020 from online databases.  Primary outcomes included are all-cause myocardial infarction (MI), cardiac-death, target-vessel-revascularization (TVR), target-vessel MI (TVMI), and stent-thrombosis (ST). Random effect method of risk ratio and confidence interval of 95% was used.

Results: 25 prospective randomized controlled trials with 31,822 patients (BPS = 17,065 and DPS = 14,757) were included in the study. Follow-up ranged between a minimum of 6 months to more than 5 years. Cardiac death (RR 1.02, 95% CI 0.89-1.45, = 0.16) was comparable in BPS and second-generation DPS. Risk of all-cause MI was similar between BPS and DPS (RR 0.97, 95% CI 0.84-1.11, = 0.73). TVMI (RR 0.88, 95% CI 0.69-1.11, = 0.33) and ST rates were also comparable in BPS and DPS groups (RR 1.06, 95% CI 0.80-1.40, = 1.00). Overall TVR had comparable outcomes between BPS and DPS (RR 0.95, 95% CI 0.79-1.14, < 0.001); however, higher TVR was seen among BPS group at follow-up of ≥5 years (RR 1.39, 95% CI 1.12-1.14, = 0.02). Bias was low and heterogeneity was moderate.

Conclusion: Patients undergoing PCI treated with BPS had comparable outcomes in terms of cardiac death, TVR, ST, TVMI, and all-cause MI to patients treated with second-generation DPS; however, BPS had higher rates of TVR for follow-up of ≥5-years.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14779072.2021.1915769DOI Listing
May 2021

Meta-Analysis of Direct Oral Anticoagulants Compared With Vitamin K Antagonist for Left Ventricle Thrombus.

Cardiovasc Revasc Med 2022 02 9;35:141-146. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Division of Cardiology, University of Massachusetts School of Medicine, Worcester, MA, USA. Electronic address:

Background: The use of direct oral anticoagulants (DOAC) in preference to vitamin K antagonists (VKA) as a treatment of left ventricle (LV) thrombus is controversial.

Methods: Literature search for full-text articles and conference abstracts was performed using PubMed, EMBASE databases search was performed to identify articles that compared use of DOAC vs. VKA in patients with LV thrombus. The primary outcome was composite failure or adverse effects of DOAC and VKA. Other outcomes were resolution of thrombus, systemic thromboembolism, major bleeding, and mortality. Pooled odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) were computed using random effects model.

Results: Seven studies with 1003 patients (mean age DOAC = 58.8 years and VKA = 58.9 year, 55.5% males) were included in this study. There were 306 (30.5%) patients that were treated with DOAC and 697 (69.5%) patients were treated with VKA. Overall, there were no significant differences between both agents in terms of composite failure/adverse effects, resolution of thrombus, systemic embolism, major bleeding, or mortality.

Conclusion: In this pooled analysis, outcomes in patients on DOAC were comparable to VKA. The hypothesis generated could suggest DOAC could be used interchangeably with VKA in patients with LV thrombus. Randomized trials are needed for generalization of results.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carrev.2021.03.001DOI Listing
February 2022

Post-PCI outcomes in STEMI patients with coronary ectasia: meta-analysis.

Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther 2021 Apr 14;19(4):349-356. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Cardiology,University of Massachusetts School of Medicine, Worcester, MA, USA.

Background: Coronary ectasia (CE) is defined as dilation of the coronary artery, 1.5 times that of the surrounding vessel. Outcomes of percutaneous intervention (PCI) in patients with CE presenting as ST-elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI) remain a topic of debate.

Methods: Studies comparing outcomes of PCI in CE versus no-ectasia (NE) STEMI patients were identified. Baseline angiographic characteristics include thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) 0-1 flow, right coronary artery (RCA) involvement, and primary outcomes including thrombus aspiration, no-reflow, mortality, and TIMI-3 post-PCI. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated.

Results: Six studies (n = 5746, CE-340 and NE-5406) qualified for the analysis. RCA involvement was more common in CE than NE, OR-1.39 (95%CI1.06-1.82, p-0.02). Pre-procedure TIMI-0-1 was of comparable results between the groups (p-1.13). Higher thrombus aspiration for CE (OR 2.18, 95%CI1.44-3.32;p-<0.001). CE had higher incidence of no-reflow (OR 4.07, 95%CI2.42-6.84;p-<0.001). TIMI-3 flow post-PCI was achieved less commonly in the CE group (OR-0.64, 95%CI-0.48-0.86;p-<0.001). Mortality on follow-up was comparable (0.83, 95%CI0.39-1.78;p-0.63). Metaregression analysis did not show confounding effects from comorbidities.

Conclusion: Coronary ectasia patients with STEMI had higher rates of PCI failure and no-reflow than NE; however, mortality during follow-up was comparable.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14779072.2021.1889370DOI Listing
April 2021

Does Pulmonary Embolism in Critically Ill COVID-19 Patients Worsen the In-Hospital Mortality: A Meta-Analysis.

Cardiovasc Revasc Med 2021 10 25;31:34-40. Epub 2020 Nov 25.

Detroit Medical Center, Detroit, MI, USA.

Background: Mortality in critically ill COVID (coronavirus disease) patients secondary to pulmonary embolism (PE) has conflicting data. We aim to evaluate the mortality outcomes of critically ill patients with and without PE (WPE).

Methods: Three studies were identified after a digital database search on PE in ICU (intensive care unit) patients until September 2020. The primary outcome was mortality. Outcomes were compared using a random method odds ratio and confidence interval of 95%.

Results: A total of 439 patients were included in the study. Diabetes, hypertension, and renal replacement requirement had no statistically significant association between PE and WPE, p = 0.39, p = 0.23, and p = 0.29 respectively. The study revealed that males have higher odds of PE, OR-1.98, 95%CI-1.01-3.89; p = 0.05. In-hospital mortality results were comparable between PE and WPE after subgroup analysis and correction of heterogeneity, p = 0.25.

Conclusion: PE in critically ill COVID patients had similar in-hospital mortality outcomes as WPE patients. The findings are only hypotheses generated from observational studies and need future randomized, prospective clinical trials for a definitive conclusion.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carrev.2020.11.024DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7687401PMC
October 2021

COVID-19 Related Arterial Coagulopathy.

Cureus 2020 Jul 31;12(7):e9490. Epub 2020 Jul 31.

Internal Medicine, Trinity Health of New England, Hartford, USA.

Coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) is a disease caused by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, which is characterized by a multitude of clinical abnormalities, including hypercoagulability. Although thrombosis is commonly observed in sepsis, the hypercoagulable state associated with COVID-19 is much more dramatic and may not be related to either the severity of the disease or the D-dimer levels. It may be due to a prothrombotic state induced by the disease itself. We report three cases of arterial thrombosis with a significant clot burden requiring urgent medical and surgical intervention. It is now a common practice to initiate anticoagulation for deep venous thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis based on the D-dimer level in hospitalized patients with COVID-19. However, in our clinical experience, D-dimer levels did not correlate well with the clot burden or the risk for future thrombosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.9490DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7458717PMC
July 2020

Successful treatment of Hashimoto encephalopathy with therapeutic plasma exchange.

Ther Apher Dial 2020 10 21;24(5):599-601. Epub 2020 Jan 21.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, University of Connecticut, Hartford, Connecticut.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1744-9987.13466DOI Listing
October 2020

Long-Term Peritoneal Dialysis May Result in Vascular Changes Within the Peritoneal Cavity, Leading to Reduced Efficacy of Intravenous Antibiotics in Treatment of Bacterial Peritonitis.

Am J Med 2017 Oct 7;130(10):e449-e450. Epub 2017 Jun 7.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, University of Connecticut, Farmington. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjmed.2017.05.015DOI Listing
October 2017

Speckle Tracking Echocardiography of the Right Atrium: The Neglected Chamber.

Clin Cardiol 2015 Nov 10;38(11):692-7. Epub 2015 Sep 10.

Department of Internal Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, Tennessee.

The right atrium (RA) plays a pivotal role in electromechanical and endocrine regulation of the heart. Its peculiar anatomical features and phasic mechanical function make it distinct from ventricles. Various invasive and noninvasive techniques have been used to elucidate RA structure and function. Of these modalities, echocardiography has distinct advantages over others. Several conventional measures of RA function through echocardiography have been described in the literature, but they are load dependent. A relatively new technique is speckle tracking-derived strain, which is relatively less dependent on loading conditions. Speckle tracking echocardiography tracks acoustic scatters (speckles) of myocardium frame-by-frame to calculate strain or deformation of the myocardium. Speckle tracking echocardiography has been used extensively for strain assessment of the right and left ventricle to detect subtle disease pathology, to gain mechanistic insight, as a marker of ischemic metabolic memory, as an endpoint in clinical trials, and as a functional assessment tool. The RA is a relatively neglected chamber, as it is mostly studied for assessment of atrial mass lesions, for electrophysiological studies, and in animal models for physiological assessment. However, its role in the systolic and diastolic function of the right heart, pulmonary vascular pathology, congenital heart diseases, and combined electromechanical activation phenomena has been less explored or unexplored. Speckle tracking echocardiography is an ideal tool for the assessment of the RA because of its regional and global functional characterization, angle independence, and high temporal resolution.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/clc.22438DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6490855PMC
November 2015
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