Publications by authors named "Hany Mansour Khalil Dabous"

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Effectiveness and Early Postoperative Outcomes of Palliative Endoluminal Stenting Versus Hartmann's Procedure in Acute Malignant Bowel Obstruction in High-risk Patients.

Ann Coloproctol 2021 05 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Hepatology and Gastroenterology, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.

Purpose: The emergency intervention for acute malignant left-sided colonic obstruction remains controversial. Conflicting reports exist regarding the efficacy and safety of endoscopic placement of self-expandable metallic stents (SEMS) vs. primary surgery. Most reports focus on SEMS insertion as a bridge to surgery.

Methods: An observational nonrandomized study at a single center in Cairo, Egypt included 65 high-risk patients (American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification ≥ III, age > 60 years) with acute malignant metastatic (stage IV) colonic obstruction. Twenty-nine patients underwent primary surgery (Hartmann's procedure, HP), and 35 patients underwent SEMS insertion.

Results: All cases that underwent SEMS insertion were technically successful. The 2 procedures were comparable in clinical success rates but a statistically significant difference existed between them regarding the duration of postoperative hospital stay in the HP and SEMS group (7.7 ± 3.1 days vs. 3.5 ± 0.6 days, retrospectively; P < 0.001), the interval before regaining oral feeding (41.8 ± 26.8 hours vs. 27.6 ± 18.5 hours, retrospectively; P = 0.015), and the duration of intensive care unit (ICU) admission (5.0 ± 1.7 days vs. 1.5 ± 0.7 days, retrospectively; P = 0.035). Six patients (20.7%) in the HP group and 2 patients (5.7%) in the SEMS group required postoperative ICU admission.

Conclusion: SEMS placement provides comparable efficacy and safety to HP in managing acute malignant obstruction of the rectosigmoid region in high-risk individuals, with faster recovery and less hospital and ICU admission time.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3393/ac.2021.01.28DOI Listing
May 2021
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