Publications by authors named "Hanwei Yang"

10 Publications

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The complete mitochondrial genome of Dahl 1955 (Siluriformes, Pseudopimelodidae) and its phylogenetic position within Pseudopimelodidae.

Mitochondrial DNA B Resour 2021 1;6(8):2206-2208. Epub 2021 Aug 1.

School of Animal Science, Guizhou University, Guiyang, China.

The complete mitochondrial DNA genome of was first was determined in this study. The entire length of mitochondrial genome consists of 13 protein-codinggenes (PCG), 2 ribosomal RNA genes (rRNA), and 22 transfer RNA (tRNA) genes and control region. The nucleotide composition was made up of 32.2% A, 25.9% T, 26.7% C, and 15.2% G, respectively, indicating an A + T (58.1%)-rich feature. With the exception of 8 tRNA genes and NADH6, mitochondrial genes are encoded on the heavy strand, which was similar to that in other vertebrates. The results showed that the species of Pseudopimelodidae were gathered in the same branch. The phylogenies indicate monophyly of the genus , and , respectively.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23802359.2021.1945974DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8330709PMC
August 2021

HO-1 nuclear accumulation and interaction with NPM1 protect against stress-induced endothelial senescence independent of its enzymatic activity.

Cell Death Dis 2021 Jul 26;12(8):738. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, National and Local United Engineering Lab of Druggability and New Drugs Evaluation, Guangdong Engineering Laboratory of Druggability and New Drug Evaluation, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of New Drug Design and Evaluation, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) has attracted accumulating attention for its antioxidant enzymatic activity. However, the exact regulatory role of its non-enzymatic activity in the cardiovascular system remains unaddressed. Here, we show that HO-1 was accumulated in the nuclei of stress-induced senescent endothelial cells, and conferred protection against endothelial senescence independent of its enzymatic activity. Overexpression of ΔHO-1, a truncated HO-1 without transmembrane segment (TMS), inhibited HO-induced endothelial senescence. Overexpression of ΔHO-1, the catalytically inactive form of ΔHO-1, also exhibited anti-senescent effect. In addition, infection of recombinant adenovirus encoding ΔHO-1 with three nuclear localization sequences (NLS), alleviated endothelial senescence induced by knockdown of endogenous HO-1 by CRISPR/Cas9. Moreover, repression of HO-1 nuclear translocation by silencing of signal peptide peptidase (SPP), which is responsible for enzymatic cleavage of the TMS of HO-1, exacerbated endothelial senescence. Mechanistically, nuclear HO-1 interacted with NPM1 N-terminal portion, prevented NPM1 translocation from nucleolus to nucleoplasm, thus disrupted NPM1/p53/MDM2 interactions and inhibited p53 activation by NPM1, finally resisted endothelial senescence. This study provides a novel understanding of HO-1 as a promising therapeutic strategy for vascular senescence-related cardiovascular diseases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41419-021-04035-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8313700PMC
July 2021

Correlation between prostate-specific antigen and four renal function-associated parameters in different ethnicities in southwest China.

Exp Ther Med 2020 Dec 5;20(6):143. Epub 2020 Oct 5.

Department of Urology, Institute of Urology (Laboratory of Reconstructive Urology), West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, P.R. China.

A limited number of studies have investigated the significance of cystatin C, creatinine, uric acid and urea in prostate cancer. The present study aimed to explore the correlation between these molecules and total prostate-specific antigen (tPSA) levels using big data from patients of different Chinese ethnicities. Patients undergoing physical examination at the Medical Examination Center of West China Hospital (Chengdu, China) between January 2010 and May 2019 were retrospectively included. A χ test or Fisher's test and Kruskal-Wallis rank-sum test were used to compare categorical and continuous variables. Pearson's correlation coefficients (r) with 95% CI were also determined to assess the correlation between tPSA and cystatin, uric acid, creatinine and urea in the entire patient population and in different ethnicities. A total of 253,281 male patients were included and their mean age was 47.83±14.28 years. The mean tPSA level of these patients was 1.15±1.88 ng/ml. The mean levels of the renal function-associated parameters cystatin C, uric acid, creatinine and urea were 0.91±0.19, 388.02±77.37, 83.94±55.89 and 5.23±1.23 ng/ml, respectively. In the total patient population, urea (r=0.0774, P<0.0001), creatinine (r=0.0219, P<0.0001) and cystatin (r=0.1513, P<0.0001) were slightly positively correlated with tPSA, whereas uric acid was negatively correlated with tPSA (r=-0.0307, P<0.0001). Subgroup analyses generally yielded consistent results; however, a stronger correlation was noted between cystatin C and tPSA for the Mongolian ethnicity (r=0.6572, P<0.0001) and between creatinine and tPSA for the Yi ethnicity (r=0.6125, P<0.0001). In conclusion, the present study used data from a large population to reveal a generally significant and slightly positive correlation between tPSA and cystatin C levels among the 10 most common ethnicities in China. Subgroup analyses indicated that the tPSA level was moderately positively correlated with the creatinine level for the Mongolian and Yi ethnicities and the cystatin C level was moderately positively correlated with tPSA for the Mongolian ethnicity. Future studies are required to confirm and expand the present results.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.9272DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7571325PMC
December 2020

Association between Serum Uric Acid and Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Nonobese Postmenopausal Women: A Cross-sectional Study.

Sci Rep 2020 06 22;10(1):10072. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Health Management Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

This study aimed to determine the association between serum uric acid (sUA) and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in nonobese postmenopausal women. A total of 4323 female individuals over 18 years of age participated in this cross-sectional study. The subjects were divided into four groups according to menopause status and body mass index. sUA quartiles in this female population were categorized as follows: Q1 ≤ 230 mmol/L, Q2: 231-270 mmol/L, Q3: 271-310 mmol/L and Q4: ≥ 311 mmol/L. The presence or absence of NAFLD was assessed by abdominal ultrasonography. The prevalence of NAFLD was 38.8% in the general population, and the average age was 46.5 ± 11.3 years. Among nonobese and obese subjects, the prevalence of NAFLD was lower in nonmenopausal subjects than in postmenopausal subjects (nonobese: 20.74% vs 45.26%, respectively, P < 0.0001; obese: 70.51% vs 84.35%, respectively, P < 0.0001). After adjusting for age, current smoking status, current alcohol drinking status, diabetes, hypertension disease and triglyceride, the ORs (95% CIs) for NAFLD among individuals in Q2-Q4 were 1.518 (1.062-2.169), 1.431 (1.010-2.027) and 2.054 (1.442-2.927), respectively, P value for trend <0.0001. Higher sUA levels can be used as a predictive biomarker for NAFLD in nonobese postmenopausal women.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-66931-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7308322PMC
June 2020

The Influence of Metabolic Syndrome on the Risk of Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis B Infection in Mainland China.

Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2019 Dec 18;28(12):2038-2046. Epub 2019 Sep 18.

Liver Transplantation Center, Department of Liver Surgery, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China.

Background: The association between metabolic syndrome (MS), both in terms of its components and as a whole, and the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in subjects with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection remains unclear, especially in mainland China.

Methods: We prospectively included 6,564 individuals with HBV infection from an initial cohort of 105,397 civil servants. The multivariate-adjusted HR and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were evaluated using Cox proportional hazards models to explore the potential connection between HCC risk and MS. Cumulative incidences were plotted using Kaplan-Meier curves.

Results: After a 45,668.0 person-year follow-up (76.0 ± 30.8 months) of 6,564 subjects who were seropositive for hepatitis B surface antigen, 89 incident HCC cases were identified. MS as a whole was independently associated with a 2-fold increased HCC risk (HR, 2.25; 95% CI, 1.41-3.60) after adjusting for age (in 1-year increments), gender, cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, liver cirrhosis, and elevated aspartate aminotransferase levels (≥40 U/L). Subjects with three or more factors and those with one or two factors had adjusted increased HCC risks of 2.12-fold (95% CI, 1.16-3.89) and 1.28-fold (95% CI, 0.74-2.22), respectively, in comparison with those without any metabolic factors. Central obesity and type 2 diabetes were associated with significantly increased HCC risk, whereas this association was not observed in obese subjects (body mass index ≥30 kg/m; 95% CI, 0.73-3.44).

Conclusions: MS as a whole, central obesity, and type 2 diabetes were independently associated with increased HCC risk in a population with HBV infection in mainland China.

Impact: MS may be a risk factor for HCC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-19-0303DOI Listing
December 2019

The association of metabolic syndrome and its components with serum prostate-specific antigen levels.

Eur J Cancer Prev 2020 01;29(1):36-41

Departments of Health Management Center.

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) can increase the risk of prostate cancer. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is the marker for prostate cancer puncture screening. The aim of our study was to investigate the association between MetS and its components with PSA levels. Data were obtained from 482 943 healthy men who underwent routine health check-ups from January 2010 to December 2017. We used linear regression analysis to evaluate the effects of MetS and its components on PSA levels. To explore the cumulative effect of MetS components, analysis of variance trend analysis was carried out. The PSA levels in the group with MetS were significantly lower than those without MetS (P = 0.001). In the multivariate regression model, age (P < 0.001) and hypertension (P < 0.001) were correlated positively with PSA levels; nevertheless, obesity (P < 0.001), hypertriglyceridemia (P < 0.001), hyperglycemia (P < 0.001), and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level (P < 0.001) had a negative correlation. In addition, after adjustment for age, increasing sums of positive MetS components were associated with a linear decrease in PSA levels (P<0.001). In conclusion, MetS, obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, hyperglycemia, and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels are associated with decreased PSA levels. For patients with PSA levels at the critical value of prostate puncture, the effect of these diseases in reducing PSA levels should be taken into account.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CEJ.0000000000000508DOI Listing
January 2020

Heme oxygenase-1 ameliorates oxidative stress-induced endothelial senescence via regulating endothelial nitric oxide synthase activation and coupling.

Aging (Albany NY) 2018 Jul;10(7):1722-1744

Laboratory of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences; National and Local United Engineering Lab of Druggability and New Drugs Evaluation; Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of New Drug Design and Evaluation, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, 510006, China.

Aim: Premature senescence of vascular endothelial cells is a leading cause of various cardiovascular diseases. Therapies targeting endothelial senescence would have important clinical implications. The present study was aimed to evaluate the potential of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) as a therapeutic target for endothelial senescence.

Methods And Results: Upregulation of HO-1 by Hemin or adenovirus infection reversed HO-induced senescence in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs); whereas depletion of HO-1 by siRNA or HO-1 inhibitor protoporphyrin IX zinc (II) (ZnPP) triggered HUVEC senescence. Mechanistically, overexpression of HO-1 enhanced the interaction between HO-1 and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), and promoted the interaction between eNOS and its upstream kinase Akt, thus resulting in an enhancement of eNOS phosphorylation at Ser1177 and a subsequent increase of nitric oxide (NO) production. Moreover, HO-1 induction prevented the decrease of eNOS dimer/monomer ratio stimulated by HO via its antioxidant properties. Contrarily, HO-1 silencing impaired eNOS phosphorylation and accelerated eNOS uncoupling. , Hemin treatment alleviated senescence of endothelial cells of the aorta from spontaneously hypertensive rats, through upregulating eNOS phosphorylation at Ser1177.

Conclusions: HO-1 ameliorated endothelial senescence through enhancing eNOS activation and defending eNOS uncoupling, suggesting that HO-1 is a potential target for treating endothelial senescence.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18632/aging.101506DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6075439PMC
July 2018

PARP1 interacts with STAT3 and retains active phosphorylated-STAT3 in nucleus during pathological myocardial hypertrophy.

Mol Cell Endocrinol 2018 10 1;474:137-150. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510006, PR China; National and Local United Engineering Lab of Druggability and New Drugs Evaluation, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510006, PR China. Electronic address:

The activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) positively regulates myocardial hypertrophy, and its transcriptional activity is finely conditioned by diverse extracellular growth factors and cytokines. Here, we introduce novel evidence that poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1) interacts with STAT3 and promotes its activation in cardiomyocytes and rat heart tissues. PARP1 activity and phosphorylated STAT3 were augmented by hypertrophic stimuli both in vitro and in vivo. Infection of PARP1 adenovirus induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, which could be prevented by STAT3 knockdown or inhibition. Additionally, PARP1 enhanced STAT3 phosphorylation level, nuclear accumulation and transcriptional activity. Mechanistically, PARP1 interacts with STAT3 and retains active phosphorylated-STAT3 in nucleus. In conclusion, our findings provide the first evidence that PARP1 exacerbates cardiac hypertrophy by stabilizing active phosphorylated-STAT3, which suggests that multi-target therapeutic strategies counteracting PARP1 activity and STAT3 activation would be potential for treating cardiovascular diseases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mce.2018.02.020DOI Listing
October 2018

Follow-up of blood glucose distribution characteristics in a health examination population in Chengdu from 2010 to 2016.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Feb;97(8):e9763

Department of Human Resources, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu Department of Evidence-based Medicine, School of Public Health, Southwest Medical University, Luzhou Department of Gastroenterology Health Management Center Department of Healthcare, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.

The worldwide prevalence and incidence of diabetes and obesity are increasing in pandemic proportions. Thus, regular health examination is an important way for early detection of diabetes and glucose intolerance. The present study aims to detect the blood glucose distribution characteristics of the participants in the Health Examination Center at West China Hospital, Sichuan University from 2010 to 2016.A prospective cohort included 9168 Chinese participants, aged 18 years or more, who had available information on fasting blood glucose concentrations at the start of the study (2010). Examination surveys were conducted every year from 2010 to 2016. Cases having serum level of fasting blood glucose between 2.2 and 6.1 mmol/L were considered as normality, while serum level of fasting blood glucose < 2.2 or higher than 6.2 mmol/L were considered as abnormality.The percentage of participants having normal level of glucose was gradually reduced both in males and females from 2010 to 2016, by which the percentage of males having normal level of glucose was significantly lower than that in females. Moreover, the mean level of glucose was significantly increased from 2010 to 2016 both in males and females overall, and the mean level of glucose was higher in males compared with that in females every year. Furthermore, we showed that the level of glucose was gradually increased year by year in each age group, and the level of glucose was higher in aged cases compared with the young population.The study population in the current study showed higher levels of glucose with ages increasing, and males indicated higher expression of glucose than that in females. Some preventive action may be adopted early and more attention can be paid to this health-examination population.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000009763DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5841959PMC
February 2018

Analysis of blood glucose distribution characteristics in a health examination population in Chengdu (2007-2015).

Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Dec;96(49):e8765

Department of Healthcare, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu Department of Evidence-based Medicine, School of Public Health, Southwest Medical University, Luzhou Health Management Center, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, West China School of Public Health, Sichuan University, Chengdu Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.

With socioeconomic growth and cultural changes in China, the level of blood glucose may have changed in recent years. This study aims to detect the blood glucose distribution characteristics with a large size of health examination population.A total of 641,311 cases (360,259 males and 281,052 females) more than 18 years old during 2007 to 2015 were recruited from the Health Examination Center at West China hospital, Sichuan University.The percentage of cases with abnormal glucose level and the mean level of glucose were significantly increased since 2007 to 2015 overall. The percentage of cases with abnormal glucose level in males was significantly higher than that in females every year, and the percentage of cases with abnormal glucose level in aged population was higher than the young population. In addition, the mean level of glucose was higher in aged population with normal level of glucose than the young population with normal level of glucose, and the mean level of glucose was higher in males with normal level of glucose than the females with normal level of glucose.The population showed an increased level of blood glucose. Some preventive action may be adopted early and more attention can be paid to them.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000008765DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5728847PMC
December 2017
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