Publications by authors named "Hank Duff"

2 Publications

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Impact of the revision of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy/dysplasia task force criteria on its prevalence by CMR criteria.

JACC Cardiovasc Imaging 2011 Mar;4(3):282-7

Stephenson Cardiovascular MR Centre at Libin Cardiovascular Institute of Alberta, Department of Cardiac Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Objectives: The purpose of our study was to assess the impact of revised versus original criteria on the prevalence of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy/dysplasia (ARVC/D) criteria in cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) studies.

Background: Recently, the ARVC/D task force criteria have been revised, aiming for a better diagnostic sensitivity. The implications of this revision on clinical decision making are unknown.

Methods: We retrospectively evaluated the CMR scans of 294 patients referred for ARVC/D between 2005 and 2010, and determined the presence or absence of major and minor CMR criteria using the original and the revised task force criteria. Previously, major and minor abnormalities were identified by the presence of right ventricle dilation (global or segmental), right ventricle microaneurysm, or regional hypokinesis. The revised criteria require the combination of severe regional wall motion abnormalities (akinesis or dyskinesis or dyssynchrony) with global right ventricle dilation or dysfunction (quantitative assessment).

Results: Applying the original criteria, 69 patients (23.5%) had major original criteria, versus 19 patients (6.5%) with the revised criteria. Forty-three patients (62.3%) with major original criteria did not meet any of the revised criteria. Using the original criteria, 172 patients (58.5%) had at least 1 minor criterion versus 12 patients (4%) with the revised task force criteria; 167 patients (97%) with minor original criteria did not meet any of the revised criteria. In the subgroup of 134 patients with complete diagnostic work-up of ARVC, 10 patients met the diagnosis of proven ARVC/D without counting imaging criteria. Only 4 of 10 met major criteria according to the revised CMR criteria; none met minor criteria. However, 112 of 124 patients without ARVC/D were correctly classified as negative by major and minor criteria (specificity 94% and 96%, respectively).

Conclusions: In our experience, the revision of the ARVC/D task force imaging criteria significantly reduced the overall prevalence of major and minor criteria. The revision, although maintaining a high specificity, may not have improved the sensitivity for identifying patients with ARVC/D. Larger studies including follow-up are required.
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March 2011

Effect of percutaneous coronary intervention of nonacute total coronary artery occlusions on QT dispersion.

Am Heart J 2006 Feb;151(2):529.e1-529.e6

Department of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary Health Region, Alberta, Canada.

Background: Myocardial ischemia is one of several potential causes of increased QT dispersion (QTd) in patients with nonacute total coronary artery occlusions (TCOs). We sought to assess the effect of percutaneous revascularization (PCI) of TCO on QTd and the relationship between QTd and long-term vessel patency.

Methods: Seventy patients enrolled in the TOSCA were analyzed. Patients were undergoing PCI of a TCO > 72 hours' duration. Two independent reviewers measured QTd from electrocardiograms done immediately before PCI (PRE), 12 to 18 hours after PCI (POST), and then at 6 months (6M). Follow-up angiography was performed at 6 months.

Results: Mean QTd decreased from PRE (77 +/- 29 milliseconds) to POST (66 +/- 26 milliseconds, P < .001) and 6M (65 +/- 25 milliseconds, P < .001). Patients with the same or longer QTd at 6 months compared with POST (POST < or = 6M) had significantly higher risk of failed target-vessel patency (odds ratio 10.3, 95% CI 1.24-84.8) than patients with QTd reduction at 6M versus POST values.

Conclusion: Revascularization of TCO resulted in a decrease in QTd, which was sustained at 6M. This suggests that PCI to a TCO has a beneficial effect on stabilization of the underlying ischemic substrate. Furthermore, absence of QTd reduction at 6M versus POST was associated with increased risk of failed target-vessel patency.
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February 2006