Publications by authors named "Handan Dinçaslan"

25 Publications

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Correction: A 20-year audit of retinoblastoma treatment outcomes.

Eye (Lond) 2020 10;34(10):1940

Şanlıurfa Balıklıgöl State Hospital, Şanlıurfa, Turkey.

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41433-020-1119-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7608207PMC
October 2020

Cross-sectional study: long term follow-up care for pediatric cancer survivors in a developing country, Turkey: current status, challenges, and future perspectives

Turk J Med Sci 2020 12 17;50(8):1916-1921. Epub 2020 Dec 17.

Department of Pediatric Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Ege University, İzmir, Turkey

Aim: The main purpose of this study is to determine the current status of long-term follow-up (LTFU) for childhood cancer survivors and the challenges of LTFU for pediatric cancer survivors at pediatric oncology institutions in Turkey.

Material And Methods: A questionnaire was e-mailed to the directors of 33 pediatric oncology centers (POCs) registered in the Turkish Pediatric Oncology Group (TPOG). Of these 33 active TPOG institutions, 21 participated in the study and returned their completed questionnaires.

Results: Only 1 of the 21 participating centers had a separate LTFU clinic. The remaining centers provided LTFU care for childhood cancer survivors at the pediatric oncology outpatient clinic. Of these centers, 17 (80.9%) reported difficulty in transition from the pediatric clinic to the adult clinic, 14 (66.6%) reported insufficient care providers, and 12 (57.1%) reported insufficient time and transportation problems. As neglected late effects, 16 (76.1%) centers reported psychosocial and getty job problems and 11 (52.3%) reported sexual and cognitive problems. None of the centers had their own LTFU guidelines for their daily LTFU practice

Conclusion: This study was the first to gain an overview of the needs of POCs and the gaps in survivorship services in Turkey. The results from this study will help to develop a national health care system and national guidelines for pediatric cancer survivors.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3906/sag-1911-193DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7775715PMC
December 2020

A 20-year audit of retinoblastoma treatment outcomes.

Eye (Lond) 2020 10 6;34(10):1916-1924. Epub 2020 May 6.

Şanlıurfa Balıklıgöl State Hospital, Şanlıurfa, Turkey.

Objectives: To evaluate the long-term treatment outcomes in intraocular retinoblastoma (RB) including the associated factors for eventual treatment with external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) and enucleation as well as to analyse the risk factors for metastasis and death in extraocular RB.

Methods: Retrospective analysis of 390 eyes from 256 (89.8%) intraocular RB and 29 (10.2%) extraocular RB cases diagnosed and treated between October 1998 and May 2018 at one of the largest tertiary care centers in Turkey.

Results: Of 351 intraocular RB eyes, 53.3% had group D/E disease at presentation. 75 (21.4%) of 351 eyes underwent primary enucleation. Of the remaining 276 eyes undergoing eye-conserving treatments, 201 (72.8%) were salvaged. Most of these eyes were treated using intravenous chemotherapy and/or focal treatments [transpupillary thermotherapy (TTT) and cryotherapy] initially. EBRT was eventually required in 48 (17.4%) eyes and secondary enucleation in 75 (27.2%) eyes. At mean follow-ups of 76.7 and 39.7 months for intraocular and extraocular RB cohorts, respectively, 180 (46.2%) eyes underwent primary/secondary enucleation and exenteration. Overall, 13 cases developed metastasis and 9 died. Two patients with trilateral RB also expired. Multivariable risk factors for enucleation were the presence of vitreous seeds (p < 0.001), absence of EBRT administration (p = 0.033), 5-9 TTT applications compared with no TTT (p = 0.031), and each 1 mm increase in tumour base diameter (p < 0.001). Univariate factors predictive of metastasis were the presence of extraocular RB detected by imaging methods (p < 0.001) and extrascleral/optic nerve cut end involvement at histopathological examination (p < 0.001).

Conclusions: In our series, 72.8% of the intraocular RB eyes undergoing eye-conserving treatments were saved. The globe salvage rate for all intraocular and extraocular RB eyes was 53.8% and the overall survival rate was 96.1%.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41433-020-0898-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7608123PMC
October 2020

Muramyl Tripeptide Plus Chemotherapy Reduces Metastasis in Non-Metastatic Osteosarcoma: A Single-Center Experience.

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2020 Mar 1;21(3):715-720. Epub 2020 Mar 1.

Division of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, Gülhane Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: The immunomodulator mifamurtide plus a chemotherapy regimen has been shown to significantly improve the outcome in non-metastatic osteosarcoma patients. We report the results of the addition of mifamurtide to chemotherapy in newly diagnosed patients with osteosarcoma.

Methods: A total of 36 children with osteosarcoma without detectable metastasis were treated between November 2010 and April 2018 at the Ankara University Department of Pediatric Oncology. Mifamurtide was added to the chemotherapy regimen in 17 patients while the remaining 19 did not receive mifamurtide. The probabilities of metastasis and overall survival were compared between the groups.

Results: The 43-month survival rate was 87.5% and 89.9% in the patients who received and did not receive mifamurtide, respectively (p=0.65). Common side effects of mifamurtide were chills and fever. The addition of mifamurtide in the high-risk group with ≤95% necrosis tended to decrease the probability of distant metastasis (36.4% vs. 58.3%) (p=0.39). The time to metastasis in the group with positive surgical margins (4 months in one patient in the non-mifamurtide group, 7 and 20 months in the mifamurtide group) was also longer in the mifamurtide group. During the 43-month follow up period, median time to metastasis was longer in the mifamurtide group (20 vs. 5 months). In addition, mifamurtide plus chemotherapy decreased the risk of metastasis in the cases with primary site relapse.

Conclusions: The addition of mifamurtide to chemotherapy might improve event-free survival by decreasing the probability of distant metastasis in bad histologic responders, and also by increasing the time to distant metastasis in the surgical margin positive group. Additional clinical studies are necessary to determine the long-term effects of mifamurtide on metastatic disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.31557/APJCP.2020.21.3.715DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7437342PMC
March 2020

A targeted salvage therapy with Brentuximab vedotin in heavily treated refractory or relapsed pediatric Hodgkin lymphoma patients before and after stem cell transplantation.

Turk J Pediatr 2019 ;61(5):671-676

Divisions of Pediatric Oncology, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Taçyıldız N, Tanyıldız HG, Ünal E, Dinçaslan H, Asarcıklı F, Adaklı Aksoy B, Vatansever G, Yavuz G. A targeted salvage therapy with Brentuximab vedotin in heavily treated refractory or relapsed pediatric Hodgkin lymphoma patients before and after stem cell transplantation. Turk J Pediatr 2019; 61: 671-676. Hodgkin`s lymphoma (HL) is highly curable disease in its early stages, but in advanced stages, it presents a dilemma when it becomes refractory or relapses after several rounds of chemotherapy. Brentuximab vedotin (BV) is an antibody-drug conjugate that targets the tumor necrosis receptor family protein member CD30 positive malignancies via an anti-CD30 monoclonal antibody linked to monomethyl auristatin-E. In adult and pediatric studies, it has been shown to be an effective salvage therapy for primary refractory HL or relapse after autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT). Between July 2012 and August 2017, we administered BV (1.8 mg/m2 every three weeks; 12 cycles totally) with doxorubucin, vinblastin, dacarbazine (AVD), rituximab + ifosfamide + carboplatin + etoposide (RICE), or bendamustine combination treatment in pediatric HL patients, who were previosuly treated for refractory or relapsed advanced stage HL before (seven patients) or after (one patient) ASCT in our center. After eight BV courses, one patient was able to undergo match unrelated donor (MUD) SCT. Another seven pediatric HL patients, who were not able to go into remission with any other classical HL chemotherapy protocols, received 4-6 courses of BV-AVD and/or RICE/bendamustine. All were able to undergo ASCT after negative positron emission tomography (PET) imaging results. After ASCT, we switched to BV as consolidation therapy until a total of 12 cycles was completed. Patients went into remission after a median 34 (range: 12-42) months from the start of BV treatment. BV is an encouraging, well- tolerated, and effective targeted therapy especially when combined with AVD or when alternated with another targeted therapy combination, including RICE, when needed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.24953/turkjped.2019.05.005DOI Listing
July 2020

The Efficiency and Toxicity of Mifamurtide in Childhood Osteosarcoma.

J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2018 08;40(6):e373-e376

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara University.

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficiency and side effects of mifamurtide in childhood osteosarcoma (OS). In total, 477 doses of 2 mg/m intravenous (IV) mifamurtide, along with paracetamol as a premedication, were given to 15 patients with primary nonmetastatic OS after complete surgical resection and to 3 patients with progressive OS. The most common side effects encountered in the patients were chills and fever (17/18). These reactions were observed in 4 patients during the administration of each dose, in a single patient during the last administration, and in the remaining 12 patients during the first or initial 2 administrations. Headache, myalgia, and arthralgia were observed in 2 patients during each infusion. Headache was observed in 1 patient with additional hearing loss during the first 2 infusions. One patient had back pain occuring within the first infusion. Of the 15 patients with primary nonmetastatic OS and treated with the addition of mifamurtide to chemotherapy, 13 showed a complete remission, and 2 patients were still under treatment with a complete remission. Of 3 patients with progressive disease, 2 died while the disease progressed further in the third case over a 51-month period. The 3-year overall survival and event-free survival distributions were 87.5% (mean follow-up time, 46.12; 95% confidence interval, 37.79-52.45 mo) and 75.6% (mean follow-up time, 31.30; 95% confidence interval, 26.54-36.06 mo), respectively. We consider that mifamurtide therapy is a safe and well-tolerated agent in childhood OS.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MPH.0000000000001236DOI Listing
August 2018

The prognostic importance of TGF-β, TGF-β receptor, and fascin in childhood solid tumors.

Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2017 May 24;34(4):238-253. Epub 2017 Oct 24.

a Department of Pediatric Oncology , Ankara University School of Medicine , Ankara , Turkey.

Fascin plays a role in tumor metastasis under the influence of TGF-β, each potentiating the effect of the other. We retrospectively investigated whether there was a prognostic relationship between TGF-β and fascin, and disease stage, local recurrence, metastasis tendency, and response to treatment. Twelve neuroblastomas, 17 osteosarcomas, 14 Ewing's sarcomas, 15 rhabdomyosarcoma cases, and 8 rare solid tumors were included. Serum TGF-β levels were high at the time of diagnosis in all groups (p = .015) and decreased significantly during remission (p = .008). Serum TGF-β values in the relapse period rarely reached high levels at the time of diagnosis and even stayed under the control group values (p = .017). When TGF-β receptor expression in tumor tissues was evaluated, the association of TGF-β receptor positivity with metastatic disease and advanced stage was striking. We found that 88% of rhabdomyosarcoma cases with alveolar histopathology expressed the TGF-β receptor, and the association between TGF-β receptor positivity and alveolar histopathology seemed to be a negative prognostic marker. When fascin levels were evaluated in childhood solid tumor tissue, the risk of relapse increased when the fascin total score at diagnosis was >4. This is one of the few studies including prognostic markers such as serum TGF-β, tissue TGF-β, TGF-β receptor, and fascin in pediatric solid tumors. Considering the poor prognosis of advanced stage pediatric solid tumors and the need for biomarkers to predict which patient might need more intensive therapy or warrant closer follow-up afterward, we think that TGF-β, TGF-β receptor, and fascin expression have an important prognostic role.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08880018.2017.1363838DOI Listing
May 2017

An unusual case of neuroblastoma: a 17-year-old adolescent presented with bilateral diffuse lung metastasis at initial diagnosis.

Turk J Pediatr 2016 ;58(1):86-89

Divisions of Pediatric Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Neuroblastoma (NB) is the most frequently diagnosed neoplasm during infancy and its incidence declines within the first 3-5 years of life. It can be rarely diagnosed in adolescents and young adults. Adolescents have advanced stage of disease, higher frequency of uncommon metastatic sites such as lungs, and worse outcomes. Herein, we describe an unusual case of NB in a 17-year-old adolescent presented with lung metastasis at diagnosis. The patient was diagnosed with stage IV NB. Thorax high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scan revealed irregular septal thickening with ground glass opacity consistent with pulmonary parenchymal metastases. After the first cycle of chemotherapy he developed pulmonary hemorrhage and respiratory distress. He required ventilation support and mechanical ventilation was started. Metastatic nodules were determined on second thorax HRCT. We lost the patient due to septic shock and multiple organ failure 2 months after diagnosis. In conclusion, adolescents with NB have unfavorable prognosis. These patients may have lung metastases at diagnosis. Therefore, detailed chest imaging at initial diagnosis is crucial.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.24953/turkjped.2016.01.012DOI Listing
June 2017

Lymphoma Secondary to Congenital and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndromes at a Turkish Pediatric Oncology Center.

J Clin Immunol 2016 10 4;36(7):667-76. Epub 2016 Aug 4.

Department of Pediatric Oncology, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

The prevalence of lymphoma in primary immunodeficiency cases and autoimmune diseases, as well as on a background of immunodeficiency following organ transplants, is increasing. The lymphoma treatment success rate is known to be a low prognosis. Our study aimed to emphasize the low survival rates in immunodeficient vs. immunocompetent lymphoma patients and also to investigate the effect of rituximab in patients with ataxia telangiectasia and other immunodeficiencies. We summarized the clinical characteristics and treatment results of 17 cases with primary immunodeficiency that developed non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) retrospectively. Seven patients were diagnosed with ataxia-telangiectasia, two with common variable immunodeficiency, two with selective IgA deficiency, one with X-related lymphoproliferative syndrome, one with Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome, one with Epstein-Barr virus-related lymphoproliferative syndrome, one with interleukin-2-inducible T-cell kinase (ITK) deficiency, and one with lymphoma developing after autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS). One patient underwent a renal transplant. Of the nine males and eight females (aged 3-12 years, median = 7) that developed lymphoma, seven were diagnosed with HL and ten with NHL (seven B-cell, three T-cell). The NHL patients were started on the Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster, POG9317, LMB-96, or R-CHOP treatment protocols with reduced chemotherapy dosages. HL cases were started on the doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD) and/or cyclophosphamide, vincristine, procarbazine, and prednisone (COPP) protocol, also with modified dosages. Importantly, all seven cases of HL are alive and in remission, while six of the ten NHL patients have died. Primary immunodeficiency is a strong predisposing factor for developing lymphoma. Low treatment success rates relative to other lymphomas and difficulties encountered during treatment indicate that new treatment agents are needed. While some success has been achieved by combining rituximab with lymphoma treatment protocols in B-NHL cases with primary immunodeficiency, the need for new treatment approaches for these patients remains critical.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10875-016-0324-zDOI Listing
October 2016

Prognostic impact of RUNX1 and ETV6 gene copy number on pediatric B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia with or without hyperdiploidy.

Int J Hematol 2016 Sep 8;104(3):368-77. Epub 2016 Jul 8.

Ankara University School of Medicine, Medical Genetics, Ankara, Turkey.

The ETV6/RUNX1 fusion gene is a valuable prognostic marker that is frequently observed in B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-cell ALL). However, the clinical significance of copy number aberrations in these genes remains unclear. In this study, the effects of various aberrations inETV6 and RUNX1 gene copy number on disease prognosis were evaluated in 21 pediatric patients diagnosed with B-cell ALL with/without t(12;21). The prognostic significance of changes in gene copy number of ETV6 or RUNX1 in the presence or absence of hyperdiploidy, trisomy 21, and t(12;21) translocation were also evaluated. RUNX1 gene copy number amplifications were detected in 83 % of the patients who lacked t(12;21) and in all of the patients with hyperdiploidy. Trisomy 21 was detected in 78 % of the patients with hyperdiploidy. Changes in ETV6 gene copy number were detected in patients who lacked both the t(12;21) translocation and RUNX1 gene copy number amplifications. However, RUNX1 gene copy number amplification and ETV6 deletion were observed in all of the patients with t(12;21). RUNX1 gene copy number amplification was associated with hyperdiploidy, but not with t(12;21). Thus, the evaluation of distinct FISH and cytogenetic patterns in patients with B-cell ALL may strengthen the prognostic significance of changes in gene copy number.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12185-016-2034-yDOI Listing
September 2016

Can Fluorine-18-Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography Be Used As a Useful Method to Evaluate the Treatment Response to Neoadjuvant Therapy Combined With Sorafenib and Anti-VEGF in Children Diagnosed With Metastatical Bone Sarcoma?

Iran J Pediatr 2016 Apr 5;26(2):e4008. Epub 2016 Mar 5.

Department of Orthopedics, School of Medicine, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: The prognosis is still poor for patients with a metastatic bone tumor and new treatment approaches (anti-VEGF and tyrosine kinase inhibitors vs) are therefore needed.

Objectives: The aim of our study was to evaluate how the primary and metastatic lesions of our patients with a bone tumor were affected by these treatments and to determine the importance of the 18F-FDG PET method.

Patients And Methods: Twenty metastatic bone tumor cases were included. Sorafenib and anti-VEGF were added to the standard treatment in cases with widespread metastatic disease at diagnosis or after neoadjuvant chemotherapy showing less than 90% tumor necrosis in the surgical sample. Positron emission tomography (PET) imaging was performed at diagnosis, the preoperative period following neoadjuvant chemotherapy, during postoperative follow-up, and when treatment was discontinued.

Results: The primary treatment region median SUVmax level decreased from 7.35 to 2.5 in the living patients (n = 16) while there was no significant decrease in the patients who succumbed to the disease (P < 0.001). Comparison of the pre- and post-treatment metastasis region median SUVmax levels in patients with metastatic involvement showed a decrease from 2.1 to 0 in the surviving patients but only from 4.8 to 3.2 in the deceased patients (P < 0.01). Survival results indicated that 28.6% of the patients receiving classical treatment only died while all the patients receiving additional sorafenib and anti-VEGF survived.

Conclusions: 18F-PET may be a useful technique before and during the follow-up of neoadjuvant treatment in pediatric metastatic bone tumor patients. The addition of sorafenib and anti-VEGF to classical treatment has a favorable contribution to the response and therefore the survival duration.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5812/ijp.4008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4904339PMC
April 2016

Anti-VEGF-related thrombotic microangiopathy in a child presenting with nephrotic syndrome.

Pediatr Nephrol 2016 Jun 29;31(6):1029-32. Epub 2016 Feb 29.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Nephrology, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: Targeting the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling pathway has become an important approach to current cancer therapy. Anti-VEGF therapy-related renal adverse effects may present as hypertension, non-nephrotic proteinuria, and rarely as nephrotic syndrome (NS) and acute kidney injury.

Case-diagnosis/treatment: In this report, we present a 15-year-old boy who had developed nephrotic syndrome and thrombotic microangiopathy 26 months after administration of anti-VEGF therapy. Treatment was discontinued and nephrotic syndrome remitted spontaneously within 3 months.

Conclusions: Nephrologists should be aware of the side effects of anti-VEGF therapy. Early diagnosis and prompt management with withdrawal of the agents will result in spontaneous remission.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00467-016-3355-zDOI Listing
June 2016

Serum Basic Fibroblastic Growth Factor Levels in Children with Infantile Hemangioma.

Indian J Pediatr 2016 Sep 27;83(9):937-40. Epub 2016 Jan 27.

Division of Biostatistics, Cebeci Medical Faculty Ankara, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey.

Objectives: To determine serum levels of basic fibroblastic growth factor (b-FGF) in hemangioma patients under 2 y of age.

Methods: The study group consisted of 43 children with infantile hemangioma and b-FGF levels were analyzed using ELISA.

Results: The serum b-FGF levels were higher in hemangioma patients than in healthy control individuals (p 0.01). There were no differences between the lesion size, number of lesions, patient age and serum b-FGF levels.

Conclusions: Thus, b-FGF is an important growth factor that plays a central role in hemangioma, but determining b-FGF serum levels was not helpful in distinguishing between patients who require treatment and those who do not.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12098-016-2041-2DOI Listing
September 2016

Serum IL-13 levels at diagnosis and remission in children with malignant lymphoma.

Turk J Pediatr 2016 ;58(3):246-253

Divisions of Pediatric Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Interleukin (IL)-13 has been reported to have a role in the pathogenesis of lymphoma through recent molecular studies predominantly in adult patients. As malignant lymphomas in children differ from adult counterparts in terms of histology and response to treatment, we aimed to determine the serum IL-13 levels of patients with lymphoma; its relation with clinical-laboratory parameters and to look for any correlation of serum IL-13 levels with different prognostic factors in children. Twenty-eight patients with malignant lymphoma and 20 age-matched healthy controls were included in the study. The median serum IL-13 level at diagnosis (range 0.59-68 pg/ml, median 3.40 pg/ml) was higher than that in remission (range 0.14-12.2 pg/ml, median 1.60 pg/ml) in the HL group (p < 0.05). Remarkably, median serum IL-13 level of patients with nodular sclerosis at diagnosis was higher than those with mixed-cellularity (p < 0.05) and declined to normal limits during remission (p < 0.05). In Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) subgroup, the median (range 2.94-154 pg/ml, median 4.5 pg/ml) was high and declined to normal levels during remission (range 0.55-11.30 pg/ml, median 1.57 pg/ml) and the difference was significant (p < 0.05). In terms of prognostic factors, serum IL-13 levels were found to be associated with white blood cells counts only in HL group. Although the number of patients is limited in our study, we found that the serum IL-13 levels exhibit variances in different histopathologic groups. IL-13 might have a role in histopathogenesis of lymphoma, but seems to have no prognostic significance. Nevertheless, more molecular studies are needed to evaluate the pathogenesis of HL.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.24953/turkjped.2016.03.003DOI Listing
June 2017

Challenges and differences in external radiation therapy for retinoblastoma: from standard techniques to new developments.

Tumori 2017 Sep 28;103(5):438-442. Epub 2015 Aug 28.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Ankara University School of Medicine, Cebeci Hospital, Ankara - Turkey.

Aims: The purpose of this study is to calculate the treatment plans and to compare the dose distributions and dose-volume histograms (DVH) for 6 external radiotherapy techniques for the treatment of retinoblastoma as well as intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) and fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (Cyberknife).

Methods: Treatment plans were developed using 6 techniques, including an en face electron technique (ET), an anterior and lateral wedge photon technique (LFT), a 3D conformal (6 fields) technique (CRT), an inverse plan IMRT, tomotherapy, and conventional focal stereotactic external beam radiotherapy with Cyberknife (SBRT). Dose volume analyses were carried out for each technique.

Results: All techniques except electron provided similar target coverage. When comparing conformal plan with IMRT and SBRT, there was no significant difference in planning target volume dose distribution. The mean volume of ipsilateral bony orbit received more than 20 Gy, a suggested threshold for bone growth inhibition. The V20 Gy was 73% for the ET, 57% for the LFT, 87% for the CRT, 65% for the IMRT, 66% for the tomotherapy, and 2.7% for the SBRT.

Conclusions: This work supports the potential use of IMRT and SBRT to spare normal tissues in these patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5301/tj.5000406DOI Listing
September 2017

The seroprevalence of Kaposi's sarcoma associated herpes virus and human herpes virus-6 in pediatric patients with cancer and healthy children in a Turkish pediatric oncology center.

Indian J Med Paediatr Oncol 2014 Jul;35(3):221-5

Department of Biostatistics, Ankara University Medical School, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: Many studies have tried to be establish a pathogenic role for human herpesvirus-6 and -8 (HHV-6, HHV-8) in malignant diseases, but whether these viruses plays a role in these pathologies remains unclear. HHV-6 and HHV-8 seropositivity were shown in a healthy population. There is no published data in Turkey about seroprevalence of these viruses. We aimed to determine the seroprevalence of HHV-6 and HHV-8 in pediatric cancer patients and to compare with healthy Turkish children's viral seroprevalence.

Patients And Methods: Ninety-three pediatric cancer patients and 43 age-matched healthy children were included in the study. All sera were screened for antibodies to HHV-6 and HHV-8 by ELISA.

Results: HHV-8 immunoglobulin G (IgG) was positive in 3.3% of lymphoma patients, in 4.8% of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients, in 4.8% of retinoblastoma patients and in 7% of healthy children. There was no significant difference in HHV-8 seroprevelance between these groups. HHV-6 seroprevalence was 81% in ALL patients, 70% in lymphoma group, 81% in retinoblastoma patients and 69.8% in healthy children. Although there was no significant difference in HHV-6 prevalence between healthy children and pediatric cancer patients, HHV-6 seropositivity tended to be higher in retinoblastoma patients under age of 4 years (odds ratio: 2.925).

Conclusion: HHV-6 seroprevalence was higher than HHV-8 seropositivity in our study. Viral studies related HHV-6 seroprevelance in retinoblastoma patients would be useful to clarify if there is any etiological association between HHV-6 and retinoblastoma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0971-5851.142039DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4202619PMC
July 2014

Rare childhood tumors in a Turkish pediatric oncology center.

Indian J Med Paediatr Oncol 2013 Oct;34(4):264-9

Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: It has been estimated that rare tumor rate is about 15% of all childhood cancer in United States. According to Turkish Pediatric Oncology Group (TPOG) datas, 8889 children were diagnosed between 2002 and 2008 in our country and 3.7% of them were diagnosed as rare tumors.

Aim: To investigate the frequency and clinical features of rare tumors in our pediatric oncology center.

Materials And Methods: A total of 43 cases that have diagnosed as rare tumor in 574 cancer patients between the yaer 2002 and 2012 were reviewed retrospectively. All cases definitive diagnosis were established by histopathological and immunohistochemical studies.

Results: Frequency of rare tumors was 7.4% in our center. Benign and border line rare tumors were 27 (62.7%) cases, malignant rare tumor were 16 (37.2%) cases. Median follow-up period was 48 months (between 1 and 110 months). Six of the malignant rare tumors were died with progressive disease (synovial sarcoma, mixed malignant mesenchymal tumor, undifferentiated sarcoma, plexus choroideus carcinoma, renal peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumor, adrenocortical carcinoma). Malignant rare tumor mortality rate was found 37.5% in our clinic.

Conclusion: We have found that our rare tumor rate (7.4%) was higher than Turkish rare tumor rate (3.7%) according to TPOG's datas. However, it was still lower than rare tumor rates of western countries (15%), probably due to difficulties of diagnosis and referral problems.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0971-5851.125241DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3932593PMC
October 2013

Neonatal neuroblastoma with inferior vena cava syndrome.

APSP J Case Rep 2013 1;4(2):10. Epub 2013 May 1.

Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, TURKEY.

Neuroblastoma (NBL) is a neuroectodermal tumor derived from neural crest cells. The biological and clinical behavior of NB is extremely heterogenous. We here report a newborn who presented as 4S NBL with a massive hepatomegaly resulting in IVC syndrome.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3754395PMC
September 2013

Retinoblastoma in Turkey: results from a tertiary care center in Ankara.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 2013 Sep-Oct;50(5):296-303. Epub 2013 Aug 6.

Purpose: To evaluate the presentation patterns and results of management of retinoblastoma at a tertiary care center in Ankara, Turkey, with special emphasis on globe conservation rate in unilateral and bilateral intraocular retinoblastoma.

Methods: Patients were grouped according to the International Classification of Retinoblastoma. For intraocular retinoblastoma, group E and some group D eyes underwent primary enucleation. Secondary enucleation was performed after failure of chemoreduction, focal treatments, external beam radiotherapy (EBRT), and intra-arterial chemotherapy used in various combinations. For extraocular retinoblastoma cases, treatment consisted of enucleation/exenteration or orbital biopsy, high-dose chemotherapy, and EBRT to the orbit and metastatic sites.

Results: During the study period from October 1998 to May 2010, 165 of 192 (85.9%) patients had intraocular disease and 27 (14.1%) patients had extraocular disease. In total, primary or secondary enucleation was performed in 70 of 94 eyes with unilateral retinoblastoma (74.5%) and in 34 of 142 eyes with bilateral retinoblastoma (23.9%). The overall globe conservation rate was 69.6%. Only one patient in the intraocular retinoblastoma group died of metastatic retinoblastoma to the central nervous system. Twenty of 27 patients (74.1%) with extraocular retinoblastoma were found to have metastasis to the central nervous system, bone, bone marrow, and/or lymph nodes. At a mean follow-up of 28.0 months (median: 12 months; range: 1 to 120 months), survival was 33.3% despite intensive treatment.

Conclusions: The overall risk of enucleation was 75% in eyes with unilateral retinoblastoma and 24% in eyes with bilateral retinoblastoma. Extraocular retinoblastoma carries a 75% risk of systemic metastasis and 67% risk of death.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/01913913-20130730-02DOI Listing
May 2014

Selenium in the prevention of anthracycline-induced cardiac toxicity in children with cancer.

J Oncol 2012 16;2012:651630. Epub 2012 Oct 16.

Department of Pediatric Oncology, Medical School, Ankara University, 06590 Ankara, Turkey.

High cumulative doses of anthracyclines (300-500 mg/m(2)) used in the treatment of children with cancer may result in cardiotoxicity, a major long-term adverse effect that limits clinical usefulness of this class of chemotherapeutic agents. We assessed anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity by measuring Pro-BNP levels and echocardiographic (ECHO) findings and investigated potential protective effect of selenium (Se) supplementation in a group of pediatric cancer patients. Plasma level of Pro-BNP was measured, and ECHO was performed in 67 patients (45 boys, 22 girls; ages 2-18 years; median age 12 years) after they completed anthracycline-containing chemotherapy. Serum Se level was measured in 37 patients. Eleven patients had high Pro-BNP levels and/or cardiac failure with Pro-BNP levels of 10-8,022 pg/mL (median 226.3 pg/mL; laboratory normal level is less than 120 pg/mL). Serum Se levels were low (20-129 mcg/L, median 62 mcg/L) in ten of these eleven patients. Eight of 10 patients with low Se and high Pro-BNP levels were supplemented with Se 100 mcg/day for a period of 4-33 months (median 6 months) which resulted in improvement in Pro-BNP and/or ECHO findings. These results suggest that Se supplementation may have a role in protection against anthracycline-induced cardiac toxicity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/651630DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3480000PMC
November 2012

Spontaneous pneumomediastinum in a child due to 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus.

Turk J Pediatr 2010 Nov-Dec;52(6):648-51

Unit of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

The 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus spread throughout the world and caused different clinical situations. Here, we report a 4.5-year-old boy with spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) complicating pneumonia associated with H1N1 virus. SPM could be associated with bronchial obstruction or necrotizing pneumonia, and the prognosis of patients with SPM associated with necrosis is worse than of patients with SPM associated with bronchial obstruction.
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April 2011

Soy isoflavones ameliorate the adverse effects of chemotherapy in children.

Nutr Cancer 2010 ;62(7):1001-5

Ankara University School of Medicine, Department of Pediatric Oncology, Ankara, Turkey.

Genistein sensitizes cancer cells to chemotherapy and radiation by modulating cell survival pathways. At the same time, genistein's antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects may protect normal tissues from adverse effects of chemotherapy and radiation, which are largely due to oxygen-free radicals and inflammation. We conducted a small pilot study with a soy isoflavone mixture containing 8 mg of genistein in children receiving chemotherapy and/or radiation to investigate genistein's potential toxicity preventive effect. We monitored clinical and laboratory parameters in children with cancer who received their first cycle of chemotherapy without genistein and the subsequent cycles with genistein. Patients served as their own controls, and the clinical-laboratory data from the first cycle were compared to the data from subsequent cycles. Nine cycles of chemotherapy were administered without genistein and 57 cycles with genistein. Patients experienced less myelosuppression, mucositis, and infection when they received genistein with chemotherapy. During supplementation, serum genistein levels were 2 to 6 times higher compared to presupplementation levels. Patients who received abdominal radiation reported less pain and diarrhea when they took the genistein supplement. Further clinical investigation of soy isoflavones in pediatric cancer patients receiving chemotherapy and/or radiation should be conducted.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01635581.2010.509841DOI Listing
January 2011

Does serum soluble vascular endothelial growth factor levels have different importance in pediatric acute leukemia and malignant lymphoma patients?

Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2010 Oct;27(7):503-16

Department of Pediatric Oncology, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) seems to play a central role in angiogenesis-lymphangiogenesis in hematological malignancies. There are limited data related to childhood hematologic malignancies. The aim of the study was to evaluate soluble VEGF (sVEGF) levels in children with acute leukemia and malignant lymphoma (ML) at diagnosis and in remission. The levels of serum sVEGF were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 20 children with acute leukemia, 33 children with different histopathological subtypes of ML, and 20 healthy controls. The levels of sVEGF at diagnosis (range 2 -1040 pg/mL; median 52 pg/mL) was significantly lower than in remission (range 136 -1960 pg/mL; median 630 pg/mL) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) group (P = .018). The sVEGF levels at diagnosis (range: 2 -640 pg/mL; median 89 pg/mL) was significantly lower compared to remission values (range: 116 -1960 pg/mL; median 136 pg/mL) in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) (P = .002). In ML group, including Burkitt's lymphoma (BL), T-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), and Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL), sVEGF levels at diagnosis were higher than remission levels, but there was no statistically significant difference (P >.05). On the other hand, there were significant difference between levels in active disease and control group, ie, BL versus control, T-cell NHL versus control, and HL versus control (P = .008, P = .043, P = .007, respectively). The authors noticed that sVEGF levels showed distinct behavioral pattern in different childhood malignancies at diagnosis and in remission. In acute leukemia and ML patients, VEGF acts through different pathophysiological mechanisms, in both bone marrow (BM) angiogenesis and lymphoid tissue lymphangiogenesis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/08880018.2010.493574DOI Listing
October 2010