Publications by authors named "Hanan Ramadan Nassar"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Significance of ERCC1 and Hormonal Receptor Expression in Ovarian Cancer.

J Med Invest 2020 ;67(3.4):391-398

Department of Pathology, NCI, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Background & Objectives : Ovarian carcinoma usually has a relatively poor prognosis. A rational approach to identify patients, who are likely to benefit from therapy, is urgently needed. Excision repair cross-complementation group 1 enzyme (ERCC1) has been proposed as a molecular predictor of clinical resistance to platinum-based chemotherapy. Steroid hormone receptors are important determinants of prognosis and predictive behavior in tumor tissues of several origins. The present study aimed to investigate the expression profile of ERCC1, ER & AR in patients with Ovarian carcinoma and their association with patient outcome. Methods : This is a prospective study which included 77 patients with ovarian carcinoma who were treated with platinum based chemotherapy at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) in Egypt during the period 7/2016- 7/2018. We evaluated the expression of ER, AR, and Excision repair cross-complementation group 1 enzyme (ERCC1) by immunohistochemistry. Expression profiles were compared to clinical, histologic and prognostic factors, the clinical outcome and survival. All patients received platinum containing chemotherapy regimen. Result : Of the 77 patients with ovarian cancer, 66.2 % (51/77) were ERCC1-positive, 49.4 % (38/77) were AR positive & 75.3 % (58/77) were ER positive. Platinum resistance was found in eight of the tumors with positive ERCC1 protein expression compared with two among the patients with negative tumor staining for ERCC1 (P = 0.643). There was significant association between ER & AR expression and pathological subtypes (p = 0.004, 0.007) respectively. There were no significant association between ER, AR& ERCC1 expression and PFS (P = 0.447,P = 0.162, P = 0.508 respectively) or OS (P = 0.781, P = 0.569, P = 0.381 respectively). Based on Cox proportional hazards regression analysis ERCC1, ER &AR were not independent factors affecting the prognosis of patients with ovarian carcinoma. Conclusion : These results demonstrate that positive ERCC1 expression is not associated with clinical resistance to platinum-based chemotherapy, ERCC1, AR& ER expression are not independent factors affecting the prognosis of patients with epithelial ovarian tumors and not associated with survival benefits. J. Med. Invest. 67 : 391-398, August, 2020.
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January 2020

Topoisomerase II α Gene alteration in Triple Negative Breast Cancer and Its Predictive Role for Anthracycline-Based Chemotherapy (Egyptian NCI Patients)

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2018 Dec 25;19(12):3581-3589. Epub 2018 Dec 25.

Department of Pathology, National Cancer Institute, Cairo University, Egypt. Email:

Objective: Triple negative breast cancer is an aggressive variant of breast cancer; it forms about 15% of breast cancer cases. It lacks the responsiveness to hormonal and targeted therapies. Anthracyclines remain the treatment option for these patients. Anthracyclines are cardiotoxic, so predicting sensitivity of response by biological predictors may have a role in selecting suitable candidates for these drugs. Material and methods: This study included 50 TNBC cases, from National Cancer Institute, Cairo University(NCI-CU), Egypt, who underwent surgery and received adjuvant chemotherapy. Archived blocks were obtained and immunostaining for Ki-67 LI and Fluorescent In situ Hybridization (FISH) technique to assess TOP2A gene copy number and chromosome 17CEP status were done. Analysis of association between TOP2A alterations and CEP17 polysomy as well as Ki-67 LI with other clinicopathological parameters was done. Associations between the biological markers and event free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS), were also performed. Results: TOP2A alteration was seen in 9/50 cases (5 amplified and 4 deleted). CEP17 Polysomy was detected in 14% of cases. Most of patients (80%) showed Ki-67 LI ≥20%. There was a significant association between TOP2A gene and CEP17 status. Outcome was better with abnormal TOP2A gene status and CEP17 polysomy, radiotherapy and combined anthracyclines and taxanes in the adjuvant setting, however P-values were not significant. Conclusion: TOP2A gene alterations and CEP17 polysomy may have prognostic and predictive role in TNBC treated with adjuvant Anthracyclines.
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December 2018

Treatment Outcomes of Epithelial Ovarian Cancers Following Maximum Cytoreduction and Adjuvant Paclitaxel-Carboplatin Chemotherapy: Egyptian NCI Experience.

Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2015 ;16(16):7237-42

Medical Oncology, NCI, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt E-mail :

Background: Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the commonest malignancy involving the ovaries. Maximum surgical cytoreduction (MCR) followed by adjuvant taxane-platinum chemotherapy are the standard of care treatments.

Aims: To study treatment outcomes of EOC patients that were maximally cyto-reduced and received adjuvant paclitaxel-carboplatin (PC) chemotherapy.

Materials And Methods: This retrospective cohort study included 174 patients with EOC treated at the Egyptian National Cancer Institute between 2006 and 2010. For inclusion, they should have had undergone MCR with no-gross residual followed by adjuvant PC chemotherapy. MCR was total abdominal hysterectomy/bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy [TAH/BSO] or unilateral salpingo- oophorectomy [USO] plus comprehensive staging.

Results: The median age was 50 years. Most patients were married (97.1%), had offspring (92.5%), were postmenopausal (53.4%), presented with abdominal/pelvic pain and swelling (93.7%), had tumors involving both ovaries (45.4%) without extra-ovarian extension i.e. stage I (55.2%) of serous histology (79.9%) and grade II (87.4%). TAH/BSO was performed in 97.7% of cases. A total of 1,014 PC chemotherapy cycles were administered and were generally tolerable with 93.7% completing 6 cycles. Alopecia and numbness were the commonest adverse events. The median follow up period was 42 months. The 2-year rates for disease free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were 70.7% and 94.8%, respectively. The respective 5-year rates were 52.6% and 81.3%. Advanced stage and high-grade were significantly associated with poor DFS and OS (p<0.001). Age >65 years was associated with poor OS (p =0.008). Using Cox-regression, stage was independent predictor of poor DFS and OS. Age was an independent predictor of poor OS.
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September 2016