Publications by authors named "Hanan Khaled Sleiman"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Isoflavones alter male and female fertility in different development windows.

Biomed Pharmacother 2021 Aug 12;140:111448. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Pharmacy, State University of Centro-Oeste, Parana, Brazil; Program in Biotechnology in Human and Animal Health - (PPGBiotec), State University of Ceará, Ceará, Brazil. Electronic address:

Isoflavones are a group of secondary metabolites found in plants belonging to the class of phytoestrogens. These, because they have a chemical structure similar to the endogenous hormone 17β-estradiol, act as endocrine disruptors over the different development window periods. This study aimed to evaluate male and female reproductive systems' responses when exposed to isoflavones during the development window. It is characterized as a bibliographic review, built after analyzing clinical and preclinical articles indexed in English, Portuguese, and Spanish published in the last ten years. The isoflavones, aglycone or glucosides, have essential therapeutic properties in the relief of postmenopausal symptoms in women, reduce the proliferation of cancers, in addition to being antioxidants. On the other hand, they can still behave in a similar way to 17β-estradiol, binding to hormone receptors and acting as endocrine disruptors over the gestational period until pre-puberty, negatively affecting the development of the reproductive system. The effects on reproduction are not dose-response but are influenced by the type of isoflavone and period. There are variations in the serum concentration of hormones and action on their negative feedback on the hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular axis in males. Reproductive functions are also affected by spermatogenesis, such as decreased sperm count, lower reproductive performance, reduced litter size, low sperm production, and reduced seminal vesicle size. In females, puberty is reached later, irregular estrous cycle, reduced weight of the ovary, uterus, lower serum levels of estradiol and progesterone, reduced fertility, or interrupted fertility. At the end of the analysis of the selected publications, it can be concluded that despite the beneficial therapeutic effects in the face of pathologies, the unknown consumption of doses and types of isoflavones in food can damage the development and reproduction of individuals. Therefore, further studies must be carried out to elucidate the usual safe doses of the analyzed phytoestrogen. Greater control over insertion in foods targeted at pediatric consumers should be implemented until we have adequate safety.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
August 2021

Effects of prepubertal exposure to silver nanoparticles on reproductive parameters in adult male Wistar rats.

J Toxicol Environ Health A 2013 ;76(17):1023-32

a Department of Pharmacy , State University of Centro-Oeste , Parana , Brazil.

The incidence of male reproductive pathologies, such as hypospadias, cryptorchidism, testicular cancer, and low sperm production in adulthood, is increasing and may be related to exposure to environmental contaminants. The silver nanoparticles (AgNP) are a new class of chemical compounds commonly used in both medical and nonmedical settings, and they affect development of spermatogonial stem cells in vitro. The aim of this study was to examine the adverse productive toxic effects of AgNPs in male Wistar rats exposed during the prepubertal period and sacrificed at postnatal day (PND) 53 and PND90. Growth was assessed by daily weighing. The progress of puberty in the rats was measured by preputial separation, while spermatogenesis was assayed by (1) measuring the sperm count in testes and epididymis and (2) examining the morphology and morphometry of seminiferous epithelium using stereological analysis. In addition, testosterone and estradiol levels were assayed by radioimmunoassay. The weight of the animals at PND90 did not change markedly, but growth was less in the group treated with AgNP at 50 μg/kg from PND34 to PND53. AgNP exposure produced a delay in puberty in both treated groups. Decreased sperm reserves in the epididymis and diminished sperm transit time were observed at PND53, while a reduction in sperm production occurred at PND90. The morphology of the seminiferous epithelium was markedly altered. Data demonstrated that prepubertal exposure to AgNP altered reproductive development in prepubertal male Wistar rats, as evidenced by impairment in spermatogenesis and a lower sperm count in adulthood.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
December 2013