Publications by authors named "Hamidreza Ostadrahimi"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

White matter microstructural associates of apathy-avolition in schizophrenia.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 Oct 22;142:110-116. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Students' Scientific Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Interdisciplinary Neuroscience Research Program, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Apathy is present at the onset in nearly half the patients with schizophrenia. Current therapies lack the efficiency to improve apathy in patients. The presence of apathy is also associated with poorer outcomes. Despite its clinical importance, the underlying mechanism of apathy in schizophrenia is unclear, but it seems frontostriatal connections play a role. In this study, we investigated whole-brain white matter microstructural properties associated with the severity of apathy-avolition in schizophrenia. We included 80 schizophrenia patients (60 Male, 20 Female) from the Mind Clinical Imaging Consortium database and associated Apathy-Avolition score of "Scale for Assessment of Negative Symptoms" with fiber integrity measures derived from diffusion-weighted imaging using Tract-Based Spatial Statistics (TBSS). We also did tractography on eight tracts, including bilateral superior longitudinal fasciculus, uncinate fasciculus, cingulum, genu and splenium of the corpus callosum. Age, gender, years of education, chlorpromazine equivalent cumulative dose, and acquisition site were inserted as covariates. We showed a widespread association between lower fiber integrity (by measures of increased mean diffusivity and decreased fractional anisotropy) and increased apathy-avolition in TBSS, which we also validated in tractography. Moreover, mean diffusivity, and not fractional anisotropy, was associated with apathy independent of disease severity. In conclusion, we propose diffuse white-matter pathology, within the corpus callosum, limbic system, and the frontostriatal circuit is involved in apathy-avolition in schizophrenia. Also, we suggest that diffuse neuroinflammatory processes may play a part in apathy-avolition, independent of disease severity.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
October 2021

White Matter Microstructural Properties Associated with Impaired Attention in Chronic Schizophrenia: A Multi-Center Study.

Psychiatry Res Neuroimaging 2020 08 23;302:111105. Epub 2020 May 23.

McConnell Brain Imaging Centre, Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University, Montreal, Canada.

Attention as a key cognitive function is impaired in schizophrenia, interfering with the normal daily life of the patients. Previous studies on the microstructural correlates of attention in schizophrenia were limited to single fibers, did not include a control group, or did not adjust for drug dosage. In the current study, we investigated the association between microstructural properties of the white matter fibers and attention tests in 81 patients and 79 healthy controls from the Mind Clinical Imaging Consortium database. Integrity measures of superior longitudinal fasciculus, cingulum, genu, and splenium were extracted after tractography. Using an interaction model between diagnosis and microstructural properties, and adjusting for age, gender, acquisition site, education, and cumulative drug usage dose, and after correcting for family-wise error, we showed decreased integrity in the patients and a significant negative association between fractional anisotropy of the tracts and trail making test part A with a greater expected decrease in the attention per unit of decrease of integrity in the patients compared to the healthy controls. Our findings suggest that decreased integrity of the bilateral cingulum, and splenium, are independent of the cumulative drug dosage, age, gender, and site, and may underlie the impaired attention in the schizophrenia.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
August 2020