Publications by authors named "Hamidreza Davari"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

First Iranian Experience of the Minimally Invasive Nuss Procedure for Pectus Excavatum Repair: A Case Series and Literature Review.

Iran J Med Sci 2018 Sep;43(5):554-559

General Thoracic Surgeon, General Thoracic Surgery Ward, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran Iran.

Pectus excavatum is the most common congenital deformity of the chest wall. The most frequently used techniques include Ravitch (costochondral resection) and Nuss (minimally invasive pectus repair of pectus excavatum [MIRPE]). The Nuss technique includes using temporary metallic bars without costochondral resection to correct the chest wall deformity. Modified MIRPE can be learned easily and performed safely with few complications. There are no reports of successful MIRPE in Iran, although the Ravitch technique is well known. In the present study, we report the first Iranian experience with the modified Nuss procedure in 5 patients with pectus excavatum (age range=13-48 y). All the patients suffered from low self-esteem, and one of them complained of low exercise capacity and occasional chest pain. With single-lung ventilation and sternal elevation, an introducer was entered into the right thoracic cavity and retrosternal tunneling was performed under thoracoscopic vision. The introducer was passed to the left thoracic cavity and exited on the left thoracic wall. A titanium plate bar was implanted and fixed with stabilizers. There were no cases of mortality, and all the patients were discharged in good conditions within 2 weeks. Postoperative complications consisted of 1 case of pneumothorax and 2 cases of fixed bar protrusion. The present case series indicated that a skilled thoracoscopic surgeon is able to do the Nuss procedure in Iranian patients with symmetrical pectus excavatum with few complications. However, mixed or redo cases require more expertise.
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September 2018

Primary mediastinal synovial sarcoma: A rare case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2016 3;27:169-171. Epub 2016 Sep 3.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Science, Iran.

Introduction: Synovial sarcomas commonly occur in the extremities of young adults. A primary occurrence in the mediastinum is very rare with only a few reported cases in the world literature. We report a case of mediastinal synovial sarcoma. This paper is about a 47-year-old male who presented with retrosternal chest pain and shortness of breath on exertion. Imaging showed an anterior mediastinal mass. Pathological examination of the resected mass showed a biphasic neoplasm with a spindle cell component admixed with gland-like elements. The tumor showed positive staining with cytokeratin, epithelial membrane antigen and vimentin confirming the diagnosis of a biphasic synovial sarcoma.

Discussion: A wide range of neoplasms, both primary and metastatic, occur in the mediastinum, which pose considerable diagnostic difficulties. A synovial sarcoma should always be considered in the differential diagnosis, and immunohistochemistry is an important adjuvant tool in this situation.

Conclusion: This paper highlights the importance of recognizing an unusual presentation of this aggressive neoplasm to aid appropriate clinical management.
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September 2016