Publications by authors named "Hamideh Shajari"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Transcutaneous bilirubin measurement in preterm neonates.

Acta Med Iran 2012 ;50(11):765-70

Department of Pediatrics, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Hyperbilirubinemia is a common problem during neonatal period especially in preterm neonates. Transcutaneous bilirubin measurement (TcB) by special devices had been documented as an effective tool for predicting neonatal jaundice in full term neonate, but for preterm infants the present evidences are controversial. We carried out a prospective study in Shariati Hospital NICU. 126 paired TcB/total serum bilirubin (TSB) measurements were obtained. TcB (on forehead and sternum) were measured using JH2-1A device for every admitted preterm infant who clinically showed jaundice and TSB measurements was obtained within 30 min of TcB. 58 (46%) were male and 68 (54%) were female. The mean gestational age was 31 week and mean birth weight was 1728 ± 60 g. 30 percent of neonates were ill. The mean value obtained by TBS was 8.8 mg/dl and for frontal TcB was 8.2mg/dl and for sternal TcB was 7.4mg/dl. There were good correlation between TBS and TcB and the maximum correlation were seen in 33-37 weeks of gestation and birth weight more than 2500 g with forehead TcB measurement. Healthy preterm infants had significant correlation of TSB and TcB (r=0.56, P<0.001) and ill preterm neonate had r =0.82, P<0.001. The correlation between TBS and TcB with and without phototherapy was r=0.66, P=0.000 and r=0.69, P=0.000 respectively. Although TcB measurement may underestimate TBS but there is significant correlation between TcB and TBS in preterm cases even in ill neonate or who receiving phototherapy. This method can be used for determination of bilirbin level in preterm neonate and reduces the number of blood sampling.
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July 2013

Relationship between arterial blood pressure and body mass index of school age children of southern region of Iran.

Acta Med Iran 2011 ;49(11):737-41

Department of Pediatrics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran.

Despite an increasing prevalence of obesity and hypertension in young age, there is limited information on the contribution of body mass index (BMI) to blood pressure (BP) in these populations, especially in developing countries. This study examines the association between BMI and BP in four populations of school age children across southern region of Islamic republic of Iran.
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March 2012

Anterior fontanelle size in healthy Iranian neonates on the first day of life.

Acta Med Iran 2011 ;49(8):543-6

Department of Neonatology, Shariati Hospital, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.

There is limited data in the literature on the normal size of the anterior fontanelle. This cross- sectional study was to determine normal values of anterior fontanelle size on the first day of life, using standard methods. Anterior fontanelle size was measured in 400 term and healthy neonates delivered at the Shariati Hospital, Tehran, Iran. Examination included assessment of head circumference, anterior fontanelle size, weight, length. Type of delivery was also recorded. The mean size of anterior fontanelle was 25.34 ± 13.27 mm, and it was established in both genders, 26.70 ± 13.19 mm in boys, and 23.67 ± 13.20mm in girls. A significant difference between the mean anterior fontanelle size in boys and girls was found (P=0.023). There was no significant difference in anterior fontanelle size between the infants born with a normal vaginal delivery and those with cesarean-section (P=0.08). There was found a significant negative correlation between the mean size of anterior fontanelle size with both weight and height (P<0.05). No significant correlation was found between mean size of anterior fontanelle and head circumference or with gestational age of infant (P≥0.05). Our results proved possible to define a references range and centile chart. The method used is simple and accurate and easy used in the routine neonatal examination.
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March 2012

Incidence of Mongolian spots and its common sites at two university hospitals in Tehran, Iran.

Pediatr Dermatol 2010 Jul-Aug;27(4):397-8

Children's Medical Center, Department of Pediatric Neurology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, and Department of Pediatrics, Lolagar Hospital, Tehran, Iran.

A total of 2,305 consecutive newborns at Shariati Hospital, Tehran, Iran, and 1,706 at Lolagar Hospital, Tehran, Iran, were examined for 2 years (2004-2006). Mongolian spots were found in 11.4% and 37.3% of newborns at Shariati and Lolagar hospitals, respectively. The most frequent site of involvement is the sacral, followed by the gluteal area.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1525-1470.2010.01168.xDOI Listing
November 2010

Benefit of urinalysis.

Indian J Pediatr 2009 Jun 23;76(6):639-41. Epub 2009 Apr 23.

Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Shahid Sadoughi Hospital, School of Medicine, Yazd, Iran.

Objective: In the pilot Iran school screening programme, the minimal cost of screening dipstick urinalysis in 1601 asymptomatic school children was determined.

Methods: The cost of screening dipstick urinalysis was calculated by reviewing the literature for the prevalence of asymptomatic proteinuria, hematuria, bacteriuria, and glucosuria determined by an initial dipstick urinalysis. The minimal cost utilizing data of 3 general physicians was calculated. Costs were determined by using current charge for supplies ordered to perform tests, charges for tests performed by a commercial laboratory, and the cost of a final evaluation by a pediatric nephrologist.

Results: 4.7% (76/1601) of patients were calculated to have an initial abnormal urinalysis. Upon retesting 1.37% (22/1601) of patients were calculated to have a persistent abnormality. The calculated cost was $167 to initially screen all 1601 patients with a dipstick urinalysis or $0.092 per patient. The calculated cost to evaluates the 22 patients with any persistent abnormality on repeat dipstick urinalysis was $0.02 or $0.001 per patient. This is the calculated cost for a single screening of 1601 asymptomatic pediatric patients.

Conclusion: Multiple screening dipstick urinalysis in asymptomatic pediatric is costly and should be discontinued. We propose that a single screening dipstick urinalysis be obtained at school entry age, between 6 and 7 years, in all asymptomatic children.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12098-009-0068-3DOI Listing
June 2009