Publications by authors named "Hamidah Raduwan"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

RhoGAP RGA-8 supports morphogenesis in by polarizing epithelia.

Biol Open 2020 11 26;9(11). Epub 2020 Nov 26.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Rutgers - RWJMS, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA

CDC-42 regulation of non-muscle myosin/NMY-2 is required for polarity maintenance in the one-cell embryo of CDC-42 and NMY-2 regulate polarity throughout embryogenesis, but their contribution to later events of morphogenesis are less understood. We have shown that epidermal enclosure requires the GTPase CED-10/Rac1 and WAVE/Scar complex, its effector, to promote protrusions that drive enclosure through the branch actin regulator Arp2/3. Our analysis here of RGA-8, a homolog of SH3BP1/Rich1/ARHGAP17/Nadrin, with BAR and RhoGAP motifs, suggests it regulates CDC-42, so that actin and myosin/NMY-2 promote ventral enclosure during embryonic morphogenesis. Genetic and molecular data suggest RGA-8 regulates CDC-42, and phenocopies the CDC-42 pathway regulators WASP-1/WSP-1 and the F-BAR proteins TOCA-1 and TOCA-2. Live imaging shows RGA-8 and WSP-1 enrich myosin and regulate F-actin in migrating epidermal cells during ventral enclosure. Loss of RGA-8 alters membrane recruitment of active CDC-42. We propose TOCA proteins and RGA-8 use BAR domains to localize and regenerate CDC-42 activity, thus regulating F-actin levels, through the branched actin regulator WSP-1, and myosin enrichment. RhoGAP RGA-8 thus polarizes epithelia, to promote cell migrations and cell shape changes of embryonic morphogenesis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1242/bio.056911DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7710025PMC
November 2020

BMAL1 associates with chromosome ends to control rhythms in TERRA and telomeric heterochromatin.

PLoS One 2019 21;14(10):e0223803. Epub 2019 Oct 21.

Department of Animal Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ, United States of America.

The circadian clock and aging are intertwined. Disruption to the normal diurnal rhythm accelerates aging and corresponds with telomere shortening. Telomere attrition also correlates with increase cellular senescence and incidence of chronic disease. In this report, we examined diurnal association of White Collar 2 (WC-2) in Neurospora and BMAL1 in zebrafish and mice and found that these circadian transcription factors associate with telomere DNA in a rhythmic fashion. We also identified a circadian rhythm in Telomeric Repeat-containing RNA (TERRA), a lncRNA transcribed from the telomere. The diurnal rhythm in TERRA was lost in the liver of Bmal1-/- mice indicating it is a circadian regulated transcript. There was also a BMAL1-dependent rhythm in H3K9me3 at the telomere in zebrafish brain and mouse liver, and this rhythm was lost with increasing age. Taken together, these results provide evidence that BMAL1 plays a direct role in telomere homeostasis by regulating rhythms in TERRA and heterochromatin. Loss of these rhythms may contribute to telomere erosion during aging.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0223803PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6802832PMC
March 2020

The RhoGAP HUM-7/Myo9 integrates signals to modulate RHO-1/RhoA during embryonic morphogenesis in .

Development 2018 12 3;145(23). Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Rutgers - Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA

During embryonic morphogenesis, cells and tissues undergo dramatic movements under the control of F-actin regulators. Our studies of epidermal cell migrations in developing embryos have identified multiple plasma membrane signals that regulate the Rac GTPase, thus regulating WAVE and Arp2/3 complexes, to promote branched F-actin formation and polarized enrichment. Here, we describe a pathway that acts in parallel to Rac to transduce membrane signals to control epidermal F-actin through the GTPase RHO-1/RhoA. RHO-1 contributes to epidermal migration through effects on underlying neuroblasts. We identify signals to regulate RHO-1-dependent events in the epidermis. HUM-7, the homolog of human MYO9A and MYO9B, regulates F-actin dynamics during epidermal migration. Genetics and biochemistry support that HUM-7 behaves as a GTPase-activating protein (GAP) for the RHO-1/RhoA and CDC-42 GTPases. Loss of HUM-7 enhances RHO-1-dependent epidermal cell behaviors. We identify SAX-3/ROBO as an upstream signal that contributes to attenuated RHO-1 activation through its regulation of HUM-7/Myo9. These studies identify a new role for RHO-1 during epidermal cell migration, and suggest that RHO-1 activity is regulated by SAX-3/ROBO acting on the RhoGAP HUM-7.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1242/dev.168724DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6288380PMC
December 2018

Methylation of histone H3 on lysine 4 by the lysine methyltransferase SET1 protein is needed for normal clock gene expression.

J Biol Chem 2013 Mar 14;288(12):8380-8390. Epub 2013 Jan 14.

Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08901. Electronic address:

The circadian oscillator controls time-of-day gene expression by a network of interconnected feedback loops and is reset by light. The requisite for chromatin regulation in eukaryotic transcription necessitates temporal regulation of histone-modifying and chromatin-remodeling enzymes for proper clock function. CHD1 is known to bind H3K4me3 in mammalian cells, and Neurospora CHD1 is required for proper regulation of the frequency (frq) gene. Based on this, we examined a strain lacking SET1 to determine the role of H3K4 methylation in clock- and light-mediated frq regulation. Expression of frq was altered in strains lacking set1 under both circadian- and light-regulated gene expression. There is a delay in the phasing of H3K4me3 relative to the peak in frq expression. White Collar 2 (WC-2) association with the frq promoter persists longer in Δset1, suggesting a more permissible chromatin state. Surprisingly, SET1 is required for DNA methylation in the frq promoter, indicating a dependence on H3K4me for DNA methylation. The data support a model where SET1 is needed for proper regulation by modulating chromatin at frq.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M112.359935DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3605655PMC
March 2013
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