Publications by authors named "Halleh Hamedifar"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The natural-based optimization of kojic acid conjugated to different thio-quinazolinones as potential anti-melanogenesis agents with tyrosinase inhibitory activity.

Bioorg Med Chem 2021 Apr 27;36:116044. Epub 2021 Jan 27.

Medicinal and Natural Products Chemistry Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran; Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. Electronic address:

Melanin pigment and melanogenesis are a two-edged sword. Melanin has a radioprotection role while melanogenesis has undesirable effects. Targeting the melanogenesis pathway, a series of kojyl thioether conjugated to different quinazolinone derivatives were designed, synthesized, and evaluated for their inhibitory activity against mushroom tyrosinase. All the synthesized compounds were screened for their anti-tyrosinase activity and all derivatives displayed better potency than kojic acid as the positive control. In this regard, 5j and 5h as the most active compounds showed an IC value of 0.46 and 0.50 µM, respectively. In kinetic evaluation against tyrosinase, 5j depicted an uncompetitive inhibition pattern. Designed compounds also exhibited mild antioxidant capacity. Moreover, 5j and 5h achieved good potency against the B16F10 cell line to reduce the melanin content, whilst showing limited toxicity against malignant cells. The proposed binding mode of new inhibitors evaluated through molecular docking was consistent with the results of structure-activity relationship analysis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmc.2021.116044DOI Listing
April 2021

Recent strategies in the synthesis of thiophene derivatives: highlights from the 2012-2020 literature.

Mol Divers 2020 Jul 30. Epub 2020 Jul 30.

Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinical Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, 14176, Iran.

Thiophene-based analogs have been fascinated by a growing number of scientists as a potential class of biologically active compounds. Furthermore, they play a vital role for medicinal chemists to improve advanced compounds with a variety of biological effects. The current review envisioned to highlight some recent and particularly remarkable examples of the synthesis of thiophene derivatives by heterocyclization of various substrates from 2012 on.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11030-020-10128-9DOI Listing
July 2020

Vinylazides: versatile synthons and magical precursors for the construction of N-heterocycles.

Mol Divers 2020 May 30. Epub 2020 May 30.

Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinical Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Nowadays, application of vinylazides as precursors is a key method for the construction of N-heterocycles in organic synthesis. These versatile three-atom synthons can be converted into intermediates such as 2H-azirines, iminyl radicals, iminyl metal complexes, iminyl inions and nitrilium ions that subsequently afford a wide range of polyfunctional cyclic nitrogen-containing compounds. In this review, the reactions of vinylazides leading to these products (in the last decade) are categorized based on the types of the resulting N-heterocyclic rings and a brief and concise description of the reaction mechanisms is presented.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11030-020-10106-1DOI Listing
May 2020