Publications by authors named "Haitang Wang"

20 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Cotton Fiber Development Requires the Pentatricopeptide Repeat Protein GhIm for Splicing of Mitochondrial nad7 mRNA.

Genetics 2021 Mar;217(1):1-17

State Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics & Germplasm Enhancement, Hybrid Cotton R & D Engineering Research Center, Ministry of Education, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China.

Pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) proteins encoded by nuclear genomes can bind to organellar RNA and are involved in the regulation of RNA metabolism. However, the functions of many PPR proteins remain unknown in plants, especially in polyploidy crops. Here, through a map-based cloning strategy and Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/cas9 (CRISPR/cas9) gene editing technology, we cloned and verified an allotetraploid cotton immature fiber (im) mutant gene (GhImA) encoding a PPR protein in chromosome A03, that is associated with the non-fluffy fiber phenotype. GhImA protein targeted mitochondrion and could bind to mitochondrial nad7 mRNA, which encodes the NAD7 subunit of Complex I. GhImA and its homolog GhImD had the same function and were dosage-dependent. GhImA in the im mutant was a null allele with a 22 bp deletion in the coding region. Null GhImA resulted in the insufficient GhIm dosage, affected mitochondrial nad7 pre-mRNA splicing, produced less mature nad7 transcripts, and eventually reduced Complex I activities, up-regulated alternative oxidase metabolism, caused reactive oxygen species (ROS) burst and activation of stress or hormone response processes. This study indicates that the GhIm protein participates in mitochondrial nad7 splicing, affects respiratory metabolism, and further regulates cotton fiber development via ATP supply and ROS balance.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/genetics/iyaa017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8045684PMC
March 2021

Comparative Proteomics Analysis Reveals That Lignin Biosynthesis Contributes to Brassinosteroid-Mediated Response to in Soybeans.

J Agric Food Chem 2020 May 29;68(19):5496-5506. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

National Center for Soybean Improvement, Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetics and Breeding for Soybean, Ministry of Agriculture, State Key Laboratory for Crop Genetics and Germplasm Enhancement, College of Agriculture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China.

Brassinosteroids (BRs) are a group of steroid plant hormones regulating normal growth, development, and stress response in plants. However, the mechanisms by which BRs interfere with the resistance of soybean to () remain largely unknown. The present study analyzed the role of BRs in soybean response against by comparative proteomic approaches. A total of 52,381 peptides were obtained by trypsin digestion of 9,680 proteins, among which 6,640 proteins were quantified, and 402 proteins were identified as differentially expressed proteins (DEPs). Further analysis revealed that DEPs were significantly involved in the lignin biosynthesis pathway. The expression of the majority of key enzymes involved in lignin biosynthesis was upregulated by BR-pretreatment and infection, and lignin accumulation was faster in BR-pretreated soybeans than in untreated controls. Additionally, accumulation of lignin was consistent with these enzyme expressions levels and resistance phenotype. These findings advance the understanding of the role of BRs in the interaction between soybeans and .
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.0c00848DOI Listing
May 2020

GmWRKY40, a member of the WRKY transcription factor genes identified from Glycine max L., enhanced the resistance to Phytophthora sojae.

BMC Plant Biol 2019 Dec 30;19(1):598. Epub 2019 Dec 30.

National Center for Soybean Improvement, Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetics and Breeding for Soybean, Ministry of Agriculture, State Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Germplasm Enhancement, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, 210095, China.

Background: The WRKY proteins are a superfamily of transcription factors and members play essential roles in the modulation of diverse physiological processes, such as growth, development, senescence and response to biotic and abiotic stresses. However, the biological roles of the majority of the WRKY family members remains poorly understood in soybean relative to the research progress in model plants.

Results: In this study, we identified and characterized GmWRKY40, which is a group IIc WRKY gene. Transient expression analysis revealed that the GmWRKY40 protein is located in the nucleus of plant cells. Expression of GmWRKY40 was strongly induced in soybean following infection with Phytophthora sojae, or treatment with methyl jasmonate, ethylene, salicylic acid, and abscisic acid. Furthermore, soybean hairy roots silencing GmWRKY40 enhanced susceptibility to P. sojae infection compared with empty vector transgenic roots. Moreover, suppression of GmWRKY40 decreased the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and modified the expression of several oxidation-related genes. Yeast two-hybrid experiment combined with RNA-seq analysis showed that GmWRKY40 interacted with 8 JAZ proteins with or without the WRKY domain or zinc-finger domain of GmWRKY40, suggesting there were different interaction patterns among these interacted proteins.

Conclusions: Collectively, these results suggests that GmWRKY40 functions as a positive regulator in soybean plants response to P. sojae through modulating hydrogen peroxide accumulation and JA signaling pathway.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-019-2132-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6937711PMC
December 2019

Matrine Regulates Th1/Th2 Balance to Treat Eczema by Upregulating Interferon-.

J Nanosci Nanotechnol 2020 Jun;20(6):3378-3386

Department of Dermatology, Zhongshan Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine Affiliated to Guangzhou University of TCM, Zhongshan 528400, Guangdong, PR China.

Although matrine (CHN₂O) has been confirmed to be an effective medication in the treatment of eczema, the mechanisms by which it does so are still unclear. In this study, the mechanisms by which matrine treats eczema were investigated by using oxymatrine, a matrine derivative, to treat guinea pigs with eczema. The differences between the treatment groups in this study were statistically significant ( < 0.05). We prepare nanoparticles to extract RNA. The results showed that the treatment with a high dose of oxymatrine (high-dose OMT) reduced the damage done by eczema to guinea pig skin tissue (i.e., skin lesions). The high-dose OMT inhibited the expression of pro-inflammatory factor proteins, as quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The high-dose OMT also increased Th1 and CD4+TGF+ levels, as measured by flow cytometry. Examination of skin lesions showed that the high-dose OMT alleviated the symptoms of eczema. We used magnetic nanobeads to extract nucleic acids for detection with quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), and found that the high-dose OMT improved the expression of pro-inflammatory factor genes. Using western blot analysis, we also found that the high-dose OMT was able to regulate the expression levels of IFN- and TGF- proteins. Our experimental results indicated that matrine treats eczema by upregulating IFN- and downregulating TGF- levels to regulate the Th1/Th2 balance.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2020.17417DOI Listing
June 2020

GmHsp90A2 is involved in soybean heat stress as a positive regulator.

Plant Sci 2019 Aug 19;285:26-33. Epub 2019 Apr 19.

National Center for Soybean Improvement, Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetics and Breeding for Soybean, Ministry of Agriculture, State Key Laboratory for Crop Genetics and Germplasm Enhancement, College of Agriculture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China. Electronic address:

Heat shock protein 90 s (Hsp90s), one of the most conserved and abundant molecular chaperones, is an essential component of the protective stress response. A previous study reported at least 12 genes in the GmHsp90s family in soybean and that GmHsp90A2 overexpression enhanced thermotolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana. Here, we investigate the roles of GmHsp90A2 in soybean by utilizing stable transgenic soybean lines overexpressing GmHsp90A2 and mutant lines generated by the CRISPR/Cas9 system. The results showed that compared with wild-type plants (WT) and empty vector control plants (VC), T transgenic soybean plants overexpressing GmHsp90A2 exhibited increased tolerance to heat stress through higher chlorophyll and lower malondialdehyde (MDA) contents in plants. Conversely, reduced chlorophyll and increased MDA contents in T homozygous GmHsp90A2-knockout mutants indicated decreased tolerance to heat stress. GmHsp90A2 was found to interact with GmHsp90A1 in yeast two-hybrid assays. Furthermore, subcellular localization analyses revealed that GmHsp90A2 was localized to the cytoplasm and cell membrane; as shown by bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) assays, GmHsp90A2 interacted with GmHsp90A1 in the nucleus and cytoplasm and cell membrane. Hence, we conclude that GmHsp90A1 is able to bind to GmHsp90A2 to form a complex and that this complex enters the nucleus. In summary, GmHsp90A2 might respond to heat stress and positively regulate thermotolerance by interacting with GmHsp90A1.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plantsci.2019.04.016DOI Listing
August 2019

Critical Genes in White Adipose Tissue Based on Gene Expression Profile Following Exercise.

Int J Sports Med 2019 Jan 29;40(1):57-61. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

China Institute of Sport Science, Sports Biology Science Research Center, Beijing, China.

Exercise is recognized as an effective method to prevent obesity and alleviate metabolic diseases. Browning of white adipose has the advantage of decreasing insulin resistance. We aim to identify critical differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in white adipose tissue after exercise. We downloaded the gene dataset GSE68161 of C57BL/6 mice from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Then, we analyzed the effect of exercise on up-regulated and down-regulated DEGs by GEO2R and performed protein-protein interaction network analyses. We then identified hub-genes in white adipose tissue and crosstalk genes of a single pathway by the STRING database and Cytoscape. In this study, 72 DEGs were screened out, and they mainly function in glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase activity and in the primary biological process of fatty acid oxidation regulation. The top 5 hub-genes screened out were SLC27A1, COX7A1, PPARGC1A, FABP3, and UCP1. The 3 crosstalk genes found were SLC27A1, SLC27A2, and PPARA. These 3 genes might function as a bridge of the PPAR signaling pathway, adipocytokine signaling pathway and the insulin resistance pathway. SLC27A1 is critical gene for the interactions of signaling pathways in subcutaneous white adipose tissue. Therefore, further relationships between the browning of white adipose and insulin resistance need to be studied.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0768-7866DOI Listing
January 2019

Influence of glycated nitrosohaemoglobin prepared from porcine blood cell on physicochemical properties, microbial growth and flavour formation of Harbin dry sausages.

Meat Sci 2019 Feb 11;148:96-104. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

College of Food Science, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, Heilongjiang 150030, China. Electronic address:

Glycated nitrosohaemoglobin (G-NO-Hb) prepared from porcine blood cells was used in natural fermented Harbin dry sausages to evaluate their possible as an alternative for sodium nitrite (SN). The results show that the G-NO-Hb had no significant effect on the pH, water activity, and growth of total bacteria and lactic acid bacteria counts (P > 0.05). G-NO-Hb inhibited Enterobacteriaceae growth (P < 0.05), but this inhibition was lower than SN. The redness of sausages with 2 g/kg G-NO-Hb were almost the same as SN sausages (P > 0.05). The thiobarbituric acid reactive substances of G-NO-Hb samples had no differences when compared to SN samples except at 12 days. Residual nitrite in G-NO-Hb sausages was lower than SN samples. The content of individual volatile compounds, such as hexanal (lipid oxidation marker), was nearly three times lower for SN than for G-NO-Hb samples. Overall, G-NO-Hb reduced nitrite residue and inhibited lipid oxidation and Enterobacteriaceae growth of sausages, demonstrating great potential as a substitute for sodium nitrite in meat products.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2018.10.008DOI Listing
February 2019

Identification on mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling cascades by integrating protein interaction with transcriptional profiling analysis in cotton.

Sci Rep 2018 05 25;8(1):8178. Epub 2018 May 25.

State Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics & Germplasm Enhancement, Hybrid Cotton R & D Engineering Research Center, Ministry of Education, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, 210095, China.

Plant mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades play important roles in development and stress responses. In previous studies, we have systematically investigated the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MKK) and MAPK gene families in cotton. However, the complete interactions between MAPK gene family members in MAPK signaling cascade is poorly characterized. Herein, we investigated the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase (MAPKKK) family members and identified a total of 89 MAPKKK genes in the Gossypium raimondii genome. We cloned 51 MAPKKKs in G. hirsutum and investigated the interactions between MKK and MAPKKK proteins through yeast-two hybrid assays. A total of 18 interactive protein pairs involved in 14 MAPKKKs and six MKKs were found. Among these, 13 interactive pairs had not been reported previously. Gene expression patterns revealed that 12 MAPKKKs were involved in diverse signaling pathways triggered by hormone treatments or abiotic stresses. By combining the MKK-MAPK and MKK-MAPKKK protein interactions with gene expression patterns, 38 potential MAPK signaling modules involved in the complicated cross-talks were identified, which provide a basis on elucidating biological function of the MAPK cascade in response to hormonal and/or stress responses. The systematic investigation in MAPK signaling cascades will lay a foundation for understanding the functional roles of different MAPK cascades in signal transduction pathways, and for the improvement of various defense responses in cotton.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-26400-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5970168PMC
May 2018

Quality of life and its contributing factors in an elderly community-dwelling population in Shanghai, China.

Psychogeriatrics 2018 Mar 6;18(2):89-97. Epub 2018 Feb 6.

General Practice Department, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Background: We aimed to investigate the relationship between quality of life and the factors that may influence it in an elderly community-dwelling population in Shanghai.

Methods: From August to October 2014, elderly individuals were enrolled from three randomly selected communities in Shanghai. Participant information was collected from responses to a general questionnaire and to the Lubben Social Network Scale-6, Cumulative Illness Rating Scale for Geriatrics, Patient Health Questionnaire, and the 12-item Short Form Health Survey. The factors influencing quality of life were explored in a multivariate stepwise linear regression model.

Results: Physical and mental component summary scores for the elderly in Shanghai communities were 50.1 ± 10.1 and 47.3 ± 7.9, respectively. Physical component summary scores in the rural area were higher than those in the urban-rural intersection area (a place where urban and rural transitions are taking place) (52.32 ± 9.81 vs 49.63 ± 9.33, P < 0.05) and the urban area (52.32 ± 9.81 vs 47.34 ± 10.18, P < 0.05). Additionally, mental component summary scores in the rural area were higher than those in the urban-rural intersection area (52.63 ± 9.28 vs 48.43 ± 9.42, P < 0.05) and the urban area (52.63 ± 9.28 vs 48.13 ± 10.69, P < 0.05).

Conclusions: Depression, self-care ability, and medical care burden were found to be significantly associated with the quality of life of elderly individuals in Shanghai, China. Therefore, more attention should be paid to the mental health of this elderly population.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/psyg.12288DOI Listing
March 2018

Alanyl‑glutamine prophylactically protects against lipopolysaccharide‑induced acute lung injury by enhancing the expression of HSP70.

Mol Med Rep 2017 Sep 30;16(3):2807-2813. Epub 2017 Jun 30.

Department of Anesthesiology, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510280, P.R. China.

At present, the timing of glutamine administration remains controversial. The aim of the present study was to confirm the early protective mechanisms of alanyl‑glutamine (Ala‑Gln) against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)‑induced lung injury, as well as to detect the best time for Ala‑Gln usage. A total of 60 adult Wistar rats were randomly divided into 6 groups: The control group (C), the LPS‑induced shock group (LPS), the pre‑Ala‑Gln treated group (A1) and the pre‑Gln treated group (G1), which separately received 4.5% Dipeptiven and 3% glutamine just before LPS administration; the post‑Ala‑Gln treated group (A2) and the post‑Gln treated group (G2), which was respectively infused with 4.5% Dipeptiven and 3% glutamine at 1 h following LPS. Survival rates were observed at 6 h following the LPS injection. Blood samples were drawn for analysis of cytokine levels 1 h prior to (T0) and 6 h following (T1) LPS injection. All rats were killed at T1 and the pulmonary samples were collected. Plasma concentrations of tumor necrosis factor‑α, interleukin (IL)‑1β and IL‑8 at T0 and T1, apoptosis in lung epithelial cells and the expression of heat shock protein (HSP)70 were detected. The lung wet/dry weight ratio (W/D) and the content of protein in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were also determined. Survival rates at 6 h following (T1) LPS administration were both 100% in groups A1 and G2, but 70% in A2 and G2 groups. The W/D, the content of protein in BALF and cytokine levels were significantly lower in groups A1 and G1 than that in group LPS (P<0.05) at T1. The apoptosis index of both alveolar and bronchial epithelial cells was obviously lower in A1 and G1 groups than that in the LPS group (P<0.05). Gray gradients of HSP70 in the A1 and G1 groups were dramatically higher than those of group LPS (P<0.05). In conclusion, pre‑administration of Ala‑Gln just before LPS can effectively protect the lung by enhancing HSP70 expression, but delayed administration cannot protect LPS‑induced lung injury.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2017.6896DOI Listing
September 2017

The Niemann-Pick C1 Inhibitor NP3.47 Enhances Gene Silencing Potency of Lipid Nanoparticles Containing siRNA.

Mol Ther 2016 Dec 16;24(12):2100-2108. Epub 2016 Sep 16.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of British Columbia, Health Sciences Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

The therapeutic applications of lipid nanoparticle (LNP) formulations of small interfering RNA (siRNA), are hampered by inefficient delivery of encapsulated siRNA to the cytoplasm following endocytosis. Recent work has shown that up to 70% of endocytosed LNP-siRNA particles are recycled to the extracellular medium and thus cannot contribute to gene silencing. Niemann-Pick type C1 (NPC1) is a late endosomal/lysosomal membrane protein required for efficient extracellular recycling of endosomal contents. Here we assess the influence of NP3.47, a putative small molecule inhibitor of NPC1, on the gene silencing potency of LNP-siRNA systems in vitro. Intracellular uptake and colocalization studies revealed that the presence of NP3.47 caused threefold or higher increases in accumulation of LNP-siRNA in late endosomes/lysosomes as compared with controls in a variety of cell lines. The gene silencing potency of LNP siRNA was enhanced up to fourfold in the presence of NP3.47. Mechanisms of action studies are consistent with the proposal that NP3.47 acts to inhibit NPC1. Our findings suggest that the pharmacological inhibition of NPC1 is an attractive strategy to enhance the therapeutic efficacy of LNP-siRNA by trapping LNP-siRNA in late endosomes, thereby increasing opportunities for endosomal escape.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/mt.2016.179DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5167785PMC
December 2016

Lipid Nanoparticle Delivery of siRNA to Osteocytes Leads to Effective Silencing of SOST and Inhibition of Sclerostin In Vivo.

Mol Ther Nucleic Acids 2016 Sep 13;5(9):e363. Epub 2016 Sep 13.

NanoMedicines Research Group, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Life Sciences Institute, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Sclerostin is a protein secreted by osteocytes that is encoded by the SOST gene; it decreases bone formation by reducing osteoblast differentiation through inhibition of the Wnt signaling pathway. Silencing the SOST gene using RNA interference (RNAi) could therefore be an effective way to treat osteoporosis. Here, we investigate the utility of lipid nanoparticle (LNP) formulations of siRNA to silence the SOST gene in vitro and in vivo. It is shown that primary mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEF) provide a useful model system in which the SOST gene can be induced by incubation in osteogenic media, allowing development of optimized SOST siRNA for silencing the SOST gene. Incubation of MEF cells with LNP containing optimized SOST siRNA produced significant, prolonged knockdown of the induced SOST gene in vitro, which was associated with an increase in osteogenic markers. Intravenous (i.v.) administration of LNP containing SOST siRNA to mice showed significant accumulation of LNP in osteocytes in compact bone, depletion of SOST mRNA and subsequent reduction of circulating sclerostin protein, establishing the potential utility for LNP siRNA systems to promote bone formation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/mtna.2016.68DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5056992PMC
September 2016

Neuroprotective effect of ginsenoside Rg1 prevents cognitive impairment induced by isoflurane anesthesia in aged rats via antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic effects mediated by the PI3K/AKT/GSK-3β pathway.

Mol Med Rep 2016 Sep 27;14(3):2778-84. Epub 2016 Jul 27.

Department of Anesthesiology, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Beijing 100035, P.R. China.

Ginsenoside Rg1 is the primary active substance in ginseng, and it has multiple pharmacological actions. Investigations on the pharmacologic action of ginsenoside Rg1 have developed, with a particular focus on the regulation of metabolism. The present study hypothesized that the neuroprotective effects of ginsenoside Rg1 prevent cognitive impairment induced by isoflurane anesthesia via antioxidant, anti‑inflammatory and anti‑apoptotic effects, mediated by the phosphoinositide 3‑kinase (PI3K)/AKT/glycogen synthase kinase‑3β (GSK‑3β) pathway in aged rats. Sprague‑Dawley rats were divided into isoflurane and ginsenoside Rg1 groups and were treated with 20 mg/kg ginsenoside Rg1 for 7 days. Morris water maze was performed to analyze the cognitive function of the rats. Enzyme‑linked immunosorbent assays were used to analyze the levels of malondialdehyde, glutathione, interleukin (IL)‑1β, IL‑6 and caspase 3. The protein expression levels of AKT, GSK 3β, p21WAF1/CIP1 and p53 were measured using western blot analysis. Ginsenoside Rg1 significantly improved cognitive function, and exhibited antioxidant and anti‑inflammatory effects, demonstrating the neuroprotective effects of ginsenoside Rg1 against the effect of isoflurane anesthesia in the rats. In addition, ginsenoside Rg1 significantly reduced caspase‑3 activity, upregulated the expression of PI3K/AKT/GSK‑3β and downregulated the mRNA expression levels of p21WAF1/CIP1 and p53 in the aged rats exposed to isoflurane anesthesia. The data obtained in the present study provided evidence that the neuroprotective effects of ginsenoside Rg1 prevented the cognitive impairment induced by isoflurane anesthesia via antioxidant, anti‑inflammatory and anti‑apoptotic effects, mediated by the PI3K/AKT/GSK‑3β pathway.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2016.5556DOI Listing
September 2016

Glutaminase 1 is a potential biomarker for chronic post-surgical pain in the rat dorsal spinal cord using differential proteomics.

Amino Acids 2016 Feb 1;48(2):337-48. Epub 2015 Oct 1.

Department of Anesthesiology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medicine Science, Beijing, China.

Chronic post-surgical pain (CPSP) is a normal and significant symptom in clinical surgery, such as breast operation, biliary tract operation, cesarean operation, uterectomy and thoracic operation. Severe chronic post-surgical pain could increase post-surgical complications, including myocardial ischemia, respiratory insufficiency, pneumonia and thromboembolism. However, the underlying mechanism is still unknown. Herein, a rat CPSP model was produced via thoracotomy. After surgery, in an initial study, 5 out of 12 rats after surgery showed a significant decrease in mechanical withdrawal threshold and/or increase in the number of acetone-evoked responses, and therefore classified as the CPSP group. The remaining seven animals were classified as non-CPSP. Subsequently, open-chest operation was performed on another 30 rats and divided into CPSP and non-CPSP groups after 21-day observation. Protein expression levels in the dorsal spinal cord tissue were determined by 12.5 % SDS-PAGE. Finally, differently expressed proteins were identified by LC MS/MS and analyzed by MASCOT software, followed by Gene Ontology cluster analysis using PANTHER software. Compared with the non-CPSP group, 24 proteins were only expressed in the CPSP group and another 23 proteins expressed differentially between CPSP and non-CPSP group. Western blot further confirmed that the expression of glutaminase 1 (GLS1) was significantly higher in the CPSP than in the non-CPSP group. This study provided a new strategy to identify the spinal proteins, which may contribute to the development of chronic pain using differential proteomics, and suggested that GLS1 may serve as a potential biomarker for CPSP.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00726-015-2085-zDOI Listing
February 2016

Pain sensitivity: a feasible way to predict the intensity of stress reaction caused by endotracheal intubation and skin incision?

J Anesth 2015 Dec 18;29(6):904-11. Epub 2015 Jul 18.

Department of Anesthesiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, China.

Purpose: Recent studies have shown that pain sensitivity has a significant relationship with clinical pain and may also predict the intensity of pain and analgesic consumption after surgery. However, the correlation between pre-operative pain sensitivity and stress response during anesthesia has not been investigated. Therefore, we aimed to explore the relationship between pre-operative pain sensitivity and stress responses during intubation and skin incision in this study.

Methods: Fifty women (ASA I-II) aged 20-55 years, undergoing elective abdominal surgery requiring at least a 10-cm-long skin incision were studied. Pain sensitivity, including pain threshold and pain tolerance was measured before surgery. In this study, experimental pain was induced by potassium ion conducted via continuous current. When patients reported feeling pain or acted to stop pain, the intensity of the current was recorded to register pain threshold and pain tolerance. The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) was used to examine the pre-operative mental status. General anesthesia was induced with intravenous fentanyl and a target-controlled infusion of propofol. Blood samples for norepinephrine (NE) detection were collected at 10 min after entering the operating theater, immediately before intubation, 2 min after intubation, immediately before skin incision and 2 min after incision. Mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) were recorded at the same time. Pearson's correlation test (SPSS 13.0) was then used to analyze the relationship between pain sensitivity and the changes in MAP, HR and NE level.

Results: A total of fifty women were enrolled in the study. Their pre-operative pain threshold and pain tolerance were 0.90 ± 0.40 mA and 2.53 ± 0.77 mA,respectively. Changes in MAP, HR and NE before and after intubation or skin incision were significantly related with pre-operative pain tolerance (P < 0.05); however, pain threshold was not correlated with changes in MAP, HR and NE (P > 0.05). The STAI score did not correlate with the stress response either (P > 0.05).

Conclusions: Pain tolerance had a significant relationship with stress response during intubation and skin incision. We may initially use pain tolerance to direct opioid usage in the future.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00540-015-2040-xDOI Listing
December 2015

Reliability and validity of 12-item Short-Form health survey (SF-12) for the health status of Chinese community elderly population in Xujiahui district of Shanghai.

Aging Clin Exp Res 2016 Apr 5;28(2):339-46. Epub 2015 Jul 5.

Department of General Practice, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, 180 Fenglin Road, Shanghai, 200032, People's Republic of China.

Background: The 12-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12) is the abridged practical version of SF-36.

Aims: This cross-sectional study was aimed to assess the reliability and validity of SF-12 for the health status of Chinese community elderly population.

Methods: The Chinese community elderly people in Xujiahui district of Shanghai were investigated. The internal consistency reliability was assessed using Cronbach's alpha and split-half reliability coefficients. Construct validity was analyzed using exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Spearman's correlation coefficient (ρ) was used for the evaluation of criterion, convergent, and discriminant validity with Spearman's ρ ≥ 0.4 as satisfactory. Comparisons of the SF-12 summary scores among populations that differed in demographics were performed for discriminant validity.

Results: Total 1343 individuals aged ≥60 and <85 years old (response rate: 91.3 %) were analyzed. The Cronbach's α value (0.910) and the split-half reliability coefficient (0.812) reflected satisfactory internal consistency reliability of SF-12. EFA extracted a two-factor model (physical and mental health). About 60.7 % of the total variance was explained by the two factors. CFA showed that the two-factor solution provided a good fit to the data. Good convergent validity and discriminant validity of SF-12 were proved by the correction analyses (Spearman's ρ > 0.4) and the comparisons of the SF-12 summary scores among populations (P < 0.05). SF-12 summary scores were significantly correlated with the SF-36 summary scores (Spearman's ρ > 0.4, P < 0.05).

Conclusions: In conclusion, SF-12 had satisfactory reliability and validity in measuring health status of Chinese community elderly population in Xujiahui district of Shanghai.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40520-015-0401-9DOI Listing
April 2016

Transfection and structural properties of phytanyl substituted gemini surfactant-based vectors for gene delivery.

Phys Chem Chem Phys 2013 Dec 1;15(47):20510-6. Epub 2013 Nov 1.

School of Pharmacy, University of Waterloo, Ontario, 10 Victoria Str. S. Kitchener, ON, Canada.

In this study, the transfection ability and cytotoxicity of a series of phytanyl substituted gemini surfactants, rationally designed and synthesized in an attempt to create cationic surfactants that will improve transfection efficiencies of non-viral vectors was evaluated in OVCAR-3 cells at the charge ratios (N(+)/P(-)) of 2:1, 5:1, and 10:1. Particle sizes, zeta potentials, and small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) profiles were also determined. For each gemini surfactant complex, the transfection efficiency and cytotoxicity are observed to go through a more or less well-evidenced maximum, occurring at different values of the charge ratio (N(+)/P(-)), depending on the surfactant structure. Considering both results of in vitro transfection efficiency and cytotoxicity, the optimal charge ratio to formulate the complexes containing phy-3-m was found to be 5:1. The particle size decreased, while zeta potential increased with increasing N(+)/P(-). Comparing particle size and zeta potential with transfection efficiency, no correlation between size/zeta potential and transfection ability was observed. Analysis of SAXS profiles indicates that the ability of phy-3-m delivery system to adopt multiple phases correlated well with their higher transfection efficiency in OVCAR-3 cells.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c3cp52621fDOI Listing
December 2013

Synthesis and aggregation properties of dissymmetric phytanyl-gemini surfactants for use as improved DNA transfection vectors.

Phys Chem Chem Phys 2011 Jan 28;13(2):637-42. Epub 2010 Oct 28.

School of Pharmacy, University of Waterloo, 10 Victoria Str. S., Kitchener, ON N2G 1C5, Canada.

Improvements in transfection efficiency are required in order to make the goal of cellular gene delivery by non-viral vectors realizable. Novel derivatives of gemini surfactants having dissymmetric tail groups have been designed specifically as a means to improve DNA transfection; the micelle and interfacial properties are reported herein. The effect of these substitutions on the aggregation properties of the gemini surfactants is discussed in the context of results for the m-3-m gemini series, previously reported in the literature. Phytanyl substitution results in lower cmc and higher micelle ionization. In addition, the phytanyl substituted gemini surfactants form vesicles at room temperature. Preliminary in vitro transfection assays showed the phytanyl substituted gemini surfactants to be more efficient transfection vectors as compared to symmetric gemini surfactants.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c0cp00146eDOI Listing
January 2011

High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) downregulates cardiac transient outward potassium current (Ito) through downregulation of Kv4.2 and Kv4.3 channel transcripts and proteins.

J Mol Cell Cardiol 2010 Sep 17;49(3):438-48. Epub 2010 May 17.

Department of Pathophysiology, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Transient outward potassium currents (I(to)) are major early repolarization currents in shaping cardiac action potential (AP). Downregulation of I(to) contributes to AP configuration alteration in myocardial infarction (MI) and numerous other heart diseases. High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), a proinflammatory cytokine, has been reported to increase dramatically in the serum of patients with MI, participating in ischemia-reperfusion injury and recovery of post-infarction failing heart. This study investigated the possible role of HMGB1 in regulating cardiac I(to) and electrical stability. HMGB1 treatment for 24h significantly inhibited the current densities of heterologously expressed Kv4.3 and Kv4.2 in COS-7 cells and native I(to) in neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRVMs) in a dose-dependent manner. HMGB1 decreased the mRNA and protein levels of the I(to) alpha subunits Kv4.2 and Kv4.3 channels, but not the beta subunit KChIP2 and KCNE2 in NRVMs. The receptor binding domain (150-186 amino acid residues) responsible for receptor of advanced glycation end product (RAGE) binding similarly inhibited I(to)(,) while treatment with soluble RAGE that blocks binding of ligands to cell-surface RAGE partially restored I(to) current density and Kv4 protein expressions. Box A which possesses no proinflammatory activity of HMGB1 still remained part of the I(to) suppression effect. In addition to downregulating I(to), HMGB1 modestly inhibited L-type Ca(2+) current, but not I(K1). The AP duration (APD) was slightly prolonged by HMGB1 treatment. These results collectively establish HMGB1 as a novel pathological factor downregulating I(to) partially through HMGB1-RAGE interaction, providing new insights into the potential molecular mechanisms underlying the electrical remodeling in MI.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yjmcc.2010.05.004DOI Listing
September 2010

Thermodynamic investigation of the binding of dissymmetric pyrenyl-gemini surfactants to DNA.

Phys Chem Chem Phys 2010 May 25;12(18):4821-6. Epub 2010 Mar 25.

School of Pharmacy, University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave. W., Waterloo, ON, N2L 3G1, Canada.

Gemini surfactants have demonstrated significant potential for use in constructing non-viral transfection vectors for the delivery of genes into cells to induce protein expression. Previously, two asymmetric gemini surfactants containing pyrenyl groups in one of the alkyl tails of the surfactants were synthesized as fluorescence probes for use in mechanistic studies of the transfection process. Here we present the results of a thermodynamic investigation of the binding interaction(s) between the pyrenyl-modified surfactants and DNA. The thermodynamics of the interactions have been examined using isothermal titration calorimetry, light scattering, zeta potential, and circular dichroism measurements. Distinct differences are observed between the interaction of 12-s-12 vs. the pyrene modified py-s-12 surfactants with DNA; an intercalated binding is found for the py-s-12 surfactants that disrupts the typical interactions observed between DNA and gemini surfactants.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/b923817dDOI Listing
May 2010