Publications by authors named "Haipei Luan"

2 Publications

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Investigation of in vitro odonto/osteogenic capacity of cannabidiol on human dental pulp cell.

J Dent 2021 Apr 16;109:103673. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Graduate Periodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Detroit Mercy, Detroit, MI, 48208, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: Vital pulp treatment (VPT) maintains tooth vitality with certain dental materials by protecting pulp from noxious stimulation and promoting repair through enhancing cell proliferation/differentiation, migration, and inducing odontogenesis. As a non-psychotropic cannabis constituent, cannabidiol (CBD) possesses the properties of analgesic, anti-inflammation, and osteogenesis. Therefore, we hypothesize that CBD may induce the odonto/osteogenesis of human dental pulp cells (HDPCs), a critical feature using as effective pulp capping agent for VPT.

Materials And Methods: In this in vitro study, the cytotoxicity of CBD on HDPCs was determined by MTT assay. Scratch assay was performed to analyze HDPC migration. The biomineralization was examined by collagen synthesis and calcium nodule formation and related odonto/osteogenic and angiogenic genes. Cannabinoid receptor (CB) specificity was evaluated by Western blotting and Von Kossa staining using specific antagonists AM251 for cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1) and AM 630 targeted at cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2). In addition, the underlying molecular mechanism of CBD-induced biomineralization were investigated by examining CB-dependent MAPK signaling pathways.

Results: CBD demonstrated bi-phasic effects on HDPC viability in tested concentrations. We found CBD significantly promoted cell migration, enhanced collagen synthesis and mineralized deposits in HDPCs when treated by 1 μM CBD supplemented in the differentiation media. RT-PCR revealed CBD increased the expression of angiogenic and odontogenic genes, such as DSPP, DMP-1, OPN, ALP, Runx2, VEGFR1 and ICAM-1. These effects were via MAPK activation in a manner mainly mediated by CB2.

Conclusion: The results from this study suggested that CBD can induce odonto/osteogenesis from HDPCs and has the potential to develop new therapeutics in VPT in dentistry.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jdent.2021.103673DOI Listing
April 2021

Application and Technique of Liquid Crystal-Based Biosensors.

Micromachines (Basel) 2020 Feb 8;11(2). Epub 2020 Feb 8.

School of Applied Chemistry and Biotechnology, Shenzhen Polytechnic, Shenzhen 518055, China.

Liquid crystal biosensors are based on changes in the orientation of liquid crystal molecules induced by specific bonding events of biomolecules. These biosensors are expected to serve as a promising system to detect biomolecules, biomolecular activity, and even small chemical molecules because they are inexpensive, sensitive, simple, effective, and portable. Herein, we introduce the principle and fabrication of liquid crystal biosensors and review the research progress in signal-amplified technology for liquid crystal sensing and its application in the detection of viruses, bacteria, proteins, nucleic acids, and small chemical molecules. In addition, the current theoretical and practical issues related to liquid crystal biosensors were investigated.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/mi11020176DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7074608PMC
February 2020