Publications by authors named "H E Peters"

1,244 Publications

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Diagnostic Accuracy of Skin Cancer by Family Physicians.

J Am Board Fam Med 2021 Sep-Oct;34(5):984-990

From the Department of Primary and Community Care, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands (ST, HJGP, FAVDL); Department of Dermatology, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands (SFKL).

Background: Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer worldwide. Family physicians (FPs) need to differentiate between nonmalignant and malignant skin conditions, but the diagnostic accuracy of FPs has never been studied in primary care.

Aim: To assess the accuracy of skin cancer diagnoses by FPs. Our secondary aim was to analyze the number of patients with premalignant lesions and examine the diversity of skin-related questions in Dutch primary care.

Method: This study is a retrospective cohort of all new skin-related health questions between January 1, 2018, and July 1, 2018, in a Dutch primary care registration network with data from 26 FPs in 6 practices, with a follow-up of at least 1 year. The initial FP diagnosis was dichotomized as malignant or nonmalignant and compared in a crosstab to the final diagnosis registered after the follow-up period (reference standard).

Results: Our study population included 2952 patients. During the research period, 35 patients received a final diagnosis of skin cancer. The sensitivity and specificity of the FP diagnosis of malignancy was 74.3% (95% confidence interval [CI], 56.7% to 87.5%) and 97.3% (95% CI, 96.7% to 97.8%), the positive predictive value and negative predictive value was 21.5% (95% CI, 17.2% to 26.5%) and 99.7% (95% CI, 99.5% to 99.8%), respectively. Seventy-two patients were diagnosed with a premalignant lesion. Included patients received 141 different diagnoses.

Conclusion: The calculated diagnostic accuracy of FPs is high and shows that FPs are especially accurate in excluding malignancy. This research shows the variety of skin problems in primary care and shows that the FP can deliver safe and effective dermatologic care.
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February 2021

Outcome of Bleb Revision with Autologous Conjunctival Graft Alone versus Combined with Donor Scleral Graft for Late-onset Bleb Leakage with Hypotony after Standard Trabeculectomy with Mitomycin C.

J Glaucoma 2021 Aug 9. Epub 2021 Aug 9.

Department of Ophthalmology, University Medical Center, Johannes Gutenberg- University Mainz, Mainz Germany Department of Ophthalmology, Helios Dr. Horst Schmidt Kliniken Wiesbaden, Germany.

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August 2021

Male microchimerism in females: a quantitative study of twin pedigrees to investigate mechanisms.

Hum Reprod 2021 Aug;36(9):2529-2537

Amsterdam Reproduction and Development (AR&D) Research Institute, Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Study Question: Does having a male co-twin, older brothers, or sons lead to an increased probability of persistent male microchimerism in female members of twin pedigrees?

Summary Answer: The presence of a male co-twin did not increase risk of male microchimerism and the prevalence of male microchimerism was not explained by having male offspring or by having an older brother.

What Is Known Already: Microchimerism describes the presence of cells within an organism that originate from another zygote and is commonly described as resulting from pregnancy in placental mammals. It is associated with diseases with a female predilection including autoimmune diseases and pregnancy-related complications. However, microchimerism also occurs in nulliparous women; signifying gaps in the understanding of risk factors contributing to persistent microchimerism and the origin of the minor cell population.

Study Design, Size, Duration: This cross-sectional study composed of 446 adult female participants of the Netherlands Twin Register (NTR).

Participants/materials, Setting, Methods: Participants included in the study were female monozygotic (MZ) twins, female dizygotic same-sex twins and females of dizygotic opposite-sex twin pairs, along with the mothers and sisters of these twins. Peripheral blood samples collected from adult female participants underwent DNA extraction and were biobanked prior to the study. To detect the presence of male-origin microchimerism, DNA samples were tested for the relative quantity of male specific Y chromosome gene DYS14 compared to a common β-globin gene using a highly sensitive quantitative PCR assay.

Main Results And The Role Of Chance: We observed a large number of women (26.9%) having detectable male microchimerism in their peripheral blood samples. The presence of a male co-twin did not increase risk of male microchimerism (odds ratio (OR) = 1.23: SE 0.40, P = 0.61) and the prevalence of male microchimerism was not explained by having male offspring (OR 0.90: SE 0.19, P = 0.63) or by having an older brother (OR = 1.46: SE 0.32, P = 0.09). The resemblance (correlation) for the presence of microchimerism was similar (P = 0.66) in MZ pairs (0.27; SE 0.37) and in first-degree relatives (0.091; SE 0.092). However, age had a positive relationship with the presence of male microchimerism (P = 0.02).

Limitations, Reasons For Caution: After stratifying for variables of interest, some participant groups resulted in a low numbers of subjects. We investigated microchimerism in peripheral blood due to the proposed mechanism of cell acquisition via transplacental blood exchange; however, this does not represent global chimerism in the individual and microchimerism may localize to numerous other tissues.

Wider Implications Of The Findings: Immune regulation during pregnancy is known to mitigate allosensitization and support tolerance to non-inherited antigens found on donor cells. While unable to identify a specific source that promotes microchimerism prevalence within pedigrees, this study points to the underlying complexities of natural microchimerism in the general population. These findings support previous studies which have identified the presence of male microchimerism among women with no history of pregnancy, suggesting alternative sources of microchimerism. The association of detectable male microchimerism with age is suggestive of additional factors including time, molecular characteristics and environment playing a critical role in the prevalence of persistent microchimerism. The present study necessitates investigation into the molecular underpinnings of natural chimerism to provide insight into women's health, transplant medicine and immunology.

Study Funding/competing Interest(s): This work is funded by Royal Netherlands Academy of Science Professor Award (PAH/6635 to D.I.B.); The Netherlands Organisation for Health Research and Development (ZonMw)-Genotype/phenotype database for behavior genetic and genetic epidemiological studies (ZonMw 911-09-032); Biobanking and Biomolecular Research Infrastructure (BBMRI-NL, 184.021.007; 184.033.111); The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO)-Netherlands Twin Registry Repository (NWO-Groot 480-15-001/674); the National Institutes of Health-The Rutgers University Cell and DNA Repository cooperative agreement (NIMH U24 MH068457-06), Grand Opportunity grants Integration of genomics and transcriptomics in normal twins and major depression (NIMH 1RC2 MH089951-01), and Developmental trajectories of psychopathology (NIMH 1RC2 MH089995); and European Research Council-Genetics of Mental Illness (ERC 230374). C.B.L. declares a competing interest as editor-in-chief of Human Reproduction and his department receives unrestricted research grants from Ferring, Merck and Guerbet. All remaining authors have no conflict-of-interest to declare in regards to this work.

Trial Registration Number: N/A.
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August 2021

Depression predictions from GPS-based mobility do not generalize well to large demographically heterogeneous samples.

Sci Rep 2021 Jul 7;11(1):14007. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Columbia Business School, Columbia University, New York, USA.

Depression is one of the most common mental health issues in the United States, affecting the lives of millions of people suffering from it as well as those close to them. Recent advances in research on mobile sensing technologies and machine learning have suggested that a person's depression can be passively measured by observing patterns in people's mobility behaviors. However, the majority of work in this area has relied on highly homogeneous samples, most frequently college students. In this study, we analyse over 57 million GPS data points to show that the same procedure that leads to high prediction accuracy in a homogeneous student sample (N = 57; AUC = 0.82), leads to accuracies only slightly higher than chance in a U.S.-wide sample that is heterogeneous in its socio-demographic composition as well as mobility patterns (N = 5,262; AUC = 0.57). This pattern holds across three different modelling approaches which consider both linear and non-linear relationships. Further analyses suggest that the prediction accuracy is low across different socio-demographic groups, and that training the models on more homogeneous subsamples does not substantially improve prediction accuracy. Overall, the findings highlight the challenge of applying mobility-based predictions of depression at scale.
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July 2021

Safety and efficacy of inpatient pulmonary rehabilitation for patients hospitalised with an acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a systematic review protocol.

BMJ Open 2021 06 23;11(6):e043377. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Faculty of Medicine, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Introduction: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) following an acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) reduces the risk of hospital admissions, and improves physical function and health-related quality of life. However, the safety and efficacy of in-hospital PR during the most acute phase of an AECOPD is not well established. This paper describes the protocol for a systematic review with meta-analysis to determine the safety and efficacy of inpatient acute care PR during the hospitalisation phase.

Methods And Analysis: Medical literature databases and registries MEDLINE, EMBASE, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health, CENTRAL, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database, WHO trials portal and will be searched for articles from inception to June 2021 using a prespecified search strategy. We will identify randomised controlled trials that have a comparison of in-hospital PR with usual care. PR programmes had to commence during the hospitalisation and include a minimum of two sessions. Title and abstract followed by full-text screening will be conducted independently by two reviewers. A meta-analysis will be performed if there is sufficient homogeneity across selected studies or groups of studies. The Population, Intervention, Comparator, Outcomes and Study characteristics framework will be used to standardise the data collection process. The quality of the cumulative evidence will be assessed using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations framework.

Ethics And Dissemination: AECOPD results in physical limitations which are amenable to PR. This review will assess the safety and efficacy of in-hospital PR for AECOPD. The results will be presented in a peer-reviewed publication and at research conferences. Ethical review is not required for this study.
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June 2021