Publications by authors named "Gustavo Mendes Lima Santos"

26 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

A Survey of the Regulatory Requirements for the Waiver of In Vivo Bioequivalence Studies of Generic Products in Certain Dosage Forms by Participating Regulators and Organisations of the International Pharmaceutical Regulators Programme.

J Pharm Pharm Sci 2021 ;24:113-126

Agencia Española de Medicamentos y Productos Sanitarios (AEMPS), C/ Campezo 1. Edificio 8. Madrid, 28022, Spain.

The requirements to waive in vivo bioequivalence studies for immediate release solid oral dosage forms based on the Biopharmaceutics Classifications System (BCS) are well known, and biowaivers[1] for other types of oral dosage forms based on pre-defined criteria may also be acceptable. Similarly, biowaivers for dosage forms such as injectable products may also be allowed if certain criteria are met. The current paper summarises the biowaiver requirements for oral solutions and suspensions, soft gelatin capsules and injectable products (intravenous injections, subcutaneous and intramuscular injections, emulsions for injection and micellar solutions for injection) among the participants of the Bioequivalence Working Group for Generics (BEWGG) of the International Pharmaceutical Regulators Programme (IPRP). A review of the requirements indicated that there was a trend towards convergence when the dosage form became less complex; however, the most common approach used by each of the jurisdictions was a case-by-case approach given that most jurisdictions do not have well defined guidelines to support all possible scenarios. Even in the simplest case of intravenous solutions, the acceptability of qualitative changes in excipients differ between the IPRP members.  Notwithstanding the differences, the dissemination of the information is a first step towards regulatory convergence regarding biowaivers for certain dosage forms and should be useful for pharmaceutical companies currently developing generic medicinal products for IPRP jurisdictions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18433/jpps31491DOI Listing
January 2021

2020 White Paper on Recent Issues in Bioanalysis: BAV Guidance, CLSI H62, Biotherapeutics Stability, Parallelism Testing, CyTOF and Regulatory Feedback ( - Recommendations on Biotherapeutics Stability, PK LBA Regulated Bioanalysis, Biomarkers Assays, Cytometry Validation & Innovation - Regulatory Agencies' Inputs on Bioanalysis, Biomarkers, Immunogenicity, Gene & Cell Therapy and Vaccine).

Bioanalysis 2021 Mar 29;13(5):295-361. Epub 2021 Jan 29.

Health Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada.

The 14 edition of the Workshop on Recent Issues in Bioanalysis (14 WRIB) was held virtually on June 15-29, 2020 with an attendance of over 1000 representatives from pharmaceutical/biopharmaceutical companies, biotechnology companies, contract research organizations, and regulatory agencies worldwide. The 14 WRIB included three Main Workshops, seven Specialized Workshops that together spanned 11 days in order to allow exhaustive and thorough coverage of all major issues in bioanalysis, biomarkers, immunogenicity, gene therapy and vaccine. Moreover, a comprehensive vaccine assays track; an enhanced cytometry track and updated Industry/Regulators consensus on BMV of biotherapeutics by LCMS were special features in 2020. As in previous years, this year's WRIB continued to gather a wide diversity of international industry opinion leaders and regulatory authority experts working on both small and large molecules to facilitate sharing and discussions focused on improving quality, increasing regulatory compliance and achieving scientific excellence on bioanalytical issues. This 2020 White Paper encompasses recommendations emerging from the extensive discussions held during the workshop, and is aimed to provide the Global Bioanalytical Community with key information and practical solutions on topics and issues addressed, in an effort to enable advances in scientific excellence, improved quality and better regulatory compliance. Due to its length, the 2020 edition of this comprehensive White Paper has been divided into three parts for editorial reasons. This publication covers the recommendations on (Part 2A) BAV, PK LBA, Flow Cytometry Validation and Cytometry Innovation and (Part 2B) Regulatory Input. Part 1 (Innovation in Small Molecules, Hybrid LBA/LCMS & Regulated Bioanalysis), Part 3 (Vaccine, Gene/Cell Therapy, NAb Harmonization and Immunogenicity) are published in volume 13 of Bioanalysis, issues 4, and 6 (2021), respectively.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4155/bio-2021-0005DOI Listing
March 2021

2020 White Paper on Recent Issues in Bioanalysis: BMV of Hybrid Assays, Acoustic MS, HRMS, Data Integrity, Endogenous Compounds, Microsampling and Microbiome ( - Recommendations on Industry/Regulators Consensus on BMV of Biotherapeutics by LCMS, Advanced Application in Hybrid Assays, Regulatory Challenges in Mass Spec, Innovation in Small Molecules, Peptides and Oligos).

Bioanalysis 2021 Feb 20;13(4):203-238. Epub 2021 Jan 20.

Merck, West Point, PA, USA.

The 14 edition of the Workshop on Recent Issues in Bioanalysis (14 WRIB) was held virtually on June 15-29, 2020 with an attendance of over 1000 representatives from pharmaceutical/biopharmaceutical companies, biotechnology companies, contract research organizations, and regulatory agencies worldwide. The 14 WRIB included three Main Workshops, seven Specialized Workshops that together spanned 11 days in order to allow exhaustive and thorough coverage of all major issues in bioanalysis, biomarkers, immunogenicity, gene therapy, cell therapy and vaccine. Moreover, a comprehensive vaccine assays track; an enhanced cytometry track and updated Industry/Regulators consensus on BMV of biotherapeutics by Mass Spectrometry (hybrid assays, LCMS and HRMS) were special features in 2020. As in previous years, this year's WRIB continued to gather a wide diversity of international industry opinion leaders and regulatory authority experts working on both small and large molecules to facilitate sharing and discussions focused on improving quality, increasing regulatory compliance and achieving scientific excellence on bioanalytical issues. This 2020 White Paper encompasses recommendations emerging from the extensive discussions held during the workshop and is aimed to provide the Global Bioanalytical Community with key information and practical solutions on topics and issues addressed, in an effort to enable advances in scientific excellence, improved quality and better regulatory compliance. Due to its length, the 2020 edition of this comprehensive White Paper has been divided into three parts for editorial reasons. This publication covers the recommendations on (Part 1) Hybrid Assays, Innovation in Small Molecules, & Regulated Bioanalysis. Part 2A (BAV, PK LBA, Flow Cytometry Validation and Cytometry Innovation), Part 2B (Regulatory Input) and Part 3 (Vaccine, Gene/Cell Therapy, NAb Harmonization and Immunogenicity) are published in volume 13 of Bioanalysis, issues 5, and 6 (2021), respectively.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4155/bio-2020-0324DOI Listing
February 2021

Applications of Physiologically Based Biopharmaceutics Modeling (PBBM) to Support Drug Product Quality: A Workshop Summary Report.

J Pharm Sci 2021 02 3;110(2):594-609. Epub 2020 Nov 3.

Division of Quantitative Methods and Modeling, Office of Research and Standards, Office of Generic Drugs, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Silver Spring, Maryland.

This report summarizes the proceedings for Day 3 of the workshop titled "Current State and Future Expectations of Translational Modeling Strategies toSupportDrug Product Development, Manufacturing Changes and Controls". From a drug product quality perspective, patient-centric product development necessitates the development of clinically relevant drug product specifications (CRDPS). In this regard, Physiologically Based Biopharmaceutics modeling (PBBM) is a viable tool to establish links between in-vitro to in-vivo data, and support with establishing CRDPS. The theme of day 3 was practical applications of PBBM to support drug product quality. In this manuscript, case studies from US FDA, EMA and pharmaceutical industry on applications of PBBM in drug product quality are summarized which include 1) regulatory agency's perspectives on establishing the safe space and achieving study waivers, 2) model-informed risk assessment on the effects of acid reducing agents, bridging of dissolution methods, food effect, and formulation selection, and 3) understanding clinical formulation performance. Breakout session discussions focused on four topics - 1) terminologies related to physiologically based modeling in support of drug product quality, 2) regulatory harmonization on evidentiary standards, 3) CRDPS approaches and 4) bridging between biorelevant and quality control (QC) dissolution methods.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.xphs.2020.10.059DOI Listing
February 2021

Project Orbis: Global Collaborative Review Program.

Clin Cancer Res 2020 Dec 9;26(24):6412-6416. Epub 2020 Oct 9.

Oncology Center of Excellence, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, Maryland.

In 2019, the FDA Oncology Center of Excellence launched Project Orbis, a global collaborative review program to facilitate faster patient access to innovative cancer therapies across multiple countries. Project Orbis aims for concurrent submission, review, and regulatory action for high-impact clinically significant marketing applications among the participating partner countries. Current Project Orbis partners (POP) include the regulatory health authorities (RHA) of Australia, Brazil, Canada, Singapore, and Switzerland. Project Orbis leverages the existing scientific and regulatory partnerships between the various RHA under mutual confidentiality agreements. While FDA serves as the primary coordinator for application selection and review, each country remains fully independent on their final regulatory decision. In the first year of Project Orbis (June 2019 to June 2020), a total of 60 oncology marketing applications were received, representing 16 unique projects, and resulting in 38 approvals. New molecular entities, also known as new active substances, comprised 28% of the received marketing applications. The median time gap between FDA and Orbis submission dates was 0.6 months with a range of -0.8 to 9.0 months. Across the program, the median time-to-approval was similar between FDA (4.2 months, range 0.9-6.9, = 18) and the POP (4.4 months, range 1.7-6.8, = 20). Participating countries have signified a strong commitment for continuation and growth of the program. Project Orbis expansion considerations include the addition of more countries and management of more complex applications.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-20-3292DOI Listing
December 2020

Policy of Multisource Drug Products in Latin America: Opportunities and Challenges on the Application of Bioequivalence In Vitro Assays.

Ther Innov Regul Sci 2021 01 29;55(1):65-81. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Unit of Modeling and Experimental Biopharmaceutics, Centre of Chemical Bioactive, Central University of Las Villas, Villa Clara, 54830, Santa Clara, Cuba.

Background: The replacement of traditional in vivo bioequivalence studies by in vitro dissolution assays, based on the biopharmaceutical classification system (BCS), has emerged as an important tool for demonstrating the interchangeability of multisource products. This paper summarizes the current implementation of the BCS-based biowaiver for the development of multisource products in Latin America, and identifies several challenges and opportunities for greater convergence and application of BCS regulatory requirements.

Methods: Differences and similarities between the current BCS-based biowaivers' guidelines proposed by two relevant regulatory agencies for the Latin American region (FDA and WHO) and the new ICH harmonization guideline were identified and compared. An update of the BCS-based biowaiver guideline for Latin American countries was also considered, based on the respective regulatory information on bioequivalence studies, which is publicly available.

Results: About 50% of the Latin American countries analyzed have no information on the implementation of any bioequivalence standards, while in the countries where bioequivalence studies are considered, the acceptance and application of BCS-based biowaiver requirements is quite heterogeneous. This situation contrasts with the international trend of global harmonization for BCS-based biowaiver guidance, suggesting the need in Latin America to identify opportunities and overcome challenges to improve the development of BCS-based biowaivers to avoid costly and time-consuming in vivo bioequivalence studies.

Conclusions: The study shows that the region is in a position to improve access to safe and effective medicines at a reasonable cost by applying BCS-based biowaiver guidance.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s43441-020-00191-7DOI Listing
January 2021

A Baseline Analysis of Regulatory Review Timelines for ANVISA: 2013-2016.

Ther Innov Regul Sci 2020 11 9;54(6):1428-1435. Epub 2020 Jun 9.

Centre for Innovation in Regulatory Science, 160 Blackfriars Road, London, SE1 8EZ, UK.

Background: The Brazilian health regulatory agency (Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária, ANVISA) has embarked on transformational initiatives to fulfill its mandate to provide timely access to safe, effective, and quality therapeutics. A new Brazilian law was enacted to provide the agency with greater flexibility. Optimizing Efficiencies in Regulatory Agencies (OpERA) is a regulatory-strengthening program that seeks to provide benchmarking data that can be used to define performance targets and focus performance improvement. The objective of this study was to use OpERA methodology to undertake a retrospective analysis of the timelines associated with important components of the ANVISA regulatory review process to establish a baseline against which the influence of the new law could be measured.

Methods: The OpERA tool was used to collect specific milestone data that identify time periods, review stages, and data points for products approved by ANVISA 2013-2016.

Results: For the 138 products approved in this cohort, the overall median approval time was 795 days. ANVISA and submitting companies will need to reduce their review and response times by approximately half in order to meet the total time goal of 365 days.

Conclusions: The observations from this baseline study have identified opportunities for ANVISA and sponsor companies to collaborate to reduce regulatory assessment times while assuring the timely approval of safe and effective, quality medicines. These analyses will be repeated to determine how the provisions of the new Law will impact the activities of ANVISA and the extent of sponsors' contributions to this effort.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s43441-020-00169-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7704494PMC
November 2020

2019 White Paper On Recent Issues in Bioanalysis: FDA BMV Guidance, ICH M10 BMV Guideline and Regulatory Inputs ( - Recommendations on 2018 FDA BMV Guidance, 2019 ICH M10 BMV Draft Guideline and Regulatory Agencies' Input on Bioanalysis, Biomarkers and Immunogenicity).

Bioanalysis 2019 Dec 9;11(23):2099-2132. Epub 2019 Dec 9.

US FDA, Silver Spring, MD, USA.

The 2019 13 Workshop on Recent Issues in Bioanalysis (WRIB) took place in New Orleans, LA on 1-5 April 2019 with an attendance of over 1000 representatives from pharmaceutical/biopharmaceutical companies, biotechnology companies, contract research organizations and regulatory agencies worldwide. WRIB was once again a 5-day, week-long event - a full immersion week of bioanalysis, biomarkers, immunogenicity and gene therapy. As usual, it was specifically designed to facilitate sharing, reviewing, discussing and agreeing on approaches to address the most current issues of interest including both small- and large-molecule bioanalysis involving LCMS, hybrid LBA/LCMS, LBA cell-based/flow cytometry assays and qPCR approaches. This 2019 White Paper encompasses recommendations emerging from the extensive discussions held during the workshop, and is aimed to provide the bioanalytical community with key information and practical solutions on topics and issues addressed, in an effort to enable advances in scientific excellence, improved quality and better regulatory compliance. Due to its length, the 2019 edition of this comprehensive White Paper has been divided into three parts for editorial reasons. This publication (Part 2) covers the recommendations on the 2018 FDA BMV guidance, 2019 ICH M10 BMV draft guideline and regulatory agencies' input on bioanalysis, biomarkers, immunogenicity and gene therapy. Part 1 (Innovation in small molecules and oligonucleotides and mass spectrometry method development strategies for large molecules bioanalysis) and Part 3 (New insights in biomarker assay validation, current and effective strategies for critical reagent management, flow cytometry validation in drug discovery and development and CLSI H62, interpretation of the 2019 FDA immunogenicity guidance and gene therapy bioanalytical challenges) are published in volume 10 of , issues 22 and 24 (2019), respectively.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4155/bio-2019-0270DOI Listing
December 2019

Population pharmacokinetics of orally administrated bromopride: Focus on the absorption process.

Eur J Pharm Sci 2020 Jan 25;142:105081. Epub 2019 Oct 25.

Pharmacokinetics and Biopharmaceutical Laboratory (PKBio), Pharmacy Departament, State University of Maringa, Maringá-PR, Brazil. Electronic address:

Bromopride is a prokinetic and antiemetic drug used to treat nausea and vomiting. Although its prescription is common in Brazil, there is a lack of studies about bromopride pharmacokinetics. Therefore, the aims of this study were to investigate the population pharmacokinetics of bromopride and to evaluate the influence of covariates on its absorption. This study is a retrospective analysis of data collected from bioequivalence studies. The data was modeled using MONOLIX 2018R2. Assuming one-compartment and linear elimination, the absorption phase was evaluated with different structural models. The model of sequential first- and zero-order with combined error and exponential inter-individual variability in all parameters best described the atypical absorption profile of bromopride. Population estimates were first-order absorption rate (ka) of 0.08 h  , fraction of dose absorbed by first-order (Fr) of 32.60%, duration of the zero-order absorption (Tk0) of 0.88 h with latency time (Tlag) of 0.47 h, volume of distribution of 230 l and clearance of 46.80 l h  . Bodyweight affects Tk0, dosage form was found to correlate with Tk0 and Tlag, while gender affects Tlag. However, simulations evaluating the clinical importance of these covariates on steady-state indicated minimal changes on bromopride exposure. The mixed absorption model was reasonable to describe the absorption process of bromopride because it had the flexibility to fit multiple-peaks profile and shows good agreement with physicochemical properties of drug.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejps.2019.105081DOI Listing
January 2020

Internal Standards (IS) monitoring in CROs: Anvisa perspective.

Bioanalysis 2019 Sep 18;11(18):1653-1655. Epub 2019 Oct 18.

Coordination of Therapeutic Equivalence, Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (Anvisa) SIA, Trecho 5, Área Especial 57, 71205-050, Brasilia, Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4155/bio-2019-0168DOI Listing
September 2019

Overview of Brazilian Requirements for Therapeutic Equivalence of Orally Inhaled and Nasal Drug Products.

AAPS PharmSciTech 2019 Jun 24;20(6):235. Epub 2019 Jun 24.

Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária - Anvisa, Brasilia, Brazil.

Brazil has established a framework for provision of generic pharmaceuticals including for orally inhaled and nasal drug products (OINDP) to its populace. This includes the development of guidelines or "resolutions" and normative instructions describing the Brazilian medicines agency's (Anvisa) expectations for demonstrating OINDP therapeutic equivalence. The Anvisa regulatory framework for OINDP therapeutic equivalence, challenges, and comparisons with the US Food and Drug Administration and European Medicines Agency approaches are assessed and discussed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1208/s12249-019-1415-yDOI Listing
June 2019

A Survey of the Regulatory Requirements for the Acceptance of Foreign Comparator Products by Participating Regulators and Organizations of the International Generic Drug Regulators Programme.

J Pharm Pharm Sci 2019 ;22(1):28-36

Agencia Española de Medicamentos y Productos Sanitarios (AEMPS), C/ Campezo 1. Edificio 8. Madrid, 28022, Spain.

The acceptance of foreign comparator products is the most limiting factor for the development and regulatory assessment of generic medicines marketed globally. Bioequivalence studies have to be repeated with the local comparator products of each jurisdiction because it is unknown if the comparators of the different countries are the same product, with the consequent duplication of efforts by regulators and industry alike. The regulatory requirements on the acceptability of foreign comparator products of oral dosage forms differ between countries participating in the Bioequivalence Working Group for Generics of the International Pharmaceutical Regulators Programme. Brazil, Colombia, the European Union member States, Japan, Mexico, South Korea and the United States only accept bioequivalence studies with their local comparator. In contrast, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Singapore, South Africa, Switzerland and Taiwan accept studies with foreign comparators under certain conditions. Canada limits its use to highly soluble drugs with a wide therapeutic range in immediate release products. Australia requires a comparison of the quantitative composition. In contrast, there are fewer restrictions on the acceptance of foreign comparators in New Zealand, Singapore, South Africa, Switzerland and Taiwan. For the WHO Prequalification of Medicines and for developing generics of the essential medicines the WHO lists comparators from different countries. In conclusion, there is currently no consensus amongst regulators on the acceptability of foreign comparator products.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18433/jpps30215DOI Listing
July 2020

The Requirements for Additional Strength Biowaivers for Immediate Release Solid Oral Dosage Forms in International Pharmaceutical Regulators Programme Participating Regulators and Organisations: Differences and Commonalities.

J Pharm Pharm Sci 2019 ;22(1):486-500

Therapeutic Goods Administration.

In relation to the registration of generic products, waivers of in vivo bioequivalence studies (biowaivers) are considered in three main cases: certain dosage forms for which bioequivalence is self-evident (e.g. intravenous solutions), biowaivers based on the Biopharmaceutics Classification System and biowaivers for additional strengths with respect to the strength for which in vivo bioequivalence has been shown. The objective of this article is to describe the differences and commonalities in biowaivers for additional strengths of immediate release solid oral dosage forms between the participating members of the International Pharmaceutical Regulators Program (IPRP). The requirements are based on five main aspects; the pharmacokinetics of the drug substance, the manufacturing process, the qualitative and quantitative composition of the different strengths, and the comparative dissolution profiles. For the pharmacokinetic aspects, many regulators/agencies have the same requirements. All strengths must be manufactured with the same process, although a few regulators/agencies accept small differences. In relation to the formulation aspects, the data required breaks down into three major approaches based initially on one of those of the EU, the USA or Japan, but there are some differences in these three major approaches with some country specific interpretations. Most regulators/agencies also have the same requirements for the dissolution data, though there are some notable exceptions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18433/jpps30724DOI Listing
January 2019

2018 White Paper on Recent Issues in Bioanalysis: focus on immunogenicity assays by hybrid LBA/LCMS and regulatory feedback (Part 2 - PK, PD & ADA assays by hybrid LBA/LCMS & regulatory agencies' inputs on bioanalysis, biomarkers and immunogenicity).

Bioanalysis 2018 Dec 29;10(23):1897-1917. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

F Hoffmann-La Roche, Basel, Switzerland.

The 2018 12 Workshop on Recent Issues in Bioanalysis took place in Philadelphia, PA, USA on April 9-13, 2018 with an attendance of over 900 representatives from pharmaceutical/biopharmaceutical companies, biotechnology companies, contract research organizations and regulatory agencies worldwide. WRIB was once again a 5-day, week-long event - a full immersion week of bioanalysis, biomarkers and immunogenicity. As usual, it was specifically designed to facilitate sharing, reviewing, discussing and agreeing on approaches to address the most current issues of interest including both small- and large-molecule bioanalysis involving LCMS, hybrid LBA/LCMS and LBA/cell-based assays approaches. This 2018 White Paper encompasses recommendations emerging from the extensive discussions held during the workshop and is aimed to provide the bioanalytical community with key information and practical solutions on topics and issues addressed, in an effort to enable advances in scientific excellence, improved quality and better regulatory compliance. Due to its length, the 2018 edition of this comprehensive White Paper has been divided into three parts for editorial reasons. This publication (Part 2) covers the recommendations for PK, PD and ADA assays by hybrid LBA/LCMS and regulatory agencies' input. Part 1 (LCMS for small molecules, peptides, oligonucleotides and small molecule biomarkers) and Part 3 (LBA/cell-based assays: immunogenicity, biomarkers and PK assays) are published in volume 10 of , issues 22 and 24 (2018), respectively.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4155/bio-2018-0285DOI Listing
December 2018

2018 White Paper on Recent Issues in Bioanalysis: 'A global bioanalytical community perspective on last decade of incurred samples reanalysis (ISR)' (Part 1 - small molecule regulated bioanalysis, small molecule biomarkers, peptides & oligonucleotide bioanalysis).

Bioanalysis 2018 Nov 29;10(22):1781-1801. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

UK MHRA, London, UK.

The 2018 12 Workshop on Recent Issues in Bioanalysis (12th WRIB) took place in Philadelphia, PA, USA on April 9-13, 2018 with an attendance of over 900 representatives from pharmaceutical/biopharmaceutical companies, biotechnology companies, contract research organizations and regulatory agencies worldwide. WRIB was once again a 5-day full immersion in bioanalysis, biomarkers and immunogenicity. As usual, it was specifically designed to facilitate sharing, reviewing, discussing and agreeing on approaches to address the most current issues of interest including both small- and large-molecule bioanalysis involving LC-MS, hybrid ligand binding assay (LBA)/LC-MS and LBA/cell-based assays approaches. This 2018 White Paper encompasses recommendations emerging from the extensive discussions held during the workshop, and is aimed to provide the bioanalytical community with key information and practical solutions on topics and issues addressed, in an effort to enable advances in scientific excellence, improved quality and better regulatory compliance. Due to its length, the 2018 edition of this comprehensive White Paper has been divided into three parts for editorial reasons. This publication (Part 1) covers the recommendations for LC-MS for small molecules, peptides, oligonucleotides and small molecule biomarkers. Part 2 (hybrid LBA/LC-MS for biotherapeutics and regulatory agencies' inputs) and Part 3 (large molecule bioanalysis, biomarkers and immunogenicity using LBA and cell-based assays) are published in volume 10 of Bioanalysis, issues 23 and 24 (2018), respectively.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4155/bio-2018-0268DOI Listing
November 2018

A Survey of the Regulatory Requirements for BCS-Based Biowaivers for Solid Oral Dosage Forms by Participating Regulators and Organisations of the International Generic Drug Regulators Programme.

J Pharm Pharm Sci 2018 ;21(1):27-37

Medicines Control Council, Pretoria, South Africa.

Purpose: The Biopharmaceutics Classification System (BCS) based biowaiver is a scientific model which enables the substitution of in vivo bioequivalence studies with in vitro data as evidence of therapeutic equivalence subject to certain conditions. Despite being based on the same principles, BCS-based biowaivers are interpreted and regulated differently among international regulatory agencies. In this survey, the Bioequivalence Working Group (BEWG) of the International Generic Drug Regulators Programme (IGDRP) compared the criteria for BCS-based biowaivers applied by the participating regulators and organisations.

Methods: Differences and similarities regarding solubility, permeability, dissolution, excipients and fixed-dose combination products, were identified and compared in a detailed survey of each participant's criteria for BCS-based biowaivers. These criteria were determined based upon the participants' respective regulatory guidance documents, policies and practices.

Results: This review has, with the exception of two participants who do not accept BCS-based biowaivers, revealed that most IGDRP participants interpret the BCS principles and conditions similarly but notable differences exist in the application of these principles.  Conclusion: Although many similarities exist, this review identifies several opportunities for greater convergence of regulatory requirements amongst the surveyed jurisdictions. This article is open to POST-PUBLICATION REVIEW. Registered readers (see "For Readers") may comment by clicking on ABSTRACT on the issue's contents page.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18433/J3X93KDOI Listing
September 2019

2017 White Paper: rise of hybrid LBA/LCMS immunogenicity assays (Part 2: hybrid LBA/LCMS biotherapeutics, biomarkers & immunogenicity assays and regulatory agencies' inputs).

Bioanalysis 2017 Dec 5;9(23):1895-1912. Epub 2017 Dec 5.

Celgene, Summit, NJ, USA.

The 2017 11th Workshop on Recent Issues in Bioanalysis (11th WRIB) took place in Los Angeles/Universal City, California on 3-7 April 2017 with participation of close to 750 professionals from pharmaceutical/biopharmaceutical companies, biotechnology companies, contract research organizations and regulatory agencies worldwide. WRIB was once again a 5-day, weeklong event - a full immersion week of bioanalysis, biomarkers and immunogenicity. As usual, it was specifically designed to facilitate sharing, reviewing, discussing and agreeing on approaches to address the most current issues of interest including both small and large molecule analysis involving LCMS, hybrid ligand binding assay (LBA)/LCMS and LBA approaches. This 2017 White Paper encompasses recommendations emerging from the extensive discussions held during the workshop, and is aimed to provide the bioanalytical community with key information and practical solutions on topics and issues addressed, in an effort to enable advances in scientific excellence, improved quality and better regulatory compliance. Due to its length, the 2017 edition of this comprehensive White Paper has been divided into three parts for editorial reasons. This publication (Part 2) covers the recommendations for biotherapeutics, biomarkers and immunogenicity assays using hybrid LBA/LCMS and regulatory agencies' inputs. Part 1 (LCMS for small molecules, peptides and small molecule biomarkers) and Part 3 (LBA: immunogenicity, biomarkers and pharmacokinetic assays) are published in Volume 9 of Bioanalysis, issues 22 and 24 (2017), respectively.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4155/bio-2017-4973DOI Listing
December 2017

2017 White Paper on recent issues in bioanalysis: aren't BMV guidance/guidelines 'Scientific'? (Part 1 - LCMS: small molecules, peptides and small molecule biomarkers).

Bioanalysis 2017 Nov 17;9(22):1807-1825. Epub 2017 Nov 17.

UK MHRA, London, UK.

The 2017 11th Workshop on Recent Issues in Bioanalysis (11th WRIB) took place in Los Angeles/Universal City, California from 3 April 2017 to 7 April 2017 with participation of close to 750 professionals from pharmaceutical/biopharmaceutical companies, biotechnology companies, contract research organizations and regulatory agencies worldwide. WRIB was once again a 5-day, weeklong event - A Full Immersion Week of Bioanalysis, Biomarkers and Immunogenicity. As usual, it was specifically designed to facilitate sharing, reviewing, discussing and agreeing on approaches to address the most current issues of interest including both small and large molecule analysis involving LCMS, hybrid LBA/LCMS and ligand-binding assay (LBA) approaches. This 2017 White Paper encompasses recommendations emerging from the extensive discussions held during the workshop, and is aimed to provide the bioanalytical community with key information and practical solutions on topics and issues addressed, in an effort to enable advances in scientific excellence, improved quality and better regulatory compliance. Due to its length, the 2017 edition of this comprehensive White Paper has been divided into three parts for editorial reasons. This publication (Part 1) covers the recommendations for Small Molecules, Peptides and Small Molecule Biomarkers using LCMS. Part 2 (Biotherapeutics, Biomarkers and Immunogenicity Assays using Hybrid LBA/LCMS and Regulatory Agencies' Inputs) and Part 3 (LBA: Immunogenicity, Biomarkers and PK Assays) are published in volume 9 of Bioanalysis, issues 23 and 24 (2017), respectively.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4155/bio-2017-4975DOI Listing
November 2017

2016 White Paper on recent issues in bioanalysis: focus on biomarker assay validation (BAV): (Part 3 - LBA, biomarkers and immunogenicity).

Bioanalysis 2016 Dec;8(23):2475-2496

OncoMed Pharmaceuticals, Redwood City, CA, USA.

The 2016 10th Workshop on Recent Issues in Bioanalysis (10th WRIB) took place in Orlando, Florida with participation of close to 700 professionals from pharmaceutical/biopharmaceutical companies, biotechnology companies, contract research organizations, and regulatory agencies worldwide. WRIB was once again a weeklong event - A Full Immersion Week of Bioanalysis for PK, Biomarkers and Immunogenicity. As usual, it is specifically designed to facilitate sharing, reviewing, discussing and agreeing on approaches to address the most current issues of interest including both small and large molecules involving LCMS, hybrid LBA/LCMS, and LBA approaches, with the focus on PK, biomarkers and immunogenicity. This 2016 White Paper encompasses recommendations emerging from the extensive discussions held during the workshop, and is aimed to provide the bioanalytical community with key information and practical solutions on topics and issues addressed, in an effort to enable advances in scientific excellence, improved quality and better regulatory compliance. This White Paper is published in 3 parts due to length. This part (Part 3) discusses the recommendations for large molecule bioanalysis using LBA, biomarkers and immunogenicity. Parts 1 (small molecule bioanalysis using LCMS) and Part 2 (Hybrid LBA/LCMS and regulatory inputs from major global health authorities) have been published in the Bioanalysis journal, issues 22 and 23, respectively.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4155/bio-2016-4989DOI Listing
December 2016

2016 White Paper on recent issues in bioanalysis: focus on biomarker assay validation (BAV): (Part 2 - Hybrid LBA/LCMS and input from regulatory agencies).

Bioanalysis 2016 Dec;8(23):2457-2474

Roche Pharma Research and Early Development, Roche Innovation Center, Basel, Switzerland.

The 2016 10th Workshop on Recent Issues in Bioanalysis (10 WRIB) took place in Orlando, Florida with participation of close to 700 professionals from pharmaceutical/biopharmaceutical companies, biotechnology companies, contract research organizations, and regulatory agencies worldwide. WRIB was once again a 5-day, weeklong event - A Full Immersion Week of Bioanalysis including Biomarkers and Immunogenicity. As usual, it is specifically designed to facilitate sharing, reviewing, discussing and agreeing on approaches to address the most current issues of interest including both small and large molecules involving LCMS, hybrid LBA/LCMS, and LBA approaches, with the focus on biomarkers and immunogenicity. This 2016 White Paper encompasses recommendations emerging from the extensive discussions held during the workshop, and is aimed to provide the bioanalytical community with key information and practical solutions on topics and issues addressed, in an effort to enable advances in scientific excellence, improved quality and better regulatory compliance. This White Paper is published in 3 parts due to length. This part (Part 2) discusses the recommendations for Hybrid LBA/LCMS and regulatory inputs from major global health authorities. Parts 1 (small molecule bioanalysis using LCMS) and Part 3 (large molecule bioanalysis using LBA, biomarkers and immunogenicity) have been published in the Bioanalysis journal, issues 22 and 23, respectively.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4155/bio-2016-4988DOI Listing
December 2016

2016 White Paper on recent issues in bioanalysis: focus on biomarker assay validation (BAV) (Part 1 - small molecules, peptides and small molecule biomarkers by LCMS).

Bioanalysis 2016 Nov 7;8(22):2363-2378. Epub 2016 Oct 7.

Novartis, Emeryville, CA, USA.

The 2016 10 Workshop on Recent Issues in Bioanalysis (10 WRIB) took place in Orlando, Florida with participation of close to 700 professionals from pharmaceutical/biopharmaceutical companies, biotechnology companies, contract research organizations, and regulatory agencies worldwide. WRIB was once again a 5-day, weeklong event - A Full Immersion Week of Bioanalysis including Biomarkers and Immunogenicity. As usual, it was specifically designed to facilitate sharing, reviewing, discussing and agreeing on approaches to address the most current issues of interest including both small and large molecule analysis involving LCMS, hybrid LBA/LCMS, and LBA approaches, with the focus on biomarkers and immunogenicity. This 2016 White Paper encompasses recommendations emerging from the extensive discussions held during the workshop, and is aimed to provide the bioanalytical community with key information and practical solutions on topics and issues addressed, in an effort to enable advances in scientific excellence, improved quality and better regulatory compliance. This white paper is published in 3 parts due to length. This part (Part 1) discusses the recommendations for small molecules, peptides and small molecule biomarkers by LCMS. Part 2 (Hybrid LBA/LCMS and regulatory inputs from major global health authorities) and Part 3 (large molecule bioanalysis using LBA, biomarkers and immunogenicity) will be published in the Bioanalysis journal, issue 23.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4155/bio-2016-4992DOI Listing
November 2016

Dealing with nanosafety around the globe-Regulation vs. innovation.

Int J Pharm 2016 Jul 13;509(1-2):95-106. Epub 2016 May 13.

Coordination of Therapeutic Equivalence, Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (ANVISA), Brasília, Brazil.

In recent years, nanotechnology has become increasingly important for global industries. Today, many nanomaterials are used as ingredients in cosmetics, food products, medical devices and pharmaceuticals. In some cases they exert unexpected risks and potentially pose a threat to human health and the environment. Regulatory authorities all over the world carefully observe recent developments in this area, striving to find a balance between consumer safety and the interests of the industry. In the following, the current legislation in the United States of America, the European Union, Asia and Brazil will be presented. Further, the requirements defined by these different authorities and methodology to investigate relevant characteristics of nanomaterials will be discussed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpharm.2016.05.015DOI Listing
July 2016

2015 White Paper on recent issues in bioanalysis: focus on new technologies and biomarkers (Part 2 - hybrid LBA/LCMS and input from regulatory agencies).

Bioanalysis 2015 Dec 2;7(23):3019-34. Epub 2015 Dec 2.

Germany BfArM, Bonn, Germany.

The 2015 9th Workshop on Recent Issues in Bioanalysis (9th WRIB) took place in Miami, Florida with participation of over 600 professionals from pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical companies, biotechnology companies, contract research organizations and regulatory agencies worldwide. It is once again a 5-day week long event - a full immersion bioanalytical week - specifically designed to facilitate sharing, reviewing, discussing and agreeing on approaches to address the most current issues of interest in bioanalysis. The topics covered included both small and large molecules, and involved LCMS, hybrid LBA/LCMS, LBA approaches including the focus on biomarkers and immunogenicity. This 2015 White Paper encompasses recommendations that emerged from the extensive discussions held during the workshop, and is aimed at providing the bioanalytical community with key information and practical solutions on topics and issues addressed, in an effort to advance scientific excellence, improve quality and deliver better regulatory compliance. Due to its length, the 2015 edition of this comprehensive White Paper has been divided into three parts. Part 2 covers the recommendations for hybrid LBA/LCMS and regulatory agencies' inputs. Part 1 (small molecule bioanalysis using LCMS) and Part 3 (large molecule bioanalysis using LBA, biomarkers and immunogenicity) will be published in volume 7 of Bioanalysis, issues 22 and 24, respectively.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4155/bio.15.214DOI Listing
December 2015

2015 White Paper on recent issues in bioanalysis: focus on new technologies and biomarkers (Part 1 - small molecules by LCMS).

Bioanalysis 2015 17;7(22):2913-25. Epub 2015 Nov 17.

Merck Research Labs, West Point, PA, USA.

The 2015 9th Workshop on Recent Issues in Bioanalysis (9th WRIB) took place in Miami, Florida with participation of over 600 professionals from pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical companies, biotechnology companies, contract research organizations and regulatory agencies worldwide. It is once again a 5-day week long event - a full immersion bioanalytical week - specifically designed to facilitate sharing, reviewing, discussing and agreeing on approaches to address the most current issues of interest in bioanalysis. The topics covered included both small and large molecules, and involved LCMS, hybrid LBA/LCMS, LBA approaches including the focus on biomarkers and immunogenicity. This 2015 White Paper encompasses recommendations that emerged from the extensive discussions held during the workshop, and is aimed to provide the bioanalytical community with key information and practical solutions on topics and issues addressed, in an effort to advance scientific excellence, improve quality and deliver better regulatory compliance. Due to its length, the 2015 edition of this comprehensive White Paper has been divided into three parts. Part 1 covers the recommendations for small molecule bioanalysis using LCMS. Part 2 (hybrid LBA/LCMS and regulatory agencies' inputs) and Part 3 (large molecule bioanalysis using LBA, biomarkers and immunogenicity) will also be published in volume 7 of Bioanalysis, issues 23 and 24, respectively.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4155/bio.15.204DOI Listing
September 2016

An Update of the Brazilian Regulatory Bioequivalence Recommendations for Approval of Generic Topical Dermatological Drug Products.

AAPS J 2015 Nov 27;17(6):1517-8. Epub 2015 Jun 27.

Laboratory of Food, Drugs and Cosmetics (LTMAC), School of Health Sciences, University of Brasília (UnB), Brasília, DF, Brazil.

This note aims to clarify the Brazilian regulatory bioequivalence recommendations for approval of generic topical dermatological drug products, since the legal framework of the "Brazilian Health Surveillance Agency" (ANVISA) is only available in Portuguese. According to Resolutions RE n. 1170 (December 19th 2006) and RDC n. 37 (August 3rd 2011) in Brazil, only in vitro studies are required for registration of generic topical dermatological drug products. Current Regulatory Agenda of ANVISA, which contains possible future resolutions to be revised over 2015-2016, includes a discussion on biowaiver requirements and on possible in vitro and in vivo comparability tests for these products.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1208/s12248-015-9801-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4627447PMC
November 2015

Regulatory Considerations for Approval of Generic Inhalation Drug Products in the US, EU, Brazil, China, and India.

AAPS J 2015 Sep 23;17(5):1285-304. Epub 2015 May 23.

Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, US Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, MD, USA,

This article describes regulatory approaches for approval of "generic" orally inhaled drug products (OIDPs) in the United States, European Union, Brazil, China and India. While registration of a generic OIDP in any given market may require some documentation of the formulation and device similarity to the "original" product as well as comparative testing of in vitro characteristics and in vivo performance, the specific documentation approaches, tests and acceptance criteria vary by the country. This divergence is due to several factors, including unique cultural, historical, legal and economic circumstances of each region; the diverse healthcare and regulatory systems; the different definitions of key terms such as "generic" and "reference" drug; the acknowledged absence of in vitro in vivo correlations for OIDPs; and the scientific and statistical issues related to OIDP testing (such as how best to account for the batch-to-batch variability of the Reference product, whether to use average bioequivalence or population bioequivalence in the statistical analysis of results, whether to use healthy volunteers or patients for pharmacokinetic studies, and which pharmacodynamic or clinical end-points should be used). As a result of this discrepancy, there are ample opportunities for the regulatory and scientific communities around the world to collaborate in developing more consistent, better aligned, science-based approaches. Moving in that direction will require both further research and further open discussion of the pros and cons of various approaches.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1208/s12248-015-9787-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4540743PMC
September 2015