Publications by authors named "Guofan Qu"

12 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Interactive regulation of laryngeal cancer and neuroscience.

Biochim Biophys Acta Rev Cancer 2021 Jun 12;1876(1):188580. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Pathology, Harbin Medical University Cancer Hospital, Harbin 150081, China. Electronic address:

Nerve fibres are distributed throughout the body along with blood and lymphatic vessels. The intrinsic morphological characteristics of nerves and the general characteristics of secretions in the tumour microenvironment provide a solid theoretical basis for exploring how neuronal tissue can influence the progression of laryngeal cancer (LC). The central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS) jointly control many aspects of cancer and have attracted widespread attention in the study of the progression, invasion and metastasis of tumour tissue banks. Stress activates the neuroendocrine response of the human hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. LC cells induce nerve growth in the microenvironment by releasing neurotrophic factors (NTFs), and they can also stimulate neurite formation by secreting axons and axon guides. Conversely, nerve endings secrete factors that attract LC cells; this is known as perineural invasion (PNI) and promotes the progression of the associated cancer. In this paper, we summarize the systematic understanding of the role of neuroregulation in the LC tumour microenvironment (TME) and ways in which the TME accelerates nerve growth, which is closely related to the occurrence of LC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbcan.2021.188580DOI Listing
June 2021

Glycogen synthase kinase 3β promotes osteosarcoma invasion and migration via regulating PTEN and phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase.

Biosci Rep 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Harbin Medical University Cancer Hospital, Harbin, China.

Aim: Typical features of human osteosarcoma are highly invasive and migratory capacities. Our study aimed to investigate the roles of glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β) in human osteosarcoma metastasis.

Methods: GSK3β expressions in clinical osteosarcoma tissues with or without metastasis were examined by immunohistochemical staining. The expressions of GSK3β, p-GSK3βSer9, and p-GSK3βTyr216 in human osteoblast cells (hFOB1.19) and human osteosarcoma cells (MG63, SaOS-2 and U2-OS) were detected by western blotting. The GSK3β activity was measured by non-radio isotopic in vitro kinase assay. Migration and invasion abilities of MG-63 cells treated with small-molecular GSK3β inhibitors were respectively examined by monolayer-based wound-healing assay and transwell assay. The mRNA expressions of GSK3β, matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), MMP-9, phosphatase with tensin homology (PTEN), and focal adhesion kinase (FAK) were detected after siRNA transfection for 72 h. Meanwhile, protein expressions of GSK3β, FAK, p-FAKY397, PTEN, MMP-2, and MMP-9 were measured by western blotting.

Results: Clinical osteosarcoma tissues with metastasis showed higher GSK3β expressions. MG63 and U2-OS cells which were easy to occur metastasis showed significantly higher expressions and activities of GSK3β than SaOS-2 cells. Inhibition of GSK3β with small-molecular GSK3β inhibitors in MG63 cells significantly attenuated cell migration and invasion. These effects were associated with reduced expressions of MMP-2 and MMP-9. Moreover, increased PTEN and decreased p-FAKY397 expressions were observed following GSK3b knock-down by siRNA transfection.

Conclusion: GSK3β might promote osteosarcoma invasion and migration via pathways associated with PTEN and phosphorylation of FAK.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1042/BSR20193514DOI Listing
May 2021

Phototherapy together with it triggered immunological response for Anti-HPV treatment of oropharyngeal cancer: Removing tumor and pathogenic virus simultaneously.

Biomaterials 2021 05 25;272:120777. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Harbin Medical University Cancer Hospital, Harbin, 150080, China. Electronic address:

Oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) is one of most common cancers that often brings lots of inconvenience to the patient in swallowing and phonation even after the operation. Moreover, OPSCC is typically as nodal metastases and high recurrence rate due to the high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection for 90% of patients. Obviously, completely curing OPSCC requires simultaneous removal of solid tumor and related pathogenic virus, which is very indispensable but never be realized by any kind of clinical therapy up to now. In this work, we selected the ZrC nanoparticles as difunctional photoactive substance for synchronous generation of hyperthermia and reactive oxygen species (ROS) under NIR excitation. The resultant synergistic photothermal and photodynamic treatment outcome contributed to an excellent anti-tumor effect. The phototherapy of this work was found not only to be able to damage cancer cells directly, but also could trigger the host immunity for further tumor removal and desirable HPV inactivation. An immunologic mechanism of this work was reasonable proposed by monitoring level of shock protein (HSP), calreticulin (CRT), T lymphocytes and dendritic cells (DCs) and immune check point of B7H3, B7H4 and PD-L1 post phototherapy. It was found that tumor-associated antigens of CRT ("eat-me" signal), HSPs and cell debris were released as cancer cell damage, and then the adaptive immune system and the congenital immunity were triggered to activate DCs maturity, antigen presentation to T cells, proliferation of CD4 and CD8 T cells, recruiting macrophages and NK cells and so forth immune responses. Being the first example of using phototherapy for virus-related cancer study, this work opens the door for photo-immunotherapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2021.120777DOI Listing
May 2021

REG γ knockdown suppresses proliferation by inducing apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in osteosarcoma.

PeerJ 2020 15;8:e8954. Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Department of Medical Science Institute of Harbin, The Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, Heilong, China.

Background: Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common malignant bone tumor with high mortality in children and adolescents. REG γ is overexpressed and plays oncogenic roles in various types of human cancers. However, the expression and potential roles of REG γ in osteosarcoma are elusive. This study aims at exploring possible biological functions of REG γ in the pathogenesis of osteosarcoma and its underlying mechanism.

Methods: Quantitativereverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), western blotting andimmunohistochemistry (IHC)were performed to detect the expression levels of REG γ in OS tissues and cell lines. Then, the effects of REG γ expression on OS cell proliferation in vitro were analyzed by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), ethylene deoxyuridine (EdU), colony formation, flow cytometry. The protein levels of apoptosis and cell-cycle related proteins were evaluated using western blotting.

Results: In present study, we found for the first time that REG γ is overexpressed in osteosarcoma tissues and cell lines and knockdown of REG γ significantly inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis and cell cycle arrest in osteosarcoma cells. Furthermore, we observed that p21, caspase-3 and cleaved caspase-3 are increased while the expression of cycinD1 and bcl-2 are decreased after REG γ depletion in osteosarcoma cells. In conclusion, REG γ may be involved in the proliferation of osteosarcoma and serve as a novel therapeutic target in patients with osteosarcoma.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.8954DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7166046PMC
April 2020

Identification of Biomarkers for Osteosarcoma Based on Integration Strategy.

Med Sci Monit 2020 Mar 16;26:e920803. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Harbin Medical University Cancer Hospital, Harbin, Heilongjiang, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common primary malignant tumor of bone. The identification of novel biomarkers is necessary for the diagnosis and treatment of osteosarcoma. MATERIAL AND METHODS We obtained 11 paired fresh-frozen OS samples and normal controls from patients between September 2015 and February 2017. We used an integration strategy that analyzes next-generation sequencing data by bioinformatics methods based on the pathogenesis of osteosarcoma. RESULTS One susceptibility lncRNA and 7 susceptibility genes regulated by the lncRNA for osteosarcoma were effectively identified, and real-time PCR and clinical index ALP data were used to test their effectiveness. CONCLUSIONS The results showed that the expression levels of the 7 genes were highly consistent in the training and test sample sets, especially between the expression value of the gene ALPL and the plasma detection value of its encoded protein ALP. In particular, both the expression of gene ALPL and the plasma detection values of protein ALP encoded by gene ALPL showed a high degree of consistency among different data types. The identified lncRNA and genes effectively classified the samples proved so that they could be used as potential biomarkers of osteosarcoma. Our strategy may also be helpful for the identification of biomarkers for other diseases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/MSM.920803DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7101204PMC
March 2020

Cell-cargo mediated ZrN nanoparticle for the synergetic phototherapy on both of mice and rabbits.

Eur J Pharm Biopharm 2020 Apr 19;149:163-169. Epub 2020 Feb 19.

School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150080, China. Electronic address:

Realization of phototherapy on the big animal modal with orthotopic tumor is of considerable significance in view of its great clinical relevance to the human deep tumor treatment. Herein, near infrared (NIR)-active ZrN nanoparticles were chosen for both of photothermal and photodynamic purposes to achieve the synergetic phototherapy on mice with subcutaneous tumor and even rabbits bearing with orthotopic tumor. Broad and strong photoabsorption, photosensitive ROS generation and photothermal effect of ZrN nanoparticles together made it to be ideal candidate for the effective tumor photoablation. Meanwhile, cell-cargo of macrophage enables targeted delivery of ZrN nanoparticles without influence on its photophysical properties. Resultantly, macrophage loaded ZrN could efficiently mediate synergetic phototherapeutic outcome as proved by complete removal of solid tumor from mice and rabbits. In this work, we also introduced B-mode ultrasonography and contrast-enhanced ultrasound technique for monitoring the evolution process of deep orthotopic tumor on rabbits post-treatment and confirmed the pathological changes of vascular degeneration and liquefaction necrosis post phototherapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejpb.2020.02.006DOI Listing
April 2020

A Retrospective Clinicopathological Study of Osteosarcoma Patients with Metachronous Metastatic Relapse.

J Cancer 2019 2;10(13):2982-2990. Epub 2019 Jun 2.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Harbin Medical University Cancer Hospital, Harbin, China.

: Although osteosarcoma patients receive a standardized treatment, metachronous metastatic relapse still impairs the overall survival (OS). This study aimed to explore the clinicopathological features and prognostic factors of osteosarcoma patients with metachronous metastatic relapse. : We retrospectively analyzed 59 patients, between January 1st, 2004 and December 31st, 2013. Employed Chi-square test to recognize the differences in clinicopathological characteristics between early and late metastatic patients, and the differences between shorter and longer survival patients. Used the Kaplan-Meier method to evaluate the survival data, cox step proportional hazard test to analyze the prognostic factors associated with OS. : We found that early metastatic patients were prominently correlated with the male, tumor size ≥8 cm, histological grade G2, Enneking stages II, anatomic location of the distal femur, pathological of conventional types, and elevated alkaline phosphatase (ALP) level at diagnosis, (p<0.05). In parallel, the shorter survival patients were primarily linked to tumor size ≥8 cm, histological grade G2, Enneking stages II, early metastasis, multiple pulmonary metastases, lack of curative treatment after metastasis, increased level of ALP at diagnosis and LDH after metastasis, (p<0.05). The univariate analyses of the prognostic factors showed that patients who had these clinicopathological characteristics, such as male, tumor size ≥8 cm, Enneking stage IIB, multiple pulmonary metastases, lack of curative treatment after metastasis, the elevated ALP at diagnosis, elevated ALP and LDH after metastasis, had a worse OS in osteosarcoma patient with metachronous metastatic relapse, (p<0.05). The multivariate analyses showed that tumor size, type of metastasis and ALP level at diagnosis were independent factors for OS in osteosarcoma patient with metachronous metastatic relapse (p<0.05). : These results indicated that osteosarcoma patients with metachronous metastatic relapse have special features which might be utilized to effectively predict the likelihood of early metastatic relapse and the prognosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7150/jca.30750DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6590042PMC
June 2019

The expression of Eps15 homology domain 1 is negatively correlated with disease-free survival and overall survival of osteosarcoma patients.

J Orthop Surg Res 2019 Apr 11;14(1):103. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Orthopaedics, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, No. 246, Xuefu Road, Nangang District, Harbin, 150001, Heilongjiang, China.

Background: Osteosarcoma was locally aggressive and frequently metastasizes to the lung. However, the etiology of osteosarcoma was unknown. Thus, exploring the mechanisms behind the occurrence of osteosarcoma was important for its prediction and prevention. To investigate the usefulness of mammalian Eps15 homology domain 1 (EHD1) as a prognostic marker for osteosarcoma, the expression of EHD1 in 57 osteosarcoma patients was measured using immunohistochemistry techniques and correlated with the clinicopathological features of patients.

Methods: Correlations of EHD1 expression levels with clinicopathological features of patients were assessed using the Pearson χ test for categorical variables and the Student t test for continuous variables. Cumulative disease-free survival (DFS) curves and overall survival (OS) curves were plotted using the Kaplan-Meier method, and the relationship between each of the variables and survival was assessed by log-rank tests using univariate analysis. Subsequently, the parameters were tested using the multivariate Cox proportional hazards model, which was used to identify independent variables for predicting survival. EHD1 expression [P = 0.020; HR, 5.582; 95% confidence intervals (CI), 1.314-23.72] was an independent prognostic indicator of DFS in osteosarcoma patients; tumor size and EHD1 expression of osteosarcomas were independent prognostic indicators of OS in osteosarcoma patients.

Results: EHD1 protein expression was a positive expression in examined tumor tissues. The median OS time of patients with high expression of EHD1 was 46.8 months (95% CI, 29.8-63.8 months), and the median OS time of patients with low expression of EHD1 was 58.8 months (95% CI, 31.6-86.0 months). The prognosis for patients with low expression of EHD1 in osteosarcomas was significantly better than that for patients with high expression of EHD1 (log-rank test, P = 0.019).

Conclusion: The expression of EHD1 was negatively correlated with DFS and OS of osteosarcoma patients; therefore, the expression of EHD1 is a prognostic marker for prediction and prevention of osteosarcomas.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13018-019-1137-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6460645PMC
April 2019

Safety and Efficacy of Anlotinib, a Multikinase Angiogenesis Inhibitor, in Patients with Refractory Metastatic Soft-Tissue Sarcoma.

Clin Cancer Res 2018 11 12;24(21):5233-5238. Epub 2018 Jun 12.

National Cancer Center/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

The prognosis for patients with refractory soft-tissue sarcoma (STS) is dismal. Anlotinib has previously shown antitumor activity on STS in preclinical and phase I studies. Patients 18 years and older, progressing after anthracycline-based chemotherapy, naïve from angiogenesis inhibitors, with at least one measurable lesion according to RECIST 1.1, were enrolled. The main subtypes eligible were undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (UPS), liposarcoma (LPS), leiomyosarcoma (LMS), synovial sarcoma (SS), fibrosarcoma (FS), alveolar soft-part sarcoma (ASPS), and clear cell sarcoma (CCS). Participants were treated with anlotinib. The primary endpoint was progression-free rate at 12 weeks (PFR). A total of 166 patients were included in the final analysis. Overall, the PFR was 68%, and objective response rate was 13% (95% confidence interval, 7.6%-18%). The median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 5.6 and 12 months, respectively. The PFR, median PFS and OS were: 58%, 4.1 and 11 months for UPS ( = 19); 63%, 5.6 and 13 months for LPS ( = 13); 75%, 11 and 15 months for LMS ( = 26); 75%, 7.7 and 12 months for SS ( = 47); 81%, 5.6 and 12 months for FS ( = 18); 77%, 21 and not reached for ASPS ( = 13); 54%, 11 and 16 months for CCS ( = 7); and 44%, 2.8 and 8.8 months for other sarcoma ( = 23), respectively. The most common clinically significant grade 3 or higher adverse events were hypertension (4.8%), triglyceride elevation (3.6%), and pneumothorax (2.4%). No treatment-related death occurred. Anlotinib showed antitumor activity in several STS entities. The toxicity was manageable. .
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-17-3766DOI Listing
November 2018

The overexpression of MDM4: an effective and novel predictor of gastric adenocarcinoma lymph node metastasis.

Oncotarget 2016 10;7(41):67212-67222

Department of Gastroenterologic Surgery, Harbin Medical University Cancer Hospital, Harbin, China.

Background: MDM4 is the important negative regulator of the tumor suppressor protein p53, which is overexpressed in various human cancers. This study evaluates the MDM4 expression in patients with gastric adenocarcinoma (GTAC) at the mRNA and protein levels and examines relationships among MDM4 expression, clinicopathological features, and prognosis.

Results: The qRT-PCR and the Western blot analysis showed that the MDM4 expression level was high in GTACN+ but not in GTACN-. The high expression level of MDM4 was significantly associated with age (P = 0.047), lymph node metastasis (LNM) (P < 0.001), pathological stage (P < 0.001), differentiation status (P = 0.001), and preoperative serum CA19-9 level (P < 0.001). Moreover, the survival analysis showed that Borrmann type, depth of invasion, LNM, and preoperative serum CA19-9 level were independent prognostic factors. The univariate analysis revealed that MDM4 expression influenced GTAC prognosis. Furthermore, the influence of overall prognosis relies on whether or not the high MDM4 expression level could lead to LNM.

Materials And Methods: We investigated MDM4 expression in primary GTAC and paired normal gastric tissues (30 pairs) through qRT-PCR and Western blot analyses. We also performed immunohistochemistry analysis on 336 paraffin-embedded GTAC specimens and 33 matched normal specimens.

Conclusions: MDM4 expression may result in LMN of GTAC. High MDM4 expression levels are associated with LMN of GTAC and influence the prognosis of patients with GTAC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.11971DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5341869PMC
October 2016

Clinicopathological features of gastric adenocarcinoma patients with metachronous distant metastasis.

Tumour Biol 2015 Aug 29;36(8):6375-82. Epub 2015 Apr 29.

Department of Gastroenterologic Surgery, Harbin Medical University Cancer Hospital, 150 Haping Road, Nan Gang District, Harbin, China.

Metachronous distant metastasis influences the postoperative survival of gastric adenocarcinoma patients with radical gastrectomy. We retrospectively reviewed 108 gastric adenocarcinoma patients with metachronous distant metastasis admitted to our hospital between January 2006 and December 2011. First, these patients were divided into two groups according to the time of metastasis: the early metastasis group (EMG) and late metastasis group (LMG). Second, according to the survival time after metastasis, these patients were divided into the longer survival group (LSG) and shorter survival group (SSG). Chi-square and Fisher exact tests were used to analyze associations between categorical variables. Survival data were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Multivariate analyses of the prognostic factors related to overall survival were conducted using the Cox stepwise proportional hazards test. Results shows that the EMG was significantly associated with depth of invasion (p = 0.005), Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) stage (p = 0.003), degree of differentiation (p = 0.002), and vascular invasion (p = 0.001). The SSG was significantly associated with depth of invasion (p = 0.026) and normal carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level of after metastasis (p = 0.003). Survival analysis showed that depth of invasion (p < 0.001), degree of differentiation (p = 0.001), and vascular invasion (p = 0.011) were independent prognostic factors for gastric adenocarcinoma patients with metachronous distant metastasis. Gastric adenocarcinoma patients with metachronous distant metastasis exhibit characteristics that can be used to effectively estimate the possibility of early distant metastasis and the prognosis of these patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13277-015-3325-2DOI Listing
August 2015

Effects of botulinum toxin type a on collagen deposition in hypertrophic scars.

Molecules 2012 Feb 21;17(2):2169-77. Epub 2012 Feb 21.

Department of Plastic and Aesthetic Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150086, China.

A recent study reported that Botulinum toxin type A (BTXA) could inhibit the growth of hypertrophic scars and improve their appearance. However, the mechanism of BTXA's action on hypertrophic scars is still unknown. Some in vitro studies had shown BTXA could alleviate hypertrophic scars by acting on the biological behavior of fibroblasts, but there are few in vivo experiments, especially animal model experiments, supporting these findings. The aim of the study reported herein was to investigate the effect of BTXA on collagen deposition on hypertrophic scars in a rabbit ear model and partially clarify the mechanism of BTXA on the hypertrophy of scars. The rabbit hypertrophic scar model was used and eight rabbits were employed. BTXA was injected into the hypertrophic scar tissue of one ear; and the other ear in the same rabbit was the control without BTXA injection. The scar thickness and deposition of collagen was examined through immune histochemistry including haematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and Masson trichrome staining. The thicknesses of hypertrophic scars in the BTXA treatment group were obviously lower than in the control groups (P < 0.01). H&E and Masson staining showed that collagen fibers were stained blue. Compared with the treatment group, the collagen fibers were thicker and the arrangement of collagen fibers were disordered in the control group. This study used the rabbit ear model of hypertrophic scars to assess the effects of BTXA on scar hypertrophy. The application of BTXA may be useful for inhibiting hypertrophic scars.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules17022169DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6268678PMC
February 2012
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