Publications by authors named "Guo-Xiang He"

8 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Conditional expression of the type 2 angiotensin II receptor in mesenchymal stem cells inhibits neointimal formation after arterial injury.

J Cardiovasc Transl Res 2014 Oct 14;7(7):635-43. Epub 2014 Aug 14.

Department of Cardiology, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University and Chongqing Institute of Interventional Cardiology, Chongqing, 400038, People's Republic of China.

Percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) are an effective treatment for obstructive coronary artery diseases. However, the procedure's success is limited by remodeling and formation of neointima. In the present study, we engineered rat mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to express type 2 angiotensin II receptor (AT2R) using a tetracycline-regulated system that can strictly regulate AT2R expression. We tested the ability of the modified MSCs to reduce neointima formation following arterial injury. We subjected rats to balloon injury, and reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) indicated no significant AT2R expression in normal rat arteries. Low expression of AT2R was observed at 28 days after balloon-induced injury. Interestingly, MSCs alone were unable to reduce neointimal hyperplasia after balloon-induced injury; after transplantation of modified MSCs, doxycycline treatment significantly upregulated neointimal AT2R expression and inhibited osteopontin mRNA expression, as well as neointimal formation. Taken together, these results suggest that transplantation of MSCs conditionally expressing AT2R could effectively suppress neointimal hyperplasia following balloon-induced injury. Therefore, MSCs with a doxycycline-controlled gene induction system may be useful for the management of arterial injury after PCI.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12265-014-9576-2DOI Listing
October 2014

[Efficacy of stents coated with antibody against CD105 on preventing restenosis and thrombosis in minipigs].

Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi 2010 Jul;38(7):648-51

28th Division, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100029, China.

Objective: Novel stents loaded with antibody against CD105 were analyzed for their potential to limit coronary neointima formation and to accelerate endothelialization by attracting activated endothelial cell.

Methods: Thirty Stents coated with antibody against CD105, thirty unloaded polymer, and thirty bare metal stents were deployed in 90 coronary arteries of 30 minipigs. Oral aspirin (300 mg before operation and 100 mg post operation) and clopidogrel (300 mg before operation and 75 mg post operation) were orally administrated. Coronary artery quantitative analysis was completed by coronary arteriography, the vascular endothelium changes were observed under scanning electron microscope and the vascular morphological changes were observed under light microscope 7 and 14 days after operation.

Results: Complete procedural and angiographic success was achieved in all 30 minipigs. There were no major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events. At 7 days, there was no difference for mean neointimal area and percent area stenosis among various groups. At 14 days, endothelialization scores were significantly higher in the CD105 antibody-loaded stents and bare metal stents group than in sirolimus-eluting stents group (1.78 ± 0.49, 1.50 ± 0.67 vs. 1.08 ± 0.29, all P < 0.05), mean percent area stenosis in the CD105 antibody-loaded stents, sirolimus-eluting stents group were less than that in bare metal stents group [(23.8 ± 4)%, (24.2 ± 2)% vs. (38.0 ± 3)%, all P < 0.05], mean angiographic late luminal loss in the CD105 antibody-loaded stents, sirolimus-eluting stents group were less than that in bare metal stents group [(0.29 ± 0.28) mm, (0.28 ± 0.02) mm vs. (0.41 ± 0.01) mm, all P < 0.05]. There was no difference for mean percent area stenosis in the CD105 antibody-loaded stents and sirolimus-eluting stents group. The mean neointimal area in the CD105 antibody-loaded stents, and sirolimus-eluting stents group were less than that in bare metal stents group [(0.88 ± 0.08) mm(2), (0.89 ± 0.12mm)(2) vs. (1.00 ± 0.14) mm(2), all P < 0.05] and there was no difference for the mean neointimal area in the CD105 antibody-loaded stents and sirolimus-eluting stents group. At 7 and 14 days, there was no difference for the injury score and the inflammation score among various groups, scanning electron microscopy evidenced enhanced endothelial coverage on CD105 antibody-loaded stents compared to sirolimus-eluting stents group.

Conclusion: Stent coated with antibody against CD105 could effectively reduce in-stent restenosis and accelerate endothelialization in the minipigs.
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July 2010

Low-voltage direct-current stimulation is safe and promotes angiogenesis in rabbits with myocardial infarction.

Cell Biochem Biophys 2011 Jan;59(1):19-27

Department of Cardiology, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400038, China.

This study evaluates safety and efficacy of low-voltage direct-current (DC) electrical stimulation of angiogenesis in rabbits with myocardial infarction (MI). Thirty Japanese rabbits were divided into treatment and control groups, and MI was induced by ligation of the left circumflex (LCX) artery. Two platinum electrodes were placed directly on the epicardium on either side of LCX artery. Low-voltage DC stimulation (4.0 V/cm, 30 min/day) was performed in the treatment group immediately after surgery until fourth week post-operatively. Cardio-electrophysiological, respiratory, hematological, blood biochemical, histopathological, immunohistochemical parameters, as well as capillary density at the marginal zone of myocardial infarct were compared between treatment and control groups. Capillary density in the treatment group (63.1 ± 2.2) was significantly higher (P < 0.01) than that in controls (45.4 ± 3.9). Overall mortality was 6.7%, and the prevalences of pneumothorax and intraoperative arrhythmia were 3.3 and 6.7%, respectively. Transient hypotension, anemia, leukocytosis, hypoxemia, and a slight increase in myocardial enzymes levels were observed in both groups. Regarding electrical stimulation, no adverse reactions except a minor infiltration of inflammatory cells and mild degeneration were observed in the myocardium. It was, therefore, concluded that low-voltage DC stimulation in the MI rabbits was not only safe but also effective in promoting angiogenesis in the myocardium.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12013-010-9107-yDOI Listing
January 2011

Clinical efficiency and safety analysis of transcatheter closure of multiple atrial septal defects in adults.

Clin Cardiol 2009 Mar;32(3):130-4

Department of Cardiology, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, People's Republic of China.

Background: Transcatheter closure of atrial septal defects (ASDs) is currently a reliable alternative to surgery, even though challenging in patients with multiple ASDs.

Hypothesis: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficiency and safety of transcatheter closure in multiple ASDs.

Methods: Multiple ASDs were diagnosed by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) or transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). The occlusive condition and distance between 2 adjacent ASDs were measured by TTE examination. Then, the number and size of the occluder(s) was determined. TTE examinations were performed after transcatheter closure as follow-up.

Results: The transcatheter procedure was successful in 15 patients with multiple ASDs, using a single occluder in 9 patients and 2 occluders in the remaining 6 patients. Overall, 21 ASD occluders were implanted. During a follow-up period of 6 mo to 5 y, a slight residual shunt was found in 1 patient without any symptoms; a moderate residual shunt was identified at the inferior vena cava and the occluder was removed by surgery 1 mo after procedure. Other complications, including endocarditis, arrhythmia, thromboembolism, and atrioventricular valve damage were not recorded in any of the 15 patients during the follow-up period.

Conclusion: Transcatheter closure of multiple ASDs is safe and efficient. Two occluders are necessary for the distance of 2 ASDs more than 7 mm, and a single occluder is sufficient for those 7 mm or less.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/clc.20450DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6653734PMC
March 2009

Relationship among soluble CD105, hypersensitive C-reactive protein and coronary plaque morphology: an intravascular ultrasound study.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2008 Jan;121(2):128-32

Department of Cardiology, Anzhen Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University, Beijing 100029, China.

Background: Rupture of unstable plaque with subsequent thrombus formation is the common pathophysiological substrate of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). It is of potential significance to explore the blood indexes predicting plaque characteristics. We investigated the relationship among soluble CD105, hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), and coronary plaque morphology.

Methods: A clinical study from April 2004 to December 2006 was conducted in 130 patients who were divided into 3 groups: 56 patients (43.1%) in stable angina (SA) group, 52 patients (40.0%) in unstable angina (UA) group and 22 patients (16.9%) in acute myocardial infarction group. The concentrations of soluble CD105 and hs-CRP were measured in all of the patients by cardioangiography (CAG). Plasma samples of arterial blood were collected prior to the procedure. The levels of soluble CD105 and hs-CRP were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

Results: Unstable and ruptured plaque was found more frequently in patients with acute myocardial infarction and UA. External elastic membrane cross-sectional area (EEM CSA), plaque area, lipid pool area and plaque burden were significantly larger in the ruptured and unstable plaque group. Positive remodeling, thinner fabric-cap, smaller minimal lumen cross-sectional area (MLA), dissection and thrombus were significantly more frequent in the ruptured and unstable plaque group. Remodeling index (RI) was positively correlated with the levels of soluble CD105 in the UA group (r = 0.628, P < 0.01) and the acute myocardial infarction group (r = 0.639, P < 0.01). The levels of soluble CD105 and hs-CRP were higher in the ruptured plaque group. Soluble CD105 > 4.3 ng/ml was used to predict ruptured plaque with a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve area of 0.77 (95% confidence interval (CI), 66.8% - 87.2%), a sensitivity of 72.8%, a specificity of 78.0% and an accuracy of 70.2% (P < 0.01), similarly for hs-CRP > 5.0 mg/ml with a ROC curve area of 0.70 (95% CI, 59.2% - 80.2%), a sensitivity of 70.2%, a specificity of 76.2% and an accuracy of 67.2% (P < 0.01).

Conclusions: The plaque characteristics correlate with the clinical presentation. The elevation of soluble CD105 and hs-CRP is related to the plaque instability and rupture.
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January 2008

Clinical efficiency and safety analysis of transcatheter interventional therapy for compound congenital cardiovascular abnormalities.

Clin Cardiol 2007 Oct;30(10):518-21

Department of Cardiology, Southwest Hospital, The Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Objective: To investigate the efficiency and safety of transcatheter interventional therapy for compound congenital cardiovascular abnormalities.

Methods: From Nov 2001 to Jun 2006, a total of 36 patients (17 male, 19 female), aged 17.20 +/- 10.52, with compound congenital cardiovascular abnormalities underwent transcatheter interventional procedure. These patients included 11 with perimembranous ventricular septal defect (PVSD) and patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), 8 patients with PVSD and atrial septal defect (ASD), 8 patients with ASD and PDA, 7 patients with ASD and pulmonary stenosis (PS), 1 patient with ASD and mitral stenosis(MS), 1 patient with coarctation of aorta (COA) and PDA. According to the principle of "easy first, hard second," balloon valvuloplasties of PS or MS were performed before the closure of PVSD, and of PDA and ASD. Electrocardiogram and transthoracic echocardiogram were examined at 4 days, 1, 2, 6 and 12 months, respectively, after each procedure.

Results: Transcatheter interventional therapy for compound congenital cardiovascular abnormalities was successful in all patients. Among these, 2 occluders were planted in each of 27 patients, 7 patients with ASD combined with PS and 1 patient with ASD combined with MS underwent successfully performed balloon valvuloplasty and ASD closure, 1 patient with COA combined with PDA underwent successfully performed balloon valvuloplasty and subsequent covered stent implantation. No patient encountered serious adverse events during the (30.5 +/- 14.6) months of follow-up.

Conclusions: Transcatheter interventional therapy for compound congenital cardiovascular abnormalities could obtain satisfactory results with technical feasibility.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/clc.20149DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6653647PMC
October 2007

Relationship between intravascular ultrasound imaging features of coronary plaques and soluble CD105 level in patients with coronary heart disease.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2007 Apr;120(7):595-7

Department of Cardiology, Anzhen Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University, Beijing 100029, China.

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April 2007
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