Publications by authors named "Guo Jeng Tan"

2 Publications

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The relationship between alcohol intake and falls hospitalization: Results from the EPIC-Norfolk.

Geriatr Gerontol Int 2021 Aug 22;21(8):657-663. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Ageing Clinical & Experimental Research (ACER) Team, Institute of Applied Health Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK.

Aim: To evaluate the relationship between habitual alcohol consumption and the risk of falls hospitalization.

Methods: The EPIC-Norfolk is a prospective population-based cohort study in Norfolk, UK. In total, 25 637 community dwelling adults aged 40-79 years were recruited. Units of alcohol consumed per week were measured using a validated Food Frequency Questionnaire. The main outcome was the first hospital admission following a fall.

Results: Over a median follow-up period of 11.5 years (299 211 total person years), the cumulative incidence function (95% confidence interval) of hospitalized falls at 121-180 months for non-users, light (>0 to ≤7 units/week), moderate (>7 to ≤28 units/week) and heavy (>28 units/week) were 11.08 (9.94-12.35), 7.53 (7.02-8.08), 5.91 (5.29-6.59) and 8.20 (6.35-10.56), respectively. Moderate alcohol consumption was independently associated with a reduced risk of falls hospitalization after adjustment for most major confounders (hazard ratio = 0.88; 95% confidence interval 0.79-0.99). The relationship between light alcohol consumption and falls hospitalization was attenuated by gender differences. Alcohol intake higher than the recommended threshold of 28 units/week was associated with an increased risk of falls hospitalization (hazard ratio 1.40 [1.14-1.73]).

Conclusions: Moderate alcohol consumption appears to be associated with a reduced risk of falls hospitalization, and intake above the recommended limit is associated with an increased risk. This provides incentive to limit alcohol consumption within the recommended range and has important implications for public health policies for aging populations. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2021; 21: 657-663.
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August 2021

Use of Medications with Anticholinergic Properties and the Long-Term Risk of Hospitalization for Falls and Fractures in the EPIC-Norfolk Longitudinal Cohort Study.

Drugs Aging 2020 02;37(2):105-114

Clinical Gerontology Unit, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, School of Clinical Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

The consumption of medications with anticholinergic activity has been suggested to result in the adverse effects of mental confusion, visual disturbance, and muscle weakness, which may lead to falls. Existing published evidence linking anticholinergic drugs with falls, however, remains weak. This study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between anticholinergic cognitive burden (ACB) and the long-term risk of hospitalization with falls and fractures in a large population study. The dataset comprised information from 25,639 men and women (aged 40-79 years) recruited from 1993 to 1997 from Norfolk, United Kingdom into the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer (EPIC)-Norfolk study. The time to first hospital admission with a fall with or without fracture was obtained from the National Health Service hospital information system. Cox-proportional hazards analyses were conducted to adjust for confounders and competing risks. The fall hospitalization rate was 5.8% over a median follow-up of ~ 19.4 years. The unadjusted incidence rate ratio for the use of any drugs with anticholinergic properties was 1.79 (95% CI 1.66-1.93). The hazard ratios (95% CI) for ACB scores of 1, 2-3, and ≥ 4 compared with ACB = 0 for fall hospitalization were 1.20 (1.09-1.33), 1.42 (1.25-1.60), and 1.39 (1.21-1.60) after adjustment for age, gender, medical conditions, physical activity, and blood pressure. Medications with anticholinergic activity are associated with an increased risk of subsequent hospitalization with a fall over a 19-year follow-up period. The biological mechanisms underlying the long-term risk of hospitalization with a fall or fracture following baseline ACB exposure remains unclear and requires further evaluation.
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February 2020