Publications by authors named "Guixiang Tong"

8 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Rapid detection of Decapod iridescent virus 1 (DIV1) by recombinase polymerase amplification.

J Virol Methods 2022 Feb 18;300:114362. Epub 2021 Nov 18.

Guangxi Key Laboratory of Aquatic Genetic Breeding and Healthy Aquaculture, Guangxi Academy of Fishery Sciences, Nanning, 530021, China. Electronic address:

A recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) assay was established for the rapid detection of Decapod iridescent virus 1 using primers targeted to the virus's ATPase gene (ORF114R). Optimization experiments showed that the optimal amplification temperature of the RPA assay was 37 °C and that the reaction could be completed within only 15 min. The target band of 15 min. is bright enough. In order to shorten the operational reaction time, consequently, 15 min was the optimal amplification time for our new RPA assay for DIV1. Specificity tests showed that the RPA assay did not exhibit any cross-reactivity with other shrimp pathogens(TSV, MrNV, YHV-1, WSSV, EHP, AHPND, EHNV, RSIV, RGV and IHHNV). Sensitivity tests further showed that the detection limit of the new RPA assay was 200 copies/50 μL, indicating that this assay was more sensitive than a nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method. A total of 509 clinical samples were assayed using the RPA and the PCR assays; analysis showed that the RPA method could detect weak-positive samples more effectively than the PCR method. Collectively, these findings indicated that the RPA assay was fast, simple, specific, sensitive and has significant potentials for clinical and on-site testing.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jviromet.2021.114362DOI Listing
February 2022

Transcriptome analysis to elucidate the toxicity mechanisms of fenvalerate, sulfide gatifloxacin, and ridomil on the hepatopancreas of Procambarus clarkii.

Fish Shellfish Immunol 2021 Sep 10;116:140-149. Epub 2021 Jul 10.

National Pathogen Collection Center for Aquatic Animals, Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Aquaculture, National Demonstration Center for Experimental Fisheries Science Education, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai, 201306, PR China; National Fisheries Technical Extension Center, Beijing, 100125, PR China; Key Laboratory of East China Sea Fishery Resources Exploitation, Ministry of Agriculture, East China Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Shanghai, 200090, PR China. Electronic address:

Most antibiotics, insecticides, and other chemicals used in agricultural and fishery production tend to persist in the environment. Fenvalerate, sulfide gatifloxacin, and ridomil are widely used in aquaculture as antibacterial, antifungal, and antiparasitic drugs; however, their toxicity mechanism remains unclear. Thus, we herein analyzed the effects of these three drugs on the hepatopancreas of Procambarus clarkii at the transcriptome level. Twelve normalized cDNA libraries were constructed using RNA extracted from P. clarkii after treatment with fenvalerate, sulfide gatifloxacin, or ridomil and from an untreated control group, followed by Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analysis. In the control vs fenvalerate and control vs sulfide gatifloxacin groups, 14 and seven pathways were significantly enriched, respectively. Further, the effects of fenvalerate and sulfide gatifloxacin were similar on the hepatopancreas of P. clarkii. We also found that the expression level of genes encoding senescence marker protein-30 and arylsulfatase A was downregulated in the sulfide gatifloxacin group, indicating that sulfide gatifloxacin accelerated the apoptosis of hepatopancreatocytes. The expression level of major facilitator superfamily domain containing 10 was downregulated, implying that it interferes with the ability of the hepatopancreas to metabolize drugs. Interestingly, we found that Niemann pick type C1 and glucosylceramidase-β potentially interact with each other, consequently decreasing the antioxidant capacity of P. clarkii hepatopancreas. In the fenvalerate group, the downregulation of the expression level of xanthine dehydrogenase indicated that fenvalerate affected the immune system of P. clarkii; moreover, the upregulation of the expression level of pancreatitis-associated protein-2 and cathepsin C indicated that fenvalerate caused possible inflammatory pathological injury to P. clarkii hepatopancreas. In the ridomil group, no pathway was significantly enriched. In total, 21 genes showed significant differences in all three groups. To conclude, although there appears to be some overlap in the toxicity mechanisms of fenvalerate, sulfide gatifloxacin, and ridomil, further studies are warranted.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2021.07.004DOI Listing
September 2021

The complete mitochondrial genome of Calappa bilineata: The first representative from the family Calappidae and its phylogenetic position within Brachyura.

Genomics 2020 05 8;112(3):2516-2523. Epub 2020 Feb 8.

Guangxi Key Laboratory of Aquatic Genetic Breeding and Healthy Aquaculture, Academy of Fishery Sciences, Nanning, Guangxi 530021, China. Electronic address:

In this study, we determined the complete mitogenome sequence of Calappa bilineata, which is the first mitogenome of Calappidae up to now. The total length is 15,606 bp and includes 13 protein-coding genes, 22 transfer RNAs, two ribosomal RNAs and one control region. The genome composition is highly A + T biased (68.7%), and exhibits a negative AT-skew (-0.010) and GC-skew (-0.267). As with other invertebrate mitogenomes, the PCGs start with the standard ATN and stop with the standard TAN codons or incomplete T. Phylogenetic analysis showed that C. bilineata was most closely related to Matuta planipes (Matutidae), and these two species formed a sister clade, constituting a Calappoidea group and forming a sister clade with part of Eriphioidea. The existence of the polyphyletic families raised doubts over the traditional classification system. These results will help to better understand the features of the C. bilineata mitogenome and lay foundation for further evolutionary relationships within Brachyura.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ygeno.2020.02.003DOI Listing
May 2020

Establishment of pyrosequencing technology to detect White Spot Syndrome Virus (WSSV) in cultured aquatic animals.

J Virol Methods 2019 11 5;273:113683. Epub 2019 Jul 5.

Guangxi Key Laboratory of Aquatic Genetic Breeding and Healthy Aquaculture, Academy of Fishery Sciences, Nanning, Guangxi 530021, China. Electronic address:

This study aimed to establish pyrosequencing methods to detect white spot syndrome virus (WSSV). One pair of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) primers, and one pyrosequencing primer, were designed for WSSV. The pyrosequencing reaction system and conditions were optimized and a pyrosequencing method for detecting WSSV was successfully established. This method was able to specifically detect WSSV in eight viruses, with high sensitivity. The minimum detectable limit for nucleic acid was 23 copies/μL. The method was verified by detecting WSSV in 1881 batches of samples collected from domestic and imported shrimps. The detection results were more sensitive than conventional PCR. This research has therefore provided a new detection method for monitoring, and controlling aquatic animal virus diseases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jviromet.2019.113683DOI Listing
November 2019

High-throughput sequencing and analysis of microbial communities in the mangrove swamps along the coast of Beibu Gulf in Guangxi, China.

Sci Rep 2019 06 28;9(1):9377. Epub 2019 Jun 28.

The Key Laboratory of Innate Immune Biology of Fujian Province, Provincial University Key Laboratory of Cellular Stress Response and Metabolic Regulation, Biomedical Research Center of South China, Key Laboratory of OptoElectronic Science and Technology for Medicine of Ministry of Education, College of Life Sciences, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou, 350117, China.

Mangrove swamp is one of the world's richest and most productive marine ecosystems. This ecosystem also has a great ecological importance, but is highly susceptible to anthropogenic disturbances. The balance of mangrove ecosystem depends largely on the microbial communities in mangrove sediments. Thus, understanding how the mangrove microbial communities respond to spatial differences is essential for more accurate assessment of mangrove ecosystem health. To this end, we performed the first medium-distance (150 km) research on the biogeographic distribution of mangrove microbial communities. The hypervariable regions of 16S rRNA gene was sequenced by Illumina to compare the microbial communities in mangrove sediments collected from six locations (i.e. Zhenzhu harbor, Yuzhouping, Maowei Sea, Qinzhou harbor, Beihai city and Shankou) along the coastline of Beibu Gulf in Guangxi province, China. Collectively, Proteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Chloroflexi, Actinobacteria, Parvarchaeota, Acidobacteria and Cyanobacteria were the predominant phyla in the mangrove sediments of this area. At genus level, the heat map of microbial communities reflected similarities between study sites and was in agreement with their biogeographic characteristics. Interestingly, the genera Desulfococcus, Arcobacter, Nitrosopumilus and Sulfurimonas showed differences in abundance between study sites. Furthermore, the principal component analysis (PCA) and unweighted UniFrac cluster tree of beta diversity were used to study the biogeographic diversity of the microbial communities. Relatively broader variation of microbial communities was found in Beihai city and Qinzhou harbour, suggesting that environmental condition and historical events may play an important role in shaping the bacterial communities as well. This is the first report on medium-distance range distribution of bacteria in the mangrove swamp ecosystem. Our data is valuable for monitoring and evaluation of the impact of human activity on mangrove habitats from the perspective of microbiome.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-45804-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6599077PMC
June 2019

Development of a Liquid Chip Technique to Simultaneously Detect Spring Viremia of Carp Virus, Infectious Hematopoietic Necrosis Virus, and Viral Hemorrhagic Septicemia of Salmonids.

J AOAC Int 2017 Jan;100(1):159-164

Guangxi Academy of Fishery Science, Nanning 530021, China.

A liquid chip technique was developed to detect spring viremia of carp virus (SVCV), infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV), and viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV) of salmonids simultaneously. Sequences of the G gene of SVCV, N gene of IHNV, and G gene of VHSV were used to design SVCV-, IHNV-, and VHSV-specific primers, which were labeled with biotin and subjected to amination modification. They were then coupled with fluorescence-coded microspheres and used for hybridization with reverse-transcription PCR products of SVCV, IHNV, and VHSV. A BD FACSArray was used to detect fluorescence signal in the reaction system. This assay system had a high sensitivity to SVCV, VHSV, and IHNV, with LODs of 10, 10, and 100 pg/μL, respectively. Moreover, the assay was specific for the detection of SVCV, IHNV, and VHSV and was not susceptible to cross-detection of other viruses, including pike fry rhabdovirus, hirame rhabdovirus, infectious pancreatic necrosis virus, viral nervous necrosis virus, yellowtail ascites virus, grass carp reovirus, red sea bream iridovirus, and koi herpesvirus. The liquid chip assay technique established in this study provides a novel, convenient, and rapid approach for the detection of SVCV, IHNV, and VHSV.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5740/jaoacint.16-0066DOI Listing
January 2017

Toll-like receptors and interferon associated immune factors responses to spring viraemia of carp virus infection in common carp (Cyprinus carpio).

Fish Shellfish Immunol 2016 Aug 1;55:568-76. Epub 2016 Jun 1.

Shenzhen Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau, Shenzhen 518045, China. Electronic address:

Pattern recognition receptor (PRR) toll-like receptors (TLRs), antiviral agent interferon (IFN) and the effector IFN stimulated genes (ISGs) play a fundamental role in the innate immune response against viruses among all vertebrate classes. Common carp is a host for spring viraemia of carp virus (Rhabdovirus carpio, SVCV), which belong to Rhabdoviridae family. The present in-vivo experiment was conducted to investigate the expression of these innate immune factors in early phase as well as during recovery of SVCV infection by real-time quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. A less lethal SVCV infection was generated in common carp (Cyprinus carpio) and was sampled at 3, 6, 12 h post infection (hpi), 1, 3, 5, 7 and 10 days post infection (dpi). At 3 hpi, the SVCV N gene was detected in all three fish and all three fish showed a relative fold increase of TLR2, TLR3 and TLR7, IFNa1, ISG15 and Vig1. Viral copies rapidly increased at 12 hpi then remained high until 5 dpi. When viral copy numbers were high, a higher expression of immune genes TLR2, TLR3, TLR7, IFNa1, IFNa2, IFNa1S, IFN regulatory factor 3 (IRF3), IRF7, interleukin 1β (IL1β), IL6, IL10, ADAR, ISG15, Mx1, PKR and Vig1 were observed. Viral copies were gradually reduced in 5 to 10 dpi fish, and also the immune response was considerably reduced but remained elevated. A high degree of correlation was observed between immune genes and viral copy number in each of the sampled fish at 12 hpi. The quick and prolonged elevated expression of the immune genes indicates their crucial role in survival of host against SVCV.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2016.05.043DOI Listing
August 2016

Effect of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) TLR9 overexpression on the expression of downstream interferon-associated immune factor mRNAs in epithelioma papulosum cyprini cells.

Vet Immunol Immunopathol 2016 Feb 23;170:47-53. Epub 2015 Oct 23.

Shenzhen Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau, Shenzhen 518045, China. Electronic address:

Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are a class of pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) that recognize pathogen associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and play an important role in the antiviral response. To determine the effect of common carp TLR9 (CcTLR9) overexpression on the expression of down-stream interferon associated immune factors in epithelioma papulosum cyprini (EPC) cells, may provide useful information for the further investigation on the anti-virus effect mediated by TLR9 in fish. In this study, we constructed an overexpression vector, pEGFP-N1-CcTLR9, by cloning the CcTLR9 gene and inserting it into an expression vector pEGFP-N1. Both plasmids DNA of pEGFP-N1 and pEGFP-N1-CcTLR9 were transfected into EPC cells, and the expression of IRF3, IRF7, ISG15, Mx1, PKR and Viperin mRNA at 0, 6, 12, 24, 48 and 72h post-transfection were determined by real-time quantitative PCR (Q-PCR). Overexpression of the CcTLR9 gene in EPC cells upregulates the expression of IRF3, IRF7, ISG15, Mx1, PKR, and Viperin mRNA, and this was more significant for Viperin, ISG15, and IRF7, and least significant for PKR. Thus, fish TLR9 activates IRF7 signaling to induce I-IFN secretion and the subsequent upregulation of IFN-stimulated genes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetimm.2015.10.006DOI Listing
February 2016
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