Publications by authors named "Guillaume Armengol"

7 Publications

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A case of segmental arterial mediolysis with widespread involvement of cranial and abdominal arteries.

J Neurol Sci 2019 Feb 17;397:81-83. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Neurology, Rouen University Hospital and University of Rouen, France. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jns.2018.12.023DOI Listing
February 2019

Diagnostic biologique des angioedèmes bradykiniques : les recommandations du CREAK.

Presse Med 2019 Jan 8;48(1 Pt 1):55-62. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Centre de référence national des angioedèmes (CREAK), 38043 Grenoble, France; Service d'immunologie, CHUGA, 38043 Grenoble, France.

Bradykinin mediated angioedema (BK-AE) can be associated either with C1Inhibitor deficiency (hereditary and acquired forms), either with normal C1Inh (hereditary form and drug induced AE as angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors…). In case of high clinical suspicion of BK-AE, C1Inh exploration must be done at first: C1Inh function and antigenemy as well as C4 concentration. C1Inh deficiency is significant if the tests are below 50 % of the normal values and controlled a second time. In case of C1Inh deficiency, you have to identify hereditary from acquired forms. C1q and anti-C1Inh antibody tests are useful for acquired BK-AE. SERPING1 gene screening must be done if a hereditary angioedema is suspected, even if there is no family context (de novo mutation 15 %). If a hereditary BK-AE with normal C1Inh is suspected, F12 and PLG gene screening is suitable.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lpm.2018.06.015DOI Listing
January 2019

Adjusted value of thromboprophylaxis in hospitalized obese patients: A comparative study of two regimens of enoxaparin: The ITOHENOX study.

Thromb Res 2017 Jul 12;155:1-5. Epub 2017 Apr 12.

Department of internal medicine, vascular and thrombosis unit, Rouen University Hospital, Rouen, France. Electronic address:

Thromboprophylaxis is a mainstay of hospital care in patients at high risk of thrombosis. Fixed doses of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) are recommended for thromboprophylaxis in patients admitted to hospital for an acute medical condition. However, the distribution of LMWH is weight-based, and the efficacy of standard doses in obese patients may be decreased. Data for obese patients are mainly available in bariatric surgery with extremely obese patients who are at greater risk of venous thromboembolism than those hospitalized for a medical condition. We conducted a randomized control trial in medically obese inpatients (BMI≥30kg/m) assessing two regimens of enoxaparin (40mg and 60mg SQ daily) in order to determine whether a stronger dosage would achieve higher anti-Xa level suitable for thromboprophylaxis. Between September 2013 and April 2015, 91 patients were included in the study (mean (±standard deviation) age was 70.4±10.7years, average BMI 37.8±6.4kg/m). Main indications of thromboprophylaxis were mainly acute infection (50%), acute respiratory failure (10%), acute congestive heart failure (9%) and acute rheumatic disorders (18%). Average anti-Xa activity, measured 4h after the third administration of enoxaparin was 0.25±0.09IU/mL in group 1 (enoxaparin 40mg) and 0.35±0.13IU/mL in group 2 (enoxaparin 60mg) (P<10). The proportions of patients with normal anti-Xa activity (between 0.32 and 0.54IU/mL) were 31% (n=11) and 69% (n=24) in group 1 and 2 respectively (P=0.007). The proportions of anti-Xa activity measurement below the normal range were 64% and 36% in group 1 and 2 (P<10) respectively. Subgroup analysis focusing on high weight patients (above 100kg, n=45) showed a marked difference in the proportion of patients with normal anti-Xa activity between group 1 (9%) and 2 (44%) (P=0.009). No venous thromboembolism occurred during the study and one patient in group 1 died because of hemorrhagic shock due to a gastric ulcer. Incidence of adverse events was not different between the two groups (P=0.52). In conclusion, the ITOHENOX study shows in medically obese inpatients that thromboprophylaxis with enoxaparin 60mg provides higher control of anti-Xa activity, without more bleeding complications than the standard enoxaparin regimen. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01707732.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.thromres.2017.04.011DOI Listing
July 2017

Angioedema Triggered by Medication Blocking the Renin/Angiotensin System: Retrospective Study Using the French National Pharmacovigilance Database.

J Clin Immunol 2016 Jan 28;36(1):95-102. Epub 2015 Dec 28.

Internal Medicine Department, Rouen University Hospital, Rouen, France.

Introduction: Bradykinin-mediated angioedema (AE) is a rare side effect of some medications, including angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB). In France, side-effects to treatments are reported to the national pharmacovigilance database.

Methods: The national MedDRA database was searched using the term "angioedema". Patients were included if they met the clinical criteria corresponding to bradykinin-mediated AE, if their C1-inhibitor levels were normal, and if they were treated with an ACEi or an ARB.

Results: 7998 cases of AE were reported between 1994 and 2013. Among these, 112 met the criteria for bradykinin-mediated AE with normal C1-inhibitor levels. On the 112 drug-AE, patients were treated with an ARB in 21% of cases (24 patients), or an ACEi in 77% of cases (88 patients), in combination with another treatment in 17 cases (mTORi for 3 patients, iDPP-4 for 1 patient, hormonal treatment for 7 patients). ENT involvement was reported in 90% of cases (tongue: 48.2%, larynx: 23.2%). The median duration of treatment before the first attack was 720 days, and the mean duration of attacks was 36.6 h. Forty-one percent (19/46) of patients relapsed after discontinuing treatment.

Conclusion: Angioedema triggered by medication blocking the renin/angiotensin system is rare but potentially severe, with a high risk of recurrence despite cessation of the causative drug.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10875-015-0228-3DOI Listing
January 2016

Infliximab improves endothelial dysfunction in a mouse model of antiphospholipid syndrome: Role of reduced oxidative stress.

Vascul Pharmacol 2015 Aug 11;71:93-101. Epub 2015 Apr 11.

Rouen University Hospital, Department of Internal Medicine, Rouen France; University of Rouen, Institute for Research and Innovation in Biomedicine, Rouen, France.

Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), induces endothelial dysfunction, oxidative stress and systemic inflammation that may be mediated by TNFα. Thus, we investigated the possible protective effect of the anti-TNFα antibody infliximab (5μg/g) on endothelial function in a mouse APS model (induced by injection of purified human anti-β2GP1-IgG). Seven days after anti-β2GPI-IgG injection, we observed an increase in plasma sVCAM-1 and sE-selectin levels and in aortic mRNA expression of VCAM-1 and E-selectin. This was associated with a decreased endothelium-dependent relaxation of isolated mesenteric arteries to acetylcholine, together with decreased mesenteric eNOS mRNA expression and increased eNOS uncoupling, accompanied by increased iNOS and gp91phox mRNA and increased left ventricular GSH/GSSH ratio. Infliximab significantly improved the NO-mediated relaxing responses to acetylcholine, and induced a decrease in iNOS and gp91phox mRNA expression. The õpro-adhesive and pro-coagulant phenotypes induced by the anti-β2GP1-IgG were also reversed. This study provides the first evidence that TNFα antagonism improves endothelial dysfunction in APS and suggests that endothelial dysfunction is mediated by TNFα and oxidative stress. Therefore, infliximab may be of special relevance in clinical practice.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vph.2015.03.014DOI Listing
August 2015

Role of Toll-like receptors 2 and 4 in mediating endothelial dysfunction and arterial remodeling in primary arterial antiphospholipid syndrome.

Arthritis Rheumatol 2014 Nov;66(11):3210-20

Rouen University Hospital, INSERM U1096, University of Rouen, and Centre d'Investigation Clinique, INSERM 1404, Rouen, France.

Objective: To assess the role of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in antiphospholipid antibody (aPL)-mediated vascular abnormalities in patients with primary arterial antiphospholipid syndrome (APS).

Methods: Forty-eight subjects participated in the study. Arterial function and structure and TLR pathway activation were determined in patients with primary arterial APS and matched controls. The pathogenic effects of aPL isolated from patients were assessed in wild-type (WT) and TLR-knockout mice.

Results: APS patients had endothelial dysfunction, arterial stiffening, and hypertrophy, as evidenced by decreased brachial artery endothelium-dependent flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and increased aortic pulse wave velocity and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), as compared with controls. Plasma samples from APS patients revealed decreased nitric oxide (NO) availability and a pro-oxidative, proinflammatory, and prothrombotic state illustrated by a decrease in nitrite and an increase in lipid peroxidation, tumor necrosis factor α levels, and tissue factor (TF) levels. Furthermore, TLR pathway activation was found in APS patients with increased TLR-2 and TLR-4 messenger RNA expression and increased protein levels of the activated TLR transduction protein interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase 1 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Moreover, agonist-stimulated cell-surface expression of TLR-2 and TLR-4 in circulating monocytes was higher in APS patients than in controls. These changes were positively associated with IMT and negatively associated with FMD. Finally, aPL injection decreased mesenteric endothelium-dependent relaxation and increased TF expression in WT mice but not in TLR-2- or TLR-4-knockout mice.

Conclusion: This translational study supports the notion that TLR-2 and TLR-4 play a role in mediating vascular abnormalities in patients with primary arterial APS. TLRs thus constitute a promising pharmacologic target for preventing cardiovascular complications in APS.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/art.38785DOI Listing
November 2014