Publications by authors named "Guang-Huan Wang"

7 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Intestinal tract and parenteral multi-organ sequential pathological injury caused by necrotizing enterocolitis.

BMC Pediatr 2020 09 2;20(1):418. Epub 2020 Sep 2.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, 515041, China.

Background: To explore the relationship between the pathological changes of the colon, terminal ileum, lung, liver and kidney, and the changes of Bax, PCNA and PAF in a rat model of NEC.

Methods: One hundred and forty neonatal SD rats were randomly divided into NEC group and control group (70 in each group). NEC group was given hypoxia, cold stimulation and artificial feeding twice a day for 3 consecutive days. The control group was only fed normally. After modeling, From the 1st day to the 7th day, 10 rats were sampled in each group for pathological examination of colon, terminal ileum, lung, liver and kidney tissue. The levels of Bax, PCNA and PAF were investigated by immunohistochemistry.

Results: Compared with the normal group, in the NEC group, on the 1st day, the colon, terminal ileum, lung, liver and kidney showed inflammatory damage. On the 5th day, the inflammatory injury was reduced. The inflammation disappeared on the 7th day. There were differences in the time of apoptosis in the intestine. In the intestine, the proliferation of PCNA was weak at first and then strong. Bax in liver and kidney showed marked apoptosis and apoptosis time increased in the lung. The expression of PCNA increased in lung, liver and kidney, and the expression of PAF increased in lung and liver.

Conclusions: NEC can lead to secondary injury of different degrees in colon, terminal ileum, lung, liver and kidney, and the degree and time of injury and repair were different. In general, organ repair played a leading role on the 4th day after modeling.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-020-02304-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7465432PMC
September 2020

[Serum metabolomics of preterm and full-term infants based on gas chromatography-mass spectrometry].

Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi 2019 Mar;21(3):259-264

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Second Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, Guangdong 515041, China.

Objective: To study the features of serum metabolites in preterm infants based on gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), and to find differentially expressed metabolites in the serum of preterm infants.

Methods: Serum samples were collected from 19 preterm infants and 20 full-term infants before feeding. GC-MS was used to measure metabolic profiles, and the metabolic features of 397 serum metabolites in preterm infants were analyzed.

Results: There was a significant difference in serum metabolic features between the preterm and full-term infants before feeding. There were significant differences between the full-term and preterm infants in the levels of metabolites such as O-phosphonothreonine, digicitrin, tannic acid, and fructose-1,6-diphosphate (P<0.01), suggesting that the above differentially expressed metabolites were highly differentiated between the preterm and full-term infants. Most differentially expressed metabolites were involved in the metabolic pathways such as ABC transporters, β-alanine and pyrimidines and were correlated with some clinical parameters (albumin and total bilirubin) (P<0.05).

Conclusions: There is a significant difference in serum metabolites between preterm and full-term infants before feeding. Metabolomics plays an important role in improving metabolic disorders and exploring metabolism-related diseases in preterm infants.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7389367PMC
March 2019

Peutz-Jeghers syndrome with intermittent upper intestinal obstruction: A case report and review of the literature.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Apr;96(17):e6538

Department of Pediatric Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, Guangdong, China Department of Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, Guangdong, China.

Rationale: Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is an autosomal dominant genetic syndrome characterized by a unique type of gastrointestinal hamartomatous polyp associated with oral and anal mucocutaneous pigmentations. Peutz-Jeghers polyps occur most numerously in the small intestine but frequently in the colon and stomach, only a few cases have been reported in the duodenum.

Patient Concern: A further family history survey discovered 10 out of 14 members of the family (in 4 generations) had mucocutaneous pigmentations, but many of them were living in rural areas where they had no access to specialized medical services, so none were checked with endoscopy for polyps of hamartoma.

Diagnoses: We report the case of a boy patient with mucocutaneous pigmentations over the lips, and a history of recurrent bouts of vomit and anemia over the preceding two years, no abdominal pain and mass. An upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed some small polyps in the stomach and multiple sessile polyps in the second part of the duodenum, but colonoscopy exam did not reveal any lesion.

Interventions: A double polypectomy and duodenum segmentary resection with end-to-end anastomosis was performed. Histopathology of the resected duodenum polyps indicated it to be a typical hamartomatous polyp.

Outcomes: The child was under regular follow-up and recovered well.

Lessons: In this case, the patient was characteristic with pigmentations on his lips and intermittent upper intestinal obstruction (due to mass duodenal polyps), there are no definitive guidelines for the treatment to duodenal PJS hamartomatous polyp, each case requires tailor-made management.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000006538DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5413220PMC
April 2017

Diagnosis and treatment of pediatric benign pneumoperitoneum: A case report series of 9 patients.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Jan;96(2):e5814

aDepartment of Pediatric Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College bDepartment of Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, Guangdong, China.

Introduction: Benign pneumoperitoneum (BPPT) is defined as asymptomatic free intraabdominal air or as pneumoperitoneum without peritonitis. Symptomatic free air requires surgical anagement, but management of asymptomatic pneumoperitoneum is controversial. In this study, we investigate the diagnosis and treatment of BPPT in children.

Clinical Findings: The clinical data of 9 pediatric patients with BPPT who were admitted to our hospital from January 2000 to January 2015 were retrospectively analyzed to summarize the diagnosis and treatment. Overall, 9 cases were included with 8 males and 1 female, aged from 4 days to 4 years. Among them there were 6 newborns (including 1 premature infant). Patients were all admitted to hospital with the major clinical symptom of abdominal distension, including 2 cases accompanied by tachypnea, 2 cases with vomiting, 1 case with diarrhea, and 2 cases with fever. No previous constipation or obstructive defecation existed. Six newborns had meconium defecation within 24 hours after birth. Physical examination revealed all patients with relaxed abdominal wall except 1 patient with abdominal distension had slight muscle stiffness and hyperactive bowel sounds. Abdominal X-ray suggested free air under the diaphragm in all cases.

Interventions/outcomes: All patients except for one case of laparotomy were conservatively treated and cured with fasting, infection prevention, rehydration, abdominocentesis, and close observation. Nine cases of patients were all discharged with no death occurrence. After discharge follow-up of 7 months to 6 years was conducted. There was no recurrence of similar symptoms, and children were in good growth and development.

Conclusion: The diagnosis of BPPT mainly relies on clinical symptoms in patient, careful abdominal examination, abdominal X-ray combined with abdominocentesis, and the exclusion of gastrointestinal perforation for confirmation. Conservative treatment can cure the disease. Attention should be paid to distinguish with surgical pneumoperitoneum to avoid unnecessary surgical exploration.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000005814DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5266170PMC
January 2017

[Iron and ferritin changes in multiple organs failure after trauma].

Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi 2011 Jun;27(3):169-73

Department of Forensic Science, Medical College, Shantou University, Shantou 515041, China.

Objective: To investigate the changes of iron content in serum and liver, ferritin content in serum, percentage of myeloperoxidase (MPO) positive granulocyte in rabbits after different serious trauma and to explore the relationship between these changes and multiple organ failure (MOF).

Methods: Rabbit trauma models were established. Iron content in serum and liver, ferritin content in serum and the percentage of MPO positive granulocyte were measured at different time after trauma.

Results: After trauma, iron content in serum decreased sharply in early period (12-36h) and increased gradually to normal level in mild traumatic group after 60 h. Iron content in serum remained lower level in severe traumatic and death group 60 h after trauma. Iron content in liver obviously increased in death group. The changes of ferritin content in serum in mild traumatic were not obvious. Ferritin contents in serum in severe injury group and death group were slightly higher in early period and decreased in later period. The percentage of MPO positive granulocyte increased in early period after trauma. The percentage began to decrease 6 d after trauma and returned to normal level in mild traumatic group. The percentage obviously was significantly lower than normal levels in severe traumatic group and death group 6 d after trauma. Some rabbits died 60 h-6 d after severe trauma, and the pathological changes in the other organs were consistent with MOF.

Conclusion: Trauma can cause the serum iron, ferritin levels and percentage of MPO positive granulocyte changes. Severe trauma can cause uncompensated changes of these indicators, which could be the main mechanisms of MOF and death.
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June 2011

[A morphological study with serial histological slices on the normal and abnormal gubernacula in newborn male mice].

Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue 2008 Mar;14(3):206-10

Department of Pedicatic Surgery, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, Guangdong 515041, China.

Objective: To explore the feasibility of serial slices microscopic histological investigation for the elaborate evaluation of reproductive system malformations.

Methods: Newborn male mice prenatally exposed to different doses of subcutaneously given diethylstilbestrol (DES) from gestational day 9 to 17 were treated by fixing parts of the abdomen in situ and setting them to transected serial slices. All the slices were stained, studied under the microscope and serially recorded by software. The gubernaculum was morphologically analyzed and its location and size were measured.

Results: Morphologically, the gubernaculum could be identified clearly, its structure inhomogeneous from proximal to distal and dissymmetric from right to left. The environmental estrogen produced different effects on the morphology of the gubernaculum in different parts and most obviously affected its length.

Conclusion: Prenatal exposure to environmental estrogen has evident and general effects on the gubernacular development of newborn male mice. The morphological study with serial histological slices gives a precise and systematic evaluation of genital malformations.
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March 2008

Expression of glucocorticoid receptor isoforms in cutaneous hemangiomas and vascular malformations.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2005 Jun;118(12):977-81

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Second Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, Shantou 515041, China.

Background: Hemangiomas are the most common tumors in children. Some hemangiomas may require intervention because of their location, size, behavior, or potential for important complications. Pharmacological therapy with glucocorticoids is the mainstay treatment, but there is no consensus on therapeutic regimens or candidate selection, therapeutic efficacy varies, and the mechanism mediating the beneficial effects of glucocorticoids remains unclear. This study was performed to investigate the expression patterns of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and its alpha isoform (GRalpha) in cutaneous hemangiomas and vascular malformations.

Methods: SP immunohistochemical technique was used to examine the expression of GR(e-20) (GR) and GR(p-20) (GRalpha) on vascular endothelial cells in 80 specimens that included 33 proliferating hemangiomas, 32 involuting hemangiomas, 7 vascular malformations as well as 8 normal skin tissues, all obtained from infants and children. GR and GRalpha expression in prepared tissue slides were examined using automated computer-assisted microscopic analysis. Mean gray scale values were compared among the various tumor types.

Results: The mean gray scale values of GR were 127.0 +/- 6.4 and 121.4 +/- 6.6 in hemangiomas and vascular malformations respectively, but this difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.104). However, these values were all markedly higher than that of normal skin, which was only 108.6 +/- 6.8 (P = 0.001 and P = 0.000 for comparison with hemangiomas and vascular malformations respectively). The gray scale of GR in proliferation and involuting hemangiomas were 127.9 +/- 4.8 and 126.0 +/- 5.8 respectively, but this difference was not significant (P = 0.146). However, GRalpha expression in hemangiomas, vascular malformations and normal skin declined gradually in stepwise fashion (127.3 +/- 5.4, 120.4 +/- 6.1 and 109.9 +/- 5.3 respectively; P < 0.001). GRalpha expression was higher in proliferating hemangiomas than in involuting hemangiomas (127.2 +/- 6.3 and 122.5 +/- 6.3; P = 0.004).

Conclusions: GR and GRalpha are strongly expressed in hemangiomas and vascular malformations. The expression of GRalpha is closely related to the phase of the hemangioma. Determination of GR and GRalpha may be a positive significance to understand the information of hemangiomas and vascular malformations and may further help determining proper strategies of steroid therapy for hemangiomas and vascular malformations.
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June 2005