Publications by authors named "Grettel Chanto Chacón"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Global Landscape Review of Serotype-Specific Invasive Pneumococcal Disease Surveillance among Countries Using PCV10/13: The Pneumococcal Serotype Replacement and Distribution Estimation (PSERENADE) Project.

Microorganisms 2021 Apr 2;9(4). Epub 2021 Apr 2.

National Public Health Organisation, 15123 Athens, Greece.

Serotype-specific surveillance for invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) is essential for assessing the impact of 10- and 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV10/13). The Pneumococcal Serotype Replacement and Distribution Estimation (PSERENADE) project aimed to evaluate the global evidence to estimate the impact of PCV10/13 by age, product, schedule, and syndrome. Here we systematically characterize and summarize the global landscape of routine serotype-specific IPD surveillance in PCV10/13-using countries and describe the subset that are included in PSERENADE. Of 138 countries using PCV10/13 as of 2018, we identified 109 with IPD surveillance systems, 76 of which met PSERENADE data collection eligibility criteria. PSERENADE received data from most (n = 63, 82.9%), yielding 240,639 post-PCV10/13 introduction IPD cases. Pediatric and adult surveillance was represented from all geographic regions but was limited from lower income and high-burden countries. In PSERENADE, 18 sites evaluated PCV10, 42 PCV13, and 17 both; 17 sites used a 3 + 0 schedule, 38 used 2 + 1, 13 used 3 + 1, and 9 used mixed schedules. With such a sizeable and generally representative dataset, PSERENADE will be able to conduct robust analyses to estimate PCV impact and inform policy at national and global levels regarding adult immunization, schedule, and product choice, including for higher valency PCVs on the horizon.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9040742DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8066045PMC
April 2021

Serotype Distribution of Remaining Pneumococcal Meningitis in the Mature PCV10/13 Period: Findings from the PSERENADE Project.

Microorganisms 2021 Apr 1;9(4). Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Clinical Microbiology, Landspitali-The National University Hospital, Hringbraut, 101 Reykjavik, Iceland.

Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) introduction has reduced pneumococcal meningitis incidence. The Pneumococcal Serotype Replacement and Distribution Estimation (PSERENADE) project described the serotype distribution of remaining pneumococcal meningitis in countries using PCV10/13 for least 5-7 years with primary series uptake above 70%. The distribution was estimated using a multinomial Dirichlet regression model, stratified by PCV product and age. In PCV10-using sites ( = 8; cases = 1141), PCV10 types caused 5% of cases <5 years of age and 15% among ≥5 years; the top serotypes were 19A, 6C, and 3, together causing 42% of cases <5 years and 37% ≥5 years. In PCV13-using sites ( = 32; cases = 4503), PCV13 types caused 14% in <5 and 26% in ≥5 years; 4% and 13%, respectively, were serotype 3. Among the top serotypes are five (15BC, 8, 12F, 10A, and 22F) included in higher-valency PCVs under evaluation. Other top serotypes (24F, 23B, and 23A) are not in any known investigational product. In countries with mature vaccination programs, the proportion of pneumococcal meningitis caused by vaccine-in-use serotypes is lower (≤26% across all ages) than pre-PCV (≥70% in children). Higher-valency PCVs under evaluation target over half of remaining pneumococcal meningitis cases, but questions remain regarding generalizability to the African meningitis belt where additional data are needed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms9040738DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8066874PMC
April 2021

Molecular characterization of Latin American invasive Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 19A isolates.

Vaccine 2020 04 20;38(19):3524-3530. Epub 2020 Mar 20.

Departamento de Laboratorios, Ministerio de Salud Pública, Montevideo, Uruguay.

Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, especially among children and the elderly. S. pneumoniae serotype 19A has emerged as a major cause of invasive disease in many countries, regardless of whether pneumococcal conjugate vaccines are used. The aim of this study was molecular characterization of invasive S. pneumoniae serotype 19A isolates recovered between 2000 and 2015 from 13 National Laboratories through the laboratory-based surveillance of invasive S. pneumoniae program SIREVA II in Latin American countries. The isolates were submitted with antimicrobial susceptibility tests and were genotyped by a combination of pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and multilocus sequence typing (MLST). Of the 185 isolates assayed, notable rates of resistance to penicillin (MIC ≥ 0.125 µg/mL; 68.6%), tetracycline (63.7%), trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (63.2%), and erythromycin (43.2%) were observed, while 44.3% of isolates were multidrug resistant. The most frequently observed sequence types (ST) were ST320 (32.4%), ST199 (14.1%), ST172 (10.8%) and ST5204 (7.1%). The distribution of STs indicated regional differences in the epidemiology of the clonal groups. The present study showed a diverse genetic background of the pneumococcal population in Latin American countries. Continuous surveillance of the pneumococcal serotype 19A population in the region will be necessary to obtain information about geographical differences and changes in the spread and the establishment of particular clones.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2020.03.030DOI Listing
April 2020