Publications by authors named "Grazia Artioli"

17 Publications

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Thromboembolic events and antithrombotic prophylaxis in advanced ovarian cancer patients treated with bevacizumab: secondary analysis of the phase IV MITO-16A/MaNGO-OV2A trial.

Int J Gynecol Cancer 2021 10 30;31(10):1348-1355. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

Dipartimento di Salute Mentale e Fisica e Medicina Preventiva, Università degli Studi della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Napoli, Italy.

Introduction: The use of routine antithrombotic prophylaxis is not recommended for advanced cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. The effect of bevacizumab-containing therapy on the risk of thromboembolic events remains controversial in ovarian cancer patients. We report on the incidence of thromboembolic events and the prevalence of antithrombotic therapy in patients enrolled in the single arm, phase IV, MITO-16A/MaNGO-OV2A trial.

Methods: In this trial, potential prognostic factors for patients with previously untreated ovarian cancer receiving a combination of platinum-based chemotherapy and bevacizumab were explored and the final analysis has already been reported. In this secondary analysis, the occurrence of thromboembolic events and the use of antithrombotic therapy were described according to the clinical characteristics of the patients. The prognostic role of thromboembolic events for progression-free and overall survival were also evaluated.

Results: From October 2012 to November 2014, 398 eligible patients were enrolled. 76 patients (19.1%) were receiving some type of anticoagulant or anti-aggregant treatment at baseline. Overall, 24 thromboembolic events were reported (cumulative incidence of 6.0%). The occurrence of thromboembolic events was not associated with baseline patient characteristics and was not modified by the use of antithrombotic prophylaxis (HR 0.60, 95% CI 0.18 to 2.0). Occurrence of thromboembolic events was not associated with progression-free survival (HR 1.34, 95% CI 0.83 to 2.15) or overall survival (HR 0.78, 95% CI 0.37 to 1.61).

Conclusions: In our study, a 6.0% rate of thromboembolic events was reported during treatment with bevacizumab plus chemotherapy. Thromboembolic events were not associated with the clinical characteristics of the patients or with the use of antithrombotic prophylaxis, nor did they significantly affect the long-term prognosis.

Trial Registration Number: NCT01706120.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/ijgc-2021-002786DOI Listing
October 2021

Bevacizumab, carboplatin, and paclitaxel in the first line treatment of advanced ovarian cancer patients: the phase IV MITO-16A/MaNGO-OV2A study.

Int J Gynecol Cancer 2021 06 30;31(6):875-882. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Unità Sperimentazioni Cliniche, Istituto Nazionale Tumori IRCCS Fondazione Pascale, Napoli, Italy.

Objective: To explore the clinical and biological prognostic factors for advanced ovarian cancer patients receiving first-line treatment with carboplatin, paclitaxel, and bevacizumab.

Methods: A multicenter, phase IV, single arm trial was performed. Patients with advanced (FIGO (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics) stage IIIB-IV) or recurrent, previously untreated, ovarian cancer received carboplatin (AUC (area under the curve) 5), paclitaxel (175 mg/m) plus bevacizumab (15 mg/kg) on day 1 for six 3-weekly cycles followed by bevacizumab single agent (15 mg/kg) until progression or unacceptable toxicity up to a maximum of 22 total cycles. Here we report the final analysis on the role of clinical prognostic factors. The study had 80% power with a two-tailed 0.01 α error to detect a 0.60 hazard ratio with a factor expressed in at least 20% of the population. Both progression-free and overall survival were used as endpoints.

Results: From October 2012 to November 2014, 398 eligible patients were treated. After a median follow-up of 32.3 months (IQR 24.1-40.4), median progression-free survival was 20.8 months (95% CI 19.1 to 22.0) and median overall survival was 41.1 months (95% CI 39.1 to 43.5). Clinical factors significantly predicting progression-free and overall survival were performance status, stage, and residual disease after primary surgery. Neither baseline blood pressure/antihypertensive treatment nor the development of hypertension during bevacizumab were prognostic. There were two deaths possibly related to treatment, but no unexpected safety signal was reported.

Conclusions: Efficacy and safety of bevacizumab in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel and as maintenance were comparable to previous data. Hypertension, either at baseline or developed during treatment, was not prognostic. Performance status, stage, and residual disease after primary surgery remain the most important clinical prognostic factors.

Trial Registration Number: EudraCT 2012-003043-29; NCT01706120.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/ijgc-2021-002434DOI Listing
June 2021

Characteristics and outcome of BRCA mutated epithelial ovarian cancer patients in Italy: A retrospective multicenter study (MITO 21).

Gynecol Oncol 2021 Jun 20;161(3):755-761. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

U.O.C. Oncologia, AULSS3 Mirano Hospital, via Don Giacobbe Sartor 4, 30035 Mirano, Venice, Italy. Electronic address:

Objective: Around 15% of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients (pts) harbor a germline BRCA1 or 2 mutation, showing different features than BRCA wild-type pts. The clinical and pathological features of an Italian BRCA mutated EOC cohort were described.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed clinical, pathological and mutational data from a cohort of Italian BRCA mutated EOC pts. treated in 15 MITO centers between 1995 and 2017.

Results: Three-hundred thirty-one pts. were recorded. Two-hundred forty (72%) and 91 (27.5%) pts. harbored a BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation, respectively. Median age at diagnosis was 52 years. The most frequent diagnosis was a high grade serous FIGO III or IV EOC and platinum doublet in first-line was administered to almost all pts. Fifty-three % of them had no residual disease (R = 0) at surgery. Median progression-free-survival (mPFS) after first-line chemotherapy was 29 months. Expected percentage of pts. alive at 5 years was 72.5% (CI 60.2-80.8%) and R = 0 predicted a significantly longer overall survival (OS). Sixty-six pts. (19,9%) had both an EOC and a breast cancer (BC) diagnosis. The first diagnosis was BC in 81,8% of cases with a mean interval between the two diagnoses (IBTDs) of 132.4 months. Mutational data show that the founder mutation c.5266dupC in BRCA1 was the most frequently recorded.

Conclusions: This is the largest Italian BRCA mutEOC cohort. The only predictor of longer OS was R = 0. EOC pts. that developed subsequently a BC are long-term survivors.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ygyno.2021.04.014DOI Listing
June 2021

Association of Genomic Domains in and with Prostate Cancer Risk and Aggressiveness.

Cancer Res 2020 02 13;80(3):624-638. Epub 2019 Nov 13.

Unité de Prévention et d'Epidémiologie Génétique, Centre Léon Bérard, Lyon, France.

Pathogenic sequence variants (PSV) in or () are associated with increased risk and severity of prostate cancer. We evaluated whether PSVs in were associated with risk of overall prostate cancer or high grade (Gleason 8+) prostate cancer using an international sample of 65 and 171 male PSV carriers with prostate cancer, and 3,388 and 2,880 male PSV carriers without prostate cancer. PSVs in the 3' region of (c.7914+) were significantly associated with elevated risk of prostate cancer compared with reference bin c.1001-c.7913 [HR = 1.78; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.25-2.52; = 0.001], as well as elevated risk of Gleason 8+ prostate cancer (HR = 3.11; 95% CI, 1.63-5.95; = 0.001). c.756-c.1000 was also associated with elevated prostate cancer risk (HR = 2.83; 95% CI, 1.71-4.68; = 0.00004) and elevated risk of Gleason 8+ prostate cancer (HR = 4.95; 95% CI, 2.12-11.54; = 0.0002). No genotype-phenotype associations were detected for PSVs in . These results demonstrate that specific PSVs may be associated with elevated risk of developing aggressive prostate cancer. SIGNIFICANCE: Aggressive prostate cancer risk in BRCA2 mutation carriers may vary according to the specific BRCA2 mutation inherited by the at-risk individual.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-19-1840DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7553241PMC
February 2020

A phase II randomised (calibrated design) study on the activity of the single-agent trabectedin in metastatic or locally relapsed uterine leiomyosarcoma.

Br J Cancer 2018 08 30;119(5):565-571. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

IRCCS - Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research, Milan, Italy.

Background: Patients with recurrent/metastatic uterine leiomyosarcoma (U-LMS) have a dismal prognosis. This phase II study aims to evaluate trabectedin efficacy and safety in advanced U-LMS.

Methods: Eligible patients had received ≥ one line of chemotherapy. Gemcitabine ± docetaxel naive patients were randomised to Arm A: trabectedin 1.3 mg/m or calibration Arm B: gemcitabine 900 mg/m and docetaxel 75 mg/m. Patients who had already received gemcitabine ± docetaxel directly entered Arm A. Primary end-point: 6-month progression-free rate (PFS-6). The null hypothesis that the true PFS-6 = 14% was tested against a one-sided alternative. This design yielded a 5% type I error rate and 90% power when the true PFS-6 is 25%.

Results: Overall, 126 patients entered Arm A (45 from randomisation and 81 directly) and 42 Arm B. Arm A patients characteristics: median age = 57; ≥2 previous chemotherapy lines = 37.4%; metastatic disease = 93%. The study met the condition for trabectedin activity: PFS-6 = 35.2% (95% CI: 26.2-45). No difference in PFS by the number of previous chemotherapy lines emerged. Median OS = 20.6 months (IQR: 8-36.4). In Arm B, the PFS-6 = 51.5% (95% CI: 33.5-69.2). No toxic deaths occurred. In Arm A, only 4 patients interrupted treatment for toxicity.

Conclusions: Trabectedin is active and well tolerated, retaining similar efficacy across one to three previous lines of chemotherapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41416-018-0190-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6162262PMC
August 2018

Feasibility and outcome of interval debulking surgery (IDS) after carboplatin-paclitaxel-bevacizumab (CPB): A subgroup analysis of the MITO-16A-MaNGO OV2A phase 4 trial.

Gynecol Oncol 2017 Feb 16;144(2):256-259. Epub 2016 Dec 16.

Division of Medical Oncology, Department of Uro-Gynaecological Oncology, Istituto Nazionale Tumori "Fondazione G. Pascale" - IRCCS, Naples, Italy. Electronic address:

Background: Few data are available on the outcome of surgery after a bevacizumab-containing regimen. The MITO 16A- MaNGO OV2A phase 4 trial evaluates the outcomes of first-line CPB in a clinical-practice-like setting. Here we present the results of the subgroup of patients undergoing IDS after neoadjuvant treatment or suboptimal primary surgery.

Methods: 400 chemonaïve epithelial ovarian cancer patients, age≥18, ECOG PS 0-2 were eligible to receive C (AUC 5 d1, q21) plus P (175mg/m d1, q21) and B (15mg/kg d1 q21) for 6cycles followed by B maintenance until cycle 22nd.

Results: 79 patients (20%) underwent IDS. Overall, 74 patients received at least one administration of B before IDS. Median age was 61.2, 70% of the patients had FIGO IIIC disease. The median number of cycles before IDS was 3 both for chemotherapy and bevacizumab respectively. A residual disease ≤1cm was achieved in 64 patients (86.5%). Four percent of the patients experienced fever and 4% required blood transfusion after surgery. Surgical wound infection and/or dehiscence, pelvic abscess, intestinal sub-occlusion and fistula were experienced by one patient each.

Conclusions: In the MITO16A-MaNGO OV2A phase 4 trial, combined chemotherapy and bevacizumab did not hamper IDS and the rate of perioperative complications was similar to what expected without bevacizumab. These data support the hypothesis that adding bevacizumab to first line chemotherapy for ovarian cancer might not be denied to patients for whom IDS is planned.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ygyno.2016.12.011DOI Listing
February 2017

Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy in Patients Pretreated for Ovarian Cancer Matched with Patients Treated with Parenteral Chemotherapy.

Anticancer Res 2016 12;36(12):6541-6546

Radiology Unit, Veneto Institute of Oncology - IRCCS, Padua, Italy.

Background: Our aim was to analyze the impact of intraperitoneal chemotherapy (IPC), administered with direct peritoneal puncture, on the survival of patients with pretreated ovarian cancer in a real-life setting.

Patients And Methods: This was a retrospective study comparing patients with advanced ovarian cancer treated with IPC (N=33) and patients treated with standard intravenous (i.v.) chemotherapy matching cases for known prognostic factors (age, platinum sensitivity, histological subgroup and grade). Data were then analyzed for survival with nested Cox multivariate regression.

Results: The case matching resulted in two homogeneous cohorts by age, platinum sensitivity, resistance to therapy and histology. When analyzed by hazard ratio (HR), the number of previous treatments and IPC vs. i.v. therapy were significant (HR=1.97 for i.v. and HR=1.90 for each incremental previous treatment line, multivariate p<0.001). When analyzing the patients with fewer than three previous treatment lines, IPC conferred a survival advantage of about 2.2 months (IPC=10.0 vs. i.v.=7.8 months, p=0.011). However, the survival advantage in heavily pre-treated patients (with three or more previous treatments) was not significant. One case, pre-treated with more lines of chemotherapy, with renal failure after intraperitoneal cisplatin was followed by death. None of the patients had bowel sub-occlusions and we recorded a lower incidence of local toxicity, such as cellulite, with IPC (two out of 33 cases). Two patients thereafter refused IPC due to abdominal pain.

Conclusion: Our findings confirm that IPC is an effective approach compared to systemic chemotherapy for advanced ovarian cancer, even in pre-treated patients, including platinum-resistant cases. The survival benefit appears to be confined to non-heavily treated patients. Overall, direct intraperitoneal drug injection (without permanent devices) appears to be feasible, safe and possibly advantageous.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21873/anticanres.11256DOI Listing
December 2016

Unusual cardiac metastasis of uterine leiomyosarcoma: case report and literature review.

Tumori 2016 Nov 11;102(Suppl. 2). Epub 2016 Nov 11.

 Oncohematology Unit, Medical Science Department, ULSS 13, Mirano (Venice) - Italy.

Background: Uterine leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is a rare malignancy of mesenchymal tissues and in advanced stages its prognosis is very poor. Surgery followed by radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy is the treatment of choice for advanced disease. Cardiac metastases are very uncommon and only a few cases have been described to date.

Case: A 55-year-old woman was referred to our center for a uterine LMS with lung metastases at diagnosis. After 3 lines of chemotherapy for persistent lung disease, CT scan showed suspected thrombosis in the right pulmonary vein, along with disease progression in the lungs. The patient started treatment with low-molecular-weight heparin and a fourth line of chemotherapy. After 3 months of therapy, a new CT scan showed a larger thrombus and she underwent a cardiology visit that revealed an intracardiac mass. Submitting the patient to palliative surgery or radiation therapy was not possible because of the aggressiveness of the lung metastases, so she continued chemotherapy, resulting in disease stabilization.

Conclusions: Surgery is the best option for intracardiac dissemination of uterine LMS, but when this is not possible based on the performance status of the patient and spread of the disease, the combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy seems to be the best option according to the literature. In our case we treated the patient only with chemotherapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5301/tj.5000498DOI Listing
November 2016

Rare uterine cancer: carcinosarcomas. Review from histology to treatment.

Crit Rev Oncol Hematol 2015 Apr 7;94(1):98-104. Epub 2014 Nov 7.

Gynecology and Obstetric Department, ULSS13, Mirano, VE, Italy.

Uterine carcinosarcoma (UCS) is an aggressive malignancy. With an incidence of 2/100,000 females and a 5 years Survival at stage IV of 0%, it is an uncommon type of cancer with a very poor prognosis. Histologically, UCS is a biphasic neoplasm consisting of a mixture of malignant epithelial and mesenchymal components but there is now enough clinical-pathological evidence to consider UCS as metaplastic carcinoma in which the mesenchymal part retains epithelial features. The principal treatment in early/locally-advanced UCS is surgery; because of its aggressiveness, it generally presents distant metastases at diagnosis. Adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy have uncertain effect. Chemotherapy alone or associated with radiotherapy seems to improve disease free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in stage III and IV UCS. No advantages in OS and DFS have been shown with radiotherapy alone. The present review summarizes and analyzes the most important news about this type of gynaecological cancer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.critrevonc.2014.10.013DOI Listing
April 2015

Positive experience of intraperitoneal chemotherapy followed by intravenous chemotherapy in heavily pretreated patients with suboptimal residual ovarian cancer and primary peritoneal cancer.

Tumori 2010 Nov-Dec;96(6):918-25

Oncologia Medica 1, Istituto Oncologico Veneto/IRCCS, Padua, Italy.

Aims And Background: To assess feasibility and toxicity of intraperitoneal administration of cisplatin and paclitaxel, followed by intravenous chemotherapy in pretreated patients with suboptimal ovarian cancer (residuum >1 cm) or primary peritoneal tumor, and suffering from ascites and/or intestinal obstruction.

Methods: Fourteen relapsed ovarian cancer patients, 5 of whom were platinum sensitive (platinum-free interval >6 mo), 7 platinum-resistant (platinum-free interval <6 mo), and 2 platinum-refractory, received one cycle of intraperitoneal cisplatin, 100 mg/m2 on day 1, and two cycles of intraperitoneal paclitaxel, 120 mg/m2 on days 8 and 14. Intravenous chemotherapy was administrated 4 weeks following the last intraperitoneal paclitaxel instillation. Blood and peritoneal fluid samples were harvested at 0, 1, 4 and 24 h after ending paclitaxel delivery to guarantee proper tumor exposure and patient safety.

Results: Intraperitoneal cisplatin determined 6 cases of vomiting grade 1-2 (40% of the morbidity). Intraperitoneal paclitaxel was associated with 6 events of grade 1-2 abdominal pain; the only grade 4 toxicity was one case of neutropenia and one of mucositis. Ascites decreased in 11 patients: the median time to first need for paracentesis was 5 months, compared to a median baseline paracentesis of 4 weeks. Three intestinal normalizations were obtained. The median overall survival was 10 months for our cohort of patients. Intraperitoneal paclitaxel clearance was significantly higher in patients with suboptimal tumor and symptomatic disease than in patients with smaller residual masses and without ascites (P = 0.004).

Conclusions: Intraperitoneal treatment was feasible, and enhanced response to the following intravenous chemotherapy was seen in these patients.
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March 2011

Phase II study of neoadjuvant gemcitabine, pegylated liposomal doxorubicin, and docetaxel in locally advanced breast cancer.

Anticancer Res 2010 Sep;30(9):3817-21

Medical Oncology Department, Istituto Oncologico Veneto/IRCCS, Via Gattamelata 64, 35128 Padova, Italy.

Aim: This was a phase II study to assess the activity of a novel neoadjuvant regimen in locally-advanced breast cancer.

Patients And Methods: Fifty patients with histological confirmation of locally advanced breast cancer received treatment with gemcitabine 1000 mg/m(2) (day 1) followed by gemcitabine 800 mg/m(2) plus docetaxel 75 mg/m(2) plus pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) 30 mg/m(2) (day 8) every 3 weeks for at least 4 cycles, plus a final 2 additional cycles. Tumour size was T1 (n=2), T2 (n=32), T3 (n=14), T4 (n=2). All 50 patients underwent surgery.

Results: Clinical complete, partial and no response were observed in 13 (26%), 24 (48%) and 11 (22%) patients, respectively (overall response rate: 74%). The number of chemotherapy cycles was found to be an independent predictor of a pathologic complete response.

Conclusion: The combination of gemcitabine-docetaxel-PLD can yield high tumour response rates in patients with locally-advanced breast cancer who undergo a full treatment of 6 cycles.
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September 2010

Combined use of biomarkers for detection of ovarian cancer in high-risk women.

Tumour Biol 2010 Jun;31(3):209-15

Istituto Oncologico Veneto IRCCS, Padua, Italy.

The aim of this study was to examine the negative predictive value for a panel of serum markers in women at high risk for developing ovarian cancer. A total of 201 serum samples were collected and analyzed from 102 women at "high risk" for ovarian cancer: 26 with primary ovarian cancer, 31 with recurrent ovarian cancer, 28 with benign gynecologic diseases, and 14 with other cancers. Samples were tested for cancer antigen (CA) 125 II, CA19-9, CA72-4, CA15-3, and macrophage colony-stimulating factor, OVX1, and the marker values were further used as input to be evaluated by a previously trained artificial neural network (ANN). CA125 alone identified 72% of the primary ovarian cancers at a specificity of 95%. If either CA125 or CA72-4 were elevated, sensitivity rose to 80%. Adding macrophage colony-stimulating factor-improved sensitivity to 84% and when CA15-3 was included, a sensitivity of 88% was achieved. Specificity of the four marker panel was, however, reduced to 82.5%. By contrast, at the same sensitivity of 88%, the ANN exhibited a much higher specificity at 92.5% (p = 0.0105). Our data suggest that the combined use of multiple biomarkers improve sensitivity in women at high risk for ovarian cancer. In contrast to the simple "or" combination rule, the ANN was able to achieve a higher sensitivity without significant loss in specificity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13277-010-0032-xDOI Listing
June 2010

Diagnosis and treatment of malignant pleural effusion: a systematic literature review and new approaches.

Am J Clin Oncol 2010 Aug;33(4):420-3

Istituto Oncologico Veneto, IRCCS, Padova, Italy.

Malignant pleural effusion is a frequent complication in many types of tumors, and its presence indicates short expected survival. This review updates the current knowledge about diagnosis and management of malignant pleural effusion. In recent years, progress has been made in diagnosis through the use of new pathologic and radiologic approaches, such as the introduction of positron emission tomography-computed tomography, immunohistochemical marker combinations, and genetic studies to identify malignant cells. Treatment is always palliative. New promising drugs have been tested, but, awaiting randomized studies, talc pleurodesis is still the treatment of choice, although doubts remain about its safety. A long-term indwelling pleural catheter could be a valid alternative to talc pleurodesis in selected patients with trapped lung syndrome (a lung that fails to reexpand after drainage of pleural effusion) and short life expectancy. However, the correct treatment depends on several factors such as performance status, expected survival, presence of lung reexpansion following pleural drainage and comorbidities.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/COC.0b013e3181aacbbfDOI Listing
August 2010

Family history of cancer rather than p53 status predicts efficacy of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin and oxaliplatin in relapsed ovarian cancer.

Int J Gynecol Cancer 2009 Aug;19(6):1022-8

Istituto Oncologico Veneto-IRCCS, Department of Pathology, University of Padova, via Gattamelata 64, Padova, Italy.

Background: The aim of the study was to assess the efficacy of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) and oxaliplatin in patients affected by relapsed epithelial ovarian cancer with a family history of BRCA and p53 mutations.

Methods: Seventy-two women received a median of 7.5 courses of PLD at 30 to 35 mg/m2 plus oxaliplatin at 70 mg/m2, and associations between BRCA1/2 and TP53 status and overall survival (OS) were determined. Thirty-eight had a short platinum-free interval (PFI; <12 months), and 34 had a long PFI (> or =12 months).

Results: Nine patients had BRCA1 mutations, and 1 had a BRCA2 mutation. Platinum sensitivity was associated with OS (P = 0.0001). At a median follow-up of 9.3 months, objective response rate, median time to progression, and OS were 47.3%, 5.8 months, and 12.9 months, respectively, in short PFI compared with the 76.5%, 11.5 months, and 47.7 months in long PFI. p53 status did not correlate to these parameters. The median time to progression was 11.5 months for high-risk patients versus 6.5 months for patients with sporadic cancer (P = 0.0188), and the median OS from the start of treatment was 48.7 and 16.2 months (P = 0.0032), respectively. Toxicity was mostly grade 1 or 2.

Conclusions: High response rates in the long-PFI patients indicate that this treatment is beneficial and well tolerated. Platinum sensitivity and positive family history and/or a BRCA1/BRCA2 mutation are a useful predictor of response.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/IGC.0b013e3181a83cb5DOI Listing
August 2009

Uptake and timing of bilateral prophylactic salpingo-oophorectomy among BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers.

Genet Med 2008 Mar;10(3):161-166

University of Chicago Center for Clinical Cancer Genetics, Chicago, Illinois.

Purpose: To evaluate prophylactic salpingo-oophorectomy uptake and timing among BRCA1/2 mutation carriers in a cancer risk assessment program.

Methods: Clinical records of female BRCA1/2 mutation carriers who received cancer genetic counseling between 1996 and 2003 were reviewed to determine the completion and the timing of prophylactic salpingo-oophorectomy. Logistic regression models evaluated associations between subject characteristics and surgery. Survival analysis methods were used to estimate the distribution of time to surgery.

Results: Among 88 women, 70% underwent prophylactic salpingo-oophorectomy. Prophylactic salpingo-oophorectomy was associated with older age, white race, having children, and a family history of ovarian cancer. Many women waited more than 12 months to undergo surgery and some delayed by several years. Younger age and not having children were associated with delays to surgery.

Conclusion: Prophylactic salpingo-ooporectomy is an acceptable risk reduction measure for many BRCA1/2 mutation carriers. Some women make this decision many years after genetic testing. Continued discussion of the risks and benefits of risk reduction options may facilitate the uptake of recommended risk reduction interventions among BRCA mutation carriers.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/GIM.0b013e318163487dDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4199586PMC
March 2008

Efficacy of risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy in women with BRCA-1 and BRCA-2 mutations.

Breast J 2004 Jan-Feb;10 Suppl 1:S5-9

Center for Clinical Cancer Genetics, Department of Medicine, University of Chicago Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA.

Recognizing the emerging role of genetics in clinical care, in 1996 the American Society of Clinical Oncology established a Task Force on Cancer Genetics Education to develop educational opportunities and resources for its members. These efforts, and recent advances in the understanding of genetic predisposition to breast and ovarian cancers, have resulted in growing numbers of women participating in genetic testing protocols. The first prospective clinical trial involving women with known BRCA-1 and BRCA-2 mutations was recently published. In a prospective study involving 170 BRCA-1 and BRCA-2 mutation carriers and a mean follow-up of 2 years, the estimated 5-year cancer-free estimates were 96% for the 98 women choosing prophylactic bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and 69% for the 72 women choosing intensive surveillance (p=0.006). Three cases of stage I ovarian cancers were diagnosed at the time of prophylactic surgery. These results are consistent with published literature and data from the Prevention and Observation of Surgical Endpoints (PROSE) study group, which reported a 96% reduction in ovarian cancer risk and a 53% reduction in breast cancer risk among BRCA-1 and BRCA-2 mutation carriers who had prophylactic bilateral oophorectomy compared to matched controls. Thus prophylactic bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy can be regarded as an effective risk-reducing procedure that permits early diagnosis of ovarian cancer at the time of surgery and significantly reduces the risk of breast and ovarian cancer in women with germ-line mutations in the BRCA-1 and BRCA-2 genes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1524-4741.2004.101s3.xDOI Listing
May 2004

Intralesional topotecan in advanced ovarian cancer: a clinical report, based on a preclinical study.

Oncol Rep 2002 Nov-Dec;9(6):1351-4

Medical Oncology Department, Hospital of Padava, Padova, Italy.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the response of ovarian cancer to intralesionally administered topotecan. Preliminary experiments were carried out in nude mice subcutaneously grafted with three different human ovarian carcinoma cells (A2780, IGROV/DDP and SKOV-3). Topotecan was administered intravenously (i.v.: 10-15 mg/kg every 4th day for 4 times) or intralesionally (i.t.: single dose of 15-20 mg/kg) and tumor size changes/drug toxicity were evaluated. The results indicate that the sensitivity of the three tumor models was different (rank: A2780 > IGROV/DDP > SKOV-3) but, for each tumor line, the pattern of response was similar after i.v. and i.t. administration. No local toxicity was detected, but appreciable systemic toxicity (animal death rate) was observed in spite of the use of a single i.t. dose. The effects of intralesional topotecan administration were then assessed in a patient with an advanced, epithelial ovarian tumor (endometroid type, poorly differentiated histologic grade), already treated with cisplatin and paclitaxel. The treatment (7.5 mg/m(2)) was repeated three times and, although drug plasma levels were in the range generally reported following i.v. administration and typical systemic toxicity occurred, no tumor regression was observed and the patient died 14 months later. We conclude that the intralesional drug delivery is effective to achieve a rapid tumor shrinkage in large tumor lesions, but in the presence of drug resistance, either intrinsic or acquired, intratumor drug administration can not be recommended.
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March 2003
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