Publications by authors named "Grace M Anbouba"

2 Publications

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Defining the genotypic and phenotypic spectrum of X-linked MSL3-related disorder.

Genet Med 2021 Feb 11;23(2):384-395. Epub 2020 Nov 11.

Institute of Human Genetics, Technical University Munich, Munich, Germany.

Purpose: We sought to delineate the genotypic and phenotypic spectrum of female and male individuals with X-linked, MSL3-related disorder (Basilicata-Akhtar syndrome).

Methods: Twenty-five individuals (15 males, 10 females) with causative variants in MSL3 were ascertained through exome or genome sequencing at ten different sequencing centers.

Results: We identified multiple variant types in MSL3 (ten nonsense, six frameshift, four splice site, three missense, one in-frame-deletion, one multi-exon deletion), most proven to be de novo, and clustering in the terminal eight exons suggesting that truncating variants in the first five exons might be compensated by an alternative MSL3 transcript. Three-dimensional modeling of missense and splice variants indicated that these have a deleterious effect. The main clinical findings comprised developmental delay and intellectual disability ranging from mild to severe. Autism spectrum disorder, muscle tone abnormalities, and macrocephaly were common as well as hearing impairment and gastrointestinal problems. Hypoplasia of the cerebellar vermis emerged as a consistent magnetic resonance image (MRI) finding. Females and males were equally affected. Using facial analysis technology, a recognizable facial gestalt was determined.

Conclusion: Our aggregated data illustrate the genotypic and phenotypic spectrum of X-linked, MSL3-related disorder (Basilicata-Akhtar syndrome). Our cohort improves the understanding of disease related morbidity and allows us to propose detailed surveillance guidelines for affected individuals.
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February 2021

The characterization of hypodontia, hypohidrosis, and hypotrichosis associated with X-linked hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia: A systematic review.

Am J Med Genet A 2020 04 25;182(4):831-841. Epub 2020 Jan 25.

Kaiser Permanente Southern California, Pasadena, California.

The objective of this study was to review the published literature on X-linked hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (XLHED) for the prevalence and characteristics of three features of XLHED: hypodontia, hypohidrosis, and hypotrichosis. A systematic search of English-language articles was conducted in May 2019 to identify publications with information on any of the three features of XLHED. We excluded studies with five or fewer participants, that did not specify X-linked inheritance or an EDA mutation, and discussed only management of features. The weighted means for total missing teeth, location of missing teeth, prevalence of reduced and absent sweating ability, and sparse or absent hair were analyzed across all studies. Additional findings for hypodontia, hypohidrosis, and hypotrichosis were summarized qualitatively. Twenty publications (18 studies) were accepted. Reported findings for males tended to be more informative than for carrier females. The weighted mean for missing teeth for affected males was 22.4 (range: 10-28) and carrier females was 3.4 (range: 0-22). The most common conserved teeth for males were the canines. The most common missing teeth for females were the maxillary lateral incisors. The weighted mean prevalence of reduced or absent sweating ability was 95.7% for males and 71.6% for females. The weighted mean prevalence for hypotrichosis was 88.1% for males and 61.6% for females. This systematic review provides insight into the prevalence, characteristics, and variability of the three classic features of XLHED. These findings provide detailed natural history information for families with XLHED as well as key characteristics that can aid in diagnosis.
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April 2020