Publications by authors named "Gopalasamudram Neelakantan Hariharan"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

To exclude or to accumulate? Revealing the role of the sodium HKT1;5 transporter in plant adaptive responses to varying soil salinity.

Plant Physiol Biochem 2021 Dec 19;169:333-342. Epub 2021 Nov 19.

School of Science, Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment, Western Sydney University, Penrith, NSW, 2751, Australia.

Arid/semi-arid and coastal agricultural areas of the world are especially vulnerable to climate change-driven soil salinity. Salinity tolerance in plants is a complex trait, with salinity negatively affecting crop yield. Plants adopt a range of mechanisms to combat salinity, with many transporter genes being implicated in Na-partitioning processes. Within these, the high-affinity K (HKT) family of transporters play a critical role in K and Na homeostasis in plants. Among HKT transporters, Type I transporters are Na-specific. While Arabidopsis has only one Na  -specific HKT (AtHKT1;1), cereal crops have a multiplicity of Type I and II HKT transporters. AtHKT1; 1 (Arabidopsis thaliana) and HKT1; 5 (cereal crops) 'exclude' Na from the xylem into xylem parenchyma in the root, reducing shoot Na and hence, confer sodium tolerance. However, more recent data from Arabidopsis and crop species show that AtHKT1;1/HKT1;5 alleles have a strong genetic association with 'shoot sodium accumulation' and concomitant salt tolerance. The review tries to resolve these two seemingly contradictory effects of AtHKT1;1/HKT1;5 operation (shoot exclusion vs shoot accumulation), both conferring salinity tolerance and suggests that contrasting phenotypes are attributable to either hyper-functional or weak AtHKT1;1/HKT1;5 alleles/haplotypes and are under strong selection by soil salinity levels. It also suggests that opposite balancing mechanisms involving xylem ion loading in these contrasting phenotypes exist that require transporters such as SOS1 and CCC. While HKT1; 5 is a crucial but not sole determinant of salinity tolerance, investigation of the adaptive benefit(s) conferred by naturally occurring intermediate HKT1;5 alleles will be important under a climate change scenario.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plaphy.2021.11.030DOI Listing
December 2021

Analysis of genetic diversity and population structure using SSR markers and validation of a Cleavage Amplified Polymorphic Sequences (CAPS) marker involving the sodium transporter OsHKT1;5 in saline tolerant rice (Oryza sativa L.) landraces.

Gene 2019 Sep 12;713:143976. Epub 2019 Jul 12.

Plant Molecular Biology Laboratory, Department of Biotechnology, M. S. Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF), Taramani, Chennai 600113, Tamil Nadu, India. Electronic address:

Naturally evolved saline tolerant rice landraces found along the coastline of India are a valuable genomic resource to explore the complex, polygenic nature of salinity tolerance. In the present study, a set of 28 genome wide SSR markers, 11 salt responsive genic SSR markers and 8 Saltol QTL linked SSR markers were used to estimate genetic relatedness and population structure within a collection of 47 rice landraces (including a tolerant and 2 sensitive checks) originating from geographically divergent coastal regions of India. All three marker types identified substantial genetic variation among the landraces, as evident from their higher PIC values (0.53 for genomic SSRs, 0.43 for Genic SSRs and 0.59 for Saltol SSRs). The markers RM431, RM484 (Genomic SSRs), OsCAX (D), OsCAX (T) (Genic SSRs) and RM562 (Saltol SSR) were identified as good candidates to be used in breeding programs for improving salinity tolerance in rice. STRUCTURE analysis divided the landraces into five distinct populations, with classification correlating with their geographical locations. Principal coordinate and hierarchical cluster analyses (UPGMA and neighbor joining) are in close agreement with STRUCTURE results. AMOVA analysis indicated a higher magnitude of genetic differentiation within individuals of groups (58%), than among groups (42%). We also report the development and validation of a new Cleavage Amplified Polymorphic Sequence (CAPS) marker (OsHKT1;5V395) that targets a codon in the sodium transporter gene OsHKT1;5 (Saltol/SKC1 locus) that is associated with sodium transport rates in the above rice landraces. The CAPS marker was found to be present in all landraces except in IR29, Kamini, Gheus, Matla 1 and Matla 2. Significant molecular genetic diversity established among the analyzed salt tolerant rice landraces will aid in future association mapping; the CAPS marker, OsHKT1;5V395 can be used to map rice landraces for the presence of the SNP (Single Nucleotide Polymorphism) associated with increased sodium transport rates and concomitant salinity tolerance in rice.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2019.143976DOI Listing
September 2019

Trypethelone and phenalenone derivatives isolated from the mycobiont culture of Spreng. and their anti-mycobacterial properties.

Nat Prod Res 2020 Dec 23;34(23):3320-3327. Epub 2019 Feb 23.

Lichen Ecology and Bioprospecting Laboratory, M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation, Chennai, India.

The metabolites of the mycobiont culture of the lichen were isolated by column chromatography and preparative TLC. Nine compounds (-) including two new trypethelones, 8-methoxytrypethelone () and 5'-hydroxy-8-ethoxytrypethelone (), together with four known trypethelones (-, -), and two known phenalenones (-) were characterized. It is the first report of 8-methoxytrypethelone methyl ether () purification as a racemic mixture in . Earlier, 7-hydroxyl-8-methoxyltrypethelone () was reported as new compound with erroneous spectroscopic data. This compound was identified later as 8-hydroxytrypethelone methyl ether (). X-ray crystallographic structures of compounds - were elucidated for the first time. Phenalenones (-) and trypethelones (- and ) were the additional compounds discovered in the cultured mycobiont of . Six compounds (-, -) were screened against H37Rv and two compounds (-) against non-tuberculosis mycobacteria and other human pathogenic bacteria. Compound () inhibited H37Rv strain with an MIC of 12.5 µg/mL.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14786419.2019.1566823DOI Listing
December 2020
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