Publications by authors named "Gonzalo Miño"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Association of Helicobacter pylori-related distal gastric cancer with the HLA class II gene DQB10602 and cagA strains in a southern European population.

Helicobacter 2005 Feb;10(1):12-21

Gastroenterology Department, University Hospital of the Canary Islands, Spain.

Background: Distinct human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DQ genes have been associated with an increased or reduced risk for gastric cancer, but its association with Helicobacter pylori status is controversial. In the present study we evaluated the influence of host HLA DQA1 and DQB1 loci, H. pylori genotype, and socio-economic factors on predicting H. pylori-associated distal gastric cancer in a southern European population.

Material And Methods: In a prospective case-control (1 : 2) study, 42 patients with H. pylori-associated distal gastric cancer were matched by age (+/-5 years) and gender to 84 patients with H. pylori-associated benign gastroduodenal disease (controls). The level of education received, smoking status, alcohol consumption, origin and familial history of gastric cancer were registered at inclusion. HLA DQA1 and DQB1 typing and H. pylori genotyping were determined from endoscopic gastric mucosal biopsies.

Results: Compared with control patients, a positive association with cagA(+) strains (p < .002) and a negative association with vacA-s2 strains (p < .02) was found in patients with distal gastric cancer. At the DQB1 locus, the (*)0602 allele was more frequent in distal gastric cancer than in controls (26.2% vs. 4.8%; p < .005). After correction for multiple comparisons (exact multiple regression analysis) the cagA(+) status and the DQB1(*)0602 allele were associated with an increased distal gastric cancer risk (OR 3.7; 95% CI = 1.33-12.26 and OR 4.82; 95% CI = 1.24-19.83, respectively) whereas the vacA-s2 status was associated with a decreased risk (OR 0.33; 95% CI = 0.10-0.94).

Conclusion: Our findings suggest that in the H. pylori-infected southern European population, the cagA genotype and the HLA-DQB1(*)0602 gene confer an increased risk for distal gastric cancer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1523-5378.2005.00287.xDOI Listing
February 2005

Effect of internal biliary drainage on plasma levels of endotoxin, cytokines, and C-reactive protein in patients with obstructive jaundice.

World J Surg 2002 Nov 26;26(11):1328-32. Epub 2002 Sep 26.

Department of Surgery (5a B), Hospital Reina Sofía, Avda. Menendez Pidal s/n, 14.004, Córdoba, Spain.

Preoperative biliary drainage may improve the cytokine and acute-phase response derangements observed in patients with obstructive jaundice. We conducted a prospective longitudinal, before-after trial in our 600-bed teaching hospital. Twenty-four patients with obstructive jaundice were investigated, 11 with benign obstruction and 13 with malignant disease. Endoscopic internal biliary drainage was performed in all patients (7 by papillotomy and 17 by endoprostheses). Endotoxin, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-a), interleukin-6 (IL-6), nitric oxide production, and C-reactive protein (CRP) were determined at admission and on days 2 and 7 after internal biliary drainage was accomplished. Bile cultures were obtained before and at the time of drainage. Endotoxin, IL-6, TNF-a, and CRP were significantly higher in patients with cancer. After internal drainage, endotoxin (11.4 vs. 2 EU/L; p <0.05), TNF-a (87.5 vs. 48 pg/ml; p = 0.03), and IL-6 (324 vs. 232 pg/ml; p <0.05) plasma levels decreased significantly in the early postdrainage period in patients with cancer. Endotoxin, cytokines, as well as the CRP plasma values, however, increased again on day 7 after drainage. This trend was less marked in patients with benign obstruction. Patients with positive bile cultures after drainage displayed higher levels of CRP (115 vs. 62 mg/L; p = 0.03), IL-6 (598 vs. 330 pg/ml; p = 0.04), and endotoxin (10.6 vs. 4.8 EU/L; p = 0.02) than those with negative bile cultures. Biliary tract obstruction is associated with an increase in endotoxin levels, a positive acute-phase response, and plasma cytokine elevation. After biliary drainage a transitory improvement of these alterations was observed, although values remained high 1 week postdrainage. These findings were associated with positive bile cultures.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00268-002-6232-9DOI Listing
November 2002

Multiple lymphomatous polyposis of the GI tract: report of a case and review.

Gastrointest Endosc 2002 Oct;56(4):579-82

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Reina Sofia University Hospital, Córdoba, Spain.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0016-5107(02)70453-7DOI Listing
October 2002