Publications by authors named "Gloria M Macedo-Raygoza"

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, an Endophyte That Establishes a Nutrient-Transfer Symbiosis With Banana Plants and Protects Against the Black Sigatoka Pathogen.

Front Microbiol 2019 7;10:804. Epub 2019 May 7.

Department of Chemistry, Universidad Autónoma de Guadalajara, Zapopan, Mexico.

Banana ( spp.) is an important crop worldwide, but black Sigatoka disease caused by the fungus threatens fruit production. In this work, we examined the potential of the endophytes of banana plants and , as antagonists of and support plant growth in nutrient limited soils by N-transfer. The two bacterial isolates were identified by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry and corroborated by 16S rRNA sequence analysis. Both bacteria were positive for beneficial traits such as N-fixation, indole acetic acid production, phosphate solubilization, negative for 1-aminocyclopropane 1-carboxylic acid deaminase and were antagonistic to . To measure the effects on plant growth, the two plant bacteria and an strain (as non-endophyte), were inoculated weekly for 60 days as active cells (AC) and heat-killed cells (HKC) into plant microcosms without nutrients and compared to a water only treatment, and a mineral nutrients solution (MMN) treatment. Bacterial treatments increased growth parameters and prevented accelerated senescence, which was observed for water and mineral nutrients solution (MMN) treatments used as controls. Plants died after the first 20 days of being irrigated with water; irrigation with MMN enabled plants to develop some new leaves, but plants lost weight (-30%) during the same period. Plants treated with bacteria showed good growth, but AC treated plants had significantly greater biomass than the HKC. After 60 days, plants inoculated with AC showed intracellular bacteria within root cells, suggesting that a stable symbiosis was established. To evaluate the transference of organic N from bacteria into the plants, the 3 bacteria were grown with NHCl or NaNO as the nitrogen source. The N transferred from bacteria to plant tissues was measured by pheophytin isotopomer abundance. The relative abundance of the isotopomers 872.57, 873.57, 874.57, 875.57, 876.57 unequivocally demonstrated that plants acquired N atoms directly from bacterial cells, using them as a source of N, to support plant growth in restricted nutrient soils. might be a new alternative to promote growth and health of banana crops.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2019.00804DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6513882PMC
May 2019